The Tenth Inning
 The Tenth Inning Blog
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Ranking the best father-son combos in MLB history

Father’s Day is a good time to recall some of the all-time best Major League Baseball father-son duos.

There have been over 250 combinations of fathers and sons to play in the majors since Jack Doscher became the original second-generation player in the majors in 1903.  They represent a little more than 1% of the 20,000+players to ever play in the big leagues.  Almost 35 of the sons were still active at the end of the 2020 season.

One would think sons of major leaguers have an advantage over other prospective professional players, because of their name.  That’s probably true.  A player with the last name of Biggio or Yastrzemski would likely attract a baseball scout’s attention more than a player with a last name like Smith or Jones. 

In fact, when many sons of major leaguers were growing up, they spent time with their dad in the clubhouse or during pre-game warmups and batting practice.  From that perspective, they have an advantage of being more comfortable in the major-league environment once they get there.  For example, during the heyday of the Cincinnati Reds “Big Red Machine” teams of the 1970s, sixteen Reds players had sons who went on to play professional baseball, including the sons of Pete Rose, Tony Perez, Ken Griffey, Lee May, and Hal McRae.  Cincinnati’s Riverfront Stadium was like a second home to their kids.

Furthermore, sons of major-league fathers probably had better access to advanced coaching when they showed potential in their developmental years in the sport.  They also had ready access to a father who could advise them how to handle the mental side of the game, such as how to deal with being in a hitting slump recovering from an injury.

However, having the same last name as a major league father obviously doesn’t guarantee success for a son aspiring to a professional baseball career like his father.  Sons of major leaguers usually have more pressure to excel.  Some of the second-generation players have struggled as much against their family name as they did against the opposition.  For example, sons who didn’t measure up to their father’s Hall of Fame careers include Eddie Collins Jr., Tim Raines Jr., Ed Walsh Jr., George Sisler Jr., and Joe Wood Jr.

Former major leaguer Moises Alou, son of former major-league player and manager Felipe Alou, perhaps said it best, “If you can’t hit, field, and throw, it doesn’t matter who your father is.

So who were the best father-son duos in the majors?  Who were those sons that managed to become good enough to follow in their father’s footsteps and have a respectable career themselves? The Bonds and Griffey duos are the most recognizable, but the rest of the list may not be as obvious.

Below are the Top 10 duos ranked by their combined Wins Above Replacement (WAR).  Pairs were eliminated where one of the players didn’t have a substantial major league career. (For example, Pete Rose had a WAR of 79.7, but his son played in only 11 career major-league games and actually had a negative WAR.)  Fathers are listed first in the below combinations.

Bobby (57.9) and Barry (162.8) Bonds

Total WAR 220.7.  Barry has the fourth-highest WAR in baseball history, which makes their ranking practically uncontested by any other duo.  He was a seven-time MVP for the Pirates and Giants and was selected to 14 all-star games.  He has a slash line of .298/.444/.607 and holds the major-league record for most career HRs (762).  His father Bobby finished in the Top 4 for MVP voting twice and was a three-time all-star selection.  He was noted for his combination of power and speed, connecting for 331 (107th all-time) career home runs and swiping 461 bases (51th all-time).  Both players were outfielders.

Ken Sr. (34.5) and Ken Jr. (83.8) Griffey

Total WAR 118.3.  Ken Jr. fulfilled his potential as the overall Number 1 of the MLB draft in 1987, by hitting 630 HRs (7th all-time) and 1,836 RBIs (16th all-time) while posting a career slash line of .284/.370/.538.  A thirteen-time all-star selection for Seattle and Cincinnati, he was a near-unanimous selection to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2006.  Ken Sr. was a member of two World Series championship teams with the Reds.  He posted a career batting average of .297 and was selected as an all-star in three seasons.  The father-son duo, who were both outfielders, became the first to play in a major-league game as teammates in 1990.

Felipe (42.2) and Moises Alou (39.9)

Total 82.1.  Felipe was the best of three brothers that all played in the majors at the same time.  A three-time all-star selection, he led the league in hits twice and in runs scored once.  A career .286 hitter with 206 HRs and 852 RBIs, he played for the 1962 World Series champion San Francisco Giants.  Moises finished third in the MVP voting twice, when he played for Montreal and Houston.  He was a six-time all-star who had a .303 career batting average with 332 HRs and 1,287.  Moises was a key member of the 1997 Florida Marlins that won its first World Series.  He was one of only a few major-leaguers to have played for his father as manager, when they were with Montreal.

Gus (15.4) and Buddy Bell (66.3)

Buddy Bell (66.3) and David Bell (15.3)

Total WAR 81.7 and 81.6.  Buddy is actually part of three father-son duos, including one with his father Gus and two with sons David and Mike.  A career .281 hitter, Gus was a four-time all-star selection with the Cincinnati Reds as an outfielder.  David was an infielder for 12 seasons, appearing in the World Series with San Francisco in 2002.  Buddy was the best of the three generations as a five-time all-star and Gold Glove winner at third base in six consecutive seasons.  He batted .279 with 201 HRs and 1,106 RBIs.  There have been only four occurrences of three-generation families in major-league history.

Sandy Sr. (10.5) and Roberto (67.1) Alomar

Total WAR 77.6.  Roberto is a Hall of Fame second baseman who was selected to 12 consecutive all-star teams and won 10 Gold Glove awards.  He was a career .300 hitter with 200 HRs, 1,135 RBI, and 474 stolen bases.  He won two World Series rings with Toronto.  Sandy Sr. was an all-star selection for one of his 15 seasons.  The infielder hit only .245 with only 13 HRs during his career.  Sandy Sr. had another son, Sandy Jr., who played 20 seasons in the majors, but didn’t have near the productive career as his brother Roberto.

Tony Sr. (69.2) and Tony Jr. (5.2) Gwynn

Total WAR 74.4.  Tony Sr. was a Hall of Fame outfielder who won eight batting titles, while compiling a career .338 average and collecting 3,141 hits.  He was selected as an all-star in fifteen seasons, while capturing five Gold Glove awards and seven Silver Slugger awards.  He appeared in two World Series for San Diego.  Tony Jr. was an outfielder during eight major-league seasons after being drafted in the second round of the 2003 MLB Draft by the Milwaukee Brewers.  It turned out he couldn’t hit like his father, as his career batting average was 100 points less.

Jose Sr. (54.4) and Jose Jr. (19.5) Cruz

Total WAR 73.9.  Jose Sr. had a career slash line of .284/.354/.420 in his 20 major-league seasons (19 with Houston).  The outfielder was in the Top 8 for National League MVP voting on three occasions.  An all-star selection in two seasons, he had 1,077 RBI and 317 stolen bases.  Jose Jr. was the third overall selection of the 1995 MLB Draft by the Mariners and went on to play 12 major-league seasons.  Ironically, he was traded during his rookie season in which he was the runner-up for Rookie of the Year honors.  A Gold Glove winner as an outfielder with the Giants in 2003, he was a career .247 hitter with 204 career HRs.

Craig Biggio (65.4) and Cavan Biggio (5.1)

Total WAR (70.5). Craig was voted into the Hall of Fame in 2015. He played three different positions for the Houston Astros: catcher, second base, and center field. He is 25th on the all-time hits list with 3,060. He was a seven-time all-star that won four Gold Glove awards and five Silver Slugger awards. He finished fourth and fifth in the NL MVP voting in 1997 and 1998, respectively. Cavan is only in his third major-league season, finishing fifth in the Rookie of the Year voting in 2019.

Mel Sr. (43.1) and Todd (22.9) Stottlemyre

Total WAR 66.0.  Mel Sr. won 15 or more games for the Yankees during six seasons, while totaling 164 career wins.  A five-time all-star selection, he posted an impressive career 2.97 ERA.  He started three games for the Yankees in the 1964 World Series against St. Louis.  Todd pitched for 14 major-league seasons during which he posted double-digit wins in eight seasons and compiled 138 career wins.  He was a member of two World Series championship teams with Toronto.  Mel Sr. had another son, Mel Jr., who pitched in one major-league season.

The recent rise to the majors for Vlad Guerrero Jr. and Cavan Biggio in the past few years has resulted in in a change in the father-son combo leaders. The Biggio combo pushed Yogi Berra and his son Dale from the last Top 10 List I compiled two years ago. The Berras had a combined WAR of 65.3. (Of course, Yogi provided the bulk of the value in their case.) In fact, 11th place is now occupied by the Vlad Guerrero (Senior and Junior) combo, who also edged out the Berras. The Guerreros’ combined WAR is currently 65.5. With Cavan Biggio and Vlad Guerrero Jr. still early in their careers, they could easily rise further in the Top 10 list.

