The Tenth Inning
 The Tenth Inning Blog
Periodically, I will post new entries about current baseball topics.  The posts will typically be a mixture of commentary, history, facts, and stats.  Hopefully, they will provoke some  of your thoughts or emotions. Clicking on the word "Comments" associated with each post below will open a new dialog box to enter or retrieve any feedback.
Gridiron Takes Precedence for Several Sons of Major Leaguers

While there are countless examples of sons following in their father’s footsteps to play professional baseball, every once in a while, the son of major leaguers go against the family bloodlines to excel in football.  This year’s football season has several sons of major league fathers making a name for themselves on the gridiron.

Some major league fathers don’t try to force their son into following in their footsteps to play baseball, because they don’t want to put undue pressure on their son to match their own accomplishments.  When the son turns out to be an all-around athlete with talent in multiple sports, it is easier for the father to encourage the son to take up a different sport.

When a young boy’s father was named one of the fifty greatest living baseball players at the end of the 20th century, one can understand why the youngster might shy away from trying to fill his father’s shoes as a professional baseball player.  Well, that’s the situation Trey Griffey found himself in, growing up as a youngster.  His father was Ken Griffey, Jr, a thirteen-time major league all-star who slugged 630 home runs during his illustrious 22-year career.  The elder Griffey has an excellent chance of being elected to the 2016 class of Baseball’s Hall of Fame on his first ballot.  Trey’s grandfather, Ken Griffey Sr., was also an all-star outfielder in the big leagues.

Trey, a batboy for Team USA on which his father played in the 2006 World Baseball Classic, chose to play football at an advanced level instead of pursuing baseball.  As a senior in high school in Florida, he caught 73 passes for 11 touchdowns.  Trey is currently a wide receiver for the University of Arizona Wildcats.  A few weeks ago, here raced 95-yards for a touchdown on a pass he caught against rival Arizona State.  The 6‘ 3”, 195 lb. junior has played in six of the Wildcats’ games so far this season, which has also included appearances as a punt returner.

Torii Hunter recently retired from major league baseball after a 19-year career that included four all-star seasons and nine Gold Glove awards as an outfielder.  His son, Torii Jr., was good enough as a baseball player to be selected by the Detroit Tigers in the 36th round of the 2013 MLB Draft, even though he did not play during his senior year of high school due to broken leg.  Instead, Torii Jr. bypassed pro baseball, choosing to accept a football scholarship from Notre Dame.

In 2014, Torii Jr. was named the Offensive Newcomer of the Year for Notre Dame.  As a junior wide receiver this season, Torii Jr. has played in all of Notre Dame’s games, collecting 24 receptions for two touchdowns.  He also has some football roots in his background, as his grandfather, Monshadrick Hunter, played college football at Arkansas State University.

Similar to Hunter, Patrick Mahomes Jr. played both baseball and football in high school.  The son of Pat Mahomes Sr., who had an 11-year career as a major league pitcher, Patrick Jr. was drafted out of high school in 2014 by the Detroit Tigers in the 37th round.  The pitcher/outfielder led his Whitehouse (TX) High School team to two state championships in baseball.

As a high school senior, Mahomes Jr. passed for fifty touchdowns.  He is now the outstanding sophomore quarterback for Texas Tech University, passing for 4,283 yards and 32 touchdowns for the 7-5 Red Raiders this season.

Dante Pettis is the son of former major leaguer Gary Pettis, who was a four-time Gold Glove winner as an outfielder during his 11-year major league career.  Dante is currently a sophomore football player at the University of Washington, where he has 25 receptions for one touchdown, as well as one touchdown on a punt return.  He was named to this year’s Pac 12 All-Academic Team.  Father Gary is the third base coach for the Houston Astros.

Sons of former major leaguers currently playing in the NFL include Corey Harkey and Kyle Williams.

Harkey, is in his fourth season as a tight end for the St. Louis Rams.  His father, Mike, was a major league pitcher from 1988 to 1997, finishing with a 36-36 record.  Mike is currently the bullpen coach for the New York Yankees.

Kyle Williams was drafted out of high school by the Chicago White Sox in the 47th round of the 2006 MLB Draft.  However, he opted to attend Arizona State University to play football.  The wide receiver played in the NFL from 2010 to 2013, but has missed the 2014 and 2015 seasons due to injury.  Kyle is the son of Ken Williams, who had a major league stint as an outfielder from 1986 to 1991 and is currently a senior executive with the Chicago White Sox.  Kyle’s two brothers, Kenneth and Tyler, have played minor league baseball.

Shane Buechele, the son of former major leaguer Steve Buechele, is a 4-star prospect as a high school quarterback in Texas.  He has already committed to the University of Texas for the 2016 season.  Father Steve was an 11-year third baseman with the Rangers, Pirates and Cubs and is currently the bench coach for the Texas Rangers.

There is an age-old debate about whether genes or environment are a determining factor in the success of sons following their fathers’ sport.  The son of a major leaguer who excels in football versus baseball suggests that the son indeed inherits the father’s athleticism regardless of the sport being played.  In any case, it makes for a fascinating story when it happens.

Baseb(All) in the Family - 2015 Player Relatives List

With the 2015 baseball season behind us, it’s time to provide my annual compilation of the players, managers and coaches from the season who had family relationships in professional baseball.  The count this year is 783; but while I scoured all the major league team media guides, many baseball websites, and countless new stories for updates, most assuredly there are still additional players I have yet to identify.


My interest in this aspect of baseball history began when collecting data for my book Family Ties:  A Comprehensive Collection of Facts and Trivia About Baseball’s Relatives, published in 2012 containing data through the 2011 season.


Since then, I have continued compiling a comprehensive set of family ties information.  The latest 2015 Family Ties list ( can be found on my “Baseball’s Relatives” website on the blog site.


Below is a sample of interesting facts from the 2015 list.


Minor leaguer Jonathan Roof has nine relatives in baseball.  He is the son of former major leaguer Gene Roof, who had four brothers that played professionally.  Jonathan also has two brothers and two cousins that played.  One of the cousins, Eddie Haas, spent over 50 seasons in baseball as a player, coach and manager.


A’s pitcher Drew Pomeranz’s great grandfather, Garland Buckeye, was a major leaguer from 1918 to 1928.

This year’s list includes several sons of former All-Star players (noted in parenthesis):  Ryan Ripken (Cal Jr.), Jordan Hershiser (Orel), Mariano Rivera III (Mariano), Justus Sheffield (Gary), Cam Gibson (Kirk), Tony Gwynn Jr. (Tony), and Patrick Palmeiro (Rafael).

Rays pitcher Brad Boxberger was a major league first round draft choice in 2009, as was his father Rod Boxberger in 1978.  2015 draftee Tyler Nevin and his father Phil (1992 draftee) were both first-round picks.

Pitcher Casey Coleman is part of a three-generation family of major league pitchers.  His father Joe pitched between 1965 and 1979, while his grandfather, also named Joe, pitched from 1942 to 1955.  Both of them were named to All-Star teams.

Veteran Washington Nationals outfielder Jayson Werth’s father (Jeff Gowan) and stepfather (Dennis Werth) were both professional players.  Jayson’s grandfather, Dick Schofield Sr., also played in the majors.

Eddie Gaedel gained fame in baseball as being the only midget to appear in the major leagues.  In a stunt produced by St. Louis Browns’ maverick owner Bill Veeck, the 3’ 7” Gaedel drew a walk in his only plate appearance in 1951.  Eddie’s nephew, Kyle Gaedele who is 6’ 3”, currently plays in the Padres organization.

Joe Jackson of the Texas Rangers organization is the great nephew of legendary Shoeless Joe Jackson, who was banned from Organized Baseball after the 1920 season for his involvement in the Black Sox Scandal.      

Pitcher Randy Wolf’s brother, Jim, is a major league umpire.  There is an agreement between major league baseball teams and the umpire’s association that Jim will never call balls and strikes when brother Randy is on the mound.

Rangers’ designated hitter Prince Fielder and his father Cecil rank third all-time among father-son combo home run hitters, only behind Barry and Bobby Bonds and the Ken Griffeys.

The following current players have had better careers than their fathers (in parenthesis) who also played professionally:  Mike Trout (Jeff), Kris Bryant (Mike), Michael Brantley (Mickey), and Nick Swisher (Steve)

This version of the 2015 Family Ties List contains 711 major league and minor league players who have a relative in professional baseball.  There are also 72 major league managers and coaches.


These 783 players, managers and coaches have a total of 1,094 family relationships with players, managers, coaches, scouts, executives, and broadcasters from the major league teams and their affiliated minor league teams, independent leagues, and the Mexican League.  Obviously, several of the players, managers, and coaches have multiple family relationships.


Below are more details about the makeup of the players, managers, and coaches in the entire list.



The 711 players in 2015 included 233 active major leaguers and 478 with only minor league experience.


233 players with major league experience had a total of 331 relatives in professional baseball

  • 25 had major league relatives active in 2015

  • 102 had major league relatives active before 2015


478 players with only minor league experience had a total of 619 relatives in professional baseball

  • 62 had major league relatives active in 2015

  • 221 had major league relatives active before 2015



The 72 major league managers and coaches had a total of 124 relatives in professional baseball

  • 8 had major league relatives in 2015.

  • 17 had major league relatives active before 2015.


The Milwaukee Brewers had two managers and five coaches that represented 22 family relationships in professional baseball.



74 amateur players drafted in 2015 had current or former relatives in professional baseball.

  • 55 were sons of pro players, while 25 were brothers

  • 46 of the draftees had relatives with major leaguers experience

  • 31 of the draftees did not sign pro contracts in 2015



22 players with relatives in baseball made their major league debuts in 2014.  15 of their relatives had major league experience.



The average number of players (major and minor league), managers, and coaches with baseball relatives for the 30 major league organizations was 24.

  • The Royals and Red Sox were the organizations with the most relatives, both with 41.  The Cubs (9) had the fewest.

  • The Orioles (13) had the most 2015 major leaguer roster players with a relative in professional baseball.  The Angels, Dodgers and Red Sox each had 12 players.

  • The Rockies and Cubs both had the fewest with 3 players.



The 2015 independent baseball leagues had 47 players with relatives in professional baseball.

  • 11 of the players were former major leaguers with relatives.

  • 27 total relatives had major league experience.


The 2015 Mexican League had 16 players with relatives in professional baseball.

  • 9 of the players were former major leaguers with relatives.

  • 9 total relatives had major league experience.


Seagers Aim to be Next Trio of Major League Brothers

There are currently three Seager brothers in professional baseball.  Kyle and Corey have already played in the big leagues, while Justin is still working his way through the minors.  If Justin actually makes it to the majors, the brothers would be in some rare company in major league baseball history.

Joe, Dom, and Vince are the most noteworthy of baseball’s big league brothers. Without even mentioning their last name, they are recognizable to most baseball fans with an interest in the game’s history.

A few of the other multiple brother families who reached the major leagues over the years include the Alous (Felipe, Jesus, and Matty), the Boyers (Clete, Ken, and Cloyd), the Drews (J. D., Tim, and Stephen), and the Pacioreks (Tom, John, and Jim).

The Molina brothers—Yadier, Bengie and Jose—made history when each of them, who played catcher, won World Series championships with their respective teams during the 2000s.

Altogether, there have only been twenty sets of brothers, involving three or more siblings, who have played in the big leagues since 1871.  The Delahanty family had the most brothers appear in the majors, with five, between 1888 and 1915.

Coming from a baseball family had its advantages for the Seager brothers.  Their father played college baseball and he instilled in each of them a passion for the game at very young ages.

Kyle was the first of the Seager brothers to reach the majors.  He was selected by the Seattle Mariners in the third round of the 2009 Major League Draft out of the University of North Carolina.  Two years later, at age 21, he made his debut with the Mariners and has been their regular third baseman ever since.  In 2014, he was selected as an American League All-Star.  For his career, Kyle’s been averaging 23 home runs with 80 RBI.

A first-round selection in the 2012 Major League Draft, Corey made his major league debut with the Los Angeles Dodgers in 2015 after the September 1 call-up.  The Dodgers had so much confidence in him that he supplanted veteran Jimmy Rollins as the Dodgers’ shortstop in the playoffs.  At age 21, Corey showed an uncommon maturity at the plate.  He’s being counted on to be part of the Dodgers’ core of players for years to come.

Justin is in his third professional season in the Mariners organization, but has struggled somewhat offensively since his debut in 2013.  Still only 21 years old, there is still time for him to progress, with his focus on becoming the third brother to break into the majors.

Hot Topics for the Hot Stove Season

For some baseball enthusiasts, the end of the World Series signals the start of a much-needed rest from the long baseball season.  For others, the sports is just beginning to heat up again.  It’s the start of the Hot Stove season, named for the era when people gathered daily around a stove at the barber shop or general store during the winter to re-hash the baseball season just completed and speculate on what was going to happen next season.

Looking back at this time last year, the Hot Stove season was highlighted by some surprisingly aggressive free agent acquisitions, including a few by several unanticipated teams who were determined to make an immediate impact in 2015.  Controversial topics included the questionable benefits of the newly proposed 20-second pitch clock and the rule change involving the prevention of collisions at home plate.

Let’s take a peek at some of the hot topics that are surely to be discussed and debated over the coming weeks until pitchers and catchers report to spring training next February.

Of course, the availability of players in the free agent market during the off-season is always at the top of the list in terms of importance to most of the teams.  Annual player drafts and internal player development activities within a team’s organization are how clubs build for the long term.  Free agency and trades are how organizations re-stock and re-shape their rosters in the short term.

The supply of free agent starting pitchers this off-season is relatively high, in fact, so much so that it could affect the prices of some of the players due to the high availability.  At the top of the list are high-profile hurlers Zach Greinke, David Price, Jordan Zimmerman, Johnny Cueto, and Yovani Gallardo.  The big market teams are usually the primary buyers of this top level of talent.  It will be interesting to see how they play against each other in the bidding wars for these players.

In contrast, there is a shortage of relief pitchers in the free agent market, in particular, closers.  The Dodgers, Tigers, and Phillies are among the teams with the most needs.  However, more teams will be turning to their farm systems for help or searching for previously untapped talent among veterans.

The San Diego Padres, under its new GM A. J. Preller, made some bold and expensive acquisitions in the free agent market last off-season, but they didn’t produce near the results the club and its fans expected.  A big question this year will be what position the Padres will take on free agency going forward.  Will they re-trench themselves with lower salaries or continue to be aggressive in order to find the right mix of players?

There have already been some managerial moves by several teams since the season ended.  One job that remains open is with the Los Angeles Dodgers.  It’s been reported the Dodgers’ front office prefers candidates who are first-time managers with an adeptness in the new style analytics, although veterans Ron Roenicke, already in the Dodgers organization, and former Padre manager Bud Black could be in the running.

Don Mattingly opted not to stay with the Los Angeles Dodgers, apparently having already sewn up a multi-year managerial job with the Florida Marlins when he resigned.  Will he be a good fit with a relatively young Marlins team who may not be as talented as some of his Dodger teams that won the last three National League Division titles?

Dusty Baker bucked the trend of new style managers hires when he was tapped by the Washington Nationals as their new skipper, after they couldn’t reach a financial agreement with Bud Black.  With a history of being well-liked by the players of his former teams, Baker should be a good fit for the Nats’ following the clubhouse turmoil they experienced late in the season.  But many people are questioning whether Baker is too much of an old-school manager to be effective with todays’ integrated approach which seeks to combine front-office planning and strategy with on-field tactics and decision-making.

Front-office shakeups in the Red Sox, Phillies, Tigers, Blue Jays and Mariners organizations promise to make the times interesting for those teams.  Their new leadership has some key decisions to make.

How much longer will the Red Sox and Tigers continue to make David Ortiz and Miguel Cabrera the cornerstones of their respective teams?  Will the Blue Jays look to replace aging pitchers Mark Buehrle and R. A. Dickey immediately?  What is the timeframe for the Phillies to make their club competitive again, after deciding to let go of veterans Cole Hamels, Chase Utley, Jon Papelbon, and Ben Rivere last season.

The Mariners were a big disappointment last season, since many people favored them to win the American League West Division and even advance to the World Series.  While they have already swapped out previous manager Lloyd McClendon for first-year manager Scott Servais, will there be some player movements as well?

The New York Mets’ deficiencies in hitting depth and infield defense were exposed by the Kansas City Royals in the World Series.  For the Mets to repeat as National League pennant contenders, they can’t afford to stand pat on making some improvements in these areas.  Will they be forced to offer up some of their young, highly-prized pitching staff as trade bait, in an attempt to remedy those deficiencies?

Will the San Francisco Giants continue their streak of winning the World Series in even-numbered years, as they did in 2010, 2012, and 2014?  Their ace Madison Bumgarner will need a lot of help in the starting rotation for them to repeat.  Will they be in the market for one of the top free agent pitchers?

The Houston Astros, Chicago Cubs, and Texas Rangers surprised the baseball world by making the playoffs last season.  Were they “one-year wonder” teams, or are they now geared up for perennial post-season appearances?  Do they need to make any critical moves to keep them in contention for 2016?  If so, it will likely be in their pitching.

Who will be the surprise teams of 2016?  It seemed like the Minnesota Twins were on the cusp of rising as a serious playoff contender under first-year manager Paul Molitor.  If the Cleveland Indians can find a couple of middle-of-the-order sluggers in free agency or via trades, they already have the pitching to be in the running next year.

The Kansas City Royals’ approach for putting together a winning roster continues to impress baseball strategists and analysts.  It’s been evident during the last two World Series the Royals were executing an organizational plan to play winning baseball.  Will other clubs try to emulate the Royals’ approach which includes putting the ball in play with a lineup of contact hitters, shortening the game for starting pitchers by having a solid bullpen that prevents scoring after the sixth inning, and fielding a very athletic team capable of aggressive base-running and stellar defense?

Off the field, will we finally see Pete Rose gaining re-instatement in Major League Baseball that will allow him to be eligible for a job in pro baseball and ultimately being considered for Hall of Fame election?  It was intriguing to see Rose and Alex Rodriguez in the spotlight for Fox Sports’ coverage of the post-season.  Was it intentional on Fox’s part to help these guys salvage their tarnished images resulting from their past transgressions with betting on baseball and performance enhancing drugs?

Speaking of Hall of Fame, Ken Griffey Jr. is expected to be the only shoo-in election among the first year candidates on the 2016 ballot.  Relief pitcher Trevor Hoffman (second only to Marino Rivera in career saves) will get a considerable number of votes, but he was not a first-year ballot type of player.  Among the carryovers from last year, Mike Piazza and Jeff Bagwell should finally gain induction, despite the previous hints of their suspected PED use.  The number of Hall of Fame voters will be about 20% less that last year.  It will be interesting to see whether this will have any material effect on the results.

There are a myriad of other topics that will be the subject of baseball talk shows and social media over the coming months.  But the above list should give us plenty to ponder and follow as we start to prepare for 2016.  Most of us don’t have a hot stove to hover about any more, but it should be exciting all the same.

World Series Reflections

What a Game 5 last night!  The Royals did it again, coming from behind after it seemed the Mets had clinched a victory going into the 9th inning.

At the end of the night, as well as for the entire Series, the Kansas City Royals took advantage of the Mets’ overall lack of hitting, sloppy play in the field, inability to throw out runners in steal attempts, and relative inexperience in playoff situations.  The Royals didn’t let the Mets’ hard-throwing pitching staff rattle them.  Mets pitcher Noah Syndergaard’s comments after Game 3, in which he admitted his game plan was to shake up Royals leadoff batter Alcides Escobar with a high, hard fastball on the first pitch of the game, only provided the Royals more impetus to take the Series.

The Royals’ ability to come from behind was the difference-maker in the Series.  During the regular season, Royals manager Ned Yost didn’t get a lot of credit for what seemed like a cake walk to the division title.  However, he was masterful during the World Series in putting his ball club in a position to make those come-from-behind victories.

The Royals achieved some level of revenge from last year’s defeat in the World Series against San Francisco.  It was just too bad for the Mets that they were the object of this year’s reprisal by the Royals.

If you read last week’s blog post about Daniel Murphy, it looks like I put the gris-gris on him.  After his record-setting division and league championship series performance, he laid a big goose egg in the World Series.

The Mets missed Murphy’s bat against the Royals.  He had only three hits in 20 official at-bats, zero home runs, and zero RBI.  Then his misplay on the ground ball in Game 4 that allowed the Royals to come from behind in the eighth inning may be the biggest gaffe in the annals of World Series play since 1986, when Red Sox first baseman Bill Buckner let Mookie Wilson’s ground ball go through his legs, which propelled the Mets to win the Series.

Murphy’s Law caught up with Daniel Murphy after all.

There was an unusual record set in Game 3 of the World Series.  Below is an account of what occurred.


Royals’ Mondesi Makes Record-Setting World Series Debut

A major league player’s first at-bat is always a day to remember.  Regardless of how long ago it occurred, the player will always be able to recall the date, the stadium, the inning, the score, the pitcher faced, the pitch count, and how he fared in that first plate appearance; it’s one of those red-letter days he will always cherish.

So what if the player’s first major league game happens to be an appearance on the biggest stage in baseball, the World Series?  That has to create one of the biggest moments of a player’s career, but at the same time it almost seems unfair to put an unseasoned player in that situation.  Well, that’s exactly what happened to Raul Mondesi Jr. on Friday in Game3, as he made a pinch-hit appearance for the Kansas City Royals in the top of the fifth inning.  It was the first time a major league player made his debut in a World Series contest.

The 20-year-old Mondesi was inserted into the game as a pinch-hitter for pitcher Danny Duffy with the Royals down two runs.  The Royals were hoping Mondesi could somehow get on base to create an opportunity to use his tremendous speed as a baserunner.  However, Mondesi struck out swinging in the at-bat, being overmatched by Met’s pitcher Noah Syndergaard who was reaching 100 mph at times early in the game.

Prior to his record-setting debut, Mondesi had never played above the Double-A minor league level in his career.  He was a surprising last-minute replacement (for Terrance Gore) on the Royals’ roster for the World Series, not even having been activated for earlier post-season games.

While Mondesi was seemingly thrust into the pressure-filled moment of the pinch-hitting appearance, it said a lot about the confidence Royals manager Ned Yost had in one of their top prospects.

Mondesi’s historic moment was somewhat reminiscent of Andruw Jones’ World Series debut in 1996.  The Atlanta Braves’ outfielder was only 19 years old when he played for the Atlanta Braves against the New York Yankees in the post-season classic that year.  However, Jones did have the advantage of having played in 31 regular season games and eight post-season games, prior to his first World Series appearance.

Mondesi’s father, Raul Sr., was also a major league player, including seven different teams during 1993 to 2005.  Ironically, the elder Mondesi, the National League’s Rookie of the Year in 1994 and a career .273 hitter with 271 home runs, never got his shot at playing in the World Series throughout his lengthy 13-year big league career.

Baseball Hall of Famers Ernie Banks, Billy Williams, Andre Dawson, and Ralph Kiner never got an opportunity to play in a World Series during their entire illustrious careers.  Mondesi is already one up on them and his dad.

Mets' Daniel Murphy Defies Murphy

There’s a new folk hero in New York City, and his name is Daniel Murphy.  The Mets’ second baseman has had an historical post-season this year though the League Championship Series, including winning the LCS MVP award, yet he was probably the most unlikely of heroes on the Mets team going into the playoffs.

In their coverage of the baseball’s post-season, Fox Sports had one of the best lines about the newfound Mets star: “If things can go right for Daniel Murphy, it will.”  Surprisingly, Murphy defied the traditional definition of Murphy’s Law when he hit a home run in six consecutive post-season games, helping to propel the Mets to their first World Series appearance since 2000.

Murphy’s offensive heroics complemented the Mets’ lights-out pitching performances in defeating the Los Angeles Dodgers and Chicago Cubs to emerge as the National League pennant-winners.

During the two playoff series, Murphy surpassed Carlos Beltran’s record for home runs most consecutive games set in 2005.  Altogether, Murphy hit seven home runs among his thirteen hits.

It is somewhat ironic that the Mets were panicking back in July when it was struggling to score runs.  Their offense was practically non-existent when they made some much-needed moves before the trade deadline on July 31.  Cespedes, who was acquired from Detroit, gave the Mets the offensive boost they needed, along with an already very solid pitching staff, to clinch the National League East Division.

Murphy was one of the most improbable Mets players to step up with power in the playoffs, since he hit only 14 home runs all season.  He had homered in back-to-back games only once in his six-year career.  One would have expected big-dollar-contract guys like Yoenis Cespedes, Curtis Granderson or David Wright to be the one to carry the Mets’ offense rather than Murphy.

He had such a hot bat that the Cubs in Game 3 decided to give him respect as though he was Barry Bonds at the plate, intentionally walking him to get to Yoenis Cespedes.  Murphy would have never been given an automatic pass in that situation in the past.

Going into the playoffs, what Murphy did have going for him was that he is a consistent contact hitter, having struck out only 38 times in 528 at-bats during the regular season.  He’s been an above average hitter throughout his career with a .288 batting average.

However, one of the amazing things about Murphy’s hitting performance is that it came against some of the premier hurlers in the National League this season—Clayton Kershaw, Zach Greinke, Jon Lester, and Jake Arrieta.

In addition to his timely hitting, Murphy made an impact for the Mets with his aggressive base-running and defense.  His heads-up steal of third base, because the Dodgers failed to cover the bag after they had implemented a defensive shift, led to a tying run at a crucial point in Game 5.  His game-ending stop of a hard-hit grounder in the hole to end Game 1 against the Cubs was reminiscent of a Brooks Robinson defensive stab.

On a team that has more popular players from it young pitching corps, Murphy assured himself a spot on the Mets’ post-season wall of honor, along with Donn Clendenon (1969), Rusty Staub (1973), Ray Knight (1986), and Mike Piazza (2000).  Mets fans will forever recollect Murphy’s performance during this post-season.

One big question that has arisen is whether the six days off between the League Championship Series and the World Series will have an effect on Murphy’s hot streak, as well as on the Mets team in general.  However, if Murphy could miraculously add two more games to his streak, he would tie the all-time record for most home runs in consecutive games, jointly held by Ken Griffey Jr., Don Mattingly, and Dale Long.

Movie buffs will recall that “Back to the Future” had the woeful Chicago Cubs finally winning the World Series thirty years into the future, which happened to be in 2015.  However, the screenwriters never anticipated that Daniel Murphy would be around to spoil that prognostication.  He joined the billy goat, the black cat, and Steve Bartman as the latest of “curses” to plague the Cubs’ pursuit of their first World Series championship since 1908.

Murphy says he can’t explain his timely surge in power during the post-season.  That’s part of the beauty of the game.  Sometimes things happen without justifiable logic.  Murphy is just hoping the traditional meaning of Murphy’s Law doesn’t kick in during the upcoming World Series.

Playoffs Highlight Several of Baseball's Unwritten Rules

In the excitement of the major league division series, several of baseball’s long-standing traditions were put front and center of a national TV audience and drew a lot of discussion and debate among the baseball analysts, talk show hosts, and fans. 

The culture of the game is changing and what we have seen in the playoffs are challenges to what some call the “old school” traditions and practices of the game.  With more focus on safety and an acceptance of more emotion to be displayed on the field, a different sense of style and esthetics of the game is evolving.  We are starting to see some of the some of the old school ways fade away.

The Division Series has produced some of the most controversial plays and events of the long baseball season and at the heart of many of them are the unwritten rules of the game

In the Dodgers-Cubs division series game, Dodger second baseman Chase Utley’s slide into Mets infielder Miguel Tejada to break up a crucial double play created a lot of furor among Mets fans because Tejada’s leg was broken on the play.  Utley was not called out and eventually scored a run.  However, after the game, Major League Baseball reacted with a decision to suspend Utley for two games due to his reckless (some called it “dirty”) slide. 

But in fact, those types of plays around second base are fairly routine, and no one has ever been suspended for it.  Players are coached to take the infielder out on a potential double play, particularly when a tying or go-ahead run is at stake.  It’s been like that for over 100 years.  Most recently, the Cubs’ Chris Coghlan was involved in a similar play against the Pittsburgh Pirates near the end of the regular season, rendering the Pirates’ infielder Jung-Ho Kang unable to play in their wild-card game.  It turned out that situation was generally accepted as “how the game was supposed to be played.” It’s true that Utley’s slide was reckless.  But when the suspension was issued for Utley, it drew criticism from many baseball traditionalists who argued, “Why now?”

Player safety has become paramount in professional sports, including baseball.  Triggered by this Mets-Dodgers game, baseball’s rules for sliding into second base, similar to Scott Cousins’ collision with the Giants catcher Buster Posey at home plate in 2011, will likely be addressed by Major League Baseball in the off-season.  Once that happens, then suspensions for reckless offenders will be appropriate.  The MLB rule change implemented in 2012 to avoid home plate collisions has worked, and it’s highly plausible a comparable rule change for second base collisions will have a similar effect.

Another situation involving unwritten rules was highlighted in the whacky 53-minute-long 7th inning of Game 5 of the Rangers-Blue Jays series.  Jose Bautista’s bat flip “heard around the world” after his 7th-inning home run sparked controversy over what is acceptable player behavior in dramatic game situations.  The unwritten rule in baseball has always been that a player doesn’t attempt to show up or disrespect an opposing player or team on the field.  Recall a game in 2013 when then Braves catcher Brian McCann admonished Brewers’ hitter Carlos Gomez on the field for his celebratory lap around the bases following a home run that eventually resulted in a bench-clearing incident for both teams.

In Bautista’s case, the question became:  was it just raw, innocent emotion on his part or was he actually taunting the Rangers with his emphatic bat flip during their amazing turnaround in that inning?  The situation caused us to reminisce about former Blue Jays player Joe Carter who celebrated following his dramatic game-winning home run in the 1993 World Series (the last time the Blue Jays were in the post-season).  In Carter’s case though, practically no one objected to his festive jaunt around the bases.

Expectedly, Rangers pitcher Sam Dyson, who served up Bautista’s go-ahead home run, didn’t appreciate the slugger’s reaction.  After the game Dyson said he thought Bautista’s action was being disrespectful to the game.   However, I believe most baseball fans endorsed Bautista’s exuberance following his home run and denounced baseball’s time-honored tradition in this case.

In some respects, the culture of the game needs to change in order to remain a viable spectator sport.  The attention the game has generated, by occasions like Bautista’s bat flip, makes for good promotion of the sport.  After all, baseball has often been criticized for being too staid and too serious, unlike its football and basketball counterparts where every play is seemingly celebrated by its players.  Increased emotional outbreaks on the baseball field for special moments like Bautista’s would actually be good for the sport, and I can envision an evolving change in decorum among its players.