The next five father-son combos after the Guerreros include George Sr. (56.3) and Dick (8.0) Sisler; Dizzy (49.6) and Steve (13.3) Trout; Maury (39.7) and Bump (16.5) Wills; Bob (27.4) and Bret (22.8) Boone; and Gary Sr. (30.4) and Gary Jr. (14.2) Matthews.


Game-fixing scandal shook Louisiana's Evangeline League in 1946

In addition to the minor-league Pelicans of New Orleans, other cities in south Louisiana helped formed a hotbed for professional baseball in the 1940s. The Evangeline League was one of 42 leagues that rebounded following World War II. (In 1943, the number of minor leagues had dropped to as few as nine.) Baton Rouge, Hammond, Houma, Abbeville, New Iberia, Thibodaux, and Alexandria fielded teams in the Evangeline League.

Among the Class D leagues in the country, the Evangeline League was one of the more popular from the standpoint of attendance. Times-Picayune sports columnist Bill Keefe contended that the level of play in the Evangeline League was not too different from Class A competition. 74 players from the Evangeline League would eventually become major leaguers. However, the league became the center of attention in 1946, not because of its popularity, but because of a betting and game-fixing scandal in which five players were suspended.

Houma had won the regular season title with an impressive 92-39 won-lost record and then went on to defeat Abbeville in the playoffs. The player suspensions were based on an alleged conspiracy between the players and New Orleans bookies to fix league playoff games.

The Black Sox scandal involving Chicago White Sox players during the 1919 World Series should have provided a stern warning that betting on baseball games could have serious consequences for the players. Yet it was suspicioned that fixing games was occurring in a number of baseball leagues, including the Evangeline League, in 1946.

In mid-December 1946 following an investigation, Evangeline League president J. Walter Morris reported the charges of “throwing games, betting against their own clubs and being in collusion with gamblers.” The scandal was discovered when Abbeville owner “was informed that some of his players had arranged with gamblers to throw games.” The accused players were summoned to appear before Judge W. G. Bramham, who was commissioner of the minor leagues.

On January 18, 1947, Bramham placed five Evangeline League players on the ineligible list, including Bill Thomas, Leonard Pecou (who prepped at Warren Easton HS in New Orleans), Paul Fugit, and Alvin Kaiser of Houma and Don Vettorel of Abbeville. Following the decision, Morris warned the league’s owners and managers that “we either have to clean the league up or close up.” He said, “Fighting the gamblers is like fighting cockroaches. You have to keep at it all the time.” George Trautman, incoming president of the National Association replacing Bramham who had retired, later declared all matters regarding the gambling allegations had been resolved and gave a clean bill of health to the Evangeline League for the 1947 season.

The league’s problems gave the sport a black eye and caused increased warnings within Organized Baseball, including the major leagues, for preserving the integrity of the game. Boxing and horse racing were facing similar issues around the same time.

However, the after-effects from the scandal didn’t seem to significantly hurt the Evangeline League. Attendance in the league in 1947 was 690,000, while 1948 saw 683,000 at the turnstiles. The 1946 season had a little over 700,000 for the league.

Some of the New Orleans area players who competed in the Evangeline League after the scandal included Lenny Yochim, Nolan Vicknair, and George Stumpf (New Iberia); Skeeter Theard, Fernand Lorio, Weldon Ploger, and Frank Azzarello (Thibodaux); Paul Bruno, Benny Plaia and Dick Callahan (Hammond); Pete Thomassie and Frank Mediamolle (Houma); and Tony Roig and Pete Catalano (Lafayette).

Hometown Hero Watch

Here’s an update on many of the 2021 major-league and minor-league players who prepped or played collegiately in the New Orleans area and southeast Louisiana. All stats are through Friday, May 28.

One of the highlights of the early major-league season was Wade Miley’s (Loranger HS, Southeastern) no-hitter. It is one of six that has occurred this season. Miley was an unlikely candidate for throwing a no-hitter since he has pitched only two complete games in his previous 10 seasons.

Kevin Gausman (LSU) has had the best start of his nine-year career with a 5-0 record and an impressive 1.53 ERA in 10 starts. He is the No. 1 starter in the Giants’ rotation and has been a key factor in the Giants’ contention for the NL West lead.

Reliever Will Harris (Slidell HS, LSU) missed the first month of the season due to an injury related to a blood clot in his right arm. Since joining the Nationals, he has had a rough start to his season with a 9.00 ERA and 1.667 WHIP in eight games.

Alex Bregman (LSU) has an impressive .319/.398/.481 slash line in helping the Astros’ current 2nd place ranking in the AL West. He has had multiple hits in 17 of his 41 games.

Alex Lange (LSU) made his major-league debut on April 10. He is being used as a reliever by Detroit. Mac Scolerer (Denham Springs HS, Southeastern) made his debut with the Orioles on Opening Day, then appeared in only one other game before going in the injured list with a shoulder injury. Scolerer is a cousin of former LSU pitching star and major-league player Ben McDonald.

Bryce Tassin (Southeastern) had two wins and two saves in seven games as a reliever for Lakeland in the Detroit Tigers farm system.

Mikie Mahtook (LSU) had an eight-game hitting streak for Triple-A Charlotte.

Hudson Haskin (Tulane) has had an impressive start with a .351 batting average and .467 on-base-percentage, 2 home runs, 15 RBIs, and 11 stolen bases for Delmarva in the Orioles system.


Alex Bregman—Astros (LSU) 43 G, .305 BA, .393 OBP, 6 HR, 25 RBI

Kevin Gausman—Giants (LSU)10 G, 5-0, 1.53 ERA, 64.2 IP, 76 SO

Will Harris—Nationals (Slidell HS, LSU) 8 G, 0-1, 9.00 ERA, 6 IP, 9 SO

Jacoby Jones—Tigers (LSU) 36 G, .170 BA, .275 OBP, 2 HR, 9 RBI

Kyle Keller—Pirates (Jesuit HS, Southeastern) 3 G, 0-0, 8.10 ERA, 3.1 IP, 4 SO

Alex Lange—Tigers (LSU)15 G, 0-1, 7.43 ERA, 13.1 IP, 16 SO

Aaron Loup—Mets (Hahnville HS, Southeastern) 17 G, 1-0, 2.77 ERA, 13 IP, 15 SO

DJ LeMahieu—Yankees (LSU) 47 G, .264 BA, .352 OBP, 3 HR, 14 RBI

Wade Miley—Reds (Loranger HS, Tulane) 8 G, 4-4, 3.50 ERA, 43.2 IP, 34 SO

Aaron Nola—Phillies (Catholic HS, LSU) 11 G, 3-4, 3.72, 65.1 IP, 76 SO

Austin Nola—Padres (Catholic HS, LSU) 18 G, .217 BA, .373 OBP, 1 HR, 11 RBI

Tanner Rainey—Nationals (St. Paul’s HS, Southeastern) 17 G, 0-2, 9.49 ERA, 12.1 IP, 15 SO

Jake Rogers—Tigers (Tulane) 10 G, .200 BA, .226 OBP, 1 HR, 3 RBI

Mac Sceroler—Orioles (Denham Springs HS, Southeastern) 2G, 0-0, 7.36 ERA, 3.2 IP, 6 SO

Riley Smith—Diamondbacks (LSU) 11 G, 1-3, 6.00 ERA, 36.0 IP, 17 SO

Andrew Stevenson—Nationals (St. Thomas More HS, LSU) 41 G, .225 BA, .292 OBP, 2 HR, 9 RBI

Justin Williams—Cardinals (Terrebone HS) 46 G, .156 BA, .264 OBP, 3 HR, 9 RBI


Greg Deichmann—A’s (Brother Martin HS, LSU) 17 G, .296 BA, .457 OBP, 1 HR, 6 RBI, 2 SB

Ryan Eades—Astros (Norshshore HS, LSU) 6 G, 0-1, 3.52 ERA, 7.2 IP, 5 SO

Jake Fraley—Mariners (LSU) 6 G, .389 BA, .522 OBP, 2 HR, 2 RBI

Ian Gibaut—Twins (Tulane) 7 G, 0-2, 12.54 ERA, 9.1 IP, 13 SO

Nick Goody—Yankees (LSU) 8 G, 1-1, 3.48 ERA, 10.1 IP, 16 SO

Mikie Mahtook—White Sox (LSU) 16 G, .241 BA, .311 OBP, 4 HR, 7 RBI

Reeves Martin—Mariners (UNO) 5 G, 0-2, 8.10 ERA, 6.2 IP, 4 SO

Michael Papierski—Astros (LSU) 15 G, .354 BA, .483 OBP, 1 HR, 9 RBI

Kramer Roberston—Cardinals (LSU) 19 G, .245 BA, .365 OBP, 2 HR, 7 RBI, 2 SB

Tate Scioneaux—Rockies (Riverside HS, Southeastern) 8 G, 0-0, 0.00 ERA, 9.2 IP, 13 SO