However, there is another unwritten rule in baseball which may not fall by the wayside any time soon.  This one has to do with pitchers who are expected to retaliate against opposing teams by intentionally hitting their batters, after the pitcher’s own teammates have been knocked down or the opposing team has shown up the pitcher’s team.  One of the playoff games highlighted this situation.

In the National League wild card game between the Cubs and Pirates, Cubs pitcher Jake Arrieta was intentionally hit by Pirates relief pitcher Tony Watson when Arrieta was batting in the 7th inning.  Watson’s retaliatory plunking of Arrieta came after Arrieta had hit two Pirates batters earlier in the game, although Arrieta was never given a warning by the umpire.  Words were exchanged when Arrieta trotted to first base.  And then, with emotions high, both teams’ benches emptied, resulting in a Pirates player being ejected from the game.

Knock-down pitches have been used in big league baseball ever since over-hand pitching was instituted in the game back in the 1880’s.  The official rule in baseball now says a pitcher will be automatically ejected from the game when hitting a batter after being warned once by the umpire.  But that doesn’t seem to provide a huge deterrent to teams.  Until it becomes a player safety issue, the practice seems destined to continue.

The unwritten rules of baseball are as much a part of the game as the official rules.  They have been integral to the game’s history and tradition.  But like a lot of other things these days, we should expect some of them to change, too.

Could We See the "Battle of Texas" for the AL Pennant?

When MLB did their balancing of its two leagues in 2013, moving the Houston Astros to the American League, there was probably some anticipation a new baseball rivalry would emerge.  Well, that’s exactly what’s happened this season between the Astros and the Texas Rangers.  And now it looks like we might see them battling for the American League championship.  In a state better known for its football, baseball is definitely garnering a lot of unfamiliar attention this October.

The Rangers lead its American League Division Series with the Toronto Blue Jays, two games to one in the best-of-five series, while the Astros also have a 2-1 lead over the Royals.  Should the Rangers and Astros both win their division series, they will face off in a battle for the American League pennant.  That would be a first for the state of Texas. 

Ironically, neither the Rangers nor the Astros were expected to be in the race for the playoffs this season after the grim showings they made in 2014.  Texas dropped to a dismal 67-95 record in 2014, after capturing 91 wins the previous season.  Houston won only 70 games in 2014, continuing a string of six consecutive losing seasons.

Texas sunk to the bottom of the division cellar last season as a result of pitching injuries, and they wound up using forty different pitchers throughout the year.  They were a team in turmoil at the end of that season, and Ron Washington was ousted as manager, even though he had led the team to back-to-back World Series appearances in 2010 and 2011.

Houston was thought to still be in re-building mode for 2015.  Having the first-round pick in the major league draft for the past few seasons, they had stocked their minor league system with numerous top prospects.  Their player acquisition strategy has been more focused on building for the future through the draft, rather than using free agents to improve their number of wins in the near term.  They, too, fired their manager, Bo Porter, at the end of last season.

Based on last year’s results, baseball analysts weren’t giving either team much of a chance to be more competitive this season.  In my own pre-season prognostications, I had picked the two teams to bring up the rear of the American League West Division, fighting only for bragging rights in the State of Texas.

But all that would soon change.

The Astros broke out of the gate with a fast start in April.  They took an early lead in the division, but many thought it was only because the more favored Seattle Mariners and Los Angeles Angels were under-performing.  However, the Astros managed to keep its lead until mid-September.  Their core of young players, led by Jose Altuve, George Springer and rookie Carlos Correa, was starting to pay off.  Starters Dallas Keuchel and Collin McHugh were routinely turning in solid performances on the mound.  The Astros were especially good at home, finishing with a 53-28 record for the season in Minute Maid Park.

I had a chance to see the Rangers play a three-game series against the Red Sox in early June.  It was evident then their offense was potent, with proven hitters like Prince Fielder, Adrian Beltre, Mitch Moreland, and Shin-Soo Choo.  But their pitching had questions, due to key injuries to several of their established staff including Yu Darvish, Derek Holland, Matt Harrison, and Neftali Feliz.

The Rangers resorted to a practically new pitching staff led by newcomer Yovani Gallardo, who had been a great pickup from Milwaukee during the off-season.  It turned out their new staff was able to keep them relatively close to the Astros and actually overtook them in mid-September when the Astros slumped somewhat.  The Rangers finished 46-28 in the second half of the season.

Both teams helped themselves at the July 31 trade deadline when it became apparent they had a good shot at the playoffs. With the Astros obviously ahead of their plan for being contenders, they decided to secure several veteran players to round out the roster.  The Rangers acquired ace pitcher Cole Hamels from the Phillies to help solidify their starting rotation.  They were also aided by the return of several previously injured players.

The potential matchup of the Astros and Rangers would make for a good post-season series, even though the Rangers actually had the Astros’ number during the regular season, winning 13 of 19 contests.  Although the Astros are relatively inexperienced as a playoff team, it doesn’t seem to faze its players.  They showed a lot of grit in beating the Yankees in the win-or-go-home wild-card game.  The Rangers have already avenged last season’s last place finish with a division title, but don’t seem content to stop there.   

The good part about a potential Rangers-Astros league championship series is that one of the teams from the Lone Star State will advance to the World Series.  Football just might have to take a back seat for a while.

Statue Dedication Fitting Tribute to Boo Ferriss

A few weeks ago, I wrote about the pinch-hitting exploits of Dave “Boo” Ferriss during his major league career with the Boston Red Sox.  Actually, his hitting was a sidebar to his outstanding pitching performances in his first two seasons with the Red Sox in which he won 46 games, garnered Rookie of the Year honors in 1945, and won a game in the 1946 World Series.  However, in many respects, his pro baseball career paled in comparison to his accomplishments and impact on Delta State University in Cleveland, Mississippi.

That was evident this past weekend when Delta State hosted the ribbon-cutting of a bronze statue in Ferriss’ likeness at the baseball stadium on its campus.  The event was part of a ceremony in which the university also named its stadium for Tim and Nancy Harvey, who made a significant gift that enabled the renovation of the stadium and Ferriss Field, encompassing new grandstands, dugouts, and other improvements.

During his 46 years in baseball, Ferriss played and coached before some huge crowds, but possibly none were more noteworthy than the turnout for the dedication event on Saturday.  A standing room crowd overflowed from the five hundred chairs placed on the baseball diamond, packed with Delta State officials, former players, and friends, all of whom came to honor the 93-year-old Ferriss and the Harvey family.

Ferriss’ Delta State career included 26 seasons as head coach, 639 victories, four conference championships, and three Division II College World Series appearances. He also served the university in its development foundation, raising funds for the college.

Yet a couple of other stats mentioned during the dedication were equally as important and impressive.  Over 90% of Ferriss’ players at Delta State completed their degrees, and over 170 of his former players went on to coach in some capacity during their own careers.  So the impact Ferriss had on others’ lives is practically immeasurable.

Furthermore, several of Ferriss’ former players, like Tim Harvey, have given financially over the years to the university’s baseball complex that now includes an indoor practice facility, administration building, and a museum devoted to Ferriss’ career.  Their significant contributions were a reflection of the deep respect and admiration for their former coach.  Consequently, as mentioned by one of the speakers at the ceremony, Delta State has one of the finest facilities in all of college baseball, not just among the Division II schools.

Ferriss’ remarks during the ceremony provided many insights into his character.  He was humbled by the honor being bestowed on him.  He was grateful for having had such a long baseball career and association with Delta State.  He praised his wife, Miriam, for her untiring support of him when coaching.  He spoke of his pride for his children, David and Margaret.  Ferriss also expressed pride for his players and the successes they achieved in their own careers.  Many of those former players looked to Ferriss as a father figure during their time on the Delta State squad.

And Ferriss showed his humor through some of the baseball stories he related to the audience.  Like the time he was ejected from a game against Southern Mississippi after arguing for 27 minutes over some rules with an umpire.  Like regretting having cut the would-be famous author John Gresham from the Delta State baseball team as a freshman, laughingly noting the university’s stadium might now be domed if he hadn’t.

Ferriss has received just about every honor there is, including the Red Sox Hall of Fame, the State of Mississippi Sports Hall of Fame, the Delta State Sports Hall of Fame, the Mississippi State University Sports Hall of Fame, the American Baseball Coaches Hall of Fame, and on and on.  On Saturday Delta State President William LaForge also inducted Ferriss into the inaugural class of “Delta State Legends,” a distinction LaForge envisioned would be awarded over time to only a select number of impactful employees of Delta State.

In addition to his former players, Ferriss is affectionately called “Coach” by many people who never played baseball for him, because he was the face of Delta State baseball for so long.  Many of those folks wished they had had a chance to play for him.  He had that kind of impact on people.

My Favorite Yogi Berra Photo

Yogi Berra’s death last week triggered the re-appearance of many images from his legendary Hall of Fame career with the New York Yankees. Most people probably recall seeing iconic photos of Berra jumping into Don Larsen’s arms following Larsen’s perfect game in 1956 and the controversial call over Jackie Robinson’s slide into home under Berra’s tag in 1955.  But my favorite photo of Berra is one that is seldom seen.  It shows a very young Berra and the greatest Yankee of all time, Babe Ruth.  (Unfortunately, my blog administration software won't let me imbed the photo with the text.)


At the time of the photo, which was probably taken in 1947, it provides a glimpse into two different eras of the Yankee dynasty. The photo shows the widely popular Ruth with a then relatively unknown Larry Berra, before he became popularly known as Yogi.  Berra looked like a typical rookie, just happy to be in the big leagues, in awe of shaking hands with the greatest player in history.  But that would ultimately change.

I can imagine that the picture was taken at the suggestion of a news photographer trying to do the upstart Berra a favor, securing a photo opportunity with the legendary Bambino.  The 22-year-old Berra was just beginning to break in as a regular in the Yankee lineup during that season.  An emaciated Ruth, who had retired from baseball in 1935, was only one year from his death at age 53 resulting from a bout with cancer. 

Ruth was larger than life, even after he finished his playing career.  He was the one person most responsible for making baseball America’s national pastime.   Ruth saved the sport after its darkest moment from the 1919 Black Sox betting scandal by capturing the nation’s attention with his historic home runs seasons.  His celebrated home run prowess made him one of the greatest sluggers of all time.

However, Berra eventually became a member of Yankee royalty himself.  His career earned him a spot as one of the most revered pinstripers in Yankee Stadium’s Monument Park, the figurative Yankee Mount Rushmore, alongside Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Joe DiMaggio, and Mickey Mantle.

Berra’s nickname, Yogi, became synonymous with Yankee baseball in the 1950s, just as Babe was for Ruth in the 1920s.  Berra’s accomplishments included three American League MVP awards, while finishing in the top four of the MVP voting in four additional seasons.  He was a member of a record ten World Series championship teams with the Yankees and named to the all-star team for fifteen consecutive seasons.  When Berra finally retired from playing in 1965, he was often regarded as the best catcher of all time.  He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1972.

Yet while there were similarities in their respective impacts with the Yankees and on baseball in general, Berra and Ruth had widely dissimilar personas.

Berra wasn’t the most physically gifted ballplayers at five-foot-seven and 185 pounds, while Ruth was a barrel-chested six-foot-two, 215 pounds.

Ruth was called the Sultan of Swat, conjuring an image of strength and power.  Berra’s nickname came about because he was once told he resembled a meek Hindu yogi.

Berra was the lovable guy, a favorite of all of this teammates.  Outside of baseball, his popularity was such that the ever-likable animated character, Yogi Bear, was named after him in 1958.

Even though they both came from humble backgrounds, Ruth developed a garrulous, center-of-attention type of personality as a result of his popularity, while Berra maintained an innocent, reserved side.  Ruth once sat out the start of a season reportedly because he had eaten too much during the offseason and couldn’t recover quickly from resulting stomach problems.  Berra was a virtual altar boy on Yankee teams noted for its hell-raisers like Hank Bauer, Mickey Martin, and Billy Martin.

Ruth was always good for a quote in the top baseball news stories of his day.  Berra was noted for coming out with offhanded, witty malapropisms and contradictory expressions that often had nothing to do with baseball.  He became famous for his “Yogisims,” even outside of the baseball world.

Yankee Nation lost one of its biggest stars last week, a guy who went a long way after that brief moment shaking hands with the Babe.


Yoenis Cespedes Making a Strong Case for MVP

Yoenis Cespedes was just what the Mets needed.  Back on July 4th, the Mets were 4 ½ games behind the Washington Nationals.  Their pitching, led by a strong corps of young arms, was outstanding, but their anemic offense just wasn’t scoring enough runs.  There were worries by Mets fans whether they could overtake the Nationals.  The pinnacle of the Mets’ ineptness at the plate was a game on June 27 in which they left 19 runners on base in a13-inning loss, while scoring only one run in the entire game.

You may recall in my blog post on July 5 that I labeled the team the “Mediocre Mets” as a contradiction to their historically popular “Amazin’ Mets” moniker, because they lacked offensive punch at the time.

Since Cespedes was traded to the Mets from Detroit at the July 31 trade deadline, he has practically had a season’s worth of offense, for an average ballplayer, in just six weeks with the New York Mets.  In his first 45 games with the Mets, Cespedes was batting .283 with 17 home runs, 10 doubles, three triples, 42 RBIs and 36 runs scored.  As of Saturday, the Mets are now seven games ahead of the Nationals and have practically sewn up the NL East division title with 14 games left to play.

Last week a national media discussion surfaced about whether Cespedes should be considered for National League MVP with less than half of a season of influence on the team.  Of course, the award is typically earned for a full season’s body of work, but Cespedes’ historic play and the dramatic turnaround he has helped the Mets make since August 1 certainly supports a reasonable claim.

Cespedes helped the Mets cinch their credibility as a legitimate contender for the division title and post-season play.  His acquisition by the Mets was just what the doctor ordered for the ailing bats of the Mets.  All of a sudden, the other bats in the Mets lineup woke up, too.

Cespedes ranks among the best in-season acquisitions a major league club has ever made.  For the Mets organization, it is reminiscent of 1998 when they picked up catcher Mike Piazza in late May, who then went on to hit 23 home runs, 76 RBI and a .348 average during the rest of the season.

Cespedes’ situation raises again the ongoing debate of what constitutes the criteria for the MVP Award.  Clearly, the Nationals’ Bryce Harper can makes his case for being MVP with his hands-down best performance in the National League based on his offensive production.  But the argument can be made that Harper is in fact the best player in the league, but not necessarily the most valuable player for providing the most impact for his team.

Is there a precedence for Cespedes capturing the MVP award after being traded in mid-season?  I couldn’t find a player who had pulled this off before, but there were a number who were traded during the season and wound up getting strong consideration for MVP.  Pitcher Sal Maglie was acquired by the Dodgers on May 15, 1956, and finished second in the MVP voting to teammate Don Newcombe.  Second baseman Red Schoendienst was acquired by the Milwaukee Braves on June 15, 1957, and finished third behind teammate Hank Aaron and Stan Musial.  First baseman Fred McGriff was traded to the Atlanta Braves on July 18, 1993, and finished fourth in the voting, as did outfielders Shannon Stewart with the Twins (acquired on July 16) in 2003 and Manny Ramirez with the Dodgers (acquired on July 31) in 2008.

Cespedes was initially thought to be a “rent-a-player” by the Mets for the balance of this season, but his thrilling late-season output now raises the question of whether they should pursue a multi-year contract after this season.  29-year-old Cespedes has become an instant icon in New York, and it will be interesting to see if the Mets decide to keep him around with a long-term contract.

Although Cespedes has been in a bit of a funk at the plate in the past four games, it does not erase the results he has brought to the Mets.  He probably won’t capture the league’s MVP honors.  However, in the long-suffering Mets fans’ hearts he will forever be remembered for the division championship he helped them win in 2015, their first since 2006.

You see, Cespedes is helping to put some “amazing” back into the Amazin’ Mets.

It Ain't as Easy as it Looks: Position Players Try Their Hand (and Arm) as Pitcher

As a high-schooler, did you ever try to persuade your baseball coach to let you throw a few pitches in a game, even though you had never pitched before in your life?  You probably got a response like “it ain’t as easy as it looks.”

Well, shortstop Brendan Ryan of the New York Yankees didn’t likely have to plea too hard with manager Joe Girardi to get on the mound on August 25 against the Houston Astros.  It was a blowout of a game, with the Astros walloping the Pinstripers, 15-1, hence the opportunity for Ryan to get some action on the hill.  Girardi decided not to fully waste valuable bullpen arms in the undoubtedly losing cause, as he inserted Ryan as the pitcher in the eighth and ninth innings after the Astros had already put up its fifteen runs against three earlier Yankee pitchers.

It’s actually not that rare for position players to “pinch pitch” in games with lopsided scores.  Other position players who have performed this dubious feat in 2015 include first baseman Ike Davis (A’s), outfielder Clint Robinson (Nationals), and first baseman/outfielder Garrett Jones (Yankees).  Outfielder Jeff Francoeur has made two relief appearances for the hapless Phillies this year.  Infielders Nick Franklin and Jake Elmore pitched in relief in successive innings for the Rays against the Nationals on June 16.  Cubs catcher David Ross pitched a perfect, 3-up-3-down inning against the Brewers on May 9, throwing nine strikes out of eleven pitches while tossing junk balls no faster than 75 mph.

Over the years, there have been several notable position players who got their momentary chance on the mound.  Ted Williams, Rocky Colavito, and Wade Boggs were among them.  Slugger-outfielder Jose Canseco got a little overzealous in his lone appearance on the mound while playing for the Texas Rangers in 1993.  In the course of giving up three runs, on two hits and three walks, he wound up over-extending himself with 33 pitches in his single inning.  Canseco required Tommy John surgery two months later.

One of my regular blog readers, Ashley, requested a few weeks ago that I try to identify major league pitchers who made permanent switches from being position players.  What I found were generally two types of players who made the career change:  those who were looking to extend their careers and those who figured out they had a better chance as a big league pitcher from the outset.

Tim Wakefield started out as a first baseman when he was drafted in the 8th round by the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1988.  After a poor first minor league season, he switched to pitching full-time in 1989, and was in the major leagues by 1992.  He had developed a baffling knuckleball, and it became the primary pitch in his repertoire for 19 big league seasons, over which he compiled 200 career victories.  Wakefield won a World Series with Boston in 2004.

Dick Hall originally came up with the Pittsburgh Pirates as an outfielder and second baseman, making his major league debut in 1952.  He converted to pitching after the 1954 season in which he hit a paltry .239 with two home runs and 27 RBI in 112 games.  By the early 1960s he had become a premier relief pitcher with the Baltimore Orioles, helping them to three World Series appearances.

Mel Queen was signed by the Cincinnati Reds organization out of high school in 1960 as a third baseman.  He paid his dues in the minors, eventually converting to an outfielder.  He earned a major league roster spot with the Reds in 1965, but managed to hit only .200 in 48 games.  In 1966, he began his transition to a pitcher while in the minors, following in the footsteps of his father who had been a major league pitcher from 1942 to 1952.  In 1967, Queen threw a shutout against the San Francisco Giants in his first major league start for the Reds and went on to win 14 game that season.  He pitched in the majors until 1972, and then became a pitching coach for several major league clubs.

Likely the best player to turn to pitching after starting out as a position player was Bob Lemon.  He made brief appearances with the Cleveland Indians in 1941 and 1942 as a third baseman before entering the military service in 1943 during World War II, missing three baseball seasons.  Upon his return from the war, he re-joined the Indians, but this time as a pitcher, although he would still occasionally play in the outfield.  Lemon wound up pitching for the Indians until 1958, accumulating 207 career wins while garnering 20 or more wins in seven seasons.  He didn’t forget how to hit, as he managed to slug 37 home runs over the course of his pitching career.  Lemon was elected the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1976.

One of the players who converted to pitcher in an attempt to stay around in baseball longer was Granville “Granny” Hammer.  He had made his major league debut as a 17-year-old during World War II, when there was a shortage of players.  By 1948, he had secured a starting job at third base for the Philadelphia Phillies, which he held for ten seasons.  Granny was a member of the 1950 Philadelphia “Whiz Kids” who went to the World Series.  He was selected for the National League all-star team in three seasons.  By 1958, he had lost his starting job with the Phillies, and in 1961 at 34-years of age, he converted to a pitcher with the Kansas City A’s in order to extend his career.  However, after a couple of minor league seasons, he made only a handful of major league appearances with the A’s as a pitcher before he retired.

Johnny O’Brien was somewhat unique in baseball because he and his brother, Eddie, were one of only eight sets of twins to ever play in the major leagues.  Moreover, Johnny added to his distinction with the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1953 as a second baseman.  He and his shortstop brother made history that year by becoming the first set of twins to play in the same game for the same team.  However, they had both lost their jobs to infielders Dick Groat and Bill Mazeroski by 1956.  Johnny then tried his hand at pitching, but never really got traction in the position.  O’Brien had three losing decisions in 16 appearances in 1957 and was out of baseball altogether after 1959.

Hal Jeffcoat was the starting centerfielder for the Chicago Cubs in his debut year of 1948.  However, he became a part-time outfielder from 1949 to 1953, when he struggled to show any power at the plate.  Jeffcoat converted to a pitcher for the 1954 season, without ever spending any time in the minors to hone the skill.  He proceeded to pitch as both a starter and reliever during the balance of his career which ended in 1960.  He finished his career with 39 wins and 25 saves.

There have been other players who made the switch to pitching.  However, with a few exceptions like Bob Lemon and Tim Wakefield, most of the conversions did little to significantly enhance the careers of the players.

It ain’t as easy as it looks.

Carlos Correa Makes Us Not Miss That Jeter Guy

Every once in a while a young prospect comes onto the baseball scene and immediately gets the label of “phenom”.  Yet in today’s sports media world that fosters instant popularity and sensationalism, we find that label is often premature and misused.  However, Carlos Correa of the Houston Astros is currently living up to this early career billing.  Some baseball experts even go so far as to say the 20-year-old rookie is already the best shortstop in the game.

But if you’ve had withdrawals from not having Derek Jeter in baseball in 2015, after his illustrious career of twenty seasons, you need to follow Correa who seems destined for a Jeter-esque career.

After being the No. 1 overall draft pick in 2012, Correa has been on every Top Prospects list ever since he signed a contract with the Houston Astros.  Now twenty years old, the native of Puerto Rico is the third youngest player in the American League.  Correa made his major league debut on June 8, perhaps hurried by an injury to Astros’ shortstop Jed Lowrie.  You see, Lowrie had come to the Astros from Oakland in the off-season to be the regular shortstop in 2015, while Correa was supposed to get additional seasoning in the minors.

But the Astros are not regretting their decision to promote Correa when they did.  He has responded, not like a wide-eyed rookie looking for directions to the ball-park every day, but like a grizzled veteran who really knows what it takes to win games.  And the Astros are indeed winning games.  Since he arrived, the Astros have been out of first place for only eight days.  Currently in first place by two games, the Astros look like they will make their first post-season appearance since 2005.

Correa made an immediate impact with the Astros.  Right off the bat, he was selected the Rookie of the Month for June.  Since 1950, only two players younger than 21 have reached 50 hits in fewer games than Correa:  Roberto Clemente and Orlando Cepeda, both of whom are in the Hall of Fame.  Correa is the first shortstop in at least 100 years to hit 9 home runs in his first 42 major league games.

Through 73 games (Sept. 5), Correa’s stats include 16 HR, 46 RBI, 11 SB, .279 BA, .346 OBP, SLG .509.  He leads the Astros in slugging percentage (SLG) and on-base plus slugging percentage (OBS).  But despite what the stats tell, his teammates have marveled at the maturity he already brings to his game.  Unlike most rookies, Correa demonstrated instant ease as a major leaguer.  He gained the respect of the team’s veterans early on.

Whether Correa is already the best shortstop in the game is a moot issue right now.  It makes a great story for his national appeal, but that’s not what Correa is all about as a person.  Besides, the Blue Jays’ all-star shortstop, Troy Tulowitski, would likely take issue with bestowing “best shortstop” honors to Correa right now.

In any case, Correa draws comparisons to some of the all-time greats at the shortstop position.  He has the physical size of his role model, Derek Jeter.  He has the bat of a young Alex Rodriguez, the glove of Omar Vizquel, and the speed and range of Ozzie Smith.  One other highly regarded shortstop with whom he often gets equated is Hall of Famer Barry Larkin, who was exceptional with the bat and the glove.  How’s that for setting some high expectations for Correa?  He wears jersey No. 1 for where he was picked in the draft, but also for the Astros’ expectations that come with it.

On an Astros team whose average age is only slightly over 26, Correa fits right in alongside their other young stars, Jose Altuve and George Springer.  Given a little more time, these guys may make Astros fans forget all about the Killer Bs (Craig Biggio, Jeff Bagwell, and Lance Berkman) of almost a generation ago.  There seems to be little doubt Correa is on his way to becoming the face of the Astros for many years to come.

Correa has real potential to be in the class of past phenoms like Ken Griffey Jr. and Alex Rodriguez, and more currently Mike Trout and Bryce Harper.  But it’s true that for every Griffey or Trout, there are probably ten projected phenoms, like Tim Beckham (first overall pick of Rays in 2008) or Matt Bush2004) (first overall pick of the Padres in 2004), who flopped altogether or didn’t quite live up to the label.

However, Correa seems to be on the baseball highlights shows every night, showing off spectacular plays whether at bat or in the field.  It looks like he will be around for a while.

Now, remind me again, what was the name of that Yankee shortstop from last year?

Norman McCord Took His Cuts at Pro Baseball in Growth Era

Shortly after World War II ended, organized baseball experienced a significant growth in the number of its minor league teams and consequently the number of players.  Big league organizations like the Cardinals and Dodgers had more than 20 minor league teams in their system.  The number of unaffiliated teams in the minors also grew.  It was a time and era when baseball was truly the most popular sport in the country.

Baseball scouts were aggressively recruiting new players to fill the rosters of those minor league teams.  Norman McCord of New Orleans was one of those young players being pursued.  After he finished his first year of college in 1948, he was told by baseball scout he had major league potential.  He seized an opportunity to take a crack at professional baseball and hopefully make a career of it.  But unfortunately it didn’t work out that way for him, although McCord harbors no regrets about his brief pursuit.

McCord played baseball for four years at Warren Easton High School, though he missed most of his junior year due to contracting yellow jaundice.  His coach, Jack Dowling, was an old-school baseball man, and he encouraged McCord to play.  Warren Easton had some history in producing major league players, as alumni Al Jurisich and Jack Kramer had both appeared in the 1945 World Series.  McCord recalls that St. Aloysius High School was their main competitor during his years, and he remembers playing against Jesuit’s Tookie Gilbert, another future major leaguer.

McCord graduated from Warren Easton in 1947.  That summer he was named one of Louisiana’s outstanding players and traveled with a team of all-stars to Baltimore, Maryland to play in a three-game series against a Canadian all-star team.  He began to have thoughts of playing professional baseball when the minor league New Orleans Pelicans expressed interest in him by having him participate in a work out with the team.  A Boston Braves scout would take him to lunch to talk about playing baseball and once gave him a bat.

However, McCord enrolled at Southeastern Louisiana University in the fall of 1947 and played baseball as a freshman during the 1948 season.  As a 6-foot-3, 190 pound first baseman, McCord recalls hitting around.280 with 6 home runs that season.  In a write-up about the team in the college newspaper, he was hyped as a “future All-American.”

McCord decided to sign with the Pittsburgh Pirates in the summer of 1948, accepting a $2,000 bonus, which was a lot of money for a youngster back then.  McCord is quick to point out that highly touted Mickey Mantle received only $1,100 as his bonus to sign out of high school with the New York Yankees a year later.  By his own admission, McCord says he got “swell-headed” by the money and decided to leave college.  He figured it was his best chance to play big league baseball.

His first minor league assignment was with Class D Tallahassee of the George-Florida League.  One of his teammates there was Frank Thomas, who would go on to play in the majors for 16 years, making All-Star teams in three seasons.  McCord recalls about Thomas, “He was a country boy who could knock the daylights out of the ball.”  Indeed, Thomas lived up to his billing, as he went on to hit 286 homers in the big leagues.

19-year-old McCord struggled in 30 games with Tallahassee, hitting only .152.  In August, he was sent to Leesburg, another Class D Pirates affiliate in the Florida State League.  It was after his move to Leesburg that McCord realized he had been trying to hit with a heavy 36-inch bat with Tallahassee, and he believes it probably contributed to his low average there.  With Leesburg, his batting average improved to .260 in 20 games played.  However, he was released by the Pirates at the end of the season.

In 1949, still thinking he could compete in the minors, McCord got assistance from local sportswriter Hap Glaudi in landing a contract with Class C Baton Rouge of the Evangeline League, which was an unaffiliated team at that time.  A week before the regular season was to start, McCord injured his right leg.  He was sent by the team to the LSU Athletic Department to assess his condition, which turned out to be a torn quadricep.  After a rehab period, he played in ten games with Baton Rouge, but still could not run at full speed.  He was eventually released by the team.

McCord was acquainted with New Orleanian Jesse Danna, who was the manager of the Valley Rebels in the Georgia-Alabama League.  Danna arranged for McCord to get a tryout with his team, but he re-injured his leg and sat out the remainder of the 1949 baseball season.

McCord didn’t get a call from pro baseball the next season, and he decided to move on with his life.  He says he developed a love-hate feeling about the game immediately after that.  He commented, “I didn’t keep up with the game very closely for several years after that, and I missed out on following some of the best young players in major leagues develop their careers.

Despite his disappointment with the professional game at that time, he continued to play baseball in the New Orleans area.  From 1950 to 1960, he competed in the semi-professional Audubon League.  Those teams routinely included former minor league players, and McCord recalls playing against New Orleans natives such as Nelson Nocheck, Jesse Danna and his brother Charlie, all of whom had previous minor league experience.  McCord’s team, Beachview Tavern, won the league championship in 1959.

In 1950, McCord went to work for Commodity Credit Corporation, a division of the U. S. Department of Agriculture, for 35 years.  He played on company-sponsored softball and basketball teams in the local CAA League from 1954 to 1960, when his teams won numerous league championships in both sports.

McCord, who will turn 88 years old in October, says he often thinks about what could have been if he had been able to stay in professional baseball.  He noted, “Regrettably, an injury curtailed my attempt to advance in professional baseball.  But even though I didn’t make it further, it was an exciting time to be playing baseball.”

McCord is one of over 1,250 players identified in the Metro New Orleans Area Player Database that can be retrieved at  It includes high school players who went on to play at the college and/or professional levels.

MadBum's Pinch-Hitting Reminiscent of "Boo" From a Different Era

San Francisco Giants manager Bruce Bochy was second-guessed over his decision to insert his star pitcher, Madison Bumgarner, into a game on August 19 as a pinch-hitter in the bottom of the 9th trailing by a run.  But that’s not the first time a manager has called on a pitcher to pinch-hit.  In fact, there was a Boston Red Sox pitcher from the 1940s, Dave “Boo” Ferriss, who routinely made pinch-hitting appearances for his team.  And he was pretty darn good at it.

A native of Shaw, MS, Ferriss made his major league debut in 1945 during the last season major league baseball was affected by World War II.  Ferriss, relatively unknown at the time, was labeled “just another war-time pitcher” by the press.  They figured he was merely another replacement player who got an opportunity to play in the big leagues because many of the regulars were still serving in the Armed Forces.

However, the right-handed Ferriss took the baseball world by surprise when he won his first eight consecutive starts of the season.  He would go on to compile 21 wins for the season, earning Rookie of the Year honors for his pitching performance.

Like the Giants’ Bumgarner, Ferriss happened to be pretty effective when taking his turns at the plate.  He wasn’t an automatic out when he came to the plate.  In a number of contests, he helped his own cause by getting a timely base hit or drawing a walk to keep his team in the game.  In his first major league game on April 29, the left-handed hitting Ferriss got three hits, which made a lasting impression on Red Sox manager Joe Cronin.  In a game against the Chicago White Sox on June 29, starting pitcher Ferriss slammed a 3-run homer in the 9th inning to propel the Red Sox to a 4-2 victory.

In 1945, in his 140 total plate appearances, Ferriss banged out 32 hits and drew 19 walks for a .267 batting average and .367 on-base-percentage.  Those numbers were exceptional for a pitcher and actually better than the average position player in the league.  His extra base hits included 7 doubles, a triple and a home run, and he drove in 19 runs.

Consequently, when Cronin found himself needing a runner on base in a critical situation, he often turned to Ferriss for pinch-hit help.  Ferriss made 26 pinch-hit appearances in 1945, recording a .423 on-base percentage.

In 1946, Ferriss proved his pitching performance of the previous season was no fluke, when he won 25 games for the Red Sox and led them to their first American League pennant since 1918.  He recorded wins in his first 10 decisions of the season, then had a 12-game consecutive winning streak during the year.

With Ted Williams, Johnny Pesky, Bobby Doerr, and Dom DiMaggio returning from military service in 1946 and generating a lot of runs for the Red Sox, there wasn’t much of a need for Ferriss’s pinch-hitting services.  He entered games in only 5 pinch-hit appearances that season, while his overall batting average dropped to .209.

Cronin reverted to using Ferriss again as a frequent pinch-hitter in 1947.  He made 19 pinch-hit appearances, recording a batting average of .378 with runners in scoring position.  His overall batting average for the season was .273, and again he drove in 19 runs.  Not too shabby for a country boy from the Mississippi Delta.

Unfortunately, Ferriss’s career was cut short when he suffered a shoulder injury during the 1947 season and tried to play through it, which is what pitchers were expected to do back then.  However, he developed a “dead arm” in 1948 and made only 9 starts during the season.  Essentially, his career at age 26 was over, although he tried brief comebacks in 1949 and 1950.

Looking back, it makes one wonder if Ferriss should have considered a comeback as a position player and hitter, similar to what St. Louis Cardinals pitcher Rick Ankiel did in 2005, after losing his ability to throw strikes.

On the day before Bumgarner’s fateful out on August 19, he had responded to Bochy’s call for a pinch-hitter with an RBI-single in the 7th inning against the Cardinals.  Perhaps Bochy was pressing his luck by using him again in that next game.  Bochy was grilled about his decision to not use other available Giant hitters on the bench.  Or was Bochy sending a message to the Giants’ front office that he desperately needed to upgrade his hitting depth on the roster?

But then on August 21, Bumgarner amazingly hit his fifth home run of the year.  By the way, Wes Ferrell of the 1931 Cleveland Indians holds the record for most home runs (9) in a season by a pitcher.

Perhaps Bochy, like Cronin in the 1940s, simply happens to have a lot of confidence in his star pitcher’s ability to hit, too.


Footnote:  Boo Ferriss, currently 93 years old, is one of only two surviving members (along with Bobby Doerr) of the 1946 American League Champion Boston Red Sox.  After his playing career, Ferriss was the pitching coach for the Red Sox from 1955 to 1959.  He was head baseball coach at Delta State University, where his teams won 639 games over 26 seasons.  Ferriss was elected to the Boston Red Sox Hall of Fame in 2002.  The Ferriss Trophy is awarded annually in his honor to the top college baseball player in Mississippi.

It's Only a Matter of Time for Robo-Ump

Without a lot of fanfare three weeks ago, a professional independent league baseball game in California had balls and strikes called without a plate umpire.  It’s true that an “indy” game is a far cry from a major league game, but it’s only a matter of time before Major League Baseball adopts currently available technology to replace this part of the plate umpire’s job.

The game will eventually have a “Robo-Ump” doing the job, using the PITCHf/x technology currently in use at every major league ballpark to track the speed, location, and trajectories of pitched baseballs from the pitcher’s mound to home plate.  Thus it can tell where a pitched ball passes through the batter’s strike zone.  The technology uses multiple cameras to make its measurements, and its accuracy is phenomenal.

Similar to the debates on expanding the use of use of instant replay, the biggest hurdle to implementing this capability will be the emotional arguments from baseball traditionalists and purists who will say it’s a sacrilege to consider using automation in a stadium booth to call balls and strikes on the field.  I can just hear the laundry list of dissenting views now, “Human error has been part of the game since it was founded.  It would take away a key part of the nostalgia of the game.  Every batter has a unique strike zone.  The ump’s calls are accurate enough.  The game of baseball is changing enough already.”

How will a batter argue calls with Robo-Ump?  How will Don Mattingly and Buck Showalter intimidate Robo-Ump to try to gain an edge in a hotly contested game?  Well, that’s the whole point of using Robo-Ump—there won’t be any need to argue balls and strikes anymore, because of the high accuracy of this system.

Umpires’ calls have wrongly decided the outcomes of games and seasons before.  In the past, we accepted this just was part of the game.  Some of our most vivid memories of crucial plays from from past years involved a missed call by an umpire.

Yet, the use of instant replay has highlighted the fact that umpires’ judgements on close plays are often incorrect.  The overturn rate is about half, and now we’ve come to expect “getting it right.”

In fact, major league plate umpires’ calls of balls and strikes are actually pretty accurate today.  But if they are accurate 95% of the time now, why not attain 99% if the technology will enable it?  About the only time it might fail is if there is a computer glitch.

Some people feel the sport is already becoming too sanitized for the sake of absolute accuracy.  Robo-Ump is only going to add to that feeling.  However, in today’s game, increased accuracy seems to be trumping nostalgia and tradition.

There will be some other consequences from the adoption of Robo-Ump, but they won’t likely deter its implementation.

As a result of using this new technology, we’ll eventually wind up with a bunch of nondescript, no-name umpires.  We’ll miss having the umpires whose name recognition was largely defined by their antics on the field when controversial balls and strikes occurred.  No more umpiring legends like Ron Luciano, Nestor Chylak, Bruce Froemming, or Hunter Wendelstadt.

In the same vein, there will be fewer manager ejections from the games, because the skippers won’t be able to argue with Robo-Ump on the calls on balls and strikes.  How many times did a heated exchange between a manager and a home plate umpire ignite a team for a come-back rally?  Not anymore, with Robo-Ump.

Recently, catchers have been trying to improve their effectiveness in pitch framing as a technique to get more called strikes by the umpire.  There won’t be any need for that skill anymore with the Robo-Ump implementation.

With the additional clarity the technology will introduce, the use of Robo-Ump will also contribute to speeding up the pace of the game, a recent emphasis of Major League Baseball.

It won’t be necessary for home plate umpires to be crouched over the catcher’s shoulder any longer, and hence they won’t be subject to hard-hit foul balls jarring their face mask or nicking some other ill-protected body part.

The use of robots to call balls and strikes is not a brand new idea.  In the mid-1960s, major league player Charlie James came up with a concept for an electronic umpire as part of his engineering class project while at Washington University.  He estimated the cost of such a device would cost $50,000, at the time thought to be relatively expensive.

It may take a while before Robo-Ump is actually implemented in the major leagues, but like it or not, it will eventually become another part of the evolution of the game, just like instant replay and the pitch clock.  I imagine Billy Martin and Earl Weaver will turn over in their graves when it does.

Baseball's Family Bloodlines Occasionally Create Bad Blood

There have been a lot of situations in baseball resulting in heart-warming stories about family members involved in the sport.  For example, there have been sons of major leaguers who grew up hanging out in the big league clubhouse with their dads and then reaching the majors themselves.  There have been brothers playing against each other in the minors, but rooting for their sibling to make it to the “Show.”  Occasionally, brothers have realized childhood dreams by playing on the same team at the major league level.  Front office executives have drafted their sons to give them their first break into professional baseball.  And there are many more.


However, the familial situations in baseball haven’t always involved happy circumstances.  What some family members have found out is that baseball is indeed a business, and bloodlines don’t always guarantee loyalty and enduring support between them.


Below are some examples of not-so-pleasant cases that have occurred between family members over the years.


Washington Senators’ owner Clark Griffith traded his niece’s husband, Joe Cronin, to the Boston Red Sox in 1934 and his son-in-law, Joe Haynes, to the Chicago White Sox in 1941.  Cronin was eventually elected to Baseball’s Hall of Fame.


The daughter of San Diego Padres general manager, Jack McKeon, married Padres pitcher Greg Booker.  Booker played with the Padres from 1983 through 1988, but was considered an embarrassment because of his mediocre performance.  McKeon, not wanting to upset his daughter by trading him, kept Booker even though the fans booed him mercilessly.  However, in 1989 McKeon finally traded his son-in-law to the Minnesota Twins.  After the 1990 season, Booker was out of baseball altogether.


Al Campanis, general manager for the Los Angeles Dodgers, traded his 24-year-old son Jim to the Kansas City Royals on December 15, 1968.  Jim has played sparingly with the Dodgers for three seasons and became expendable when the Dodgers relied on veterans Tom Haller and Jeff Torborg as their primary catchers.


In Milt May’s second professional season in 1969 for Gastonia of the Carolina League, his father, Pinky May, was manager for Monroe in the same league.  Milt hit 11 home runs that year and 10 were against his father’s team.  On several occasions, Pinky had his son knocked down by his pitchers because Milt hit well against his team.


As Roger Clemens was training for his participation in the 2006 World Baseball Classic, he pitched batting practice at the Houston Astros spring training camp.  The first batter he faced was his son, Koby, a 2005 high school signee of the Astros.  Koby hit his father’s first pitch over the left field fence.  On the next time he faced his son, Roger showed who was in charge, when he jokingly buzzed him high and tight with a fastball.


Jeff Weaver was pitching rather poorly for the Los Angeles Angels in 2006, with a 3-10 record, and he was traded to the St. Louis Cardinals to make room for his brother, Jared, on the Angels team.  Jared went on to win 10 straight games that year for the Angels, while Jeff helped the Cardinals to a World Series championship.


George Susce Sr. did not try to put pressure on his son, George Jr., to get into baseball.  He then allowed his son to make up his own mind with regard to which team he would sign.  In 1951 at age nineteen, George Jr. made a decision that cost his father his job.  George Sr. was a coach for the Cleveland Indians, when his son accepted a bonus to sign with the Boston Red Sox instead of the Indians.  This prompted the Indians to fire the father, although the rival Red Sox later hired him.


In the spring of 2010, Chicago White Sox manager Ozzie Guillen became embroiled with his son, Oney, who at the time was working in the scouting department for the White Sox.  When the outspoken Oney became publicly critical of the White Sox in a Twitter dialog, Ozzie put pressure on his son to resign to avoid more trouble with the team.  Oney was eventually let go by the White Sox.


Eddie Dyer was managing the Class C Scottsdale team of the Middle American League in 1930, when he cut his brother, Sam, who was trying out for the team.  Eddie was influenced by well-respected Cardinals general manager Branch Rickey, who did not consider Sam a big league prospect.


Don Zimmer was traded by the Cincinnati Reds to the Los Angeles Dodgers in January 1963, after his uncle William H. Zimmer was named to the Cincinnati club’s board of directors.  Don’s career spanned over sixty years as a player, coach, manager, and special assistant.


Family bloodlines have been an integral part of baseball’s history and lore since the sport’s inception in the 1870s.  But occasionally there have been cases where the bloodlines caused some bad blood between family members.

It's a Young Man's Game

When Alex Rodriguez made his major league debut with the Seattle Mariners in 1994 at age 18, he was the youngest player in the league.  Strangely enough, turning 40 years old last week, he is among the oldest players in the sport.  He’s now the “Ancient Mariner” of baseball because the sport is being dominated by younger players.  Twenty of the players in the All-Star Game a couple of weeks ago were age 25 and under, the most in history.  These guys were five years old or less when A-Rod broke into the big leagues.

I recently saw a stat on the website that 11 of the 30 major league teams had a player 25 and under leading them in Wins Above Replacement, a metric for evaluating comparative performances of players.  That tells me that youth is not watering down the quality of the players coming into the game.

The average age of all the teams in Major League Baseball in 2015 is 28.6 years.  The Yankees and Reds are the only teams with an average age of 30 and over this year.  Ten years ago, there were ten teams in this category, and there were no teams with an average age under 27.2 year.  This year the Astros’ average age is 26.3, with the Diamondbacks (26.8) and Cubs (26.9) not far behind.  Yet the relatively younger age of these teams hasn’t been a detriment in their competitiveness, since the Astros and Cubs are in the mix for playoff spots.  For a sport that has historically embraced the use of older players (e g., Jamie Moyer pitched until age 49 in 2012), that may now be changing.

The youth movement didn’t just happen this year.  It’s been in the making for a while.  However the emergence of many young stars who are now excelling in the game has brought new attention to the situation.

Here’s a sampling of some of the top players 25 years old and under.  Despite their youth, they have already been dominating the game.

Mike Trout has one American League MVP title to his name, being a runner-up twice.  He’s been MVP of the All-Star Game twice.  He has already been compared to some of the greats of the games.

Madison Bumgardner has already won three World Series championships.  He was the MVP last year in one of the most memorable Series performances in history.

Bryce Harper, the National League Rookie of the Year at age 19, has been an All-Star twice and in the race for the MVP Award this year.

Giancarlo Stanton already has 181 career home runs, while being selected to three All-Star Games.

Jose Fernandez was third in the National League Cy Young Award voting in this rookie season at age 20.

Jose Altuve is a three-time All-Star who led the American League in hits and stolen bases last year.

Freddie Freeman is already in his sixth major league season, including two All-Star appearances.  He’s been averaging over 90 RBI per season.

Jason Heyward is also in his sixth major league season and is generally regarded as the best defensive right-fielder in the game.

Many Machado has emerged as one of the best-fielding third baseman, and he can hit for power, too.

Michael Wacha debuted the majors just one year out of college, hurling three wins for the Cardinals in the 2013 post-season.  He’s having an All-Star season this year, after suffering arm injuries in 2014.

Sonny Gray has already recorded 30 wins since July 2013, essentially the equivalent of only two full seasons.

Newcomers in 2015 include youngsters Kris Bryant, Joc Pederson, Carlos Correa, Noah Syndergaard, and Mookie Betts.  They are already making positive imprints on the game with their performances.

The youth movement is definitely a good thing for baseball.  It comes at a time when the sport recognizes it must attract a younger base of regular followers and fans to remain popular.  The increasing number of younger players on the field is generating excitement and naturally helping the sport’s marketing pitch.  The fact that younger players are generally more accessible via social media and are more visible in media advertisements also enhances their potential appeal to younger fans.  A business indicator of the growing popularity of these younger players is that they rank among the top sellers in uniform jerseys.

This emergence of today’s young stars has been compared to baseball’s era of the early-to-mid 1950s when there was a dominance by young upstarts named Mays, Mantle, Aaron, Mathews, Robinson, Banks, Kaline, and Ford.  That’s some pretty darn good company. Perhaps we are seeing the development of a new Golden Age of the game.

Five Teams That Need to Make Essential Trades Before the Deadline

The week before the Major League Baseball trade deadline on July 31 is one of the most critical timeframes of the season.  It is the point in time when major league teams decide if they want to be contenders versus pretenders, buyers and/or sellers, for the remainder of the regular season.  I’ve come up with five teams who need to make essential trades to remain in the hunt for the post-season.

All sorts of questions enter into the decisions teams must make, when determining their future, now and later.

Do they take the short-term or long-term view for their team make-up?  Do they sacrifice a top prospect they have been developing in their system in order to acquire a veteran who can fill a hole on the roster now?  Do they “rent” veteran players who can be counted on to help them down the stretch in the current season, but will command top-end salaries in free agency after the season?  Can they get commensurate value for high-profile players with high salaries who no longer fit into their long-term plans?  Do they forgo the remainder of this season, because they are so far out of contention, in order to get top prospects who will be productive a few years from now?

It’s these kinds of decisions that can make or break a general manager and determine which teams are enhancing their chances of getting into the playoffs.

With the current level of parity among the teams in most divisions, most of the clubs will be trying to stay in contention longer.  This situation is likely to trigger a fair amount of activity before the trade deadline.  Some teams will only tweak their rosters without committing significant dollars, while others with deep pockets won’t mind securing the expensive rentals who will be available on the market.

At the beginning of last week when I initially began compiling my list of teams that needed to make some moves, the Houston Astros were one of my top teams I thought needed to make some moves.  I figured they needed to acquire a veteran pitcher who could give a lot of innings to solidify their starting rotation heading into August.  Indeed on Thursday, they pulled the trigger on acquiring Scott Kasmir from the A’s.  I was thinking someone like Mike Leake of the Reds would fill the bill, but getting Kazmir accomplishes the same objective.  The Astros gave up two minor league prospects for Kazmir, but they could afford to do that since their farm system is has been building for several years now and is currently pretty deep.  It was a good move to keep them in contention for a playoff spot, something they hadn’t fully expected at the beginning of the season.  It’s likely they will look even further to bolster their bullpen.

Since the Astros’ deal is already done, here are my next five teams that need to make a move.

The New York Met desperately need some boost in their offense to provide more run support for their excellent pitching staff.  That fact came to focus last week when Mets hitters were a pathetic 1-for-25 with runners in scoring position during an 18-inning game with the Cardinals.  Someone like Justin Upton of the Padres would be ideal.  Although he would definitely be a rental for the balance of the season, the Mets’ opportunity for a long-awaited return to post-season play is this year—they can’t put it off until next year.  With David Wright’s status for returning successfully from injury this season still in question, the Mets also need an upgrade at third base, allowing Daniel Murphy to return to his normal position at second base.  Chris Johnson of the Braves or Aaron Hill of the Diamondbacks could be that guy.

The Toronto Blue Jays have the opposite need from the Mets.  Currently in second place in the AL East, the Blue Jays have all the bats they need with Josh Donaldson, Juan Encarnacion, Jose Bautista, and Russell Martin.  However, they need to bolster both their starting rotation and their bullpen in order to stay in contention. The Blue Jays need to capitalize on the fact that their division is up for grabs this year, but they won’t get to the post-season by standing pat.  The Blue Jays have the financial wherewithal to get closer Jonathan Papelbon, whose salary the Phillies would love to shed this season.  I’m not sure the Blue Jays would be in the hunt for a top-flight starter like aces Cole Hamels or Johnny Cueto, but someone like Jeff Samardzija or Mike Leake would serve them very well.

The Chicago Cubs recognized a few months ago that “wait ‘til next year” could actually be this season.  Their young team has really stepped up to the competition.  They won’t overtake the Cardinals in the NL Central Division, but they could give the Pirates a run for their money for second place.  But what they could use is a big bat from the outfield.  Justin Upton would be a good fit on Chicago’s South Side too, but others that could provide the Cubs the needed help include Carlos Gonzalez, Yoenis Cespedes, or Jay Bruce, all of whom have been rumored will be considered for trade by their respective clubs.  The Cubs could also benefit from more bullpen depth.

Even though the Los Angeles Dodgers are currently riding atop the NL West Division, their starting pitching staff has been decimated by injury.  Zach Greinke and Clayton Kershaw are presently pitching at a “lights-out” level for the Dodgers with their respective consecutive scoreless inning streaks.  However, the Dodgers can’t expect to stay in the division lead riding on just those two workhorses.  The team tapped into their big bankroll during the winter to do a huge make-over, so why should they stop now in order to protect their division lead for the balance of the season?  The Dodgers will be out front in attempting to acquire Cole Hamels, Johnny Cueto and even David Price if the Tigers are willing to depart with him now.  But they’ll need yet another starter if pitcher Brett Anderson winds up going on the disabled list.  Don’t be surprised if Dodger outfielder Yasiel Puig is used in a trade to get some top-flight pitching.  But I don’t think the Dodgers will relinquish shortstop prospect Corey Seager, whom everyone will want.

The Kansas City Royals need additional starting rotation help, not so much to win the AL Central Division, but to be able to compete effectively once they get into the post-season play.  They need an ace at the top of the rotation—a shut-down pitcher who can absolutely be counted on to turn the fortunes of the team in a positive direction when needed.  When they lost James Shields to free agency after last season, they really didn’t replace him.  True, they’ve done really well so far this season without Shields, sporting the best record in the American League, but that won’t ensure success in a playoff scenario.  The Royals believe this is their year to win the World Series this year, after the Giants burst their bubble last season.  I expect the Royals to be in hot pursuit of one the best pitchers on the market, whether that’s Hamels, Cueto, Price, or Yovani Gallardo of the Rangers.

One might think there are several additional teams who need to made critical trades in order to stay in contention for a wild-card spot in the playoffs—the Twins, Rays, and Rangers.  However these teams are playing well above the expectations of them at the beginning of the season.  I think they’re willing to forgo adding pieces now, if it means giving up key prospects in their player development plans.

I believe the Yankees, who have a reputation for wheeling and dealing in the open market, will stand pat on a big trade for starting pitching, despite the fact they need some depth.  They are pretty high on a few of their prospects that are close to reaching the big leagues and won’t be willing to part with them now.  In fact, Luis Severino, one of their top pitchers in the minors, may well get a promotion to shore up the staff later in the season.

The Detroit Tigers and Boston Red Sox have pretty much already written off this season, so they could be among the biggest sellers before the trade deadline.

The outcomes of whatever trades are made over the next week are sure to have an impact.  There are still many teams with a chance at a playoff spot.  It seems to me that more baseball GMs are willing to be aggressive and take some chances.  That only makes for an exciting time for the last two months of the regular season.

Delahanty Brothers Made Baseball a Family Affair

You may not have heard of these baseball-playing brothers, but the Delahantys had five to appear in the major leagues, the most siblings of any family in history.  They played in the very early years of the game, ranging from 1888 to 1915.  Their careers ranged from Ed, who is in the Baseball Hall of Fame, to Tom who appeared in only nineteen major league games.  Brothers Jim, Frank and Joe had stints that fell in between those two extremes. A sixth brother, Will, briefly played professionally, but did not reach the majors.


Shortly after the Delahantys’ run, the O’Neill family had four brothers in the big leagues.  And, of course, the most famous of multiple major league brothers are the DiMaggios, Joe, Dom and Vince, of the late 1930s, 1940s and early 1950s.


More recently, the three Molina brothers—Bengie, Jose, and Yadier--captured national attention when each of the catchers played on World Series championship teams in the 2000s.  Yadier earned another World Series ring another in 2011.


Currently, Kyle Seager of the Mariners has two minor league brothers who have a good chance to reach the big leagues.


Following is a brief biography of the five major league Delahanty brothers.


Ed Delahanty

Ed was one of six total Delahanty brothers and five to play in the major leagues.  They hold the record for most siblings to reach the major league level.  The best of the lot, Ed began his professional career in 1887 with Mansfield of the Ohio State League, where he hit .351.  After 21 games in the Tri State League in 1888, the second baseman was sold to Philadelphia of the National League for the then-record sum of $1,900.  He made his debut on May 22 as the second baseman and went hitless in the game.  A day later he got his first of 2,597 career hits off George Borchers of Chicago.


His first five years were solid by most standards, but they would actually pale against his stellar performance during the last eleven years.  He jumped to the Cleveland club of Players League in 1890, only to return to Philadelphia the next year.  By then, he had primarily become an outfielder and led the league in slugging average in 1892, based on his 30 doubles, 21 triples and six home runs.  He put on a 6-for-6 performance on June 2, 1890, and would repeat this feat again, playing for Philadelphia on June 16, 1894.


Although playing in the deadball era, the 1893 season would be his best power season, hitting 19 home runs and 146 RBI.  It would also be the first of seven seasons that he would hit for an average of greater than .350.  He hit .407, .404, and .397 in 1894-1896, but did not lead the lead in any of these years.  On July 13, 1896, he became only the second player in history to hit four home runs in a single game.  Only nine more players have accomplished this feat since.  On July 13-14, 1897, he reeled off 10 consecutive hits for Philadelphia.  Between 1891 and 1895, he teamed with Billy Hamilton and Sam Thompson to form one of the best outfields in history.  All three would be elected to the Hall of Fame.


In 1899 he did finally lead the league with a .410 average, as well as hits, doubles and RBI.  On May 13, 1899, he clouted four doubles in a game, thus becoming the only player in history to hit both four home runs and four doubles in single games.  He had a 31-game hitting streak during the 1899 season.


With the upstart American League trying to establish itself, Ed was offered $4,000 to jump to the Washington club of that league in 1902.  After a counter offer from the New York Giants, he reluctantly made the switch to Washington and proceeded to lead the American League in hitting with a .376 average.  He is the only player to lead both the American and National leagues in hitting.


On July 2, 1903, Ed disappeared from the team in Detroit a second time within a week, after being suspended. There was a report of a man fitting Ed’s description who had created a disturbance aboard a Michigan Central train bound for New York on the night of July 2.  When the man, who had been drinking, began to terrify passengers with an open razor, the conductor removed him from the train when it reached the Canadian side of Niagara Falls.  A night watchman spotted him attempting to walk across the Niagara River railroad bridge to the U. S. side, and he plunged into the river below.  For one week, teammates, family and friends had no inkling of Ed’s whereabouts.  On July 9th, the player’s body was found washed ashore, about 20 miles from the bridge.  It was never determined whether the death of the 35-year-old was an accident or suicide.


Over his career, Ed hit for a .346 average, 4th on the all-time list.  He got 2,596 hits, 100 home runs, 1,464 RBI, 1,599 runs scored, and 455 stolen bases.  He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1945, the third youngest Hall of Famer to die.


Ed was the best of the Delahanty brothers who appears in the majors.  Jim had a thirteen-year career, but the others, Frank, Tom and Joe, played sparingly.  A sixth brother, Willie, starred in the minors and was signed by the Dodgers, but before he could report for National League duty, he was hit in the head by a pitched ball and soon gave up the game afterward.


Frank Delahanty

Frank was the youngest of five Delahanty brothers to play in the major leagues.  Sixteen years younger than his famed brother, Ed, Frank made his professional debut in 1902 with Atlanta of the Southern League.  The outfielder played three more seasons in the minors before making his major league debut with the American League New York Highlanders in August 1905.  He batted .238 as a semi-regular in 1906.  He had been sitting out the 1907 season while studying medicine at Baldwin Wallace College, near Cleveland, when the Yankees traded him to the Cleveland club managed by Nap Lajoie.  He would later return to the Yankees in 1908 when they bought him from the New Orleans Pelicans of the Southern Association.


In 1909 he began five seasons in the American Association, playing the outfield for Louisville, Indianapolis, St. Paul, and Minneapolis.  His batting averages ranged from .237 to 276 during that timeframe.  When the Federal League was formed to challenge the American and National leagues in 1914, he signed with Buffalo and later Pittsburgh, only although the league folded in its second year.  He spent one more season in the minors before retiring.


Over his six-year major league career, he played 286 games, hitting for a .226 average, 5 home runs and 94 RBI.  In 1,189 minor league games, he collected 1,095 hits for a .254 average and stole 260 bases.


Jim Delahanty

Jim was the second-best of the family of Delahantys who would play in the major leagues.  His major league career was just starting when his brother Ed’s was abruptly ended by his tragic drowning in 1903.


He played three minor league seasons before making his major league debut on April 19, 1901, with the Chicago Cubs.  He appeared in only 17 games that year and then only seven with the New York Giants the next year.  He played two seasons with Little Rock in the Southern Association, leading the league in hitting (.383) in 1903.  He became the regular third baseman with the Boston Beaneaters in 1904. This began a series of moderately productive seasons, when he also played for Cincinnati, St. Louis Browns, and Washington.  He was traded by the Senators to Detroit for Germany Schaefer and Red Killefer in August 1909, and he arrived just in time to help the Tigers win their third straight pennant.  In World Series play, he led the Tigers in hitting, but they lost to the Pirates in seven games.


Jim would have three more good seasons with Detroit, including the best of his career in 1911.  He hit for a .339 average, with 30 doubles, 14 triples and 94 RBI, as Hughie Jennings’ club finished in second place.  He played a full season with Minneapolis of the American Association in 1913.  In 1914, he jumped to the Brooklyn team of the Federal League, and when the league folded in its second year in 1915, he played until 1916 in the minors.


Jim played every position except catcher during his career.  His fielding average was an unimpressive .939.  Offensively, he compiled a .283 batting average, 191 doubles, 60 triples, 18 home runs and 489 RBI.  In 830 minor league games, he hit for a .305 average, based on 948 hits.  Four of his brothers, Ed, Frank, Joe and Tom played in the major leagues and another brother, Will, played in the minors.


Joe Delahanty

Joe was one of five Delahanty brothers to play in the major leagues.  He made his professional debut in the New England League in 1897, where he hit for a .344 average in 25 games.  He then played two and a half seasons in the Atlantic League where he hit .344 and .469, before progressing to the Eastern League in 1900.  He rapped out 30 triples in 86 games in 1899.  Joe played both infield and outfield positions.  In 1903, he briefly played in the Southern Association for 48 games and hit .371, in between stints with Montreal, Worcester and Buffalo.  In 1906 and 1907 he started in the outfield for Williamsport of the Tri-State League and led the league in hitting in 1907 with a .355 average.