Cole Freeman—Nationals (LSU) 18 G, .246 BA, .297 OBP, 1 HR, 7 RBI, 4 SB

Kody Hoese—Dodgers (Tulane) 18 G, .158 BA, .198 OBP, 0 HR, 4 RBI

Shawn Semple—Yankees (UNO) 5 G, 0-2, 5.09 ERA, 17.2 IP, 16 SO

Bryan Warzek—Dodgers (UNO) 8 G, 3-1, 2.45 ERA, 14.2 IP, 19 SO


Nick Bush—Rockies (LSU) 4 G, 1-0, 1.59 ERA, 17 IP, 20 SO

Daniel Cabrera—Tigers (John Curtis HS, Delgado, LSU) 20 G, BA .231, .307 OBP, 2 HR, 13 RBI, 4 SB

Brendan Cellucci—Red Sox (Tulane) 5 G, 0-1, 12.60 ERA, 5 IP, 9 SO

Antoine Duplantis—Mets (LSU) 16 G, .265 BA, .342 OBP, 1 HR, 6 RBI, 2 SB

Cody Grosse—Mariners (Southeastern) 12 G, .286 BA, .432 OBP, 0 HR, 4 RBI, 2 SB

Zack Hess—Tigers (LSU) 8 G, 0-1, 7.27 ERA, 8.2 IP, 16 SO, 2 SV

Eric Orze—Mets (UNO) 6 G, 0-1, 5.19 ERA, 8.2 IP, 10 SO, 1 SV

Todd Peterson—Nationals (LSU) 3 G, 0-0, 13.50 ERA, 2.2 IP, 3 SO

Zach Watson—Orioles (LSU) 18 G, .232 BA, .299 OBP, 2 HR, 10 RBI, 6 SB


Hudson Haskin—Orioles (Tulane) 19 G, .351 BA, .467 OBP, 2 HR, 15 RBI, 11 SB

Chase Solesky—White Sox (Tulane) 4 G, 0-2, 4.26 ERA, 12.2 IP, 20 SO

Bryce Tassin—Tigers (Southeastern) 9 G, 2-0, 1.46 ERA, 12.1 IP, 15 SO, 3 SV


Tyree Thompson—Rangers (Karr HS) 4 G, 0-0, 2.61 ERA, 10.1 IP, 9 SO

Pursuit to attend a game in every MLB stadium gets a re-boot

The COVID-19 pandemic has taken its toll on a lot of things in the past 15 months. Some were more sobering than others. For example, it’s tragic that our nation lost so many lives to the terrible scourge. It’s disheartening that the nation’s children were largely set back in their educational development. But one of the less serious impacts was the disruption in 2020 to my son’s and my pursuit of attending a game in every MLB stadium. Once it was announced that fans could return to attending games in-person this season, we were happy to hit the re-boot button on our plan.

I had 12 stadiums and Lee had 13 on our respective lists of current stadiums we had not been to. Lately our strategy has been to pick an area of the country each year where we can get in at least two new stadiums in one trip, so that we can accelerate ticking them off our lists. For example, in 2019, we went to Wrigley Field and Guaranteed Rate Stadium in Chicago and Miller Park in Milwaukee. The year before, we took in games at Dodger Stadium and Anaheim Stadium in Los Angeles and Petco Park in San Diego.

The Midwest and West Coast offered the best opportunities to continue our approach of multiple cities in one trip. However, MLB didn’t publish the entire schedule for each team at the beginning of the season, so it would have been difficult back in March to plan a trip much in advance of 30 days. Then we weren’t sure about whether there would be disruptions in the MLB schedules because of potentially continued spread of the coronavirus on a large scale. Plus, in March most stadiums were still planning to allow only a percentage of capacity to attend games.

With all these uncertainties, we went to a “simple” Plan B--just go to a new stadium in a single city in the near-term, in order to assure ourselves we wouldn’t be shut out altogether again this year.

Lee routinely travels to the Dallas area and Tampa for his work. Thus, with the new Globe Life Park in Arlington and Tropicana Field in Tampa on our not-yet-attended list, those were our immediate candidates.


So, last week we took in two games in Arlington to see the Texas Rangers face the New York Yankees. There was no limit on attendance by the state of Texas’ pandemic rules. I got a double bonus since the Yanks are my favorite team. By the way, this was the third different Texas Rangers stadium I’ve been to.

The Rangers’ new Globe Life Field is adjacent to their previous baseball stadium and is in the proximity of Jerry’s World (AT&T Stadium). The façade of the stadium doesn’t have a traditional baseball stadium look-and-feel. It’s more similar to a super-large airplane hangar.

Watching the game in the new ballpark was a lot like being at Houston’s Minute Maid Field. The stadium features a retractable-roof, and its left field has the large glass windows. Except Globe Life doesn’t have a choo-choo train or an area similar to the Crawford boxes at Minute Maid. But it does have field-level suites between the dugouts, which looked pretty cool. Like Busch Stadium in St. Louis, Globe Life has a large, covered entertainment arena outside the stadium (called Texas Live!) with giant TV screens, bars, and BBQ for pre- and post-game activities. Inside the stadium, we found the ballpark food was only average—nothing distinguishing it from the other MLB stadiums, like the huge Primanti Brothers sandwiches at Pittsburgh’s PNC Park.

The Rangers and Yankees split the two games we saw. We got to see the Yanks’ ace Gerrit Cole, one of the top three pitchers in the majors. However, we were disappointed that the Rangers chased him early in the game with a couple of home runs and several other extra-base hits. We also got to see former Mississippi State star Nate Lowe who plays first base for the Rangers, but he went hitless in the two games. We weren't disappointed when we saw Yankees closer Aroldis Chapman end the game on Tuesday with a 102 mph fastball strikeout. He was "throwing smoke" as they say. We kicked ourselves later for not getting tickets for the third game in the series, because the Yankees’ Corey Kluber pitched a no-hitter against the Rangers on Wednesday night. Oh, well.

Unlike many of our previous baseball trips, we didn’t get to experience any new Italian restaurants. With Lee’s work schedule last week, there just wasn’t any time to fit that in.

So, now there are 11 remaining stadiums on my list which includes Tampa, Atlanta, Cleveland, Detroit, Cincinnati, Minneapolis, Denver, Arizona, Oakland, Seattle, and New York (Citi Field). By the way, there are 13 major-league stadiums I have attended which are no longer in use, the first being in 1962 at Baltimore’s Memorial Stadium.

I can see a quick Southwest Airlines trip to Tampa to knock out Tropicana Field later this season, or perhaps a six-hour drive to Atlanta to watch a game in their relatively new Truist Park. Lee says we better get busy with our plan, or else he will be rolling me around in a wheelchair.

Flashback: Charlie Gilbert a member of renowned New Orleans baseball family

Charlie Gilbert had a storied prep career in New Orleans in the 1930s, helping Jesuit High School win numerous high school and American Legion championships. Under the guidance of his father Larry Sr., a former major-league player and later the manager of the New Orleans Pelicans and Nashville Vols, Charlie reached the majors in 1940 as a 20-year-old, highly-touted prospect.

There have been only 266 father-son duos in the major leagues, a rarity when considering there have been nearly 20,000 players in big league history. Larry Sr.’s only two major-league seasons occurred in 1914 and 1915, but his claim to fame as a player was being a member of the “Miracle Braves” that won the World Series in 1914. When Charlie was promoted to the majors, they were among the first 30 pairs of fathers and sons to reach the majors.

The Gilbert baseball family ties were extended when Charlie’s younger brother Tookie also developed into a high school phenom. Tookie received a hefty $50,000 bonus to sign his first pro contract with the New York Giants and got his promotion to the big leagues in 1950 as a 21-year-old. Thus, the Gilberts became only the third family with a major-league father and two major-league sons. Even today there have been only 13 such families since the major leagues’ inaugural season in 1871.

Older brother Larry Jr. had become the first Gilbert brother to play professionally, logging two seasons in the minors (including one with his father’s Pelicans team), before being forced to quit the game due to a heart problem. Charlie followed in Larry Jr.’s footsteps in 1934 as a baseball star for Jesuit. In addition to playing baseball, Charlie ran track and was captain of the Jesuit basketball team during his senior season in 1937. He made the city’s All-Prep baseball team in three seasons.