He arrived as a 31-year-old rookie with the St. Louis Cardinals in in 1907, but his debut year was brief, playing only seven games.  The outfielder/second baseman, played two more seasons with St. Louis, but did nothing significant to help some woeful teams that finished more than 50 games out of first place.   The right-handed hitter batted .255 and 44 RBI in 1908 and .214 with 54 RBI in 1909. Joe returned to the Eastern League where he played two seasons with Toronto.  In 1912 he played 60 games in his final professional season split between the United States League and New York State League.


His career overlapped with his brother Jim’s, but they did not play against or with each other.  For his career, Joe hit .238 with 4 home runs and 100 RBI in 269 games.  In 1,423 minor league games, his statistics were much better:  .303 average, 287 doubles, 170 triples, and 55 home runs in 5.405 at-bats.


Tom Delahanty

Tom had the briefest career of the five Delahanty brothers who played in the major leagues.  He made his professional debut in 1894 with Peoria of the Western League, where he hit .297 in 101 games. He made his major league debut at age 22 with the Philadelphia Phillies on September 29 of that same year.  He got one hit in his only game on the same team as older brother Ed.


The second baseman spent the 1895 season in the minors, hitting .290, three home runs, and 29 doubles and stole 65 bases for Atlanta in the Southern Association and also played 16 games for Detroit of the Western League.  He played 17 games with Cleveland and Pittsburgh of the National League in 1896 and spent most of the season with the 4th-place Toronto of the Eastern League.  In 1897 he played one game for Louisville in the National League and split the rest of the season between the Western League and Atlantic League.  After two more minor league seasons, he appeared in three games for Cleveland again.  In his remaining six additional minor league seasons, he managed to hit above .300 on three occasions, including 1903 when he also managed Denver of the Western League.


In his three-year career, he played in a total of 19 games, hitting .239, no home runs and 6 RBI.  In his 13-year minor league career, he hit for a .295 average and scored 1,001 runs in 1,304 games.  He collected 1,545 hits, 212 doubles, 78 triples and 26 home runs.  His four brothers, Ed, Frank, Jim and Joe, played in the majors between 1888 and 1915.  Another brother, Will, also played in the minors.  His brothers, Joe and Jim, were on the same team with him at Allentown in the Atlantic League during 1898 through 1900.

A Flunking Grade on My Mid-Season Report Card

As we head into the Major League All-Star break, it’s a good time to assess the interim results of the season.  My blog followers who know me pretty well can attest to the fact that I didn’t make any flunking grades in school.  Unfortunately that aptitude hasn’t translated well this year with regards to my pre-season Major League division leader predictions picks.  I get a big fat “F” on my mid-season report card for my picks.

You see, out of twelve teams I selected for the top two spots in each of the six MLB divisions, I only got five of them correct.

Here’s a recap of my predictions, showing my pre-season pick as the first number and their current standing as the second, as of Sunday:

  • AL East:  Orioles (1), (3); Red Sox (2), (5)

  • AL Central:  Indians (1), (4); White Sox (2), (5)

  • AL West:  Mariners (1), (4); Angels (2), (1)

  • NL East:  Nationals (1), (1); Marlins (2), (4)

  • NL Central:  Cardinals (1), (1); Pirates (2), (2)

  • NL West:  Dodgers (1), (1); Padres (2), (4)

My best predictions were in the National League, where I got all three of the division leaders right so far.  However, it was a much different story in the American League where only one of my six top-2 picks is bearing out.

In retrospect, I was the victim of over-estimating teams that made big splashes in the off-season with many new acquisitions.

The Red Sox, White Sox, Marlins, and Padres were among the most active during the winter in trying to upgrade their teams with new players, but have been among the most disappointing with their results thus far.  Their situations have re-emphasized a popular belief that just adding a collection of good players doesn’t matter, if the team chemistry doesn’t develop with them.

The Marlins and Padres have already fired their managers because their team’s new expectations weren’t being fulfilled.  Although managers John Farrell of the Red Sox and Robin Ventura of the White Sox may make it through the rest of this season, they will be on the chopping block after the season if they can’t show significant improvements.

Another factor affecting the division races is the amount of parity that has become more prevalent in major league baseball.  Who would have thought that teams like the Twins, Astros, Rangers, and Diamondbacks would be relevant in the first half of the season?  They were supposed to still be in re-building mode, perhaps another year or two away from being contenders.  Yet they each have stepped up this year and are affecting the standings of their respective division.

I know I hadn’t anticipated the surprising success of these teams for this season.  In fact, I had forecasted that the Astros and Rangers would be battling each other for last place in the AL West Division.  Instead, they have been pushing the Mariners, whom I had boldly predicted would win the American League pennant, to the bottom.  The Astros have been in the lead practically the entire season, although a recent surge by the Angels has the Astros a half-game behind.  The Astros’ core of relatively little-known pitchers has been outstanding, and their offense has been stimulated by a bevy of home runs.  It’s true the Astros batters also strike out a lot, but their team formula has been working for them thus far.  On the Mariners’ front, with the exception of Nelson Cruz, their offense has been woeful.  The ballpark in Seattle may be too big for Robinson Cano, who hasn’t put up the power numbers he displayed in New York.  Consequently, Cruz is not getting much protection in the batting lineup.

In the American League Central, I had the Indians and White Sox at the top, but they are currently bringing up the rear instead.  The Tribe got off to a really bad start, and it looks like they will be hard-pressed to overtake the Royals and Twins.  I had figured the Royals were a one-year-wonder last season when they won the American League pennant.  However, they are sporting the best record in the American League right now.

The American League East Division is probably the one most up in the air.  Only six and one-half games separate the last place Red Sox from the division-leading Yankees.  Going into the season, I thought the revived Red Sox offense would score enough runs to offset a questionable starting rotation.  But that hasn’t been the case.  The Yankees have taken advantage of an overall weak division, led by the surprising Alex Rodriguez, who sat out all of last season, and Mark Teixeira, who avoided his usual slow start of the season.  Except for die-hard Yankees fans, no one expected this aging team to be where they are currently, me included.

Far and away, the Cardinals are the best team in all of baseball this season.  They seem to plug-and-play all the members of their entire roster really well.  As a result, they haven’t been particularly slowed by their injuries or temporary slumps.  Plus their pitching, led by Michael Wacha, Carlos Martinez and a solid bullpen, has been stellar.  I had picked the Pirates, along with the Cardinals, as the top two teams in the National League Central, and indeed they are right where I anticipated—by far my best predictions.  The Cubs have generated a lot of excitement with their young club, but it’s doubtful at this point that they can overtake the Pirates.

The Nationals are in first place in the National League East Division where I predicted them, but they aren’t getting much competition, except for the Mets.  As I wrote in last week’s blog post, the Mets’ pitching is among the best in the league, but they aren’t getting adequate run support to seriously challenge the Nationals.  The Marlins are a big disappointment for me.  I’m not a big fan of new manager Dan Jennings.  And now with slugger Giancarlo Stanton on the disabled list for up to six weeks, things will only get worse for them.  I had predicted the Nationals would win the National League pennant, but right now I’d have to say the Cardinals have the edge because they have been so consistent.

As I forecasted, the Dodgers are leading the National League West Division, but my second pick, the Padres, are currently only ahead of the lowly Rockies.  The Padres made some key acquisitions in the offseason, but those new players haven’t yielded the commensurate dividends yet.  Perhaps new Padres manager Pat Murphy can infuse a turnaround.  Despite this being an odd-numbered year, the Giants (who won the World Series in 2010, 2012, and 2014) are hanging tough in the division.  As mentioned above, the Diamondbacks have been among the surprise teams in the first half, only three games behind the second-place Giants.  Paul Goldschmidt just might carry the D’backs on his back to stay in contention.  

The good news about the baseball season so far is that only four teams out of thirty are currently doomed for a wild-card spot in the playoffs.  That has the potential for producing some exciting, down-to-the-wire races in late September in both leagues.  Who knows?  If the parity among teams continues during the balance of the season, it might actually work in my favor such that I might still be able to squeeze out a higher final season grade.


Mets Pitching Talent is Amazin'

When New York Mets pitcher Steven Matz made his major league debut a week ago, he was the icing on the cake for a stellar starting pitching staff the team has assembled over the past few years.  Many observers argue that five of the Mets’ young hurlers are already the best in baseball and have the potential to lead the club to reclaim the “Amazin’ Mets” tag they acquired in some of their past successful seasons.  Yet, unless the team starts scoring more runs on a regular basis, all this star-studded talent will go to waste, and they will just be the latest version of the “Mediocre Mets.”

Jonathan Niese and Dillon Gee have been in the Mets starting rotation since 2010 and 2011, respectively.  As reliable day-in, day-out starters, they were deemed to be key players in leading the Mets to prominence again.

However, all that has changed in just a few short years.  These two guys are already being supplanted by a newer crop of pitchers that have been groomed in the Mets farm system and have been harvested by the big league club.  Each of these more recent pitchers fits into the current mold of pitching that I call the “flame-thrower” generation, with all of them consistently throwing in the 95-97 mph range.

26-year-old right-hander Matt Harvey was one of the top pitching sensations of the 2013 season, until he hurt his arm in late August.  He still wound up fourth in the voting for the National League’s Cy Young Award.  He required Tommy John surgery and missed all of the 2014 season, but has rebounded in fine form this year.

25-year-old Zach Wheeler also captured a regular spot in the Mets rotation in mid-2013 and then solidified his status with a full season in 2014, compiling an 11-11 win-loss record.  However, he too required Tommy John surgery after that season and is missing the entire 2015 season.

Then 27-year-old lefty Jacob deGrom was the National League’s Rookie of the Year in 2014, posting a 9-6 record and 2.59 ERA.  He is currently showing that last season was not a one-hit-wonder type of year.

Now, the latest installment of the Mets’ pitching corps in 2015 includes 22-year-old Noah Syndergaard and 24-year-old Matz.  Although the jury is still out on how these two will ultimately fare, all the indicators are pointing in the right direction.

Surprisingly, the one old-timer in the Mets starting rotation, 42-year-old Bartolo Colon, doesn’t seem to want to end his career.  He started his professional career in 1994, when most of the youngsters of the Mets’ staff were still playing T-ball.  However, he is leading the staff with nine wins, although he gives up the most earned runs of the staff.

The Mets are now experiencing a problem with not enough spots in the rotation to keep all these pitchers busy.  With Niese and Gee still in the mix, the Mets have recently moved to a six-man starting rotation.  The veteran Colon is actually the odd-man out as a starter.

Matz’s performance goes down as one of the best major league debuts in Mets history, but it was indicative of how the Mets’ season has been going.  While pitching 7 and 2/3 scoreless innings, Matz provided all the team’s offense himself, banging out three hits and driving four runs.

You see, the Mets have a big problem scoring runs.

The Mets’ offense as a team has been woeful so far.  They rank last or near last in the National League in practically every hitting category.

When deGrom is pitching, the Mets have been scoring an average of only 2.18 runs per game, fifth-lowest in the league.  Harvey has been backed by only 3.08 runs, 15th lowest.

The veterans of the starting lineup include Curtis Granderson and Michael Cuddyer, but they’ve barely been average thus far in contributing to run production.  It’s true the Mets offense has been hampered by injuries to regulars David Wright, Daniel Murphy, and Travis d’Arnaud, but there haven’t been adequate replacements to backfill them.

Hence, the Mets have had to resort to a run prevention strategy to win games.  The Mets pitchers have held up their end of this approach with the fourth-lowest ERA in the league, a strikeout rate of nine per nine innings pitched, and 2.5 walks per nine innings pitched.  Not bad for a collection of 20-something-year-olds.

Fortunately for the Mets, no team in the National League East Division has been running away with the league lead so far.  Despite their offensive miseries, the Mets were only four and one-half games behind the league-leading Washington Nationals, as of Saturday.

However, with the type of pitching staff the Mets have, they should be solidly in first place in the division that includes several weak teams.  A big question remains whether the Mets will be a buyer at the trade deadline at the end of July in an attempt to boost its offensive production.  Unlike the cross-town rival Yankees, the Mets have never been a team that bought a title.  However, if they don’t acquire some help for the pennant stretch the last two months of the season, they will waste their fine pitching.

The Mets would likely be willing to put up pitchers Niese and Gee as trade bait, but one or both of them might not be enough.  Prospective sellers will probably want one of their other young aces who would be at the top of the rotation.

This current young core of Mets aces is reminiscent of some great Mets pitching staffs of the past.  In the late ‘60s and early ‘70s, the Mets’ staff featured guys like Tom Seaver, Jerry Koosman, Jon Matlack, Gary Gentry, and a very young Nolan Ryan.  In the mid-‘80s, Dwight Gooden, Ron Darling, Sid Fernandez, Rick Aguilera, and Bob Ojeda were the Mets’ pitching headliners.  Both of these groups of hurlers produced World Series teams.

It will be interesting to see if this Mets’ pitching staff can turn out the next version of the Amazin’ Mets.

A Bumper Crop of Rookies in 2015

Chicago Cubs rookie third baseman Kris Bryant captured a lot of the headlines coming out of spring training when he was sent to the minors to start the season, even though everyone knew he was ready for his debut in the Big Show.  Sure enough, when he got called up by the Cubs at mid-April, he didn’t disappoint us.

Meanwhile rookie Joc Pederson, who got a brief call-up at the end of last season with the Los Angeles Dodgers, has been in the starting lineup for them since Opening Day, and he’s responded like a veteran.  The Dodgers apparently anticipated his ability to step in and step up to the starting centerfielder role, when they traded away super star centerfielder Matt Kemp during the winter.

These are just two examples of rookies who have made big impacts on their teams thus far this season. Further evidence that big league clubs are looking to their rookies in a big way is revealed by the fact that 24 former first-round draft picks have already made their major league debut since the beginning of this season.

We’ve seen several big league teams start to harvest their top minor league prospects this season, after going through extensive re-building periods.

The Chicago Cubs are one of them.  There were debates over whether the Cubs were positioned themselves for a breakout year this season or in 2016.  But it looks like they’re all in for 2015.  Bryant and rookie second baseman Addison Russell are now entrenched in the Cubs’ starting lineup, joining rookie Jorge Soler in the outfield.  Rookie Kyle Schwarber was recently called up to the Cubs as a DH and backup catcher.  Slugger Javier Baez is just waiting to join the team from the minors, although there isn’t an obvious roster spot for him at the moment.  These guys are all integral to the youth movement going on in Chicago, and it’s paying off with their being in contention for second place in the NL Central Division.  It’s an exciting time to be a Cubs fan.

The Houston Astros are another team that had seen some really lean years in the past eight years.  The team have been on a concerted plan to use their player development system to re-build its future.  They have capitalized on their past draft investments this season with the promotion of Carlos Correa, Lance McCullers Jr. and Preston Tucker.  By all accounts from his recent advancement to the big league club, shortstop Correa is seen as a “can’t miss” star of the future—a young Alex Rodriguez.  McCullers stepped into the starting rotation and responded well; he’ll be around for years to come.  Surprising everyone, the Astros have held the first-place position in the AL West since April 19, and these youngsters figure to help them maintain this position in the division.

Several high profile rookies who got their chances for promotion due to injuries suffered by their teams include Blake Swihart, catcher for the Red Sox; Joey Gallo, third baseman for the Rangers; Randal Grichuk, outfielder for the Cardinals.  All of these players were first-round draft selections.

In addition to the Astros’ McCullers, some rookie pitchers who have demonstrated their projected potential include Noah Syndergaard of the Mets, Carlos Rodon of the White Sox, and the Rangers’ Chi Chi Gonzalez.  Each of these hurlers were first-rounders in past drafts, too, but they pitch now like they’ve been around for a while.

Christ Heston made his major league debut in 2014, but maintained his rookie status this season because he didn’t pitch the minimum of 50 innings last year.  He hurled this season’s first no-hitter for the San Francisco Giants, in only the 13th big league start of his career.

Pat Venditte is relatively old for a rookie, at age 29, but he captured the nation’s attention in his major league debut for the Oakland A’s on June 5 by pitching with both arms in the same game.  He wasn’t the first to do this in the majors, but he is the first major league switch-pitcher on a regular basis.

Highly-touted Byron Buxton made his major league debut with the Minnesota Twins on June 14, after being the No. 1 rated prospect in the minor leagues for the past two years.  The 21-year-old five-tool outfielder is being looked to by the Twins to help them maintain their fantastic start of the season.

Someone who didn’t have a lot of fanfare at the beginning of his major league career, like Buxton, was Devon Travis of the Toronto Blue Jays.  Before he went on the disabled list on May 17, the rookie was one of the leading offensive second baseman with 7 home runs, 26 RBI, and a slash line of .271/.336/.504.

Similarly, rookie Billy Burns of the Oakland A’s wasn’t one of those high draft picks, as a 32nd round draft selection in 2011, but he is now 6th in the American League with a .322 batting average.

Three noteworthy rookies who came into Organized Baseball through foreign country routes include Cuban Yasmany Tomas, who is hitting .320 as an infielder/outfielder for the Arizona Diamondbacks; South Korean Jung Ho Kang, an infielder for the Pittsburgh Pirates who is batting .274; and Cuban Alex Guerrero, who has hit 10 home runs and 29 RBI for the Los Angeles Dodgers.

We should expect another wave of top prospects to get call-ups in the balance of the season.  Players like the Phillies’ Aaron Nola, the Mets’ Stephen Matz, and the Dodgers’ Corey Seager are waiting in the wings to get their shot in the big leagues.

There’s still a lot of baseball to be played in 2015, however, the current front-runners for Rookie of the Year appear to be Bryant, Pederson, and Syndergaard in the National League, while Correa, McCullers, Burns, and Travis are contenders in the American League.  But, of course, it’s not too late for someone else to emerge.

Looking back in history, one of the most prominent rookies was Fred Lynn of the Boston Red Sox.  He was the American League Rookie of the Year in 1975 and also captured the league’s MVP Award, the first player to win both awards in the same season.  Ichiro Suzuki, who is still active with the Miami Marlins, took both awards in 2001.  We may not have a Lynn or Suzuki among the bumper crop of rookies this year, but my bet is that we’ll see a number of them propelling their teams towards the post-season in this “year of the rookies.”

An All-Star Team of Baseball Dads

As I’ve commented many times on this blog site, baseball is a game of family ties, one generation passing down their love and knowledge of the game to the next.  Baseball has more family relationships than any other professional sport.  So, it’s only fitting on Father’s Day that I give you my proposal for an all-star team of baseball dads, major leaguers who had one or more sons that also played in the big leagues.

Through the 2014 season, there were 219 major league players in history who had a big league son.  That’s a pretty rare group considering there have been over 18,000 major league players in the history of the game.

Here’s my “All-Dads” team made up of some pretty darn good players.  The team includes some fathers who were Hall of Famers, while the others were selected to multiple Major League All-Star teams.  One of the team’s players had both a father and two sons who were major leaguers.  Two of the father-son combinations actually played together as major league teammates, perhaps the ultimate accomplishment of a family with baseball bloodlines.

CYogi Berra.  Berra is a Hall of Famer and one of the all-time best Yankee players in history, playing on ten World Series championship teams.  He won three American League MVP Awards and was a fifteen-time All-Star.  Yogi’s son, Dale, was a major league infielder from 1977 to 1987.  Dale was coached by his dad when he played for the Yankees in 1985.  Yogi had another son, Laurence, who played briefly in the Mets minor league organization.  Yogi is still living at age 90.

1B – George Sisler.  Sisler was a Hall of Famer who played from 1915 to 1930, primarily playing for the St. Louis Browns.  His career batting average of .340 ranks as 16th best in history.  He twice hit over .400 in a season.  He was the National League MVP in 1922.  George had two major league sons, Dick and Dave.  Dick was a first baseman like his father, appearing in the majors from 1946 to 1953.  He made one National League All-Star team in 1950.  Dave was a journeyman pitcher from 1956 to 1962.  A third Sisler son, George, was a minor league player from 1939-1942 and wound up serving as president of the Triple-A International League from 1966-1966.

2B – Eddie Collins.  Collins was a Hall of Famer who appeared in the majors from 1906 to 1928.  He ranks 11th on the all-time hits list with 3,335.  He played on four World Series championship teams with the A’s and White Sox and was named the American League MVP in 1914.  Eddie’s son, Eddie Jr., played for the Philadelphia A’s as a utility outfielder from 1939 to 1942.

3B – Buddy Bell.  Bell was a second-generation major leaguer, who appeared in the big leagues from 1972 to 1989, primarily with the Rangers and Indians.  His father, Gus, had played for fifteen seasons as an outfielder in the National League during 1950 to 1964.  Buddy was a career .279 hitter, made the All-Star team five times, and was named a Gold Glove winner six times.  Buddy had two major league sons, David and Mike.  David had a twelve-year career with six major league teams during 1995 to 2006, hitting for a .257 average.  Mike’s major league career consisted of only 19 games with the Rockies.  Buddy had a third son, Ricky, who played in the minors for 10 seasons.  The Bells are one of only five three-generation major league families.

SS – Maury Wills.  Wills is best known as one of the premier base-stealers in the history of baseball.  He dominated the 1960s when he led the National League six consecutive seasons in stolen bases.  The highlight of his career was breaking Ty Cobb’s long-standing record with 104 in 1962, on his way to capturing the National League MVP title.  The slick-fielding shortstop played on three World Series championship teams with the Los Angeles Dodgers and was a five-time All-Star.  During 1959 to 1972, the shortstop was a career .281 hitter and ranked 20th on the all-time list for stolen bases.  Maury’s son, Bump, played six major league seasons as a second baseman for the Rangers and Cubs.  He compiled a .266 career batting average.

OF – Bobby Bonds.  Bonds brought both power and speed to his career that lasted from 1968 to 1981.  He was one of the first consistent 30-30 players, compiling 30 or more home runs and stolen bases in a single season.  The outfielder finished his career with 461 stolen bases and 332 home runs, as he made three All-Star teams and captured three Gold Glove awards.  However, he also struck out a lot, as he is 19th on the all-time list with 1,757.  Bobby’s son, Barry, was one of best hitters of all time in baseball history.  The outfielder was a seven-time MVP in the National League.  He ranks in the top-five of all time in career home runs, slugging percentage, on-base plus slugging percentage, runs scored, total bases, RBI, and bases on balls.  He won a string of Gold Gloves from 1990 to 1998.  Bobby had another son, Bobby Jr., who was an outfielder in the minors from 1992 to 2002.

OF – Ken Griffey Sr.  Griffey was a member of the Cincinnati Reds’ Big Red Machine of the 1970’s.  He compiled a .296 career batting average during 1973 to 1991, primarily playing for the Reds and Yankees.  He was an All-Star three times and a member of two World Series championship teams.  Ken’s son, Ken Jr., was one of the most prolific home run hitters (630) in history, currently ranking sixth on the all-time list.  Also an outfielder during 1989 to 2010, Junior was a 13-time All-Star and 10-time Gold Glove Award winner.  He began his major league career in 1989 at age 19 and was named to the All-Century Team in 1999.  Ken Sr. had another son, Craig, who played outfield in the minors from 1991 to 1997.  Ken Sr. and Ken Jr. made major league history in 1991 when they became the first major league father-son combo to play as teammates in the same game for the Seattle Mariners.

OF – Tim Raines Sr.  Raines had a spectacular 23-year career, with over half of his career with the Montreal Expos.  He had six consecutive seasons with over 70 stolen bases, leading the National League from 1981 to 1984.  His 808 career stolen bases ranks 5th on the all-time list.  The seven-time All-Star had a career .294 batting average, along with 1,571 runs scored (53rd on the all-time list).  Tim’s son, Tim Jr., was an outfielder for 75 games during 2001 and 2004.  Tim Sr. and Tim Jr. had the privilege of appearing in the same major league game as Baltimore Orioles teammates in 2004.

DH – Cecil Fielder.  In the first half of the 1990s, Fielder was as feared a slugger as there was in the game.  He led the American League in home runs twice (including 51 in 1990) and RBI three times, while finishing as runner-up for the MVP Award twice.  He was a three-time All-Star, compiling 319 career home runs in a 13-year career primarily with the Tigers.  Cecil’s son, Prince, is nearing his father’s career home run total in his 11th season as a big leaguer, including 50 in 2007.  Prince has been an All-Star five times so far, while also garnering three Silver Slugger Awards.

UT – Pete Rose.  I created a Utility Player position for this all-star team because Rose was a major league All-Star at four different positions:  second base, outfield, third base, and first base. Rose is the all-time hit king of Major League Baseball.  He also ranks first all-time in games played and at-bats.  He was in the top ten of the National League MVP voting ten times, winning in 1973.  He was a member of three World Series championship teams with the Reds and Phillies.  Pete’s son, Pete Jr., played in only 11 major league games in his career, even though he spent 21 years in the minors and independent league ball.

P – Ed Walsh.  Walsh was one of the dominant pitchers of early 20th century baseball.  He once recorded 40 wins in a season, while earning 195 victories in his career that lasted from 1904 to 1917.  He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.  His son, Ed, pitched for the White Sox from 1928 to 1932, compiling only eleven victories.

P – Joe Niekro.  Niekro and his brother, Phil, hold the major league record for the most career wins (539) by a pair of major league brothers.  Joe managed to get 221 of those victories during his career that lasted from 1967 to 1988.  He finished in the top four for the Cy Young Award in 1979 and 1980, seasons in which he won 20 games.  Joe’s son, Lance, was a first baseman for the Giants for four seasons during 2003 and 2007.

Mgr – Connie Mack.  Considered one of the pioneers of the early game of baseball, Mack has a record that will never be broken—53 years as a major league manager during 1894 to 1950.  He had led the Philadelphia A’s to five World Series championships by 1931.  After that, however, his teams were generally in the lower second division of the American League.  Still, he managed 3, 731 victories during his career.  He was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.  Connie’s son, Earle, played a total of five major league games for his father during 1910 and 1914 and later became a coach, scout, and part-owner of the A’s.  Connie had two other sons, Roy and Connie Jr., who were involved in the operations of the A’s franchise.

New Managers Making Impact Despite Lack of Experience

The 2015 season began with a new crop of managers taking the helm of big league clubs.  The current trend is that teams are making hires with little-to-no managerial experience.  These new hires are running teams that needed significant change to help turn around their teams from 2014’s performance.  Several of them have in fact had dramatic impacts on their clubs.  The question remains if they can sustain the results.  Let’s take a look at how they are doing so far this season.

But first, a little bit more background on the current managerial landscape in Major League Baseball.  The last sixteen managerial hires since the 2011 season had a total of thirty-two years of experience as a big league manager prior to 2015, and that includes Lloyd McClendon who had six years and Joe Maddon who had eleven prior seasons.

For the 2015 season, in addition to McClendon (Mariners) and Maddon (Cubs), the newcomers included A. J. Hinch (Astros), Paul Molitor (Twins), Kevin Cash (Tampa Bay), Chip Hale (Diamondbacks), and Jeff Banister (Rangers).  Only Hinch had any prior major league managerial experience, consisting of two seasons with the Diamondbacks.  Furthermore, first-time managers Dan Jennings and Craig Counsell claimed their new jobs after the season started, when the Marlins and Brewers fired their incumbent managers after dismal starts.

Other relatively new managers in the game today (with their prior years’ experience indicated) include Brad Ausmus (1), Mike Matheny (3), Bryan Price (1), Robin Ventura (3), Walt Weiss (2), Matt Williams (1), Ryne Sandberg (2).

By contrast, the remaining fourteen big league managers have an average of almost eleven years of experience.  Bruce Bochy is the dean of the current managers in his 21st season.

So far, the Houston Astros have made the most dramatic improvement from last year.  They have been leading the American League West Division since April 19, after finishing fourth or fifth in the division since they transitioned to the American League in 2013.  New Astros manager A. J. Hinch has been a strong influence on a relatively young team.  He did have experience as a manager with the Diamondbacks a few years ago, which may be a factor in his doing the best job of the newcomers so far this season.  However, through Sunday, they had lost eight of their last ten games, so it will be interesting to see if Hinch can get them over this bad spell of play.

In Texas, Jeff Banister has recently led the Rangers through an impressive upswing such that they are only two and a half games behind the Astros.  The Rangers were pre-season picks to battle the Houston Astros for last place in the American League West Division.  This prediction was largely based on an ailing pitching staff and doubt about whether Prince Fielder could return to past performances as a feared slugger.

Indeed, through the month of April, it appeared the Rangers’ pre-season prediction would come true, as they lost 7 of 21 games.  However, in May Banister led the Rangers through a dramatic stretch, winning 19 of 30 games.  Now, they are only a game and half behind the division leading Astros.  Banister managed to juggle a made-over pitching staff.  The team has bought in to Banister’s leadership after the firing of previous Rangers manager, Ron Washington, who was a favorite of the players, while they finished at the bottom of the West Division last season.  Banister has facilitated a renewed excitement and energy on the Rangers team.

The Minnesota Twins didn’t figure to be in the American League Central Division race before the season started.  However, with a little over one-third of the season being completed, the Twins are surprisingly in second place, only a one and a half games behind the Kansas City Royals.  First-time manager Paul Molitor has taken a relatively young team and figured out how to win games, despite low offensive production and a pitching staff that is among the lower third of the league.  Their month of May was one of the best in baseball, when they clawed their way into the first-place spot for a few days.  However, the Twins have run into a June swoon, so it will be interesting to see if Molitor can continue to keep them competitive in the long season.

Similar to Texas, the Tampa Bay Rays weren’t in the conversation at the beginning of the season as being any kind of contender in the American League East Division.  What little offense the Rays had was largely dismantled during the off-season, so their outlook was largely contingent on how well their pitching, would hold up in 2015.

In following the departed veteran manager Joe Maddon, new manager Kevin Cash had big shoes to fill in Tampa.  Yet the Rays now find themselves tied for first place in the division along with the Yankees.  Some would argue that the Rays have taken advantage of a division that is relatively weak from top to bottom, while others say Cash was just the right kind of guy to lead this club into the post-Maddon era.

Of the first-time managers starting the 2015 season, Arizona’ Chip Hale has had the roughest road so far.  They actually are not playing bad baseball, being only two games under .500.  But their in-division rivals, the Giants and Dodgers, have a clear edge over the rest of the clubs.