During Charlie’s tenure at Jesuit, the Blue Jays won four Louisiana state championships. His 1936 team went undefeated and became known as one of the more lauded in New Orleans prep history. Every member of the starting lineup, including two pitchers, were named to the Times-Picayune All-Prep team. Six of the members eventually signed pro contracts, including Connie Ryan and Fats Dantonio who also reached the majors. Another teammate, George Digby, became a long-time major-league scout.

Since Charlie was only 16 years old when he graduated from high school, his father didn’t allow him to immediately enter the pro ranks. He arranged for Charlie to play in an Alabama semi-pro league during the summer of 1937. He followed that with a standout season for a North Carolina semi-pro team in the Tobacco State League in 1938, when he batted .367 and stole 30 bases.

Larry Sr. left the Pelicans after 15 seasons and became manager and part-owner of the Nashville Vols in 1939, bringing Charlie with him to play under his tutelage. Charlie was impressive in his professional debut season batting .317 with 14 home runs in 144 games. He drew comparisons to his father as a speedy, slick-fielding outfielder.

Nashville was an affiliate of the Brooklyn Dodgers, who felt they were on the verge of winning their first National League pennant since 1920. Charlie was among several young players from their farm system, including Pee Wee Reese, the Dodgers believed could help immediately, so they negotiated with Larry Sr. to purchase 20-year-old Charlie. The signing added a $30,000 bonus to the Gilbert family’s coffers. (When Larry Sr. had negotiated his contract with Nashville, one of the conditions was that Charlie would not become their property if he played for them.)

Expectations were high for Charlie as he joined the Dodgers out of spring training in 1940. When he hit two home runs and four RBIs in his third major-league game, it appeared he was going to deliver on his potential. But Charlie failed to produce in his next 43 games (no home runs and only three more RBIs), causing the Dodgers to swap him with Pete Reiser from their Triple-A affiliate in Montreal.

The Dodgers gave up on Charlie in 1941 by trading him to the Chicago Cubs in May. His lack of production eventually relegated him to pinch-hitting and late-inning replacement roles by season’s end.

Charlie spent the entire 1942 season with the Cubs but he continued to struggle at the plate (.184 average, no home runs and seven RBIs in 206 plate appearances). The Cubs wanted to send him down to one of their Triple-A clubs in 1943, but Charlie requested to go back to Nashville to play under his father’s wing again. His offensive production helped the Vols win the league title, as he posted a slash line of .328/.423/.471, with 7 homers and 68 RBIs in 122 games.

Charlie missed the entire 1944 and 1945 seasons after enlisting in the Navy during World War II. He was stationed in Hawaii where he was able to play baseball on service teams. He was released by the Navy in February 1946, during the time when many major leaguers were returning from military service.

He started the 1946 season with the Cubs, but still wasn’t able to hit major-league pitching. He was purchased in mid-June by the last-place Philadelphia Phillies, where he saw considerable playing time. While he was performing well defensively, he hit only one home run and 18 RBIs in 307 plate appearances for the season.

Despite his poor performance, the Phillies kept him on their roster for the entire 1947 season. Yet the results were similar to the prior season. Over half of his appearances came in pinch-hitting situations. He finished with a .237 average with two home runs and 10 RBIs.

Larry Sr. was in his last season as Nashville’s manager in 1948, when he purchased Charlie outright from the Phillies. Charlie arrived with a newly-found power stroke, smacking seven home runs in his first four games. By June 1 he had 18 homers. He explained his success, “They told me in the majors I wasn’t a power hitter, so I became a place hitter. Now I’ve changed my stance and I’m swinging the way I want to. That’s the new difference, ‘my new swing.’” Charlie finished the season with 42 home runs and 100 RBIs, batting .362 and setting Southern Association records for runs score and walks. He was a key contributor to Nashville’s winning the regular-season league title.

The Boston Braves, Larry Sr.’s old team, selected Charlie in the annual major-league draft in late 1948. However, neither Charlie nor his father were thrilled about his going to Boston. Charlie was reportedly satisfied to stay in Nashville. He was being rumored as a potential replacement for his father as manager.

In late January 1949, Charlie notified the Braves that he had been diagnosed with a separation in his fifth lumbar vertebra, resulting from a back injury suffered at the end of the 1948 season. The Braves placed him on the disabled list, and at age 29 Charlie’s playing career was over.

Charlie didn’t wind up managing Nashville but did serve as their business manager for several years. He returned to New Orleans where he worked in the civil sheriff’s office for over 20 years as a real estate auctioneer. He died at age 64 in New Orleans on August 13, 1983.


Charlie’s career was an enigma. Had he shown the kind of offensive production in the majors that he demonstrated in his three seasons playing for his father in Nashville, Charlie could have had a much different career. Perhaps he needed more seasoning before being rushed to the majors. Maybe he wasn’t able to handle the pressure of the high expectations set for him. Or as he put it, maybe it just was a matter of him swinging the way he wanted to.

The Gilbert brothers and other Metro New Orleans area high school players that went on to play at the collegiate and professional levels can be viewed in an extensive catalog by clicking here. The list is sorted by high school.

Player Database Reflects Evolution of Baseball in New Orleans

Each year around this time, I make updates to my Metro New Orleans Area Player Database, which catalogs baseball players who competed in high schools in the metropolitan area and then went on to play at the collegiate and professional levels. The scope of the high schools in the database includes both public and private schools on the East Bank, West Bank, North Shore, and River Parishes.

I first started the digital compilation of players about 15 years ago with 300 entries, and now the database has grown to over 1,950. Most of the new updates each year now come from college media guides. The older players have come from a variety of sources, including research of newspaper archives, major-league team media guides, and internet databases. My local SABR colleagues who grew up in New Orleans have provided countless inputs and corrections. On many occasions, I have gotten inputs directly from the players themselves, who want to be included in the compilation.

In many ways, the database contents reflect the evolution of high school, college, and professional baseball in the New Orleans area.

The earliest dates of high school players in the database begin around 1910, at schools which no longer exist, such as Boys High, Rugby Academy, and McDonough-Jefferson. In the 1930s Jesuit, Warren Easton, S.J. Peters, Holy Cross, Fortier, and St. Aloysius started to become regular sources of players who advanced beyond high school play.

College baseball scholarships didn’t become available until the early 1940s, with Tulane and Loyola being the predominant local universities that some high schoolers advanced to over the next two decades. However, most players advancing their careers went straight into the professional ranks.

Baseball’s minor-league farm systems grew exponentially, beginning in the mid-to-late 1930s and into the 1940s. To fill minor-league rosters, high schools became the primary source. Major league organizations looked to the New Orleans area as a popular area to recruit players, especially since the city hosted the minor-league New Orleans Pelicans and several other South Louisiana cities fielded teams in the Evangeline League. For example, the 1936 class of Jesuit High School had seven of its starters eventually sign professional contracts. A 1939 Times-Picayune article reported over 100 New Orleans players in the professional ranks. in 1944, seven of the players in the Pelicans’ starting lineup were native New Orleanians.

Colleges began to elevate their baseball programs in the early 1970s to the same level as football and basketball. Local high school players started to populate colleges like LSU, Tulane, University of New Orleans (originally LSUNO), Delgado Community College, Southeastern Louisiana, and Nicholls State in larger numbers. Southern University and Grambling attracted many of the best Black ballplayers in the area.

However, most of the larger universities have now turned to recruiting nationally, which affects the number of scholarships awarded to local players. Consequently, community colleges and smaller universities in New Orleans provide an expanded opportunity to play at the next level for many local ballplayers.

Delgado Community College has developed into a perennial breeding ground for major-college programs throughout the South, but especially in Louisiana. Within the last couple of years, Nunez Community College launched its inaugural baseball program, while Xavier University of Louisiana re-instituted its baseball program after a 60-year absence. Loyola University, which is experiencing a resurgence in its program this season, has been another prominent destination.

The number of players being drafted out of high school and going directly to the minors has diminished over the years. This is partly due to major league teams increasingly looking more to the college ranks for players who have already developed their skills due to advanced player development efforts by college coaching. Another reason is that MLB has increased its recruiting and player development efforts in the Latin American countries.

The number of New Orleans area players in the professional ranks is not at predominant as it used to be, now in the 15 to 20 range. I believe this is attributable to the fewer number of local players in major-college (NCAA Division 1) programs, where major-league teams focus their recruiting and draft efforts.

After I complete the update of my database for the 2021 college season, I’ll report back on some of the details of where local players are coming (high school) from and where they are going to (college).