There are some recent precedents for successful first-time managers.  Mike Matheny’s Cardinals finished as the runner-up to the Giants for the National League pennant in 2012.   Matt Williams’ Nationals finished with the best record in the National League in 2014.  Brad Ausmus’ Tigers won the Central Division title in 2014.  They’ve proven that prior managerial experience is not always a prerequisite for success.

Of course, it’s a long season.  There’s still a lot of baseball to be played.  However, each of the teams with new managers would love the opportunity to be in the same position at the beginning of September as they are today.

Family History a Factor in Baseball's Draft Selection

Monday’s Major League Baseball Draft marks the 50th anniversary of the annual amateur baseball player selection process by professional teams.  Since the very first draft in 1965, major league organizations have been selecting promising prospects who have family members that also played professional baseball.

In the 2014 draft, 86 amateur players with family relationships in baseball were among the 1,215 total players selected.  So based on just sheer numbers, the 7 percent of drafted players with relatives in baseball doesn’t seem all that significant.

However, there’s no question in today’s saturated, ubiquitous media environment that a young prospect who happens to have a pedigree in professional baseball and has a recognizable surname in baseball attracts more attention than he might otherwise deserve.  A current case in point:  the son of future Hall of Fame pitcher Mariano Rivera is being talked up in the pre-draft discussions related to this year’s amateur draft.  Yet Rivera’s son wasn’t a standout in high school and played at the college level at tiny Iona College in New York State.  If he was not named Mariano Jr., he would not likely be on any pro scout’s radar for being selected in the draft.

In the inaugural draft in 1965, pitcher Joe Coleman was a second-generation major league player who was drafted in the first round by the Washington Senators.  His name was familiar since his father, also named Joe, had pitched for ten seasons, compiling a 52-76 record.  Young Joe went on to have a significantly better career than his father, winning 145 games in fifteen seasons.  When his son Casey Coleman made the big leagues in 2010, they became one of only a handful of three-generation families in baseball history.

Yet there are no guarantees that the sons or brothers of major leaguers can actually reach the big leagues.  We sometimes hear the phrase that “baseball runs in the bloodlines” of some families.  The genetics certainly don’t hurt, but there are as many examples of offspring being unsuccessful as there are of them matching their relatives’ performance.

Furthermore, there is no entitlement factor for relatives of major leaguers who get an opportunity to play professional baseball.  It’s true their last name may give them an initial edge to gain attention as a prospect, but once they are signed and get on the field, they have to put in the hard work to enhance their skills and distinguish themselves from all the other prospects, or else they quickly fade into early retirement.

Ken Griffey Jr. and Barry Bonds are frequently cited as the most successful sons of major leaguers who also had standout careers.  Yet for every Griffey or Bonds, there are five examples of players, such as Mickey Mantle Jr., Eddie Ford, Larry Berra Jr., Kevin Maris, and Elston Howard Jr. (you can probably guess who their New York Yankee fathers were), who didn’t get very far in their professional baseball pursuits, despite their father’s illustrious careers.

In the game today are several examples of brothers who, on the surface, might appear to be getting preferential treatment as draft prospects.  More often than not, they represent situations in which the siblings were raised in families that emphasized baseball at early ages, regularly played against good amateur competition as members of travel or select teams, and often received specialized instruction and drilling from professional coaches or tutors.  The baseball environment in which they were raised was of a higher caliber than the average youngster.  Some of the current high-profile families with siblings in professional baseball, most of them having been high draft choices, include Rasmus (Colby, Corey, and Casey), Seager (Kyle, Corey, and Justin), Bundy (Dylan and Bobby), Danks (John and Jordan), Dykstra (Cutter and Luke), Gillaspie (Casey and Conor), Gordon (Dee and Nick), and Zimmer (Kyle and Bradley).

Another situation of family members getting additional consideration in the annual draft are the sons of major league managers, coaches and scouts.  The drafting teams have high hopes that the sons have benefitted from the baseball knowledge and experience of their fathers, who took their game beyond the playing field.  Some recent examples of these sons and fathers include:  Brett and Bobby Geren (A’s manager Bob Geren), Brody Weiss (Rockies manager Walt Weiss), Jeremy and Justin Jirschele (Royals coach Mike Jirschele), Daniel Fields (Indians coach Bruce Fields), Jeremy and Luke Farrell (Red Sox manager John Farrell), and CJ and Kevin Cron (Diamondbacks coach Chris Cron).

Occasionally, there have been sons of major leaguers or baseball executives selected in the draft, when in fact they are “courtesy” picks because of their father’s history in the sport.  These picks usually occur in the late rounds of the draft as a favor to the father, and it is not expected that all these draftees will actually sign professional contracts.

Some of the likely 2015 major league draftees with family relationships in baseball include:  Tate Matheny, son of current St. Louis Cardinals manager Mike Matheny; Daz Cameron, son of former major leaguer Mike Cameron, Jose Vizcaino Jr., son of former major leaguer Jose Vizcaino; Cameron Gibson, son of former major league player and manager Kirk Gibson, David Lucroy, brother of current Brewer Jonathan Lucroy; and Mariano Rivera Jr.

Indeed, these players will get extra consideration in the draft because of their family history, but living up to the expectations of their relative is usually another story.

Contributing writer Richard Cuicchi maintains the Baseball’s Relatives website on Blogs at

San Pedro de Mecoris: Incubator for Dominican Baseball Players

If you’ve every browsed the player pages of, the comprehensive website of professional baseball information, you might have noticed the inordinate number of players from the city of San Pedro de Mecoris in the Dominican Republic.

On Major League Baseball’s official website, baseball historian John Thorn calls San Pedro the “world’s greatest baseball incubator”, based on its number of professional baseball players per capita.  Ninety baseball players from this city have progressed to the major leagues in the United States.  Countless others have played in the minors.

By contrast, the city of Houston has been the birthplace of 115 major leaguers; New Orleans, 69; Los Angeles, 227. San Pedro de Mecoris had a population of 264,000, as of the 2012 census, much smaller than these US cities.  A total of 624 major leaguers have been born in the country of Dominican Republic, ranking second, only behind the United States, in supplying big leaguers.  Thus, nearly 15% of the Dominican players have come from San Pedro.

Baseball has a long history in the Dominican Republic.  It was first introduced on the island by Cubans in the late 1800s.  With sugar cane the predominant product of the country, early teams and leagues formed among the field workers, eventually leading to professional leagues across the country.

Nowadays, the country sponsors a six-team Dominican Winter League, in which many of the Dominican players in the major leagues still participate with the local stars of the country.  Each of the thirty Major League Baseball teams sponsors an academy in the Dominican to sign and develop young players, and they compete in the Dominican Summer League, an official minor league of Organized Baseball.  The emphasis placed on baseball continues to fuel the source of many future professional players.

The Dominican Republic didn’t have its first major leaguer until Ozzie Virgil made his debut in 1956, well after Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier in major league baseball.  Six years later the first big league players from San Pedro were Amado Samuel and Manny Jimenez.

Those players may not be familiar to many baseball fans, but names like Sammy Sosa, Robinson Cano, Pedro Guerrero, and Alfonso Soriano surely are.  They are among the products of San Pedro de Mecoris who became all-stars in the United States.

San Pedro has been called the “cradle of shortstops” because of the relatively large number of players born in the city who reached the professional level in the United States at the shortstop position.  Among the shortstops who had substantial careers in the major leagues were Rafael Ramirez, Jose Offerman, Nelson Norman, Tony Fernandez, Mariano Duncan, Juan Bell, and Manny Alexander.

Most of the Dominican players who reached the big leagues in the United States came from poverty situations in their country.  Pursuit of a baseball career was a way to escape those conditions and attain an improved standard of living.  They also became heroes of their country, since baseball is the most popular sport there.  Fortunately, many of the successful stars return to their homeland to share the rewards of their success.

On the surface, it seems improbable that a city like San Pedro de Mecoris could be such a prolific source of professional ballplayers.  But understanding its long history and tradition for baseball and the continued emphasis by Major League Baseball to be a truly international sport, it’s really not surprising at all.

The Marlins Pull Another Surprise

The Florida Marlins organization uncharacteristically made some surprise moves over the winter by signing Giancarlo Stanton to a long-term, mega-bucks deal and also opened the pocketbook for some new additions to the team.  Everyone figured this was good for the sport, to see the Marlins finally step up to the plate with their payroll.

Last week in one of the more surprising moves of the season thus far, Dan Jennings was named manager of the Florida Marlins, replacing Mike Redmond.  It’s surprising because Jennings has no professional managerial or coaching experience, in addition to never having donned the spikes as a professional player.  Redmond was removed from the job because the Marlins weren’t meeting the pre-season expectations set by their off-season transactions.  However, the verdict is out on whether this move is good for the team, but it has received considerable criticism from the sport’s traditionalists.

Personally, I’m not buying the approach that people can manage major league clubs without any managing or coaching experience.  It’s like Wal-Mart promoting one of their part-time greeters to be the store manager.  Sure, the greeter may have some knowledge about the store’s customer service policies and know many of the employees, but that doesn’t qualify him or her to manage the store’s entire operation.

Actually, there is a precedent for Jennings’ non-traditional route to the manager’s seat.  Ted Turner, one of the pioneers of cable TV with his WTBS station, owned the Atlanta Braves during the 1970s.  In 1977, he was so upset with the team after they had lost 16 straight games that he told Braves manager Dave Bristol to take some days off.  Turner took the reins as Braves manager, until Commissioner Bowie Kuhn ended the experiment after one game.  That was a whacky move then by Turner, even as a temporary measure, and this is a whacky move now by the Marlins.

Yet there seems to be a trend forming with Major League Baseball’s managerial hires.  Mike Matheny of the Cardinals, Robin Ventura of the White Sox, and Walt Weiss of the Rockies, none of whom had prior coaching or managing experience, have been hired within the past four years to manage big league clubs.  One difference from these guys and the Marlins’ Jennings is that they did experience major league clubhouses, since each had extensive careers as major league players.  Matheny is the exception because of the Cards’ first place finishes the last two season, but I don’t generally view these new-style managers as being particularly successful.

From all accounts, Jennings is a well-respected baseball man.  It’s not like he doesn’t have any baseball experience.  He’s held various positions in professional baseball for over thirty years, most notably in scouting and player development.  He was named an assistant general manager for the Marlins in 2007 and was promoted to the GM position at the end of the 2013 season.

Marlins’ owner Jeffrey Loria has a reputation for being a “knee-jerk-reaction” type of guy.  When Loria decided a change needed to be made after the first quarter of the season, was it just another knee-jerk reaction to put Jennings in the managerial job?  Marlins’ president Michael Hill said Jennings was the right guy because he already knew the Marlins’ organization and players and had the requisite leadership qualities.  In the Marlins’ press conference announcing the change, Jennings, who is noted for his loyalty to Loria, even admitted he had to convince himself he should take the helm.

However, what is disturbing about this trend is that there is an element of team ownership and leadership that believes the manager’s role has simply become the implementer of baseball strategy, decision-making, and even making out the daily lineup, pre-determined by the clubs’ front-office analytics departments who are manipulating gigabytes of data to formulate game plans.  The movie, Moneyball, would lead you to believe that approach works.

It’s a different ballgame trying to manage the team from the front-office computer room versus the clubhouse or dugout.  I don’t disagree that information about historical trends of players and game situations are useful tools for the managers and coaches.  A great example is the use of historical data for positioning players on defense.

But what about the part of the manager’s job that is required to deal with all the players’ personalities and egos, defend game decisions and player performance to the media every day, and handle all the real-time clubhouse dynamics.  Those skills are developed only by having been in a manager’s shoes at the minor league level or minimally as a coach with a big league club.  Some would say these skills are the most critical part of the manager’s job.  Just ask Bobby Valentine about his season with the Red Sox in 2012.

We sometimes hear big league managers referred to as a “player’s manager,” guys who know how to manage the delicate relationships with their players, when to coddle them and when to kick them in the butt.  That type of skill doesn’t come from the MBA-type who’s good at crunching numbers, but never set foot in the dugout.

Jennings’ start as manager has been rough.  The Marlins lost six straight before notching a win last Friday.  However, their losing streak was no fault of Jennings, just as I don’t think Redmond was at fault for the Marlins’ slow start this season.  The Marlins’ pitching has been their main problem so far.  Injuries to their starting rotation and an inefficient bullpen (with eight blown saves) have plagued them.  There’s not much Jennings is going to do as manager to remedy that without getting some players healthy or getting some different players.

Twelve years ago the Marlins made a similar dramatic managerial move when they canned manager Jeff Torborg after 38 games into the season and replaced him with Jack McKeon, who came out of retirement at age 72 to take the helm.  McKeon, who actually had prior managerial experience in addition to having been a general manager, led the Marlins to a World Series championship.

Maybe the Marlins are hoping this current shake-up with Jennings will yield similar results.

Kris Bryant is the Real Deal

Lots of young baseball prospects get publicity for their potential.  Nowadays, many of these prospects are tracked by scouts and analysts beginning in their teen years in high school and other amateur leagues.  For example, current major leaguer Bryce Harper appeared on the cover of Sports Illustrated as a 16-year-old.  Yet, how often have we seen that these prospects don’t wind up living up to the lofty expectations for one reason or another?

The Chicago Cubs’ new sensation, third baseman Kris Bryant, is one of those prospects who is certainly living up to the hype.  Joining the ranks of Mike Trout, Bryce Harper, Paul Goldschmidt, and Matt Harvey, Bryant is one of the new young guns of the sport.

Coming off of his Golden Spikes Award-winning season at the University of San Diego, Bryant was the Number 1 selection (second overall pick) of the Cubs in the 2013 Major League Draft.

In Bryant’s first full professional season in 2014, he was the Minor League Player of the Year with his 43 home runs and 111 RBI.  As Baseball America’s Number 1 rated pre-season prospect for 2015, he continued his torrid slugging with nine home runs during spring training.

On top of all these expectations, Bryant garnered even more hype and attention when he was the subject of a controversy stirred up by the media over whether he should have been put on the 25-man roster of the Cubs coming out of spring training.

In the drama befitting a movie hero, Bryant was in fact sent to the minor leagues to start the regular season, a move driven by contractual and financial reasons for the Cubs organization.  Bryant banged out another three home runs in seven games with the Triple-A Iowa Cubs to begin the season.

Bryant got his call-up to the big leagues on April 17.  In his highly anticipated debut, he inauspiciously struck out three times against James Shields, the new ace of the San Diego Padres.  It wasn’t the type of splash everyone was expecting for the 23-year-old Bryant.

The 6’ 5”, 215 lb. Bryant was expected to be slugging home runs based on his performance in 2014 and the spring of 2015.  Yet, that didn’t happen immediately.  Opposing pitchers pitched him like he was a ten-year veteran of the big leagues, respecting his ability to take the ball of the park and therefore not giving him much to hit.  Bryant showed considerable maturity with his patience at the plate, content to take a walk in critical situations.  He avoided the trap of forcing the home run swing, in order to prove his slugging ability.  With a little over 100 at-bats this season, his On-Base Percentage has consistently been over .400.  So far, he has scored 17 runs, third on the team.

Bryant’s power stroke is now starting to kick in.  He hit three home runs and a triple during the last week.  He has shown he has a flair for the dramatic, including his spoiling of New York Met Noah Syndergaard’s major league debut last week, with a performance that was a double shy of hitting for the cycle.  Bryant figures to give teammate Anthony Rizzo some protection at the plate by batting around him in the middle of the order.

The Cubs organization has been building the core of its team for several years through the drafting and acquisition of highly-rated prospects.  They are finally seeing some of the payoff with this year’s edition. Anthony Rizzo and Starlin Castro, both 25 years old, are now considered the veterans, having been with the Cubs for a few years now.  In addition to Bryant, Jorge Soler and Addison Russell have joined the other young “babies” in the Cubs’ crib called Wrigley Field.  Actually, there couldn’t be a better stage than Wrigley for these kid to break in.  The rabid fans there are desperate for a winning club and a playoff contender.  Furthermore, first-year Cubs manager Joe Maddon is a good fit for this up-and-coming team.  He seems to relate well to the younger players.

The Cubs are currently in second place in the Central Division, five games behind the St. Louis Cardinals who happen to be the best team in baseball right now.  That has Cubs fans talking about being relevant again and even some post-season opportunities.

Bryant will be a huge factor in the Cubs’ fate.  Significant expectations have been heaped on him, but he seems to be rising to the occasion as an all-around player.  It may not turn out that 2015 is the year the Cubs make the break-through, but it won’t be much longer after that.

It’s shaping up that Bryant will be the complete player.  However, one thing Bryant doesn’t have yet is a catchy new nickname to add to his aura and appeal like some of his contemporaries: Bryce Harper (Bam-Bam), Paul Goldschmidt (Goldy) and Matt Harvey (Dark Knight).  Ah, but you can bet there is one in the making.

Yankees Among Early Season Surprises

Current Yankees skipper, Joe Girardi, must wake up every morning questioning himself, “Why am I doing this job?”  On the biggest stage in Major League Baseball, Yankee Stadium, Girardi has one of the toughest jobs in baseball, as he tries to pull all the right strings to put a winning team on the field, appease the New York media and fans, and keep a bunch of big-name players happy.

Not too many people were predicting that the Yankees would be competitive this season.  A pitching staff coming off numerous injuries from last season, an aging team (the average age of the position players is 32.1 years, oldest in the league), and distractions from A-Rod’s return figured to be tall hurdles to overcome.  Girardi had his work cut out for him at the start of the season, his eighth at the managerial helm of the Yankees.

The Yankees have missed going to the post-season for the past two seasons.  Most other teams would think those two seasons were successful, as they won 85 and 84 games, respectively.  But not in the Bronx.  That hasn’t happened since 1993 and 1994.  The Yankees haven’t been to a World Series since 2009.  Yankees fans aren’t used to these kinds of droughts and are getting pretty impatient.

So, how have Girardi and the Yankees responded?  They are currently leading the American League East Division by two games.

The Yankees’ pitching staff was questionable coming into the season.  CC Sabathia, Matsuhiro Tanaka, and Michael Pineda were coming off injury-plagued seasons.  Hiroki Kuroda, one of their steadiest hurlers over the past few years opted to return to Japan.  A cadre of young Yankees pitcher, David Phelps, Shane Greene, Brandon McCarthy, and Vidal Nuno, were dealt away during the offseason as part of an overhaul of the staff.

To offset those losses, Nathan Eovaldi was acquired from the Marlins, while Chase Whitley and Adam Warren, who came up through the Yankees organization, were upgraded to starter status.  Pineda has really stepped up his game to lead the starting rotation.

The bullpen saw some change there as well.  Andrew Miller was acquired, while David Robertson, who was supposed to be Mariano Rivera’s heir apparent for years to come, left in free agency.  Reliever Dellin Betances has been given a more prominent reliever role.  Girardi has been juggling Miller and Betances successfully in the closer role.

Despite all these changes, apparently Girardi is doing something right, as the Yankees pitching staff has been keeping the team in their games. They are leading the league in ERA and strikeouts.

Girardi has a collection of big-name players he has to keep happy, especially when all of them are no longer at the top of their game.  Guys like CC Sabathia, Mark Texiera, Carlos Beltran, Alex Rodriguez, and Brian McCann.  If there was such a thing as an “all-geriatric team” in baseball, the Yankees would have a handful of players who would occupy starting positions.  However, this factor is offset by a roster of reserve players that bring more flexibility to the team than they have had in the recent past.  Girardi has done a good job plugging them into the lineup.  Jacoby Ellsbury and Brett Garnder atop the Yankees lineup have done a credible job setting the table for Teixeira, A-Rod and Chris Young.

Last year there was all the drama around Derek Jeter’s farewell season.  This year A-Rod has taken center stage with the media attention from his return to the game, after serving his suspension for his role in the Biogenesis scandal.  Remarkably, Rodriguez has been the guy who has been carrying the Yankees in some clutch situations.  He’s been behaving well off the field too.  Girardi should get some credit for creating a climate where Rodriguez can fit in with the rest of the team.

The Yankees, usually a rather staid team, appear to be a fairly loose group this season.  Under a long-standing tradition, the Yankee organization forbids their players from growing beards.  But this year, following outfielder Brett Gardner’s lead, they have stepped out of character a bit, with most of the pinstripers now sporting mustaches which seems to have bonded the team.

Yankee fans were certainly delighted when the Yankees swept their biggest rival, the Red Sox, in Fenway last weekend.  That series followed a sweep of the Rays and signaled the Yankees could be taken seriously.

The Yankees have been among several teams who have surprised everyone thus far this season.  The big question is whether the Yankees can sustain this start.  There’s a long season remaining, but with Girardi’s deftness in arranging the pieces of the puzzle, it’s possible the Yankees could end up with a triumphant season no one thought would be likely.

No Longer L'Astros

I’ve ragged on the Houston Astros in this blog a few times in the past, since their teams have been the poster child for futility, the L’Astros, as I call them.  I keep wanting them to return to their heyday of the 2005 World Series season, but it just hasn’t happened.  But wait, we should now call them the F’Astros, for the fast start they’ve made coming out of the gate of this new season

The Astros have had a surprisingly fast start in April, currently leading the American League West Division.  No one expected them to be in this lofty position.  The last time they held a first place spot this far into the season was after the first 21 games in 2006.  The last time the Astros had as good of a 24-game start of the season was in 1980.

A new manager and some new players have paid off abundantly for the Astros.  They seem to have brought a new energy to the team and aren’t phased by the losing ways of past Astro teams.  The Astros are winning games they aren’t supposed to be winning.  They are sweeping series, winning extra-inning games, and playing excellent ball on the road, all indicators they may be realizing a turnaround sooner than even they expected.

A.J. Hinch was hired as the new Astros manager, replacing Bo Lofton.  Hinch had a previous stint as manager, an unsuccessful one with the Arizona Diamondbacks in 2009 and 2010.  So far, he’s been pulling all the right strings with his new team.  It’s not like he has easy decisions every day from having a star-studded lineup.  He’s got two legitimate premier players in second baseman Jose Altuve and outfielder George Springer, but the rest of the team is a hodge-podge of much-traveled, run-of-the-mill players.


The Astros have been stock-piling young prospects in the past several years, with the expectation that they would be ready to make the Astros competitive in 2016 and 2017.  However, this year’s team apparently is not satisfied with waiting another one or two years for those players to arrive.


Off-season acquisitions of position players Evan Gattis, Colby Rasmus, Luis Valbuena, and Jed Lowrie have paid off.  Their bullpen also got some new faces over the winter with Luke Gregorson, Pat Neshek, and Will Harris; and these guys are keeping the Astros in contention late in the games.  Starting pitcher Dallas Keuchel is one of the Astros’ stars of the young season.  In fact, he’s been as good as any team’s No 1 starter so far.  Starter Collin McHugh has been turning in solid performances, as well.

No one else in the West Division is playing .500 baseball, so one might conclude the Astros’ ascent to the division lead in the first month is because the other division teams are playing uninspired baseball.  It’s true the Los Angeles Angels and Seattle Mariners are playing below their potential so far, but the fact remains the Astros still have the best record in the entire American League.  They have ten-game winning streak, posted a lopsided 10-2 record on the road, swept the series with the A’s, San Diego, and Mariners, and have won all three of their extra-inning games.  Obviously, they are doing something right.

It’s been said you can’t win the pennant in April, but you can definitely lose it in April.  In the past eight years or so, the Astros have consistently lost the pennant, or any shot at a post-season berth, in April.  I personally didn’t figure it would be any different this year, as my pre-season picks had pegged the Astros to battle their in-state rival Texas Rangers for last place in the division.

I wasn’t alone in that prognostication, but all that doesn’t matter any longer.  A. J. Hinch and his team clearly aren’t listening to any of that crap now.  No cellar dwellers for the Astros this year!

Like Him or Not, A-Rod is Back

There were a lot of mixed feelings from baseball’s followers about the return of Alex Rodriguez with the New York Yankees this spring.  It turns out he is one of the biggest surprises of the early season’s results.  He is among the Yankees’ team leaders in several offensive categories, and if he keeps up the current pace, he could be a serious contender for the American League Comeback Player of the Year.

Yankee haters were adamant that A-Rod didn’t deserve an opportunity to get back on the field after his suspension by Major League Baseball for the entire 2014 season and part of 2013.  Yankee fans, desperate to get a competitive team on the field, were mostly forgiving of A-Rod’s transgressions and willing to give him a shot at earning a spot on the roster.  Heck, going into spring training, we weren’t even sure the Yankee organization really wanted him back.

Most baseball analysts were skeptical of Rodriguez’s ability to return to his former capability after having sat out of baseball for more than a season.  Before spring training, expectations of him were being set pretty low, not because people wanted to give him a break, but because they seriously doubted the 39-year-old could surmount coming off of hip surgery and not having played competitively for over a year.

Rodriguez came into spring training camp with his hat, not just his bat, in his hand.  Apparently, he figured out the only way he could get back into the game’s good graces, he was to be humble, accessible, and supportive of the Yankee organization.  While he was saying the right words in interviews and press conferences, many people felt like they could not trust his words, based on his past history of deceit and his verbal assaults on Yankee management, when he was in the mode of defending himself in the Biogenesis scandal of 2013.

Of course, A-Rod’s new attitude was heavily influenced by the $61 million remaining on his contract that he stood to receive over the next three years if he could stay in baseball.  There were rumors the Yankees’ front office was hanging onto a faint ray of hope that somehow Rodriguez would not be able to return, thus allowing them to save this big chunk of money.  However, he seemed determined not to let that happen.

Now, the Yankees are riding on the bright rays of hope from A-Rod’s bat again.  He’s hit 5 home runs and 13 RBI so far, second most on the team in both categories.  He’s also second on the club in On Base Plus Slugging (OPS) percentage and runs scored.  His 477-foot home run last week is an indicator his power has returned.  I’ve heard a few baseball analysts remark that Rodriguez is only hitting fastballs though, so his batting eye likely still needs more work.

Off the field, things are going A-Rod’s way too.  He hasn’t been the distraction to the Yankees some were anticipating when he returned.  He is being the model teammate.  At his home Yankee Stadium, he’s getting cheers, not jeers.

So what if A-Rod continues to get back in the groove of his former self?  A year with 18 home runs, 70 RBI, and a .270 batting average, helping the Yankees win 82 or more games, would have to be classified as a successful return.  Anything more than that would be considered icing on the cake, and could qualify him as a legitimate candidate for Comeback Player of the Year.  Would that award be appropriate, considering the reason Rodriguez did not play last season?

The regular season’s only three weeks old, but A-Rod has answered many of the naysayers so far.  It will be interesting to see if he can he sustain his early performance.

Stay tuned.  This will surely be an intriguing story to follow for the rest of the season.

Baseball In Their Bloodlines

We are all familiar with how some family traditions and legacies are handed down from generation to generation.  Playing baseball is one of those that many fathers pass down to their sons and that brothers relish as they are growing up together.

A special bond often develops between fathers and sons around the sport.  Fond memories are formed around a father buying the first baseball glove and bat for his son, playing catch in the back yard, and attending ballgames together.

These types of bonds are even more special when fathers, sons, and brothers are professional baseball players.  In their cases, they have the good fortune to have their memories include a son shagging balls in the outfield of a major league stadium during batting practice, or hanging out in the clubhouse with dad’s major league teammates.

Some baseball families think of their professional careers in the sport similar to the way some families foster generations of lawyers, doctors, and soldiers.  There’s often an expectation that sons will follow in the footsteps of their fathers and sometimes their grandfathers.  The sport is full of examples of players with baseball lineage.  It has become part of the history and lore of the sport.

Here’s a sampling of some of today’s family relationships in baseball.

Names of current baseball families who have been around a long time, with multiple family members or multiple generations, include Mota, Hairston, Narron, and Paciorek.  Manny Mota, still a coach for the Los Angeles Dodgers, had five sons to play professionally.  The Hairston family, one of only five families in history with three generations of major leaguers, had a total of ten family members in pro baseball.  Four Paciorek brothers spawned four sons who have followed them in baseball.  The Narron family numbered seven ballplayers.

The generations of baseball families seem to just keep on coming.  Current major leaguers whose grandfathers played in the big leagues include Rick Porcelo (Sam Dente), Derek Dietrich (Steve Demeter), Jayson Werth (Dick Schofield, Sr.), Drew Garcia (Dave Garcia), and Jared Cosart (Ed Donnelly).  Up and coming prospects whose grandfathers played in the majors include Adam Law (Vern Law), Jacob May (Lee May), Mason Williams (Walt Williams) and Grant Hockin (Harmon Killebrew).  Drew Pomeranz is the great grandson of Garland Buckeye, who played in the 1920s.  Minor league player Joe Jackson is the great-great nephew of his namesake, better known as “Shoeless Joe” Jackson.

The Alou brothers (Felipe, Matty and Jesus) of the 1960s and 1970s were a sensation when they were briefly teammates for the San Francisco Giants.  Today, the Seager (Kyle, Corey, and Justin), Rasmus (Colby, Cory, and Casey), and Snyder (Brandon, Matt, and Michael) brother trios are striving for distinction of all having played in the majors.

Following in a Hall of Fame relative’s shoes has to be a pretty daunting task for new prospects, but that is exactly what Mike Yastrzemski, Ryan Ripken, and Cody Yount are attempting in their young careers.

Several of today’s new major league stars, perhaps a couple of them future Hall of Famers, have baseball in their bloodlines:  Mike Trout, Kris Bryant, Michael Brantley, Dee Gordon, Joc Pederson, and Matt Wieters.  While Brantley’s and Gordon’s fathers also played at the major league level, the others have already surpassed their dad’s brief minor league careers.

Major league managers and coaches seem to have a propensity for producing professional baseball players.  There were 86 such managers and coaches last season, who accounted for 151 family relationships among current and former players.  Among the current major league sons are Brett Bochy, Scott Van Slyke, Josh Roenicke, and Eric Young Jr.  Minor league sons of major league managers and coaches include Chad Wallach, Tanner Vavra, Brian Fletcher, Francisco Pena, Matt Scioscia, and Cameron Seitzer.

I’ve recently completed an update of my Family Ties database for the 2014 major and minor league players who had relatives in professional baseball.  The number of players now totals 659, while managers and coaches add up to 86.  Between these two groups, they represent over 1,000 family relationships with current and former professional players.

Of the 659 players, 227 had major league experience, which is 16% of the total number of major league players in 2014.

20 players that made their major league debuts in 2014 had relatives as pro players.  That’s 8.5% of all the players who made their big league debuts that season.