Flashback: Shaw's Greg Yarbrough a man among boys

Last week someone posted a question on the SABR discussion group I belong to about whether San Diego Padres rookie pitcher Ryan Weathers held the record for lowest ERA for a high school pitcher. The writer stated Weathers had an ERA of 0.09, giving up one earned run in 76 innings for a Tennessee high school in 2018.

The question immediately brought to mind Greg Yarbrough, a senior teammate of mine at Shaw (MS) High School in 1967.

Greg had Weathers beat, since he gave up no (zero) earned runs on his way to a 12-0 record that included four no-hitters. The left-hander allowed only 12 hits the entire season and struck out 194 of 257 batters faced. Greg led our team to the Mississippi Class BB state championship over Woodville. Shaw had lost to Woodville in the state finals the year before. Revenge was nice.

It often seemed like Greg was pitching to Little Leaguers in the way he overpowered opposing batters. His rising fastballs and sharp curves left many batters standing at the plate after striking out, trying to figure out what they had just seen. Of course, this was a time before radar guns were used to measure pitchers’ speed. But I don’t’ think I’m exaggerating to say I believe Greg must have thrown in the low 90s on a good day, which was pretty much every game. Fifty years ago, 90 mph was the velocity many major leaguers aspired to.

Defensive shifts have been used extensively in the majors in the last 5-6 years. Well, our team used a shift back then, but not because we had a ton of data on batter tendencies like they do today. It was actually pretty simple. Most of the right-handed hitters couldn’t get around on their swings against Greg’s fastball; and when they did make contact, which wasn’t too often, they’d invariably hit it in the hole between first and second base. Consequently, as the second baseman, our coach had me routinely cheating over toward first base to prevent any grounders from making it through the hole. Heck, we were just ahead of the times!

Greg was intimidating to most of the batters he faced. It was understandable, since he would strike out almost 75% of the hitters that came to bat. I recall one game in the playoffs against the team from DeKalb, in which one of the opposing players told me after game, “We probably should have just forfeited this game against that guy (Greg).”

Greg was selected by the San Francisco Giants in the 28th round of the 1967 MLB Draft following his senior season. This was before professional signing bonuses became outrageous, and as the 28th pick, Greg didn’t likely get offered much to sign. (For example, the Giants’ first-round pick in 1967, Dave Rader, only got $22,000.)

Instead, Greg opted to accept a baseball scholarship offer from Mississippi State University. Ironically, the person who represented State in the signing process was Boo Ferriss, a former Shaw High pitcher who eventually became a star major-league pitcher. Boo was working in MSU’s athletic department at the time.

The jump to the collegiate level of baseball in 1968 didn’t seem to faze Greg. In his second start for the Bulldogs in the prestigious National Collegiate Tournament in Riverside, California, he led them to a 4-1 victory over Tennessee. Vols hitters must have felt like the Little Leaguers that day, as Greg struck out 13, tying a tournament record. Oh yeah, he also hit a two-run homer. Greg went on to post a 5-4 record in nine starts for the Bulldogs. He pitched five complete games and had an impressive 2.85 ERA.

He decided to leave school and signed with the Giants organization for the 1969 season. He was sent to Great Falls, Montana, where he played in the rookie Pioneer League. He made 16 appearances, mostly in relief, posting a 2-0 record and 4.34 ERA. He was still striking out hitters at a high rate, 38 batters in 29 innings pitched.

However, Greg didn’t play another pro season, leaving baseball at 20 years of age. He remained a high school legend in the Mississippi Delta region for many years. Opposing players from his era certainly remembered him long after competing against him. Here are a couple of examples I’ve personally witnessed. Years ago, I had the opportunity to meet Archie Manning at a company function at which he was a guest speaker. When I introduced myself to Archie and mentioned I was from Shaw (about 25 miles from his hometown of Drew), he immediately recalled he had played against Greg and marveled at how impressive he was. I recently ran across Phil Greco, who now lives in the New Orleans area. A multi-sport athlete originally from the Delta in Leland, Phil had his own memories about batting against Greg.

When I watch today’s major-league pitchers, I often wonder how Greg would have fared if he had stayed in the game. Of course, it would be purely speculation. But I do know this: back in 1967, Greg was a man among boys playing the game of baseball.

16-year-old Jesuit star Putsy Caballero helped fill major-league rosters during World War II

World War II took its toll on America in countless ways. And major-league baseball was no exception. In January 1942 President Franklin Roosevelt supported the continuance of professional baseball, despite many other war-time restrictions implemented throughout the nation. However, with many young men being pressed into military service, a shortage of players in the majors developed.

One of many players who had an improbable ascent to the majors during that time was Ralph “Putsy” Caballero. He had graduated from Jesuit High School in 1944 at age 16, after a celebrated prep baseball and basketball career. A few months later he was on the Philadelphia Blue Jays (a nickname the team used in 1944 and 1945 in lieu of the Phillies) roster making his major-league debut.

New Orleans was a familiar place for major-league scouts. The local high schools were producing numerous professional prospects that had recently included future major leaguers Charlie Gilbert, Howie Pollet, Mel Parnell, Jack Kramer, and George Strickland. Pitching phenom Dick Callahan from Holy Cross High School in New Orleans signed a contract in 1944 to play for the Boston Red Sox organization, and it included a bonus of $15,000, an unheard of amount at the time.

Caballero continued to play American Legion baseball after graduation, as he had done during several prior summers. He already had an offer to attend Louisiana State University on a dual baseball and basketball scholarship, but that didn’t stop him from entertaining offers from professional teams. One of his suitors was the New York Giants, with whom New Orleans native Mel Ott was the player-manager. When Philadelphia offered a lucrative $8,000 signing bonus, his father advised Putsy to accept it and forgo college.

Because of the shortage of professional players, Philadelphia decided to send Caballero directly to their major-league club. Essentially, he swapped his Jesuit Blue Jays uniform for one with the Philadelphia Blue Jays. Their management wanted to get a first-hand look at him in a major-league environment in preparation for the 1945 season. He was almost 13 years younger than the average age of position players in the majors at the time.

Caballero made his major-league debut on September 14, 1944, against the New York Giants in a lopsided loss by Philadelphia. He was a late-inning defensive replacement at third base and popped out in his only at-bat. He appeared in three more games with Philadelphia that season and failed to get a hit in three more at-bats.

Interestingly, Caballero wasn’t the youngest player to appear in the big leagues. Earlier in the season, 15-year-old Joe Nuxhall made his pitching debut with the Cincinnati Reds, still the record for youngest major-leaguer. Carl Sheib (Philadelphia Athletics) and Tommy Brown (Brooklyn Dodgers) were also 16 years old (a few months younger than Putsy) when they made their major-league debuts in 1944.

Twenty-five-year-old Fats Dantonio was another native New Orleanian who made his debut late in the same season with the Brooklyn Dodgers. His promotion to the big leagues was another example of baseball’s difficulty in filling rosters with experienced replacements. He lacked the usual experience of playing at a high level in the minors before reaching the majors. Dantonio wound up playing in only 50 games during his two major-league seasons.


Caballero started out the 1945 season with Philadelphia but was soon sent to the minors for more seasoning. It turned out he had been rushed too quickly to the majors. He didn’t win a full-time job with the Phillies until the 1948 season.

The highlight of his career came in 1950, when still only 22 years old he was a member of the Phillies’ “Whiz Kids” team that won the National League pennant, their first since 1915. He was used mostly as a utility player in defensive replacement, pinch-hitting, and pinch-running situations. He managed to see action in three World Series games against the New York Yankees, who swept the Phillies in four games.

Caballero was a part-time player with the Phillies in 1951 and 1952 and then finished out his pro career in 1955 after three seasons in the minors. His career stats in 322 major-league games include a .228 batting average, one home run, and 40 RBIs.

Caballero is often remembered as having one of the more unique nicknames in baseball. Years later in an interview he stated there was no particular reason why he was called “Putsy.” He said when he was growing up in New Orleans, practically everyone had a nickname. Caballero was inducted in the Greater New Orleans Hall of Fame in 1994 and the New Orleans Professional Hall of Fame in 2009. He died on December 8, 2016, at age 89.

Hometown hero watch

With Major League Baseball’s season a little more than two weeks old, it’s a good time to check in on which local players started the season in the majors and how they are faring so far.

Here’s a rundown on some of the 2021 major-league players who prepped or played collegiately in the New Orleans area and southeast Louisiana. The initial list of players is dominated by former LSU and Southeastern players. The list will grow as the season progresses and as minor-league play gets into full swing.

It appears most of the players are still shaking off rust from the off-season. Injuries and illnesses have already taken their toll on four of the players who are on the MLB disabled list. The stats below are through games on Friday, April 16.

Alex Bregman (LSU) is currently on the 10-day injured list for Covid for the third-place Houston Astros. He started the season with four multi-hit games. He has hit two home runs and 9 RBI and has a slash line of .286/.342/.486.

Jake Fraley (LSU) is also on the 10-day injured list with a hamstring problem for the Seattle Mariners, after playing in their first five games. The outfielder had eight walks in his first 19 plate appearances, contributing to a .526 on-base percentage.

Kevin Gausman (LSU) drew the Opening Day starting assignment for the San Francisco Giants. He gave up only two hits in 6 2/3 innings in a no-decision effort. After 19 2/3 innings in three starts, he has a 3.20 ERA and still has no decisions for the surprising second-place Giants.

Will Harris (Slidell HS, LSU) started the season on the injured list for the Washington Nationals. The right-handed relief pitcher participated in spring training but developed a blood clot in this right arm.

Jacoby Jones (LSU) has gotten off to a slow start in his sixth season with the Detroit Tigers. He has only one extra-base hit and a .120 average in eight games. He has been platooning in the outfield for new manager AJ Hinch.

DJ LeMahieu (LSU) inked a lucrative four-year extension with the New York Yankees over the winter. He is third in batting average (.271) for the team and continues to produce a high on-base percentage. Last year he led the American League in both categories.

Aaron Loup (Hahnville HS, Tulane) signed with the New York Mets over the winter to bolster their bullpen, after pitching in the World Series with Tampa Bay last year. He’s made two relief appearances with the Mets.

Wade Miley (Loranger, Southeastern) is in his second season with the Cincinnati Reds. He posted wins in his first two starts of the season, not allowing any runs in each appearance.

Aaron Nola (Baton Rouge, LSU) headlines the Phillies starting rotation again. But he has only one quality start in his first three appearances this season. His record is 0-1 with a 3.45 ERA.

Austin Nola (Baton Rouge, LSU) fractured his finger in spring training and has yet to play for the San Diego Padres this year.

Tanner Rainey (St. Paul’s HS, Southeastern) had two rough relief outings in his first two appearances with the Washington Nationals. He has pitched in four games so far, and his current ERA is still elevated at 10.80.

Mac Sceroler (Denham Springs, Southeastern) had an impressive major-league debut on April 5 when he pitched 2 2/3 hitless innings for the Baltimore Orioles. He recently went on the 10-day disabled list with a shoulder problem.

Andrew Stevenson (Lafayette, LSU) is hitting .227 with one home run and three RBIs in 10 games. His home run on April 12 came in a pinch-hit appearance against St. Louis.

Justin Williams (Terrebone HS) has been a starting outfielder in nine games for the St. Louis Cardinals. His best outing came on April 13, when he got two hits and three RBIs. He is batting .207 for the season, with one home run and five RBIs.

Other local major leaguers who are starting out the 2021 season in the minors include Kyle Keller (Jesuit, Southeastern), Jake Rogers (Tulane), Mikie Mahtook (LSU), and Nick Goody (LSU).

96-year-old Nolan Vicknair: one of the last links to notable era of New Orleans baseball

The 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s were some of the greatest decades for baseball in New Orleans. The New Orleans Pelicans were the hometown professional team. Prep baseball was in its heyday with teams such as Jesuit, Holy Cross, Fortier, S.J. Peters, and Warren Eastern winning state titles and supplying numerous players to the pro ranks. Local American Legion and All-American Amateur Baseball programs produced several national champions. Baseball was practically played year-round in the city, with semi-pro leagues providing additional competition in summer and fall seasons.

One of the local area players who experienced first-hand a good portion of this timeframe was Nolan Vicknair. The Marrero native turns 96 years old on April 8. His career included prep and Legion competition in the city, as well as a chance to play in the minor leagues. He later played and coached in various semi-pro baseball and softball leagues. Vicknair still harbors a lot of memories about the era and its ballplayers. He is one of the last remaining connections to those days in New Orleans.

Vicknair considers himself fortunate to have encountered a few of major league baseball’s greats as he pursued his own pro career, but he also played with and against many of the ballplayers who made names for themselves at the local level.

Vicknair remembers as a high school sophomore playing with West Bank-based LaRocca’s against Jesuit in an American Legion game in which he struck out the first nine batters. Branch Rickey, general manager of the St. Louis Cardinals who was in town for a Pelicans tryout, had attended the Legion game to scout Jesuit players. Impressed with Vicknair’s outing, he recommended the left-handed pitcher consider pro baseball after graduating from high school.

Vicknair says Pelican Stadium was often used by American Legion teams when the Pels were playing out of town. He remembers pitching in the ballpark against a very talented S.J. Peters Legion team that included future professional players George Strickland, Pete Modica, and Red Lavigne. Strickland went on to play in the majors for 10 seasons, whiled Modica and Lavigne both had substantial careers in the minors, including stints with the hometown Pelicans.

Wilson Pollet was pitching in Legion ball when his older brother Howie was a rising pitching star for the St. Louis Cardinals. Wilson and Vicknair played against each other in a Legion contest in which Vicknair recalls hitting a triple off Wilson. He remembers Wilson didn’t throw very hard but had good “junkball” stuff. Wilson later followed his brother in professional baseball but managed to play only one season in the Class D Evangeline League.

Vicknair had to put his baseball ambitions on hold when he enlisted in the Navy in 1943 during World War II as soon as he turned 17. He eventually served on the destroyer USS Bearrs that operated as part of the Pacific Fleet.

After being discharged from the service, Vicknair remembered Branch Rickey’s advice about pursuing professional baseball. Vincent Rizzo, then the business manager for the Pelicans, offered to sign Vicknair after a tryout. But a former teacher at Marrero High School was acquainted with Mel Ott, then the player-manager for the New York Giants who resided in New Orleans. The teacher arranged for Vicknair to meet with Ott, who recommended he go to Fort Smith, Arkansas, for a tryout with the Giants in the spring of 1946.

Vicknair took Ott’s recommendation, reported to Fort Smith, and competed with 150 prospects in a tryout in which 40 players would be selected to make up two minor-league teams. The Giants organization signed him for a salary of $125 per month and assigned him to the Class D Oshkosh Giants in Wisconsin.

Since Vicknair hadn’t played organized baseball for three years, he says he was a bit rusty getting back into the game. At 5’ 6” and 150 pounds, he says he relied on his athleticism, especially his strong arm and speed on the bases and as an outfielder, to be competitive. However, he suffered a broken jaw when a baseball thrown by an infielder hit him in the face while sliding into second base. The injury curtailed his season to just 45 games in which he batted only .193.

He reported to the Giants’ spring training camp in New Jersey in 1947. He remembers getting his paychecks from former Giants all-star pitcher Carl Hubbell, who was then the farm director for the organization. But after being told he was being re-assigned to Oshkosh, Vicknair asked for his release.

He returned to New Orleans and was called by New Iberia Cardinals manager Harry Strohm to join the team, which was part of the Class D Evangeline League and an affiliate of the New Orleans Pelicans. Lenny Yochim, who had been a prep pitching star at Holy Cross High School in New Orleans, was his teammate with New Iberia. Vicknair says that Yochim could “hit the ball mile” in addition to being the team’s best pitcher. Yochim eventually went on to pitch briefly in couple of seasons with the Pittsburgh Pirates in the 1950s and later had a 36-year career as a major-league scout.

Vicknair didn’t enjoy the same success as Yochim. When New Iberia changed managers early in the season, he was released by the team, having hit only .156 in 11 games.

However, his love for baseball didn’t die with his disappointing stint with New Iberia. He played and coached in semi-pro leagues throughout the 1950s and later in city-wide industrial softball leagues.

Vicknair recalls the semi-pro leagues in New Orleans being very competitive. Former professional players and college players would frequently fill roster spots. He says there was often a lot of betting between the better teams. He remembers one game in a Jefferson league in which he made a diving catch in the outfield to save a 2-1 victory, with $500 at stake. He says former Red Sox pitcher Mel Parnell owned a car dealership that sponsored a team in that league, and former Jesuit High School and major-league players Tookie Gilbert and Putsy Caballero played for Parnell. Vicknair remembers the league’s games would sometimes outdraw the Pelicans in attendance.

He played on semi-pro teams with Marrero’s Pete Thomassie, who had successful seasons on several Southern Association teams and reached the Triple-A level with the Chicago White Sox. He remembers Thomassie as having a lot of natural talent, but often had trouble keeping himself in shape. Vicknair played in an all-star benefit game at Mel Ott Park against Gene Freese, who made New Orleans his home after his major-league career. Vicknair was the player-manager for the Mohawks, a popular West Bank team for a number of years, racking up several league championships.