73 amateur players drafted in the 2014 MLD Draft had current or former relatives in pro baseball, which is 6% of all the players drafted in 2014.

The 1979 Pittsburgh Pirates used the popular disco song, “We Are Family,” as their theme of team unity, as they battled to a World Series title.  That song also applies today, representing the numerous family ties that are prominent in the sport.

The 2014 Family Ties list can be retrieved at

Prolific Brother Tandem: Gaylord and Jim Perry

Former major league pitcher Gaylord Perry’s career is often remembered for his use of Vaseline and other illegal substances while pitching in games.  In fact, he won 314 games, was a Cy Young Award winner twice, and is eighth on the all-time strikeout list.  Despite the allegations of his use of illegal substances to get an advantage over hitters, he was elected to Baseball’s Hall of Fame in 1991.  What is less known about Gaylord is that he had a brother, Jim, who was a productive pitcher in the big leagues himself.  Together, they rank among the most prolific brothers in major league history.


Here’s a sampling of some of the Perry brother accomplishments:


  • Only brothers in history to both win the Cy Young Award


  • Most career games pitched by brothers (1,407), behind Phil and Joe Niekro (1,566)


  • Most career wins  by brothers (529), behind the Niekros (539)


  • Most career strikeouts by brothers (5,110), ahead of the Niekros (5,089)


  • First brothers to pitch against each other in an American League game (1973)


Following are brief bios of the Perry brothers.


Gaylord Perry

Gaylord received a reported $90,000 to sign with the San Francisco Giants organization in 1958.  The 19-year-old right-handed pitcher made his professional debut with Class D St. Cloud of the Northern League, whom he helped win the regular season.  He established himself as a workhorse pitcher in the Texas League during the next two seasons, averaging 190 innings and 120 strikeouts, and leading the league in ERA with 2.82 in 1960.  In 1961, with Triple-A Tacoma, he led the Pacific Coast League in innings pitched and tied for the league lead in wins (16), as Tacoma won the league championship.


Gaylord started the 1962 season with the San Francisco Giants, making his major league debut on April 14 in a no-decision against the Cincinnati Reds.  He appeared in 13 games with the Giants, winning three games, but also pitched for Tacoma, again leading the Pacific Coast League in ERA with 2.48.  The Giants won the National League pennant that year by one game over the Los Angeles Dodgers.  Gaylord made the Giants club for good in 1963, but most of his appearances were in relief, as he finished with a 1-6 record in 31 games.


He hurled five complete games and two shutouts in 19 starts in 1964, but also finished 11 games as a reliever, compiling five saves for the Giants.  Gaylord’s combined won-lost record was 12-11 and he posted a 2.75 ERA on a team whose combined ERA was 3.19.  He finally broke into the Giants’ regular starting rotation in 1965 with Juan Marichal, Bob Shaw, and Ron Herbel. He struck out 170 in 196 innings and compiled an 8-12 won-lost record, but his ERA ballooned to 4.16 for the second-place Giants.


Gaylord had his breakout year in 1966, compiling 21 wins and 8 losses, 201 strikeouts and 2.99 ERA.  He and Juan Marichal combined for 46 of the Giants’ 93 wins that season, with the Giants finishing in second place behind the Los Angeles Dodgers by 1 ½ games.  On July 22, he struck out 15 batters in a game against the Philadelphia Phillies.  He would go on to win 15 or more games in the next 12 seasons.  He was the winning pitcher for the National League in the All-Star Game that year. 


The Giants remained competitive during the next three seasons, finishing in second place in the National League in 1967 and 1968, and second place in the West Division in 1969.  Gaylord won 50 games, but also lost 46, during those years.  He posted consecutive ERAs of 2.61, 2.44, and 2.49.  On September 17, 1968, he pitched a 1-0 no-hitter over the St. Louis Cardinals.  On the very next day, the Cardinals’ Ray Washburn no-hit the Giants, 2-0.  In 1970, Gaylord led the league in innings pitched (329) for the second straight year and tied for the league lead with 23 wins.  He was selected to his second All-Star Game.  After a 16-12 season with the Giants in 1971, the 32-year-old was traded with pitcher Frank Duffy to the Cleveland Indians for fire-baller Sam McDowell.


Gaylord went from a contender to a cellar-dweller with the Indians.  However, he did more than his part to make them a winning club, by posting a 24-16 record in an incredible 343 innings pitched and 29 complete games.  He tied for the AL lead in wins, and perhaps most amazingly, his ERA was a paltry 1.92, only .01 behind league leader Luis Tiant.  He made his third All-Star team and was voted the Cy Young Award winner.  Gaylord had another workhorse season in 1973 with a career-high 344 innings and 29 complete games, but his record was 19-19 and ERA 3.38 after yielding 56 more earned runs than the previous season.  The Indians finished dead last in the Eastern Division by 28 games.  In 1974, he won 21 games, his fourth time with at least 20 wins in a season.  He had a 15 consecutive game win streak ended by the Oakland Athletics on July 8. He was selected to his fourth All-Star team.


After a slow start (6-9 record) in 1975 with the Indians, he was traded in June to the Texas Rangers for three players and cash.  He compiled a 12-8 record for the remainder of the season for the third-place Rangers.  On April 18, 1975, he yielded Hank Aaron’s first American League home run, the 734th of Aaron’s career.  At age 37 in 1976 with the Rangers, when some had thoughts Gaylord was winding down his career, he made 32 starts, including 21 complete games, and posted a 15-14 won-lost record.  After one more 15-12 season with the Rangers, he was traded to the San Diego Padres for pitcher Dave Tomlin and $125,000.


Gaylord showed he had no intention of slowing his career down, as he posted is fifth career 20+ win season, compiling a 21-6 won-lost record and leading the league in wins and winning percentage in 1978.  He became the third hurler to win 20 or more games for three different teams, the others being Carl Mays and Grover Alexander.  He also won his second Cy Young Award, the first pitcher to win the award in both leagues.  He was 12-11 in 1979 for the Padres, but spent the last month of the season on the suspended list, because he quit the Padres when they would not honor his request to be traded back to the Texas Rangers.


In 1980, the Padres reluctantly traded Gaylord to the Rangers.  He split the season between the Texas Rangers and the New York Yankees. He was traded to the New York Yankees on August 14, and he was eager to join a pennant contender, having never played in a World Series.  He split eight decisions in the last 6 weeks of the season.  The Yankees won the East Division title, but were bested by the Kansas City Royals in the American League Championship series.  For the entire 1980 season, Gaylord started 32 games and compiled a 10-13 won-lost record.


From 1981 to his last season, 1983, Gaylord won 25 and lost 35, while pitching for the Atlanta Braves, Seattle Mariners and Kansas City Royals.  On May 6, 1982, he hurled a complete game win over the New York Yankees for his 300th victory.  He pitched his final major league game on September 21, 1983.


Throughout his career, Gaylord was the subject of many debates regarding his use of the illegal “spitball” pitch.  Going back as far as 1964, he was accused of throwing the pitch in games.  In his book in 1974, he finally came clean and admitted to an occasional use.  However, he spent most of his career denying he ever threw the illegal pitch.  After the Organized Baseball’s rules committee finally outlawed the practice of a pitcher putting his hand to his mouth anywhere on the pitcher’s mound, Gaylord and other pitchers reportedly learned to use other hidden substances, such as Vaseline gel, to get the moisture needed to throw the spitball.  Umpires and opposing managers were seemingly always trying to catch him in the act.  However, it wasn’t until August 23, 1982, that Gaylord was ejected from a game for throwing the illegal pitch.


Gaylord was 44 years old when he ended his 22-year major league career.  At the time of his retirement, his 314 wins were the 11th most on the all-time list, and his 3,534 strikeouts were the third most in history. However, he never led the league in strikeouts.  He pitched in a total of 777 games, losing 265. In 690 games started, he pitched 303 complete games and 33 shutouts; and posted a 3.11 ERA. Gaylord did not start an Opening Day major league game until he was 31 years old, but wound up pitching the first day of the season a total of nine times for five clubs.  Gaylord was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1991, on his third try.



Jim Perry

Jim was signed by the Cleveland Indians organization in 1956 at 19 years old and began his professional career that year at Class D North Platte of the Nebraska State League, compiling a 7-8 record.  At Class C Fargo-Moorhead of the Northern League, the right-hander posted a 15-12 record, with 150 strikeouts and 2.88 ERA.  He advanced to Reading of the Class A Eastern League in 1958, where he hurled a 16-8 record and 2.79 ERA.


Jim made the Indians’ major league roster in 1959 as a relief pitcher, but also worked in 13 starts.  His 12 wins were the third most on the team, and his 2.65 ERA was the best of the staff, as the Indians finished in second place in the American League to the Chicago White Sox.  Jim finished in second place (to Bob Allison) in the American League Rookie of the Year voting.  Jim became the number one starter for the Indians in 1960, and posted 18 wins, tied for first in the league, and hurled four shutouts. Jim established a major league record for most home runs (15) allowed in a season against a single club, the New York Yankees.  In 1961, his record dipped to 10-17 in 35 starts for the fifth-place Indians.  However, he was selected to the American League All-Star team.


After a 12-win season in 1962, Jim was traded by the Indians early in 1963 to the Minnesota Twins for pitcher Jack Kralick.  He joined a staff including Dick Stigman, Camilo Pascual, and Jim Kaat and started 35 games for the Twins, posting a 9-9 won-lost record.  The Twins added pitcher Jim “Mudcat” Grant in 1964, and Jim was relegated to a reliever role, as he compiled a 6-3 record.


He reclaimed his starting role in 1965 and helped Minnesota win its first pennant in franchise history, compiling a 12-7 record and 2.63 ERA.  He made two relief appearances in the World Series against the Los Angeles Dodgers, but did not get a decision.  The Twins lost the Series in seven games to the Dodgers who were led by hurlers Sandy Koufax, Don Drysdale and Claude Osteen.


The Twins contended for the American League pennant in 1966 and 1967, finishing in second place both years, but they dropped to 7th place in 1968.  Jim won 27 games over those three years, but lost his starter role again.  However, in 1969 he and Dave Boswell each won 20 games for the Twins as they won the American League Western Division, its first year of existence.  Jim started one game in the League Championship Series against the Baltimore Orioles, but did not get a decision.  The Twins were swept by the Orioles in three games. On July 20, 1969, Jim was credited with two Twins’ victories against the Seattle Pilots, including a completion of a suspended game from the day before.  Including both games, Jim pitched 11 scoreless innings.


Jim was the main reason the Twins repeated as Western Division champs again in 1970.  He won a league-leading 24 games, posted a 3.03 ERA and pitched 13 complete games, on his way to winning the American League Cy Young Award.  However, the Twins were again defeated by the Orioles in the League Championship Series, with Jim taking the loss in one of the three ALCS games.  Jim was selected to his second All-Star team and he struck out three in his two-inning appearance.


The Twins dropped to 5th place in 1971, the 35-year-old Jim still won 17 games, as well as losing 17 games (2nd most in the league).  After one more season with the Twins in 1972, including 16 losses, he was traded to the Detroit Tigers.  He joined a staff of Mickey Lolich, Joe Coleman, and Woody Fryman, and finished 14-13 for the 3rd-place Tigers.


Jim was involved in a three-team trade in March 1974, when he was sent to the Cleveland Indians.  He joined a pitching staff that included his brother Gaylord.  Jim had double-digit wins (17) for the 12th time in his career, while his brother posted 21 wins.  Jim spent one more season in the majors in 1975, splitting the season between Cleveland and the Oakland A’s.


During his 17-year career, Jim compiled a 215-174 won-lost record in 630 games.  He struck out 1,576 batters in 3,285.7 innings pitched, and posted a 3.45 ERA.  Jim was a switch-hitter and had a career .199 batting average.  He was a three-time All-Star.

Active Off-Season to Influence 2015 Post-Season

This past baseball off-season was noteworthy for the amount of player movements among the major league teams.  Several teams’ GMs made statements that they were serious about getting to the 2015 post-season.  Teams such as the Padres, Marlins, and White Sox really stepped out of their financial comfort zones to make improvements.  Traditional financially healthy clubs like the Dodgers, Cubs and Red Sox

The balance of power in MLB is evident this season, as I figure there are only a couple of teams who seem assured of winning more than 90 games.  The Central Division titles of both leagues are up for grabs for practically every team in those divisions.

The potential chink in the armor for all of the big league teams, of course, is the health of the clubs throughout the season.  It seemed like every day during spring training there was another pitcher being lost for the season to arm injury.  The situation has practically reached epidemic proportions.  I read a recent article purporting one-third of the professional pitchers have undergone Tommy John surgery.  Last year, for example, the Texas Rangers used 40 different pitchers during the season because of injuries.  There are already some teams affected by injuries before Opening Day.

So here are my division race predictions for the 2015 season.

AL East (1. Orioles, 2. Red Sox)

I am picking the Orioles to lead the division, despite losing Nelson Cruz and Nick Markakis.  The Orioles have a chip on their shoulder because of the way the 2014 playoffs ended, after they led the East for most of the season.  A durable pitching staff stayed intact from last year.  I’m also a big Buck Showalter fan, because he seems to have a way of getting role players to step up every day.

The Red Sox were a big player in the off-season, adding two big boppers to their offense, Pablo Sandoval and Hanley Ramirez.  They will score a lot of runs, but whether it will be more than their pitching staff will give up is different question.  They acquired their entire starting rotation in the off-season, but none of them is a true ace who can carry the team on his back.  There are still some thoughts that premier pitchers Cole Hamels or Johnny Cueto will go on the market during the season, and you can bet the Red Sox will be in the hunt for them.  However, I am picking them as runner-up to the Orioles.

The Blue Jays scored big acquisitions with Josh Donaldson and Russell Martin, but their pitching will let them down again.  They have some promising rookie pitchers, but they are unproven.  I’m sad to say the Yankees (my favorite team) didn’t get any younger, and their pitching staff is one those I mentioned previously who is starting the season with health questions carried over from last year.  However, if they get a few surprises, or should I say miracles, from the geriatric and banged-up players, they could contend as runner-up in the division.  The Rays organization decimated what little offense they had, as well as their club leadership, with the loss of manager Joe Maddon and GM Andrew Friedman.  The only “ray” of hope they have is a hardy, young pitching staff.


AL Central (1. Indians, 2. White Sox)

The Central Division will feature a very tight race this year.  Only the Twins are not expected to contend.  I’m going with the Indians this year to win the division title.  They fell a few games short of the playoffs last season, and with the same bunch of guys in place this year, they will surpass last season’s record.  They may have the best little-known team in baseball.  Ace pitcher Cory Klueber will prove he was no “one-year wonder” last season.  They have the touted prospect Francisco Lindor waiting in the wings to take an infield spot.  Like the Orioles, they have a seasoned manager in Terry Francona.

I’m passing on the Tigers and Royals, last year’s representatives of the division in the post-season, to repeat at the top.

The AL champ Royals barely squeaked into the playoff last season, getting hot at the right time late in the year and then carrying that over into the playoffs.  They still have a decent team, but I don’t believe their performance is sustainable, although their relief core is one of the best in the league.

The Tigers will have the benefit of a full-year from David Price.  I expect him to contend for the Cy Young Award in the AL.  However, he will need big help to make up for the loss of former Tigers pitchers Max Scherzer and Rick Porcello, who accounted for 33 wins and 424 innings among them.  Plus, it’s not a good sign that Justin Verlander is starting the season with a questionable arm.  Their bullpen was a real weakness last season and they did nothing to better themselves in 2015.  After four consecutive first-place finishes, I’m predicting they don’t get to the playoffs this season.

The White Sox have my vote as the division runner-up behind the Indians.  They were one of the most active teams in the off-season, adding four solid free agents that improved both their offense and pitching.  Veteran additions Melky Cabrera and Adam LaRoche should be able to better protect last year’s Rookie of the Year slugger, Jose Abreu, at the plate.  Pitcher Jeff Samardija adds a legitimate No. 2 starter behind ace Chris Sale, and closer David Robertson, acquired from the Yankees, gives them legitimacy out of the bullpen.  Furthermore, watch out for rookie starting pitcher Carlos Rodon.  Even though he has only one season in professional baseball under his belt, I believe he will be in the rotation by mid-season.  The White Sox will make their first return to the playoffs since 2008.


AL West (1. Mariners, 2. Angels)

The Mariners showed they were a team on the rise last season, narrowly missing a wild card spot by one game.  Well, in 2015, I am projecting they will be able to put it all together for an outright division title.  They were missing a big-time slugger last year, so Nelson Cruz was a huge pickup for the Mariners over the winter.  Their middle of the lineup, with Robinson Cano, Cruz, and Kyle Seager, will be a potent one.  “King” Felix Hernandez will lead another good pitching staff this year.

The Angels won the most games in the American League last year, but I expect them to have a drop-off in 2015, yet still good enough for a second-place finish.  They have the best player in the game, Mike Trout, who can carry the team with all of his tools.  The loss of second baseman Howie Kendrick will be felt more than they expect, and even though Josh Hamilton wasn’t on the field as much as they would have liked last season, he was still a feared presence in the lineup.  The Angels won’t be able to count on him in 2015 due to his off-the-field problems.  They are hopeful to get a full season from pitcher Garrett Richards, who has developed as one of the league’s best up-and-coming hurlers.

The A’s were active in the off-season, but in a negative way, especially with the unthinkable trade of their best player, Josh Donaldson.  They will field five new players in the starting lineup after the “fire sale” over the winter.  However, they will still manage to find a way to beat out the Rangers and Astros in the division.  The A’s pitching staff will still hold its own despite the loss of free-agents John Lester and Jeff Samardija.  Pay attention to newcomer Kendall Graveman in the back of their starting rotation.

The Rangers and Astros will be battling for first place in the State of Texas, but unfortunately the winner will still only wind up in fourth place in the division.  Both teams added much-needed new managers over the winter.  The Astros’ re-building plan started several years ago won’t fully kick in until next year, although Jose Altuve and George Springer are legitimate stars now.  It’s hard to tell what the Rangers’ plan is, especially in the pitching department.


NL East (1. Nationals, 2. Marlins)

The Nationals will reign as division champs again, with no serious challengers for first place.  Their starting pitching is off the chart, compared to the rest of the league.  Three of their starters, Max Scherzer, Stephen Strasbourg, and Jordan Zimmerman, could practically be No. 1 starters on any of the teams in the league.  And back of the rotation starters Doug Fister and Gio Gonzalez would be great No. 2’s for most teams.  Losing first baseman Adam LaRoche will hurt some in run production, but provides an opportunity to get defensive liability Ryan Zimmerman off of third base.  Third baseman Anthony Rendon is emerging as a perennial MVP candidate, but is starting the season on the disabled list.

The Marlins made an uncharacteristic commitment to player salaries over the winter, and I believe it will pay off this season with another significant jump in wins and a second-place finish.  They filled some holes in the starting lineup with acquisitions, notably adding Martin Prado, an all-purpose player and a great clubhouse guy.  Veteran pitchers Mat Latos and Dan Haren will complement the younger staff.  Ace pitcher Jose Fernandez won’t return from Tommy John surgery until after mid-season, but will provide a nice late-season boost to the Marlins.  The biggest flaw I can see in the team is that slugger Giancarlo Stanton doesn’t have much protection in the batting order.

It was tough picking the Marlins over the Mets this season, but I believe the Mets lack the offensive punch to go with their solid pitching staff.  Matt Harvey seems primed for a repeat season from 2013, showing no effects of his surgery last season.  Losing starting pitcher Zack Wheeler this season isn’t as devastating as it might otherwise be, since they have other young arms behind him.  The Mets needed a big bat in the middle of the lineup, but newly acquired 36-year-old Michael Cuddyer won’t be enough.

The Braves and Phillies will finish in a distant fourth and fifth place, respectively.  I’m sorry, but Braves outfielder B. J. Upton’s name change to Melvin Jr. won’t guarantee he will hit above .208 this season.  The biggest news expected from the Phillies this season will be who they get in a trade for ace Cole Hamels during the season.  It’s time for Phillies GM Ruben Amaro Jr. to go.  He’s done all the damage he can do to the team.


NL Central (1. Cardinals, 2. Pirates)

I’ve heard the Cardinals characterized as the “San Antonio Spurs of baseball”—year in and year out a solid team with expectations for a division title.  This year won’t be different, although I expect the Cardinals’ divisional competition to push them again in a race down to the wire.  The Cardinals have a deep team, even with the loss of promising outfielder Oscar Taveras, who was tragically killed in an automobile accident over the winter.  If they should happen to suffer any setbacks due to injury during the season, their farm system has players ready to step into big league roles.  Veterans Matt Holliday and Yadier Molina figure to lead this team again to the playoffs.  They bring back essentially the same pitching staff as last season, with Carlos Martinez getting a full-time spot in the rotation.

After so many years of mediocrity, the Pirates seem to be on a track to be a perennial contender in the division.  They are hopeful they can now get past the first round of the playoffs.  They will finish behind the Cardinals again, but it should still be good enough for a playoff berth.  The Pirates will miss catcher Russell Martin who was very effective with the Pirates pitching staff, but all of their other roster spots return with familiar faces, and they also have some versatility off the bench.  Last year’s rookie outfielder Gregory Polanco will start to reach his potential and add some batting order strength around yearly MVP candidate Andrew McCutchen.  If big right-handed pitcher Gerrit Cole can get through a full season, the opposition better look out.  The rest of the pitching staff is not overpowering, but is stingy with giving up runs.

There won’t be any push-overs from the rest of the teams in the division.  There has been a lot of buzz about the Chicago Cubs because of their aggressive off-season and the cast of young players on the verge of stardom.  New manager Joe Maddon will make them competitive this year, but I believe they their time will come in 2016.  I don’t see the Cubs getting a playoff berth this year.  The Brewers had a legitimate shot at the division title last year, but fell off the map in September.  They have some solid players in the lineup, but I think their pitching won’t hold up.  Ditto for the Reds.  Their ace pitcher, Johnny Cueto, is a free agent at the end of this season, and it is likely the Reds will shop him around during the season to get some premium players or prospects.  However, the Reds and Brewers will still create some challenges for the rest of the teams in the division.


NL West (1. Dodgers, 2. Padres)

The Dodgers were one of the teams that did somewhat of a make-over during the off-season.  I get the feeling they are still a team in transition because some promising prospects will challenge for spots occupied by upcoming free agents.  However, the team being put on the field in 2015 will find a way to repeat as division champs.  If the Dodgers have made some bad off-season acquisitions, they have the financial wherewithal to correct them during the season.  As in the past, pitchers Clayton Kershaw and Zach Greinke will do a lot to carry the team, but their bullpen is an open question until Kenley Jansen gets back from foot surgery.

As much change as the Dodgers created for themselves this year, their Southern California rival, the Padres, did more.  Their pitching staff, although not well-known, was already among the best in the league, yet the Padres added free agent pitchers James Shields and Brandon Morrow.  Their off-season activities also significantly upgraded their offense with Matt Kemp, Wil Myers, and Justin Upton.  I’m drinking the Padres kool-aid that they will immediately contend for the division title, leap-frog the defending World Series champion Giants, but yet not overtake the Dodgers.

It’s not an even-numbered year, so the Giants aren’t scheduled to contend for the National League title again this season.  (Recall they won the World Series in 2010, 2012 in addition to last year.)  The Giants stood pat on their lineup from last season, making only a half-hearted attempt to replace free-agent Pablo Sandoval who signed with the Red Sox.  Behind last year’s World Series hero, Madison Bumgarner, the pitching staff is highly questionable with aging veterans Tim Hudson and Jake Peavey and weary-armed Matt Cain and Tim Lincecum.  One saving grace is that the Giants have future Hall of Famer Bruce Bochy at the manager’s helm.  He’s as good as they come these days.

The Diamondbacks and Rockies will be the cellar-dwellers of the West Division this year.  There’s not much chance they will make an impact this year, except to boost the records of the other teams.


Post-Season Predictions

The White Sox and Angels will be wild card teams, and the Mariners will win their first-ever American League pennant.

The Padres and Pirates will be wild card teams in the National League, while the Washington Nationals will also be first-time champions of the National League.

I’m picking the Nationals to win it all.

Happy Opening Day!  I still think it should be a national holiday.

Fats Dantonio among baseball's replacement players during World War II

Under normal circumstances, New Orleanian John “Fats” Dantonio would have been an unlikely candidate to play major league baseball.  However, because over 60% of the players on the 1941 Opening Day rosters left baseball for military service during World War II, the sport needed replacement players to provide continuity in the game during a period when the country desperately sought diversions from news of the overseas battlegrounds.  A former New Orleans Pelican minor leaguer, Dantonio happened to be at the right place and at the right time to make a major league team roster during the war years.

A new book recently released by Society for American Baseball Research (SABR), Who’s on First: Replacement Players in World War II, profiles forty-eight players whose careers in major league baseball were tied to the shortage of players during the war.  Because of the large number of unknown, unproven players who ascended to big league rosters during the war years, it was the proverbial case of needing a scorecard to know who was in the starting lineup, hence the book title, “Who’s on First.”

During the four seasons (1942-1945) the United States was at war, major league clubs struggled in their attempt to keep their rosters filled with viable players.  The book recounts that during this time 533 players made their major league debuts.  There were 67 first-time major leaguers under the age of 21.  Two disabled players, one-armed Pete Gray and Bert Shepard, a former POW with an artificial leg, were pressed into major league service since they had been good athletes who rose above their disabilities. In fact, the 1944 St. Louis Browns team included thirteen players who were classified as 4-F.  These were the types of drastic measures major league teams were taking.

Dantonio’s biography is among those featured in the book.  He was one of the replacement players for the Brooklyn Dodgers, getting his opportunity for promotion as a late-season call-up in September 1944 and then seeing big league action in 1945.

A native of New Orleans, Dantonio graduated from Jesuit High School in 1937, after playing on a state championship team the year before with teammates Connie Ryan and Charlie Gilbert, who would later have major league careers.

Dantonio’s first professional baseball season was in 1938.  He started out as an outfielder and shortstop, but switched to the catcher position by 1941, when he played for Class C Springfield of the Western Association.  Future St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Famer Stan Musial was a teammate of Dantonio’s at Springfield, and they became life-long friends, despite Dantonio’s brief big league career.

In 1942, Dantonio signed with the hometown New Orleans Pelicans, then a Cardinals affiliate.  His Pelicans’ battery-mates included New Orleanian pitchers Al Jurisich, Ray Yochim, and Jesse Danna.  Another teammate was his childhood friend, Russell Gildig, who was responsible for Dantonio acquiring the nickname “Fats.”  However, Dantonio had to share catching duties with Jerry Burmeister and wound up batting .256.

Dantonio received a medical exemption from military service.  He held a defense-related job at Delta Shipyards, for whom he played in semi-pro baseball leagues on Sundays.  Desperate for players, the Pelicans, who had switched their affiliation to the Brooklyn Dodgers, signed Dantonio in May 1943 as a back-up catcher.  However, Dantonio continued his defense job and played with the Pelicans only when they were playing home games.

He returned to full-time status with the Pelicans in 1944 and had a banner season with them, compiling a .327 average, although he still shared catching duties.  During that same time, the parent Brooklyn Dodgers, under manager Leo Durocher, were having one of their worst seasons.  Their roster had included 18-year-old pitchers, Ralph Branca and Cal McLish, and 16-year-old outfielder Tommy Brown.  With a roster in constant turmoil, the Dodgers had already used four different catchers, when they purchased Dantonio’s contract in mid-September to see how he would play under fire.  The 25-year-old Dantonio made his major league debut on September 18 in a pinch-hit appearance and then saw action in two other games that season.

Thus, Dantonio’s route to the majors was not a predictable one.  Just a year earlier than his debut season, he wasn’t even playing in the Pelicans’ road games due to his civilian job.  Furthermore, in the same year as his promotion, he was still sharing playing time as catcher with the Pelicans.  But that was how things were during the war.

Slated to start the 1945 season at Double-A Montreal, Dantonio got a break when regular Dodgers catcher Mickey Owen was inducted into the Navy in May.  Durocher inserted Dantonio into the Dodgers lineup as the primary catcher during the month of June.  However, Dantonio was inconsistent as a hitter and error-prone as a backstop in his major league stint and was consequently demoted to St. Paul in July.  He was later able to return as a backup catcher to finish out the season.  Overall, he played in 47 games for the Dodgers, compiling a batting average of .250 and collecting 12 RBI.

In 1946, most of the regular major league players returned from military service, and Dantonio never got another chance to make a big league club.  Roy Campanella came along a couple of years later to cement himself as the Dodgers’ starting catcher, eventually being elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame.  Dantonio went on to play three more seasons in the minors, including the final season of his pro career as a Pelican in 1948.

Regardless of the reasons for his reaching the big leagues, Dantonio is counted among only 18,000-plus players in baseball’s history of over 140 years to have the label “major leaguer.”

Following his playing days, Dantonio remained a popular sports personality in New Orleans.  His baseball career was honored by being named to the halls of fame of Jesuit High School, the Diamond Club, and Louisiana American Italian Sports.

Nolan Vicknair Fell Short of his Dream, Yet Still Accomplished Much

In my ongoing quest to add to my database of New Orleans area baseball players who went on to play at the collegiate or professional levels, I recently came across West Banker Nolan Vicknair whose aspiration, starting at a very young age, was to be a career professional baseball player.

Vicknair indeed reached baseball’s minor league level, but his stint in pro baseball consisted of only 56 games during 1946 and 1947.  In a recent interview with him, Vicknair claimed, “I was born to be a professional baseball player, but I was the victim of circumstances that worked against me in realizing my dream of making a career of baseball.”  However, this statement does not come from a man who suffers from a case of “sour grapes.”  His bulging scrapbook attests to his still managing to have an outstanding career in sports in the New Orleans area.

Vicknair was born in Marrero, Louisiana, where he attended elementary and high school.  One of the athletic skills that he would use throughout his sports career began to blossom as an early teenager, when he set a school record for the 75-yard dash as a 13-year-old.  According to Vicknair, minimum age requirements for high school sports were often overlooked at that time, so he was enlisted for the high school football team in the sixth grade because they could use his speed as a scatback, an old term for a speedy, all-purpose halfback. 

He played baseball, basketball, and football in his first two years at Marrero High School.  It was there that he first gained attention as a baseball player.  He recalls an American Legion game against the Jesuit-based team in his sophomore year in which he struck out the first nine batters of the game.  It happened that Branch Rickey, the St. Louis Cardinals’ general manager, was in attendance that day.  Rickey had occasion to be in town for a prospect tryout camp, since the New Orleans Pelicans were a minor league affiliate of the Cardinals.  Vicknair crossed paths with Rickey after the game.  According to Vicknair, Rickey told him, “Kid, you have talent.  After you finish high school, you should consider a baseball career.”  That assessment further fueled Vicknair’s dream of playing pro baseball.