Vicknair recalls a number of good players came through New Orleans to play for the Pelicans on their way to the big leagues. He specifically remembers Tommy Henrich, Frank Thomas, and Danny Murtaugh. One of his favorite Pelicans was Emil Panko, who hit 33 home runs in 1956, although he never got promoted to the majors.

Vicknair competed against Lenny Yochim’s older brother Ray in softball leagues. Like his brother, Ray had a brief major-league career in the St. Louis Cardinals organization. Vicknair remembers Ray would play his heart out in those recreational league games, sometimes playing as many as six games on Sundays. Vicknair was the player-coach for Avondale Shipyards, which had prominent softball teams in city-wide leagues for many years. He played softball well into his 60s.

Three years ago, Vicknair was asked to throw the ceremonial first pitch a New Orleans Baby Cakes game honoring military veterans. Being the dedicated athlete he had been all his life, he practiced some throws at his home to get his arm loose.

Vicknair’s athletic background has served him well into his later years. The active nonagenarian still exercises daily and looks like he could suit up for a game. And he still has fond memories of a celebrated time in New Orleans baseball history.


Best Opening Days for New Orleans major leaguers

Opening Day is an exciting time for baseball fans. All their anticipation built up over the winter finally comes to a head. Of course, they’re hoping their favorite team and favorite players will have a good showing to start off the season on the right track.

Opening Day is also a special time for the players. It represents a new chapter of veteran players’ careers, regardless of how they finished the prior season. For rookies, it’s their chance to show they belong in the big leagues. Like the fans, the players are hopeful for a good day at the plate or on the mound.

Looking back at some of the New Orleans area players who participated in MLB Opening Days, a number of them had “red-letter day” performances.

Among all the major leaguers from the New Orleans area, Will Clark (Jesuit High School) had perhaps the most dramatic Opening Day performance. After only one minor-league season in 1985, Clark wasn’t expected to break spring training on the San Francisco Giants’ big league roster in 1986. But he made such an impression on Giants manager Roger Craig that he earned a spot in the starting lineup at first base in their first game on April 8. In his first at-bat in his debut game, he hit the first pitch from Houston Astros ace Nolan Ryan for a home run. The Giants went on to win 8-3. Clark became an important cog in the Giants’ resurgence, ultimately reaching the World Series three years later.

Mel Ott (Gretna High School) slammed homers in four different Opening Day games during his 22-year career, but the one that had the most impact was on April 19, 1938. In the game against the Brooklyn Dodgers, Ott hit a three-run homer and a double to lead the Giants to a 13-1 slaughter of the Dodgers. He also scored three runs. Ott went on to lead the National League in home runs (38) that season and held the career home run record (511) for the National League when he retired ten seasons later.

The New York Mets’ popular star Rusty Staub (Jesuit High School) was traded to the expansion Montreal Expos before the 1969 season. In the first-ever game for the Expos on April 8, 1969, Staub managed to gain revenge on his former team. Expos fans were delighted with Staub’s six plate appearances, as he hit a solo home run and an RBI-single and walked three times in the Expos’ win, 11-10. Unfortunately for Staub, the Mets would win the NL East title and their first World Series. However, he was back with the Mets in 1973 when they won their second World Series.

Returning from military service during World War II, Connie Ryan (Jesuit High School) was the leadoff batter for the Boston Braves on Opening Day on April 16, 1946, against the Brooklyn Dodgers. Ryan smacked two doubles and scored two runs in the Braves’ 5-3 win. He scored the go-ahead run for the Braves in the 6th inning after he walked and stole a base. Ryan would play for the Braves when they won the National League pennant in 1948.

George Strickland (S. J. Peters High School) wasn’t known for his hitting, but on Opening Day on April 13, 1954, he had one of his better performances of the season for the Cleveland Indians. He went 3-for-4 for the day, that included a solo home run. He knocked in two runs and scored three times in the Indians’ 8-2 win over the White Sox. Strickland and the Indians went on to win an astonishing 111 games to capture the American League pennant in 1954.

Mel Parnell (S. J. Peters High School) was the ace of the Boston Red Sox going into the 1952 season. He had won 18 games in each of the previous two seasons and led the American League with 25 wins in 1949. On Opening Day on April 15, he threw a three-hit shutout over the Washington Senators. He walked six batters and struck out two in the Red Sox’s 3-0 win. However, Parnell wound up with a subpar season for him, finishing with a 12-12 record and 3.62 ERA. He returned to form with 21 wins the next season.

Opening Day games were especially productive for Zeke Bonura (Loyola University). He had four season openers in which he recorded three or more hits. While playing for the New York Giants on April 18, 1939, he went 3-for-4, including a three-run home run, two singles, and a walk, as the Giants defeated the Brooklyn Dodgers, 7-3. Bonura played only seven major-league seasons, posting a career batting record of .307/.380/.487, 119 home runs, and 704 RBIs.

In his fourth season with the Chicago Cubs in 2009, Mike Fontenot (Salmen High School) finally secured the starting job at second base. He had one of his better games of the season on Opening Day on April 6, 2009. He was instrumental in the Cubs’ win over the Houston Astros, 4-2, when he went 3-for-4 with a double and two runs scored. During the following season, he was traded to San Francisco where he helped the Giants win a World Series.

Gerald Williams (East St. John High School) was a platoon outfielder for the Atlanta Braves in 1998. On Opening Day on March 31, 1998, he got into the game against the Milwaukee Brewers as a pinch-hitter in the ninth inning with the score tied, 1-1. He walked and scored the winning run. Williams went on to post a batting slash line of .305/.352/.504 with 10 home runs and 44 RBIs in a part-time role. The Braves won the NL East in 1998 but wound up losing to the San Diego Padres in the NLCS.

Can the Yankees manage their way out of this current dry spell?

The New York Yankees franchise has won the most World Series championships in baseball history with 27. They are known for their dynastic teams that were dominant in multiple stretches of winning success.

However, sandwiched in between several of those successful stretches were dry spells where the Yankees failed to win a league pennant, much less a World Series. In 2021 the Yankees will start the twelfth year of their latest drought. It is one of three lengthy stretches where Yankees failed to win a pennant. The other two consisted of 14 years (1982-1995) and 11 years (1965-1975).

It’s not as though the Yankees have had really weak teams during this latest drought. In fact, they haven’t had a losing season during the previous 11 years and have made the playoffs eight times. They just haven’t won a pennant. On the other hand, historically mediocre franchises like the Marlins and the Mariners would consider a similar period of performance as huge successes. But more is expected of the Yankees because of their legendary history of championships.

Below are some thoughts on reasons for the Yankees’ latest decline.

There has been balanced competition in the American League. No team in the league has been overly dominant. During the 11-year drought, there have been seven different pennant winners: Boston (2), Houston (2), Tampa (1), Cleveland (1), Kansas City (2), Detroit (1), Texas (2).

The Yankees haven’t been a good playoff team. While they managed to get to the post-season eight times, their combined playoff record was 25-33. They lost four attempts at a pennant in ALCS play.

Starting pitching has been a relative weakness for the team. CC Sabathia (3), Masahiro Tanaka (2), and Luis Severino (2) have been the only starters in the past 11 seasons with more than one all-star season. (On the other hand, one of the key reasons the Yankees have posted winning records is that their bullpens have been among the best in the league.)

The Yankees have lacked a strong catcher. Why highlight that position? It’s not inconsequential that in the Yankees dynasty periods over the years, they had standout catchers, including Jorge Posada (1996-2009), Thurman Munson (1976-1981), Elston Howard and Yogi Berra (1947-1964), Bill Dickey (1936-1943), and Wally Schang (1921-1928), calling the signals behind the plate and contributing to potent offenses. During this latest drought, the Yankees have used Gary Sanchez, Brian McCann, Chris Stewart, Russell Martin, and Francisco Cervelli as their primary catchers. None of them were all-star-caliber players. (McCann was an exception but he was past his prime during his Yankees years.)

The last dynasty (1996-2009) included five core players who were constant during most of that stretch: Bernie Williams, Derek Jeter, Jorge Posada, Andy Pettitte, and Mariano Rivera. Each of these players came up through the Yankees farm system, and the rest of the team was built around these all-star players.

In the last 11 years, the Yankees farm system has been less than stellar in producing prospects that eventually helped the team win, especially its pitchers. Robinson Cano was a carryover from the previous dynasty period, but that leaves Brett Gardner, Gary Sanchez, Aaron Judge, and Miguel Andujar as the only regular starters that came up through the Yankees farm system.

So, what are the chances this year’s Yankees team can end the dry spell? They have a good chance to get to the playoffs again, possibly even winning their division. But winning the AL pennant is a different story.