Vicknair relocated to Port Arthur, Texas, for his junior year of high school to live with relatives.  He attended St. Mary’s High School there, contributing as a starter at halfback on the 1941 football team, which ultimately won the south-east state championship that year.

World War II was well underway by this time, and Vicknair enlisted in the Navy in April 1943, immediately upon turning 17 years of age.  He served almost three years which included a six-month stint in Australia and a tour of duty on the destroyer USS Bearss that saw action against the Japanese in the South Pacific.

Still interested in pursuing a baseball career after his military service ended in December 1945, Vicknair attended a tryout camp with the New Orleans Pelicans in the spring of 1946, after which business manager Vincent Rizzo wanted to sign Vicknair as a pitcher.  Near the same time, one of Vicknair’s acquaintances from school got him an appointment with Gretna native Mel Ott, then the New York Giants manager.  Ott passed on the information about a Giants spring training camp at Fort Smith, Arkansas, where 150 prospects showed up, vying for forty spots that would make up two minor league rosters in the Giants’ system.

Vicknair opted to go to Fort Smith, fortunately making the cut, and was assigned to the Class D roster of the Oshkosh Giants of the Wisconsin State League.  He figured he was on his way to the big leagues.  He started the season as a regular outfielder where, once again, speed was at the core of his game.  Vicknair recalls that he could change a game with his base-running skills.  As a leadoff batter, he would give pitchers fits once he got on base.  One of his favorite situations was the double steal.

Vicknair missed games due to a leg infection from being spiked, as well as chronic pulled muscles, which kept him off the field numerous times.  Toward the end of the season, he was involved in an unfortunate accident, as he was was struck in the jaw by a ball thrown by the opposing second baseman as he approached second base on a double play.  His jawbone was broken in six places, which required it to be wired shut.  To make matters worse, he contracted blood poisoning during the recovery process, and at one point he was not expected to live.

As a testament to his being a fan favorite in Oshkosh, Vicknair’s scrapbook contained numerous get-well cards from devoted fans while he was in the hospital.  He recalls that a local Oshkosh businessman befriended him, several times writing him checks to supplement his meager baseball income, as well as allowing him to take his boat out on a nearby lake.  Altogether, Vicknair appeared in 45 games and hit for a .193 batting average for the 1946 season.

In the spring of 1947, the Giants organization conducted a minor league camp in Lakewood, New Jersey, on the site of John D. Rockefeller’s mansion and estate.  Vicknair recalls getting his weekly pay from legendary pitcher Carl Hubbell, who was the head of the Giants minor league organization at the time.  Most of the players on the 1946 Oshkosh club advanced to the next level, but Vicknair started the regular season again in Oshkosh.

When he didn’t get any playing time at the beginning of the season, Vicknair asked for and received his release from the Giants.  He vividly remembers the feedback he received from Oshkosh manager Ray Lucas, “You are a valuable player with your speed, good in the clubhouse.  But we expect our outfielders to hit home runs, and you are more of a contact hitter.”  At 5’ 6” and 150 pounds, Vicknair was at a disadvantage in meeting these expectations.

He returned to New Orleans where he received a call from Harry Strohm, who was the manager of New Iberia of the Evangeline League. He signed on with New Iberia, where one of his teammates was fellow New Orleanian Lenny Yochim.  Vicknair recalls about Yochim, “Besides being a good pitcher at that time, Lenny could really hit the ball too.  He would play first base when not pitching.”  Yochim would go on to play briefly in the majors, but actually made his biggest mark in professional baseball as a scouting supervisor in the Pittsburgh Pirates organization.

Shortly after the start of the season, Strohm was fired as manager and replaced by Vernon Thoele, who came from the New Orleans Pelicans.  After appearing in only eleven games, Vicknair was released by Thoele.  Vicknair believes the new manager acted on advice from the Pelicans’ Vincent Rizzo, who likely held a grudge because Vicknair had rejected Rizzo’s offer in 1946.

So, Vicknair’s dream took a big step backwards.

With baseball still in his blood, Vicknair began playing in semi-professional leagues in the New Orleans area.  It was a usual practice for the semi-pro teams to include former-minor league players, as well as active players during the minor league off-season.  For example, Vicknair played against New Orleans professionals like Fats Dantonio and Pete Modica.  Vicknair’s scrapbook shows a 1950 newspaper clipping of a prominent independent baseball team, the Mohawks, he managed on the West Bank.  Over the years, he also played for various teams in the Audubon League and the Mel Ott League.  Vicknair says his performances were frequently featured in the States-Item newspaper by sportswriter Hap Glaudi, who later became a legendary sports radio personality in New Orleans.

Eight years after he had last played in the minors, Vicknair got one more opportunity for a professional tryout with the Milwaukee Braves minor league organization in Waycross, Georgia.  Vicknair recalls the tryouts were being conducted by former major leaguer Skeeter Webb.  However, Vicknair says he was not fully in shape when he reported.  After striking out three times in a scrimmage game, he decided to finally give up on his dream as a professional player.

Vicknair began working as a machinist for Avondale Shipyards in 1951.  This began another phase of his sports career, when he pitched for company-sponsored teams in over-hand-pitch softball leagues for fifteen years.  A knuckleball pitcher, he once hurled a no-hit, no-run game in 1963 for Avondale in the local CAA Softball League.  A newspaper article in his scrapbook reported that it was the first no-hitter hurled in that league.  Vicknair was a significant contributor to Avondale Shipyard’s perennial reputation for fielding superior teams, including several league championships.  He kept himself in shape and continued to play softball in various leagues until he was 65 years old.

In addition to playing all sports, Vicknair also took an active interest in coaching.  He firmly believed he had a knack for picking talent, as well as learning and applying game strategies in each of the sports.  He was often the player-coach for many of his teams.

He was among the first members of the New Orleans Diamond Club, a fraternity of former professional baseball players who met regularly and played occasional “old-timer” games.

Vicknair will turn 90 years old in April.  A self-described “people person,” he comes across as someone who is willing to talk to anyone about sports or practically anything else.  For example, just ask him about the champion show dogs he once had or the Cajun-style dancing he has done.  He might also give you a photo of himself in a New York Giants uniform from his minor league days.

Vicknair’s baseball dream was not unlike that of thousands of youngsters before and after him.  In another time or in a different set of circumstances, Vicknair’s dream might have been more fully realized.  He missed three prime years of development as a player due to his time in the service.  Injuries in his first minor league season further hampered his development and adjustment to professional baseball.  It turned out he didn’t exactly fit into the Giants’ mold for outfielders in those days.  Yet all these deterrents didn’t discourage his love of sports, especially baseball, since he still became an accomplished player and coach during his era of local sports.

Vicknair’s career is a meaningful part of the sports history and lore of the New Orleans area.  Indeed, he has much to be proud of.

The Growing Role of Analytics in Baseball

For several years now, technology advances and the amount of new data captured about baseball games and its players have created new methods for routinely evaluating players and developing strategies for player development.  A new set of advanced metrics have produced new ways of looking at the sport, some of them challenging the conventional wisdom established through the nearly 140 years of major league baseball.

It’s not surprising that the baseball industry has embraced the use of data analytics.  Competitive industries such as insurance, retail, and finance have been using it for many years to optimize their businesses.  The technologies to support data analytics in those industries have translated well to baseball.  Baseball’s front-office staffs are now skilled in the use of the technologies and are applying it to the business of baseball.

No longer are the long-time baseball metrics of Batting Average (BA), Home Runs (HR), Runs Batted In (RBI), Wins (W), Losses (L), and Earned Run Average (ERA) sufficient for evaluating players’ performance.  They don’t tell the full story about actual performance on the field and how players should be valued by the team. 

The newer advanced metrics, often collectively referred to as sabermetrics, bring new terminology and measures, including Wins Above Replacement (WAR), Defensive Runs Saved (DRS), Batting Average on Balls in Play (BABIP), Defensive-Independent ERA, and Equivalent Average (EQA).  The newer metrics enhance the comparison of individual players with the average player in the sport in various hitting, fielding and pitching categories.  They also attempt to quantify a player’s performance independent of other team members’ performances, as well as representing players’ performances in a normalized view of the various ballpark conditions across the major leagues.  Thus, these types of metrics attempt to provide a truer gauge of individual performance.  However, you practically need a math degree to fully understand how some of these new metrics are calculated. 

Initially the book “Moneyball,” published in 2003, and then the follow-on movie in 2011 popularized the trend toward baseball analytics.  However, Bill James had been promoting the use of different kinds of metrics for evaluating players since the mid-1970s.  Back then, James was cranking out numbers with pencil and paper.  The advent of personal computers then helped fuel James’ approach.  Nowadays, gigabytes of data, managed in huge databases, and manipulated by sophisticated analytics software are standard tools used by every major league team.

Baseball operations staffs for major league teams now include MBAs, mathematicians, data modelers, and analysts whose job is to identify critical relationships, correlations, and trends from the massive amounts of historical data available.  They directly contribute to formulating game strategies for field managers and evaluating player performance for the scouting and player development departments chartered with building the teams.

For example, some teams are focusing on building their lineups to include players who have high on-base percentages and who have a propensity to prevent runs scored because of their defensive skills.  In some teams’ view, a player’s number of strikeouts are less important than it used to be, because they are offset by these other measures of a player’s value and contribution.

Pitchers’ performance are not just measured on wins, losses and strikeouts anymore, but measures like WHIP (walks and hits allowed per inning pitched), Strikeouts Per Innings Pitched, and Fielding Independent Pitching (pitcher’s effectiveness at preventing home runs, hit by pitch, and base on balls, and causing strikeouts) are being used as predictors of future performance.

Examples of the results of all this data crunching include the trends we see in using defensive shifts of players on the field against certain batters and using specific pitcher/batter matchups in the late innings of games. 

It used to be that in-game situations were solely driven by the manager’s intuition and experience.  Now the manager is armed with current quantitative data to supplement the decision-making process.   Managers who embrace this additional information and analysis as part of their jobs are considered to have an advantage in today’s game.

“Moneyball” highlighted the two schools of thought around the use of analytics to drive decision-making in the sport.  Initially, the “old school” managers, general managers, and scouts didn’t readily embrace them, because it challenged their personal knowledge, experience, and feel for the game they had developed over many years.  The new-style general managers, like Billy Beane of the Oakland A’s, recognized that teams could benefit from looking at the sport in new, quantitative ways, thus avoiding the pitfalls of subjective evaluations.

For many of the old-schoolers, it was initially thought that the use of analytics was a short-term fad that wouldn’t have a lasting effect on the game.  Instead, it has evolved from being a “radical” movement within the sport to being a mainstream approach for the majority of the thirty major league clubs. 

Of course, some teams are better than others in the deployment of analytics.  The March 12th edition of ESPN Magazine recently rated all the professional sports teams on their “strength of its analytics staff, its buy-in from executives and coaches, its investment in biometric data, and how much its approach is predicated on analytics.”  The top category, “all in” Major League teams, included the Red Sox, Cubs, Indians, Astros, Yankees, A’s, Pirates, Cardinals and Rays.  Only two Major League teams fell into the bottom category of “non-believers”—the Marlins and Phillies, while “skeptics” included the Diamondbacks, Braves, Reds, Rockies, Tigers and Twins.  The remainder of the teams fall into two other in-between categories— “believers” and “one foot in”.

There is a new book, Big Data in Baseball: Math, Miracles and the End of a 20-Year Losing Streak, scheduled for release in May.  It relates how far-reaching big-data strategies (using analytics) had significant influence on ending the club’s drought in 2013.  I suspect there will be a few more clubs writing their version of this book in the years to come.

Baseball is evolving in many ways, both in terms of how it’s being played and how it’s being run as a business.  Baseball analytics have certainly played a key role in that evolution.  Who knows?  Perhaps one day the manager of a big league baseball team might be a young MBA grad versus the grizzled veteran who was a former big league catcher!

Bourgeois Made his Mark Officiating Hoops

Sports halls of fame are usually reserved for players and coaches, the men and women who were highly accomplished in their sport.  It’s not often that referees and umpires who officiate sports get recognition as hall of fame members.  Donald Bourgeois, Sr. is an exception, because of his outstanding career as a high school and college basketball referee.

Bourgeois was inducted into the St. Bernard Parish Sports Hall of Fame on Saturday night, along with jockey Kerwin “Boo Boo” Clark and James “Biggie” Bickford, a statistician, coach, and public address announcer for local high school and college sports.  Since 1994, this organization has recognized outstanding athletes and coaches from the parish for their achievement in their respective sport, and the number of inductees to date is just shy of 50.

Bourgeois was graduated from St. Aloysius High School in 1953.  Ironically, he didn’t play varsity sports in high school due to the interruption of a 15-month period in the seminary.  However, Bourgeois grew up in a family of local amateur umpires, and he often accompanied his father and three uncles to CYO and recreation league games.

Bourgeois began his own officiating career in New Orleans area CYO leagues in 1957, and with the lure of higher level of competition, as well as higher pay, he joined the Louisiana High School Athletic Association in 1961.  He officiated local high school baseball and basketball, as well as industrial league softball games, for twenty years.

He became recognized by his peers and coaches for his ability to call basketball games and eventually progressed to the college level of basketball, initially doing games at junior colleges and Loyola University of New Orleans.  By 1978, he had advanced to being a regular basketball official in the Southland Conference that included Texas and Louisiana schools like Lamar, Northeast Louisiana State, and McNeese State.  He eventually became a member of six NCAA Division 1 conferences.

Bourgeois commented on his time as a college basketball official, “You had to really be in shape to do college games.  There were usually two months of physical training, in addition to attending officiating camps, to prepare for the upcoming season.”

His abilities were further recognized when he was enlisted to officiate numerous high school and college basketball championship games, including the Louisiana High School Championships for ten years, the Southland Conference, the Sun Belt Conference, the American South Conference, an NIT regional in Gainesville, Florida, and the NAIA National Tournament in Kansas City for four years.

Before calling it quits on the hardwoods, Bourgeois spent 1998-2004 as supervisor of officials for the NAIA Gulf Coast Athletic Conference, in which New Orleans-based colleges fielded several teams.

Among his most memorable officiating moments was a game in which a college coach in Mississippi wanted to fight Bourgeois at mid-court over some controversial calls, resulting in the security guards having to be summoned.  Prominent LSU coach Dale Brown once came to the referees’ locker room after a game to launch a verbal attack on Bourgeois following a lop-sided loss to Arkansas State University.  Bourgeois recalls telling Brown, “My officiating wasn’t the reason you lost the game—your team was terrible tonight.”

He recalls officiating college games involving Karl Malone from Louisiana Tech and Joe Dumars from McNeese State, both of whom are now in the NBA Hall of Fame.  He also recollects the floppy-haired Pete Maravich playing in a freshman game he officiated at Tulane.

Bourgeois said about his induction into the St. Bernard Sports Hall of Fame, “It is a very gratifying moment to be honored by this organization.”

Soon to be eighty years old, Bourgeois looks like he could still don his black-and-white striped shirt and whistle to officiate a game of hoops.  He and his wife Marian have been residents of Arabi for 55 years.

Minoso a Trailblazer for Latino Baseball Players

With a nickname like “Minnie”, Saturnino Orestes Armas (Arrieta) Minoso had one of the best names of all time in professional baseball.  The name Minnie Minoso has a nice ring to it.  Minnie Minoso.  Great name for a great baseball player.

Minoso died on March 1 at the age of 89.  As the first black Latino player in the major leagues, he was to future Latino players what Jackie Robinson was to future African-American players.  The Cuban-born Minoso is certainly not as popular or remembered as often as Robinson, yet he was a trailblazer all the same.

Minoso made his major league debut in April 1949 with the Cleveland Indians, two years after Robinson broke the color barrier in the majors.  In fact, Minoso was not the first black ballplayer for the Indians.  The Indians’ Larry Doby had the distinction of being the first African-American player in the American League in 1947.  However, after an inauspicious start with the Indians, Minoso was sent to their minor league affiliate in the Pacific Coast League for most of the 1949 season and all of 1950, where he proved to be a very productive, versatile player.

He made the Indians team coming out of spring training in 1951, but played in only eight games before being sent to the Chicago White Sox in a three-team trade that also involved the Philadelphia Athletics.

It was with the White Sox that Minoso initially made his mark in the big leagues.  As the first black player for the White Sox, he was the runner-up for American League Rookie of the Year honors, narrowly edged out by Yankee infielder Gil McDougald.  Known as the “Cuban Comet”, Minoso put up All-Star numbers with a .326 batting average, 10 home runs, 73 RBI, and .422 on-base-percentage, while leading the league in stolen bases (31) and triples (14).

He proceeded to make the American League All-Star team consecutively for three additional years and finished in the top four of the AL MVP voting for three of his first four seasons, thus establishing himself as one of the premier outfielders in the league.

Following an All-Star and Gold Glove Award season in 1957, Minoso was traded back to Cleveland in a deal that sent future Hall of Fame pitcher Early Wynn to the White Sox.  Minoso turned in practically two identical offensive seasons with the Indians, with batting averages over .300, 20+ home runs, 80+ RBI, and 90+ runs scored, while adding another Gold Glove.

The Indians and White Sox must have had some kind of love-hate relationship with Minoso, since the Indians traded Minoso back to the White Sox for a second time after the 1959 season.  Apparently, it did not matter to Minoso where he played.  With the White Sox in 1960, he added another All-Star team selection and a Gold Glove, while leading the AL in hits.

Following one more productive season with the White Sox in 1961, Minoso played three seasons in part-time roles with the Cardinals, Senators, and White Sox for the third time.

Minoso retired after the 1964 season at age 38, but it turned out later it wasn’t his last hurrah as a major league player.  While a coach for the White Sox in 1976, he was activated as a player at age 50 in September 1976.  White Sox owner Bill Veeck, noted for his penchant for publicity stunts and showmanship, wanted Minoso to claim the distinction of appearing in the majors in four different decades.  At the time, that feat had previously been accomplished only five players in all of baseball history.  Hence, Minoso appeared as the designated hitter, batting last in the lineup, on September 11, going 0-for-3.  Then on September 12, he rapped out a single in three at-bats.

Minoso wasn’t finished yet, as he was activated again by the White Sox in 1980 to become only the second player to play in five decades at the major league level during his career.  On October 4th and 5th, he made two pinch-hit appearances at age 54, going hitless in both at-bats.

In 1993 and 2003, Minoso made plate appearances for the St. Paul Saints of the independent Northern League, thereby achieving seven decades as a professional player.

Baseball was still in its infancy with regard to integration during Minoso’s career in the 1950s.  (The Boston Red Sox were the last major league franchise to integrate its team in 1959.)  Minoso’s exceptional performance on the field attracted attention to and helped paved the way to the big leagues for more Cubans and other Latin stars such as Roberto Clemente, Luis Tiant, Juan Marichal, Orlando Cepeda, Tony Oliva, and Tony Perez.

Yet Minoso’s career is largely under-appreciated by the average baseball fan and apparently by the Golden Era Committee of the Baseball Hall of Fame.  In their most recent voting in December, the committee gave Minoso only eight of the required twelve votes for induction.

It’s been said that only Ted Williams and Mickey Mantle were better American League outfielders than Minoso in the 1950s.  That’s saying a lot, especially for a guy whose name is Minnie.

Boyer Brothers Competitive Third-Sackers in 1960s

In my book Family Ties: A Comprehensive Collection of Facts and Trivia About Baseball’s Relatives, I had a chapter entitled “Baseball’s First Family”, where I declared the Hairston family the unofficial first family of baseball.   They included three generations of major league baseball players, including two sets of brothers.  Altogether, there were ten family members who played or were drafted in professional baseball over a span of sixty years.


One of the other candidate families I mentioned in the book was the Boyer family.  Headlined by Ken and Clete Boyer, this baseball family consisted of seven brothers, all of whom signed professional contracts.  Cloyd also played briefly in the big leagues, while Len, Lynn, Wayne and Ronnie reached varying levels in the minors.


Unless you are a baseball fan of the 1960s, chances are you may not know too much about Ken and Clete.  However, they both garnered attention by playing for World Series teams of the early-to-mid 1960s.  Both were Gold Glove winners, and Ken turned in a National League MVP performance in 1964.



Following are brief biographies of Clete and Ken Boyer.



Clete Boyer

Clete was signed out of high school as a “bonus baby” player by the Kansas City Athletics.  As such, he was required to stay on the Athletics’ major league roster for two years without being sent to the minors.  Only 18-years old when he made his major league debut on June 5, 1955, he played in 114 games during his first two full seasons, turning in relatively unproductive years for last-place teams.  His brother, Cloyd, also played on the 1955 Athletics team, which was Cloyd’s last year in the majors. 

Clete was traded to the New York Yankees on February 19, 1957, in a 13-player deal, but was not received by the Yankees until June 4, 1957, because he was required to complete the terms of his bonus arrangement with the Athletics.  He spent the remainder of the 1957 season and all of 1958 on Yankees farm clubs.


He made his major league debut with the Yankees in 1959, and proceeded to play as a regular on five straight World Series teams beginning in 1960, including two World Series championships.    He faced his brother Ken in the 1964 World Series against the Cardinals.  Both of the third basemen hit home runs in the Game 7 of the exciting Series.


Clete was considered a good glove man at the “hot corner”, but unfortunately his career overlapped that of Brooks Robinson of the Baltimore Orioles.  Consequently, Clete was always in the shadow of Robinson, who was widely regarded as the best fielding third baseman in the business.  Clete never did hit for high average, but did show occasional power.  A typical season consisted of 15 home runs and 55 RBI.


By 1965, the Yankee dynasty was over.  A large player turnover included Clete at the end of 1966, when he has traded to the Atlanta Braves.  That team was promising with such players as Hank Aaron, Joe Torre, Felipe Alou, and Rico Carty.  Clete enjoyed his best offensive season in 1967 with 26 home runs and 96 RBI and led the league in fielding percentage for third basemen.  However, Braves pitching was inconsistent and the team finished in a disappointing seventh place.  1968 was an off-year for Clete due to bone fracture in the wrist that caused him to miss the second half of the season. 

The Braves won their division in 1969 and Clete contributed his usual offensive standard, 14 home runs and 57 RBI, and garnered his first Gold Glove as well.  However, the Braves lost to the “Miracle Mets” in the first-ever league championship series.  Clete played two more major league seasons, but by this time the Braves franchise began a decline that would last until 1982.


Clete was involved in a gambling investigation in 1971, and he was ultimately fined by Commissioner Bowie Kuhn’s office for betting on college and pro football games during 1968-69.  This situation and disputes with the Braves’ front office contributed to his release by the Braves after 30 games in 1971.   Clete signed with Hawaii in the Pacific Coast League for the remainder of the season.  He later had the distinction of being the first American professional player ever traded to a Japanese League team when he was dealt to the Tayio Whales for John Werhas.


Following his stint in Japan, Clete returned to the Braves as a minor league coach, became third base coach for Billy Martin in Oakland for six seasons, and served as bench coach for the Yankees.  Over his 16-year career, Clete hit 162 home runs and 654 RBI and batted .242.  His fielding average was .966, 10th best on the all-time list of third basemen at the time of his retirement.



Ken Boyer

Ken was the best of three Boyer brothers to play in the major leagues.  He was one of five who played professionally in the St. Louis Cardinals organization.


Ken started his professional career as a pitcher in 1949.  Converted to an infielder, Ken made his major league debut on April 12, 1955, with the St. Louis Cardinals, the same year his brother, Clete, made his debut with the Kansas City Athletics.  Twenty-four-year-old Ken immediately won a starting job for the Cardinals as a third baseman.  He showed decent power from the very beginning when he hit 18 home runs and 62 RBI in his rookie season.  The next season proved he was no fluke, as he upped his production with 26 home runs and 98 RBI.  He selected for the National League All-Star team that year.


The versatile Ken emerged as a center fielder in 1957, making only one error in 105 games at that position.  But the acquisition of Curt Flood by the Cardinals after the 1957 season returned Ken to his original position in 1958.   Because of his speed, he hit his third inside-the-park home run in three weeks on June 14, 1959.  That same year he had a 29-game hitting streak that ended on September 13.  He continued to be an offensive threat with the Cardinals who were building a nucleus of players that would eventually lead to second-place and first-place finishes in 1963 and 1964, respectively.  An infield of Bill While, Stan Javier, Dick Groat and Boyer became one of the most formidable of that decade.  Battling future Hall of Famer Ed Mathews of the Braves for honors as the premier third baseman of the National League, Ken made consecutive All-Star teams from 1959 through 1964.


Ken captured National League MVP honors in 1964 based on 24 home runs and a league-leading 119 RBI.  The Cardinals raced the Phillies down to the wire for the pennant and won their first league crown since 1946.  The Cardinals brought down the curtain on the Yankees dynasty with a seven-game triumph in the World Series.  The turning point of the Series was Ken’s grand slam home run when the Cardinals were trailing two games to one and 3-0 in the sixth inning of Game 4.  He faced his brother Clete in the Series, and both of the third basemen hit home runs in the seventh game of the exciting Series.


The Cardinals’ tenure at the top of the league quickly diminished the next season when they finished seventh.  Ken was traded to the New York Mets following the 1965 season.  His production began to fall off, and consequently he spent time with three different teams over the next four seasons.  His final major league season was in 1969 with the Dodgers.


Over his 15-year career, he amassed 282 home runs, 1,141 RBI, 2,143 hits, 318 doubles and a batting average of .287.  He hit for the cycle on September 14, 1961, and June 16, 1964.  He is among the Cardinals’ top ten leaders in many offensive categories.


Ken returned to the Cardinals as their batting coach in 1971 and eventually became their manager in 1978.  He assumed the leadership role 19 games into the season, but was unable to change things significantly with his 62-81 record and 5th place finish in the Eastern Division.  He improved to a 3rd place finish in 1979 and subsequently was fired as manager after 51 games in 1980.  He died of cancer in 1982. 


Does Pete Rose Deserve a Pardon?

One usually tries to get a pardon in order to get out of jail early.  In Pete Rose’s case, he is seeking a pardon to get into the hallowed halls of Cooperstown, the Baseball Hall of Fame.  Rose has to feel like he’s been in jail since he received a lifetime ban from organized baseball in 1989 for betting on baseball games while he was manager of the Cincinnati Reds.  With the new Major League Baseball commissioner in place now, will Rose get a chance to make his appeal for re-instatement?

Because of the ban, Rose has not been eligible for induction into the Reds' or Baseball's Hall of Fame.  He also is not allowed to be involved in most on-field activities, which has prevented the Reds from retiring his uniform No. 14.

Rose has reportedly already contacted the Commissioner’s Office to request a meeting with baseball’s new head, Rob Manfred.  Obviously, the all-time career hits leader wants an opportunity to make his plea for re-instatement in the game and ultimately a chance to be included on the Hall of Fame ballot.  While previous commissioner Bud Selig refused to give Rose an audience, Manfred’s general approach to his new job seems to be more collaborative and inclusive.  Rose likely has his best shot now at getting his pardon.

There are two camps around the Rose re-instatement issue.

The hard-liners don’t believe Rose deserves a reprieve, now or ever, because he broke one of the cardinal rules of baseball, betting on games.  Furthermore, Rose angered a lot of people when he never apologized for his actions for more than fifteen years following his ban.  It wasn’t until his autobiography in 2004 that Rose admitted to betting on his team’s games.  In many people’s minds, these types of feelings overshadow the fact that Rose was indeed the “Hit King” as a major league player, amassing 4,256 hits in his career.  The folks in this camp point to Shoeless Joe Jackson, who never got a reprieve for his involvement in the 1919 Black Sox betting scandal.

More sympathetic followers argue that Rose committed his mortal sin following his fantastic playing career and that Rose, as the Reds’ manager, didn’t bet against his team.  This group contends that Rose’s performance on the field ranks among the all-time best in baseball and thus deserves an honorable place in baseball immortality.  No one played the game harder than Rose.  After all, his fierce playing style earned him the popular nickname of “Charley Hustle.”  The people in this camp point to a football reference, Paul Hornung, who was elected to the Football Hall of Fame despite the fact he was suspended for a season during his playing career in the 1960s for betting on football games.

Rose’s plight is similar to the current situation with hall-of-fame-worthy players who admittedly or allegedly took performance enhancing drugs.  Should they get a pass by voters when considering them for Hall of Fame election?

In 1997 Rose made an application for re-instatement to then commissioner Selig.  His application has now gone to Manfred’s desk.  One news account of Manfred’s position on the Rose situation said that he is open to speaking with Rose, although he says he has never reviewed Rose’s case.  Manfred offered no timetable for addressing it.

Rose, now 73, hopes that happens sooner rather than later.  Even if Rose was eventually re-instated in baseball, he’s probably past the age when he would be considered for a role in the dugout.  That’s a shame.  If you have listened to him in recent interviews talking about the game today, he’s still very much in tune with the players, the teams, and the strategies of baseball.   Most of his playing and managerial experience would still be relevant.  However, the fans in Cincinnati have never lost their loyalty to Rose over the years and would likely campaign for the Reds organization to find a useful place for him as a special assistant or senior advisor, actively involved in the game.

Since the Black Sox scandal and other incidents of gambling in the early days of baseball, the sport has taken a pretty hard stance when it came to gambling.  There was even a time when former major league stars Willie Mays and Mickey Mantle were warned by baseball officials about working post-career public relations jobs at casinos, or else they would have to disassociate themselves with organized baseball altogether.

No one’s advocating the sport soften its position on gambling.  But it seems like Rose has done enough time already.  Minimally, MLB should lift the ban on him such that he can pursue a job in baseball.  Let the team executives decide whether he can be of value to them.  But there should also be strong consideration for allowing him to be placed on the ballot for the Hall of Fame.  Let the baseball writers decide if he should be inducted.  I’m sure that’s what Rose is hoping for.

Padres Raise the Stakes in NL West

In uncharacteristic fashion, the San Diego Padres made a big splash during the off-season in executing a huge make-over of the team.  Their activity was capped off last week with the signing of pitcher James Shields, one of the top three free agents hurlers over the winter.  New Padres General Manager, A. J. Preller, effectively transformed the team from “the most boring in baseball”, as MLB Network analyst Steve Phillips labelled them, into one of the most intriguing clubs heading into the 2015 season.  On paper at least, they appear to be poised to make a run at the Dodgers and Giants in the National League West Division this season.

Preller made the entire baseball community sit up and take notice of the Padres, when he began acquiring some big-name players during the Winter Meetings in early December.  When other major league teams were ready to unload outfielders Matt Kemp, Justin Upton and Wil Myers, Preller was there to scoop them up.  As a result, the team instantly has a new, formidable middle of the batting order.  Admittedly each of these talented outfielders has had issues in their past, including injury-plagued seasons and living up to high expectations, but they certainly have the potential to have big offensive seasons.

The Padres also picked up other position players who will make strong bids to be in the starting lineup, after the team parted ways with former regulars Seth Smith, Yasmani Grandal, and Everth Cabrera.  Third baseman Will Middlebrooks, catcher Derek Norris, and second baseman Clint Barmes are respectable players who will provide comparable value for the Padres to offset their losses.

The Padres already possessed some nice arms in their pitching staff in Andrew Cashner, Tyson Ross, and Ian Kennedy.  Their team ERA last season was second in the National League at 3.27.  Their relievers finished third in Wins Above Average.  However, in the off-season the Padres added promising young starter Brandon Mauer, middle reliever Shawn Kelley, and veteran Brandon Morrow, who has been both a starter and reliever during his career.   The addition of Kemp, Upton, Myers and Norris will add much-needed offensive capability, which in turn will bring the pitchers more wins because of the run support these hitters bring.

As if all those acquisitions weren’t enough, the icing on the cake for the Padres was the addition of James Shields for the top of their pitching rotation.  In addition to the Padres being able to get Shields at a “hometown” discount, he will make everyone else on the staff better, as he did with his former teams, the Rays and Royals.  Shields brings instant credibility to a staff that needed a boost to reach “contender” status.

Indeed, the commitment to Shields made a statement to the rest of the league that the Padres intend to be serious contenders in 2015, if not for the division title, then certainly a wild-card playoff spot.  The Royals and Giants proved this past season that being a wild-card entry is good enough.  But the Padres have some recent history of mediocrity to overcome.

The Padres finished in third place in the NL West last season, 17 games back of the division-leading Los Angeles Dodgers.  The last time the Padres were relevant was in 2010, when they finished two games behind the Giants, who were the eventual World Series champs.  The Padres’ last playoff appearances were in back-to-back seasons in 2005 and 2006.

The Padres had a woeful offense in 2014.  They had the worst slugging percentage in baseball last season at .342, and their on-base percentage was a bleak .292.  They scored an average of 3.3 runs per game, lowest in the National League.  Thus, it seems Preller has effectively addressed those needs.

While both Chicago teams garnered a lot of attention during the Hot Stove season with their respective player acquisitions, I believe the Padres made more weighty improvements in their roster by addressing their deficiencies from last season.  Plus, Preller has established himself as a wheeler-dealer who won’t be bashful about making mid-season adjustments, if necessary, to keep the Padres in contention.

If the Padres are healthy and can achieve some team chemistry among their new players early in the season, the Giants and Dodgers better look out! 

Baseball Without Derek Jeter

Major league players report to spring training camps in ten days, but one person who won’t be there suited up in pinstripes is Derek Jeter.  It will be the first time in over twenty years the New York Yankees won’t have him in uniform and spikes, taking ground balls and getting his turns in the batting cage, to get ready for Opening Day.  That’s going to seem odd for the team, as well as the media and Yankee fans who flock to Florida at this time of the year.  All will miss that infectious smile Jeter exhibite, signaling everything was good with baseball.

Jeter retired from the Yankees last season in spectacular fashion.   He played his final game at Yankee Stadium amid sadness and jubilation. Fans and teammates were sorrowful he was saying good-bye to baseball, but thrilled to see him win one last game with a dramatic game-winning RBI.  It couldn’t have been scripted better for a movie.

However, Jeter seems to have already progressed to life-after-baseball.

There are reports he is interested in buying a professional sports team, having already considered ownership in the NFL’s franchise in Buffalo which was up for sale last year.  He launched a new book publishing business in partnership with Simon & Schuster, with a target audience seeking adult nonfiction, picture books, and middle grade school fiction.  His name brand will surely attract authors and readers.

Jeter also launched a new internet website,, aimed at providing a platform for professional athletes to share their views, experiences, and other first-person content directly to the public.  Sports Illustrated’s cover for the 2015 swimsuit issue features Jeter’s girlfriend, Hannah Davis.

So, it appears Jeter has moved on, but have we, as fans?

Who’s going to take Jeter’s place as the face of the Yankees?  As the face of Major League Baseball?  Do you recall the adulation he commanded at Fenway Park in the Yankee-Red Sox series that closed out the season last year?  TV broadcasts highlighted that now iconic poster one Red Sox fan waved during the series saying, “Fenway roots for no Yankee except Jeter.”

Who’s going to be the Yankee team captain, the guy everybody respects in the clubhouse and on the field?  Will there even be another captain, as Jeter was one of only a handful in all of Yankee history.

No more clutch hits to right field. No more diving catches into the stands.  No more leaping throws to first base from the deep part of the infield.  No more “Mr. November” heroics in the post-season.

And we won’t be hearing the legendary recording of former Yankee Stadium public address announcer Bob Shepphard declaring Jeter’s next at-bat, “Now batting for the Yankees, No. 2, Derek (pause) Jeter, No. 2.”

What’s baseball-after-Jeter going to look like?

The Yankees acquired Didi Gregorius from Arizona in the offseason to play shortstop.  They could have gotten Honus Wagner, who some historians consider the best shortstop of all-time, and it probably wouldn’t make a difference.  Filling Jeter’s shoes would be a tall order for anyone.  Unfortunately, 24-year-old Gregorius, with only 191 games of major league experience under his belt, will take the brunt of criticism for not measuring up to Jeter.

To compound the situation even further, the Yankees face the real prospect of having its first losing season since 1992, which will exacerbate the loss of Jeter.  The team didn’t do much during the off-season to bolster its lineup for 2015.  They apparently decided it will mainly rely on the recovery of an injury-plagued pitching staff and a cast of age 30+ players to make them competitive for the upcoming season.   Good luck with that!  Admittedly, Jeter was part of the aging player problem fans complained about, but if the Yankees indeed take a turn for the worse, ironically some Yankee fans will be calling for Jeter to ditch retirement.

When the Yankees acquired Curtis Granderson in 2010, I figured he would be groomed as the next “face of the franchise” for the Yankees after Jeter.  But that didn’t pan out, as the Yankees shipped Granderson to the Mets after the 2013 season.  No one else on the team sticks out as an obvious replacement.

It’s been speculated catcher Brian McCann will emerge as the Yankees’ clubhouse leader in place of Jeter, even though he’s only been with the Yankees for one season.  Unlike Jeter, McCann is more vocal, but he has the personal makeup and respect for the game that suggests he will actually be a good choice if he steps up to the challenge.

Maybe we’ll see Jeter at spring training one day, providing instruction to the organization’s rookies and prospects.  Maybe he’ll suit up for an annual Yankee Stadium old-timer’s game in August.  For sure, we’ll see him at the induction podium of the Baseball Hall of Fame five years from now, perhaps the first player ever to garner 100% of the votes.  Those events will definitely arouse memories of a player who was a class act on and off the field.

Jeter goes down as one of the Top 5 all-time great players in Yankees history, in the regal company of Ruth, Gehrig, DiMaggio, and Mantle.  However, even with the best of times and players for the Yankees of the future, there won’t be another Jeter and we’ll just have to get used to that.

20-Second Pitch Clock in Baseball Not Entirely a New Concept

Two weeks ago, it was announced the Triple-A and Double-A levels of minor league baseball will implement a 20-second pitch clock for the 2015 season.  This could eventually lead to implementation in the major leagues.  It is in response to an ongoing concern by Major League Baseball to address the pace of the game, since fans have complained for some time now that baseball games are taking too long and the flow of the game is too slow.  Consequently, MLB is concerned about the loss of interest by a significant portion of its fan base.

For years now, basketball has deployed a 24-second shot clock and football has used a 45-second play clock to control the flow of the respective games, but use of a clock in baseball seems like a radical move for a sport which is deeply entrenched in tradition.

However, a look back in baseball history shows that a pitch clock is not a brand new idea.

For similar reasons as today, in 1963 the Texas League, a Double-A minor league association, instituted what was termed a “20-90 second clock.  The new rule called for an automatic “ball” to be charged against a pitcher who did not make a delivery within 20 seconds of receiving the ball from the catcher, when no runners were on base.  Furthermore, at the conclusion of each half-inning, the teams were required to switch positions within 90 seconds.  The offending team incurred a fine for failure to comply with this part of the rule. The clock was managed by someone in the press box, as a siren was used to indicate the expiration of the times.

According to a June 8, 1963, The Sporting News article, the results after the first two months of the season were that league games were taking an average of 21 fewer minutes.  The article went on to say the rule change was generally applauded by players, managers and occasional fans.  However there were rumblings of disgruntlement by the concessions vendors for obvious reasons, while serious fans were more concerned about the quality of play rather than the elapsed time of the games.  One of the Texas League managers noted an unexpected benefit of pitchers demonstrating more control of their pitches-- issuing fewer walks--since they apparently became more focused by the pitch clock.

The Sporting News later reported the use of the pitch clock was deemed a success by Texas League officials and was authorized for the 1964 season as well.  I found a few references to the pitch clock during the 1965 season, but couldn’t readily find out how long it was actually implemented after that.

I reviewed the 2014 edition of the Official Rules of Baseball to see how the use of a pitch clock would mesh with current regulations.  What I found, which admittedly I had personally forgotten about, was that Rule 8.04 states “When bases are unoccupied, the pitcher shall deliver the ball to the batter within 12 seconds after he receives the ball.  Each time the pitcher delays the game by violating this rule, the umpire shall call ‘Ball’”.  Therefore, the pitch clock should be seen as a mechanism to consistently enforce an existing rule.  When is the last time we have seen a major league umpire enforce the existing rule?

In the 1970s, the average for a nine-inning baseball game in the major leagues was two hours and 30 minutes.  Now the regular season games average just under three hours.  Yankees-Red Sox matchups are notoriously longer, sometimes approaching four hours.  Many believe that television breaks during games are the main culprit, but that’s not entirely true.  Pitchers dawdling on the mound between pitchers, hitters leisurely strolling to their at-bats while their personal-choice music is blaring through the PA system, batters stepping out of the box on each pitch to make batting glove or other protective equipment adjustments, catchers making multiple visits to the mound each inning—all of these are contributing offenders to the increased length of games.

 A trial use of the 20-second pitch clock was used in 2014 for the Arizona Fall League, a post-season instructional league for the top prospects of the major league clubs.  Additionally, a few other proposed time-saving changes were tested to see if the overall elapsed time of games could be effectively reduced. They included a requirement of the hitter to keep one foot in the batter’s box during the entirety of an at-bat, time limits on pitching changes, not requiring a pitcher to actually throw four pitches to effect an intentional walk, and limiting timeouts for non-pitching changes to three per game.

For 2015, only the pitch clock and box initiatives will be transitioned to the minor leagues.

It’s been speculated that players will not fancy this new pitch clock rule if it becomes institutionalized in the major leagues.  I heard some player interviews on this topic over the past few weeks that seem to indicate the desire to speed up the game simply requires a mindset change by the players, managers, and umpires and does not necessitate the rigidity of a clock timer or some of these other restrictive rule changes.  The players’ union will indeed get a voice on the rule changes, so there will be an opportunity to see if some type of compromise agreement with Major League Baseball is forthcoming.

Despite the opposition of the game’s traditionalists, technological innovations, like the use of instant replay, and other rules changes have generally been good for the sport.  In the case of the pitch clock, we are able to look back 50-60 years to get a glimpse of the future.

Cubs Burdened with High Expectations in 2015

Fans and followers of the Chicago Cubs are desperate for a pennant-winning year, their last appearance in the World Series occurring in 1945 and last World Series championship in 1908. Their hopes for the upcoming season have been fueled by an aggressive, active off-season by Cubs front-office leaders Theo Epstein and Jed Hoyer.  But there’s a question about whether those expectations being set too high, at least for 2015.

It all started with the signing of Joe Maddon as manager during the offseason.  The Cubs dumped its previous manager, Rick Renteria, after only one season, when Maddon opted out of his contract with Tampa Bay at the end of the 2014 season.  Many people felt it was unfair or unethical for the Cubs to fire Renteria, but CEO Epstein wasn’t about to pass up the opportunity to lasso Maddon, one of the most highly regarded field managers in baseball today.

The move for Maddon, by itself, would probably have been enough to give Cub fans extreme optimism, since the team is seemingly on the verge of realizing the fruits of the re-building mission by Epstein and Hoyer, since they arrived in 2011.  The thinking was that Maddon would help complete the molding of the Cubs’ cadre of young stars and upcoming prospects, and the results of that foundation could begin as soon as 2015.  Consequently, most observers were hoping the Cubs would join the conversation for the playoff picture.

But the Cubs didn’t stop there.  They courted superstar pitcher Jon Lester, the top prize of the free-agent market during the off-season, with the prospect of his leading the Cubs in their long-standing pursuit to break the legendary “curse” surrounding the Cubs’ absence of a World Series championship.  After all, Lester had helped his former team, the Boston Red Sox, return to prominence.  Why couldn’t he do it again for the despairing South Siders?  Lester was won over by this unique opportunity and ultimately signed a long-term deal with the Cubs.

Without an ace on the staff already, the Cubs’ signing of Lester gave instant credibility to their plans.   The acquisition signaled that the Cubs were seriously thinking the 2015 campaign would not just be another throw-away season on their re-building path.

Then the Cubs made some off-season acquisitions for veteran position players to further complement the young team for the upcoming season.  Two-time all-star catcher Miguel Montero was swapped for two pitching prospects with the Arizona Diamondbacks.  Outfielder Dexter Fowler was acquired in a trade with the Houston Astros for infielder Luis Valbuena and righty pitcher Dan Straily.

The Cubs also got second baseman Tommy LaStella from the Atlanta Braves, perhaps giving more time for one of their prime prospects, Javier Baez, to develop in the minors a bit longer.  In a brief call-up last September, Baez showed legitimate signs of home run power, but also struck out a lot.

The core of the team for the future is being built around current all-star shortstop Starlin Castro and all-star first baseman Anthony Rizzo, both only twenty-five years old.  22-year-old right-fielder Jorge Soler made an impact in his rookie season last year.  Along with Baez, two of the Cubs’ other top minor league prospects, Kris Bryant and Addison Russell, are waiting in the wings to assume spots on the big league roster, future additions to that core.   The Cubs’ trading away of Valbuena opened up a starting lineup spot at third base for Bryant, who compiled 43 home runs last season between Double-A and Triple-A levels. The job will be his to lose in spring training.  Russell, an infielder who was the 11th overall pick out of high school in the 2012 draft, may be a couple of years away, however.

Following Lester in the starting rotation, the Cubs will be dependent on Jake Arieta and Travis Wood.  Neither is a legitimate No. 2 starter at this point, but they will put up the required innings of serviceable starters.  Unfortunately, the Cubs’ prospects for pitching are not as deep as their position players.  Kyle Hendricks and 33-year-old Tsuyoshi Wada each had thirteen starts in their rookie seasons last year and showed some promise, but it’s too early to tell if they will stick around for the long-term. 

The media’s reactions to the off-season activities of the Cubs have heaped a fair amount of pressure on the Cubs for the upcoming season.  As you might expect, the starving fans of the Cubbies have also created significant expectations for their team.   Last week, Anthony Rizzo, one of the faces of the franchise, added fuel to the fire by declaring the Cubs “World Series-worthy” in 2015.

Manager Joe Maddon is probably salivating over the challenges for the season, but I believe it’s premature to expect the Cubs to deliver on a playoff appearance for 2015.  The team is still comprised of a bunch of young, relatively inexperienced—albeit talented—kids.  They are still growing.  Plus, the National League Central Division has been getting tougher in the past few years.  To go from the doormat of the division to a division champion is a tall order.

So, maybe Cubs fans should be more realistically setting their sights on 2016 or 2017.  However, in today’s culture of instant gratification, the idea of waiting a couple of more years is usually not an acceptable alternative.

The Pitching Feat of the 1971 Orioles, Never Again

How many times have we heard the statement, “that’s a record that will never be broken?”  It is often used for individual records like Joe DiMaggio’s 56 consecutive games hitting streak and Pete Rose’s 4,256 career hits.

Here’s one for a team that I think falls into that category: the Baltimore Orioles featured four 20-game winners in the 1971 season. Of course, pitching in baseball has drastically changed in the last 40-45 years, so it’s not likely we’ll ever see this feat again.

Nowadays, starting pitchers are considered “workhorses” if they get in 30 starts and 200 innings for the season.  In measuring starting pitchers’ effectiveness, “complete game” stats have been superceded by “quality starts” ( a game in which a pitcher completes six innings yielding three earned runs or less).  Teams are now building their relief staffs with a specialist for each of the last three innings of a game.  Managers are quick to use the hook on starting pitchers to get a fresh arm from the bullpen in the game, even if they are ahead in the score.  On top of all that, pitch counts are frequently used as a gauge by managers to decide when to yank a starter off the mound.

The 1971 Baltimore Orioles was the last team to accomplish this feat, with pitchers Jim Palmer, Dave McNally, Mike Cuellar, and Pat Dobson each credited with 20 or more wins.  Not surprising, that team won the American League pennant.

Palmer is the most familiar name among this group, since he is in the Baseball Hall of Fame, but McNally and Cuellar were no strangers to 20-win seasons, having recorded four each in their careers.  In fact, that troika also recorded 20 or more wins for the Orioles during the previous season.  Dobson’s 20 wins in 1971 was the only season in which he accomplished this milestone, although the journeyman hurler would later come close in 1974 with 19 for the New York Yankees.

To contrast the Orioles’ accomplishment with today’s state of the game, there were only three pitchers in all of Major League Baseball with 20 or more wins last season: the Dodgers’ Clayton Kershaw, the Reds’ Johnny Cueto, and the Cardinals’ Adam Wainwright.

During the Atlanta Braves historic run of division championships during the 1990s and early 2000s, there was only one season when two of the Braves’ Hall of Fame pitchers on those teams, Tom Glavine, Greg Maddux, and John Smoltz, recorded 20 or more wins.

Prior to the Orioles’ achievement in 1971, the 1920 Chicago White Sox was the only other team, since 1900, with four 20-game winners.  There have been only 22 occasions in baseball history when a team had three 20-game winners in a season, the most recent being the Oakland A’s in 1973.

So, you can start to get a perspective of the significance of the Orioles pitchers’ historic season.

Here are some additional fascinating facts surrounding the 1971 Orioles’ season, to juxtapose with current pitching staffs.

Palmer, McNally, Cuellar and Dobson started all but sixteen games for the Orioles for the entire season.  All of today’s teams use five-man starting rotations, with some even having experimented with a rotation of six starters pitching every fifth day.

The Orioles’ foursome threw a total of 70 complete games for the season. In 2014, there were 118 complete games during the entire season—for all 30 teams.  The Giants and Cardinals teams tied for Major League Baseball lead with eight.

The 1971 Orioles used a total of 13 pitchers on the staff for the entire season, compared to 20 used by the 2014 Orioles.   The 2014 Texas Rangers used a total of 40 pitchers.

Indeed, it’s a different world in the game of baseball today.  Many of the performance standards of yesteryear, pitching and hitting, don’t exist anymore.  However, that shouldn’t detract from the fabulous performances of the four Orioles hurlers of that 1971 team.

It's a Tough Task Comparing Today's Stars with the Legends of Yesteryear

I’ve often wondered what some of the old-time baseball stars were really like, having only read about them, seen them in a few photos, and perhaps gotten a glimpse of them in a game-action shot from brief film snippets.  I have images in my mind that they were immortal players, true heroes of their day for many baseball fans. 

We only have raw career statistics and old newspaper accounts of these stars’ performances to rely on for references about their careers.  By contrast for today’s players, we have plentiful opportunities to watch their entire games or minimally catch their game highlights, practically every hour if you want it.   Additionally, countless TV sports shows, radio talk shows, and baseball blogs offer expert analysis and commentary about the performances of today’s players. 

So, how does one compare today’s superstars with the legendary players of the past?

This question was highlighted for me again during the post-election analysis of the Baseball Hall of Fame candidates last week.  There was a lot of discussion about where pitcher Curt Schilling and Mike Mussina finished up in the voting.  Several baseball analysts and journalists expressed dismay that these pitchers did not receive more consideration in the voting.  New-style metrics and a focus on peak performance years seem to indicate Schilling and Mussina are among the all-time best in several pitching categories. 

Indeed, Schilling and Mussina had noteworthy careers, but each fell significantly short of getting the required votes for election into the Hall this year.  However, unless we use metrics that provide valid comparisons across the generations of players, it’s practically impossible to assess their worthiness for induction.  We can’t use the old “eye test” for comparison, if we’ve never seen the players of yesteryear.

With my interests in Yankees history, I thought I would provide a retrospective look at one of those stars of yesteryear, pitcher Charles “Red” Ruffing.  He played during 1924 and 1947, was part of the Yankee dynasty of the 1930s and early 1940s, and was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1967.  Ruffing accomplished this despite the fact that he had lost four toes on his left foot during a mining accident as a teenager.

Ruffing’s career did not start out in Hall of Fame fashion.  As a pitcher for the Boston Red Sox in his first six big league seasons, he compiled a forgettable won-lost record of 39-93.  He led the American League in losses twice with 25 and 22, and his ERA was horrendously over 4.00 each year except one. However, Ruffing was pitching for some pretty bad Red Sox teams during that time, since owner Harry Frazee had gutted the team to cover his financial problems.

The Red Sox gave up on Ruffing and traded him to the New York Yankees in May 1930 for Cedric Durst and $50,000.  Still only 25 years old, he made an immediate turnaround with the Bronx Bombers, going 15-5 for the balance of the season. 

Then, over the next 12 seasons, Ruffing compiled 204 victories for the Yankees as they claimed six World Series titles, including four in a row between 1936 and 1939.  He was the Game 1 starter five times for the Yankees, compiling a 7-2 record and 2.63 ERA in Series competition.  Of course, Ruffing benefitted from playing on some great Yankee teams, with Ruth, Gehrig, Dickey, Lazzeri, Combs, Chapman, Crosetti, Rolfe, and DiMaggio providing much of the offense during that span.  Ruffing shared mound duties with hurlers like Lefty Gomez, Monte Pearson, Johnny Murphy, and Spud Chandler.  But Yankee Hall of Fame catcher Bill Dickey called Ruffing was the best pitcher he ever caught.

Despite his foot condition, Ruffing was drafted into the army during World War II and missed the 1943 and 1944 seasons.  He played sparingly over the next three seasons and finally retired in 1947 at the age of 42.

During his 22-year career, Ruffing won 272 games and lost 225.  Considering only his Yankee seasons, he compiled a 231-124 record and 3.47 ERA, including 40 shutouts.

The start of Ruffing’s career was not unlike that of another Hall of Fame pitcher, Sandy Koufax.  Koufax struggled with control problems for five seasons with the Dodgers before he made his breakthrough in the big leagues at age 25 in 1961.  In contrast to Ruffing, the remainder of Koufax’s career lasted only six more seasons (1961-1966), although he was the most dominant pitcher in the majors during those years.

Ruffing offers a good example of trying to compare current players with players of past generations.  His impact during his career certainly suggests he is worthy of his Hall of Fame status, yet both Mussina and Schilling have considerably higher values for Wins Above Replacement (WAR) for Pitchers than Ruffing.  Mussina ranks 24th and Schilling ranks 26th, compared to Ruffing’s 74th-place ranking.  Schilling (4.38, 2nd all-time) and Mussina (3.58, 17th all-time) rank considerably higher than Ruffing (1.29) in Strikeouts per Base on Ball.

Thus, you can see the dilemma the baseball writers have in casting their ballots for the Hall of Fame candidates.  But the ongoing debates are part of what makes this game so much fun to follow.


Baseball Sometimes Produces Politicians

Mario Cuomo, who served three terms as governor of New York from 1983 to 1994, died last week at the age of 82.   The son of Italian immigrants, he was a noted old-school liberal of the Democratic Party who turned down opportunities to run for U. S. President and hold a Supreme Court justice seat.  It’s a little-known fact that Cuomo once played professional baseball. 

Cuomo’s baseball career was brief, playing only one season in 1952 with a Class-D affiliate of the Pittsburgh Pirates.  The 20-year-old batted .244 in 81 games.  Perhaps he found hitting his law books easier than hitting fastballs.

Over the course of baseball history, there have been a number of major league players who sought careers in politics after their playing days.

One of the more notable in this category is Hall of Fame pitcher Jim Bunning, who served as United States Representative and Senator of his home state of Kentucky from 1986 through 2010.  Bunning is best remembered for pitching a perfect game for the Philadelphia Phillies against the New York Mets on Father’s Day on June 21, 1964.  It was the first perfect game thrown by a National League pitcher in 84 years.  Over his 17-year career, he compiled 224 wins and was second in career strikeouts at the time of his retirement in 1971.  Bunning’s career also included stints with the Tigers, Pirates, and Dodgers.

Former major league pitcher Wilmer “Vinegar Bend” Mizell served three terms in the U. S. House of Representatives from North Carolina during 1969-1975.  Prior to his political career, Mizell played nine seasons in the big leagues with the Cardinals, Pirates, and Mets.  His best year was in 1960 with the Pittsburgh Pirates, when they beat the New York Yankees in the World Series.  Mizell won 13 games for the Pirates that season and started one contest in the World Series.  Overall, his won-lost record was 90-88 in the majors.

Others politicians associated with baseball include Morgan Bulkeley, who was the National League’s first president in 1876.  He later became the 54th governor of Connecticut from 1889-1993 and served in the U. S. Senate from 1905-1911.  Bulkeley was elected to Baseball’s Hall of Fame in 1937.

John Tener was a pitcher in the early major leagues from 1888-1890, and he later served as a U. S. Senator from Pennsylvania during 1909-1910 and then held the governor’s office from 1911-1914.

Additional former major players who held national congressional offices include Fred Brown and Pius Schwert.

A number of ex-players held political offices at local levels, including Tookie Gilbert, who was elected civil sheriff of Orleans Parish in Louisiana, and Mickey Owen, who was a four-term sheriff of Greene County in Missouri.

In December, Mark Gilbert, who played seven games for the Chicago White Sox in 1985, was confirmed by the U. S. Senate as foreign ambassador to New Zealand and Samoa. He is the first former major leaguer to serve in this capacity.

If there were more recent major league players to go on to political office, who would the likely candidates be? Perhaps someone like Nolan Ryan, Frank Robinson, or Joe Torre, respected baseball veterans who have held responsible executive positions after their playing days.   Or Tony LaRussa who actually holds a law degree.   Tommy Lasorda probably would have made a good politician, since he has the gift of gab.  And then you have an unconventional player like San Francisco Giants outfielder Hunter Pence, who seems to have an uncanny way of rallying people behind a cause.

Are there any current players you would vote for in a political election?

A Short Hall of Fame Ballot for Me This Year

Baseball Hall of Fame voters cast their ballots last week for the 2015 inductees, with the results to be announced on January 6.  There remains a lot of controversy around the selection process, its guidelines, and its voters.  The related issues don’t appear will be resolved soon, so we’re stuck with the same archaic method of selection for another year.

Rather than trying to contribute to the ongoing debates on these issues, I’m going to jump straight to my “fantasy” selections for this year’s inductees.

To recap my votes from last year, I included Tom Glavine, Greg Maddux, Frank Thomas, Jack Morris, Lee Smith, Craig Biggio, Jeff Bagwell, Mike Piazza, Barry Bonds, and Roger Clemens.

Glavine, Maddux, and Thomas made it in on their first appearance on the ballot.  Jack Morris fell off the ballot for 2015 after his fifteen year of not receiving the required 75% of the baseball writers’ votes.

I’m sticking with the remaining six selections from 2014 on my 2015 ballot.  I realize I’m probably in the minority on Lee Smith (he only garnered 30% of the vote last year in his 12th year on the ballot), but I still maintain he is among the best all-time closers in the game.  I believe Smith’s selection is hampered by the fact that relief specialists don’t generally get as much consideration as starters do.  Missing out by only two votes last year, Biggio appears to be a shoo-in this year.  Although somewhat tainted by the perception of being PED users, Bagwell and Piazza received enough votes last year that seem to indicate they will eventually be elected, although perhaps not in 2014.  Bonds and Clemens, the two best players from the mid-1980s to the mid-2000s, should be elected, but won’t be unless there is a change in the attitude and perhaps the voting guidelines that embraces the steroid-era players.

That leaves four new players to be added to my list of ten for 2015.

In their first-year of eligibility, Randy Johnson and Pedro Martinez are newcomers on my list.  They both easily fall into the category as being among the “best players of their era.” Johnson was one of the most feared pitchers of his time—sort of a left-handed Bob Gibson, winning 303 games and claiming five Cy Young Awards.  Similarly, during a stretch of eight years from 1997 to 2004, Martinez won three Cy Young Awards, finished as runner-up two seasons, and had two other top four finishes for the award for best pitcher.  

Actually, I’m sitting on the fence on my last two selections for this year.

John Smoltz and Gary Sheffield, also in their first years of eligibility, are certainly top candidates.  Smoltz gets a lot of credit for contributing to the Atlanta Braves’ dominance in the National League during the 1990s, but I don’t put him in the same class as his Hall of Fame teammates, Glavine and Maddux. In fact, I put Smoltz behind Jack Morris who has been shut out for fifteen years on the ballot.  Sheffield is an “accumulator” of sorts for offensive statistics over a 22-year career, claiming only one league-leader title. Furthermore, I’m admittedly biased against him because he played for eight different teams during his career, never really establishing himself as a franchise player.  Therefore, I’m not casting my votes for either of these guys.

I haven’t really changed my opinion on carryovers from the 2014 ballot.  Tim Raines and Mike Mussina would be atop that list for me.  However, while they were indeed high-level performers, they fall below my dividing line that separates them from being among “the best of the best.”

Thus, I’m withholding the last two votes on my ballot.  I know that’s heresy among those who tout that voters should be trying to put players in, and not excluding them from, the Hall of Fame.  I appreciate that point of view, but I believe I would be changing my mind in future years for these players who are on the fence.  And I don’t think that’s right either.

Alas, the debates continue.