The team appears to be healthy again for Opening Day, except for starter Severino who is still recovering from Tommy John surgery and reliever Zach Britton. It will be good to see Judge, Giancarlo Stanton, and Aaron Hicks put in full seasons for a change.

DJ LeMahieu was re-signed over the winter with a four-year deal. He’s been the best player for the Yankees for the past two seasons. Jay Bruce was acquired to bring another much-needed left-handed bat to the roster.

Tanaka went back to Japan, so starting pitching will again be something to worry about. The Yankees will need a lot of innings from its rotation in order to put less stress on its bullpen. But there are serious questions about that expectation. Jameson Taillon and Corey Kluber (a former two-time Cy Young Award winner) were acquired during the off-season to start behind ace Gerrit Cole, but they missed the 2020 season. Another starter in the projected rotation, Domingo German (who won 18 games in 2019), also missed the 2020 season due to injury. Severino is expected back sometime later in the year. The book is still out on how effective these starters will be this year. Rounding out the rotation, Jordan Montgomery and Michael King are relatively inexperienced starters at the major-league level.

The Yankees’ saving grace the past few years has been its bullpen. They are in good shape again with the exception of Britton, who recently had surgery on his left elbow to remove bone chips and won’t likely be available until right before the All-Star break. But the Yankees have depth in the pen led by Aroldis Chapman. Veteran reliever Darren O’Day was a good addition over the winter.

Another area of concern is the catcher position. Sanchez, who shows intermittent streaks of power at the plate among his many strikeouts, remains a liability defensively. Backup Kyle Higashioka is much better defensively, but his bat won’t help much. The Yankees need to find a long-term solution at this position.

Overall, I figure there’s a 50-50 chance the Yankees’ drought will continue again this year. I think the Chicago White Sox should be favored to win the AL pennant, with some secondary competition from Tampa Bay, Houston, and Minnesota.

2021 MLB Division Projections

Things are looking up for the upcoming baseball season. Opening Day will occur when it’s supposed to. Fan will get to attend games in person. We can expect full 162-game schedules and a post-season that will have true home-and-away series. Rangers fans will finally get a proper Opening Day in their new stadium.

How the teams stack up this year in the division races will largely depend on how pitching staffs hold up for a full 162-game season. With only 60 games being played last year, most starters only pitched between 50 and 70 innings the entire season. Teams will approach the season very carefully with respect to how they manage their staffs. We will likely see six-man rotations and pitch limits during the first half of the season. Bullpenning will be utilized even more than in the past few seasons. Minor-league pitching staffs may get called on pretty regularly.

Here’s how I see each division race shaping up, picking the top two front-runners in each.

AL East

The Yankees and Rays will be the front-runners again. While the Rays had a big turnover in its starting pitcher staff, they backfilled with veteran pitchers who have won before. They will provide time for younger staff to emerge. The Yankees are the Yankees, what else can I say? It looks like they will be healthy. The Blue Jays made some key upgrades in the field with George Springer and Marcus Semien, but their starting pitching lacks top of the line starters and will have to rely more on its depth.

AL Central

The White Sox and Twins will battle for the top two spots. The White Sox will be good again, despite signing on 76-year-old manager Tony LaRussa, who hasn’t been in a uniform since for ten years. (I thought the White Sox could have done much better.) Player for player at each position, the White Sox may have the best team in the AL. Their bullpen ranks right up there with the Yankees. The Twins return a roster pretty much intact from last year, with the addition of defensive wizard Andrelton Simmons at shortstop. The Indians’ pitching is actually pretty decent, but they have managed to decimate a previously good roster of position players.

AL West

The Astros will bounce back from a losing record last year (even though they still qualified for the playoffs). Their young starters stepped up in the playoffs last year, and I expect them to be even better. The A’s have the edge on the Angels based on past performance of the last three seasons. A healthy Shohei Ohtani who can both pitch and DH could be a difference-maker for the Angels. They’ll get a full season with Anthony Rendon at third base. Pitching has been their Achilles heel in the past. Can the Angels finally get over the hump this year? Would love to see Mike Trout a playoff situation.

NL East

This division will likely be the most competitive this year. The Braves are the clear front-runner again. Up and down the lineup, they are solid. With three division titles already under their belt, they could very well be mounting another streak of division winning teams like the Braves did in in the 1990s. I’m picking the Nationals to bounce back this year. Jayson Stark recently asserted that Nationals outfielder Juan Soto is the next Ted Williams. He can carry the team on his back if needed. Plus, they added Josh Bell and Kyle Schwarber to the offense. Their top three starters (Scherzer, Strasburg, and Corbin) were supplemented with the addition of veteran Jon Lester.

Although they will field good teams, the Phillies and Mets will be close followers. The Phillies managed to retain free-agent catcher JT Realmuto, which was desperately needed. The Mets improved with shortstop Francisco Lindor and catcher James McCann, but their pitching behind Jacob DeGrom still needs help. Acquiring Trevor Bauer would have provided a huge boost. One could make a case for the Marlins being on the rise since they made the playoffs last year; but they benefitted from the short season.

NL Central

This division will also be competitive, but not for the same reason as the NL East. There’s not a clear front-runner this season. All of the teams have at least one major issue to deal with. They were among the least active teams over the winter in making roster improvements. The St. Louis Cardinals made a big splash by trading for all-star third baseman Nolan Arenado. Primarily due to that reason, I’m picking the Cardinals as one of the front-runners.

I think the Brewers will bounce back from a down year in 2020 and challenge the Cardinals for first place. Christian Yelich never got on track in the shortened season; he’ll be key to a return as division winner. The Cubs have a lot of familiar names returning but have been huge under-achievers. They didn’t solve their bullpen issues over the winter. The Reds seem to have been on the verge of a breakout for the past few seasons, but they never delivered. The loss of Cy Young Award winner Trevor Bauer is a big setback.

NL West

This division will have two of the more exciting teams in baseball in 2021 in the Dodgers and Padres. The Dodgers finally got their World Series ring last year; and with everyday lineup that includes Betts, Seager, Bellinger, and Turner, and a starting staff that includes Kershaw, Bauer, Buehler, and Price, I think they’ll repeat.

The Padres figure they were close last season and decided to add two big arms that would help put them into the winner’s circle this year. The addition of top-flight starters Yu Darvish and Blake Snell are significant pickups to go along with a few highly-touted youngsters in the rotation. Shortstop Fernando Tatis Jr. is showing he is a game-changer in all facets of the game, but he also has a good supporting cast with Machado, Myers, Hosmer, and Pham. The Giants, Diamondbacks, and Rockies will provide fodder for the rest of the league.


I see the Yankees and White Sox (even with LaRussa) playing for the AL pennant, and the Dodgers and Braves fighting it out in the NL. I’m picking the Dodgers to win it all again, maybe in a repeat of the 1959 World Series.

Leo Durocher to Mel Ott: "Nice Guys Finish Last"

We’ve all heard the familiar expression “Nice guys finish last.” But most people don’t know the origin of the saying or about whom it was first said. The phrase was used by Brooklyn Dodgers manager Leo Durocher to describe former New Orleans area baseball great Mel Ott and his Giants team when the Giants were mired in last place during the 1946 season. Since then, the saying has been commonly used in non-baseball situations as well.

Ott was in his fifth season as the player-manager of the Giants in 1946. Going into a doubleheader with the Dodgers on July 4, their record was a dismal 28-40, while the Dodgers were seven games ahead of St. Louis for first place. The Dodgers had held first place since May 22.

The Giants won the first game of a twinbill at the Polo Grounds on July 4 but lost to the Dodgers in the second game, despite slamming three home runs.

Fred Stein, in his book Mel Ott: The Little Giant of Baseball, described a conversation the next day that led to the now-famous saying. Dodgers broadcaster Red Barber sat on the Dodgers bench before the next day’s game kidding around with Durocher. “Leo,” Barber provoked, “your guys were lucky to split yesterday the way the Giants were hitting, especially those home runs.” Durocher scoffed, “Hell, they were nothing, just cheap Polo Grounds specials.” Barber countered, “Come on Leo, be a nice guy and give credit where it’s due.” Durocher shouted back at Barber, “Nice guys! Do you know a nicer guy than Mel Ott? Or any of the other Giants? And where are they? The nice guys over there are in last place!”

Over the years since, the idiom stuck with Ott. He was indeed a nice guy. He had an easy-going style of management and was well-respected by his players as well as his opponents. He had a special way of maintaining a big-family atmosphere on the club without giving up authority. But Ott wasn’t nearly as good at managing as he was at playing.

By contrast, Durocher, whose nickname was “Leo the Lip,” had a tough-guy persona and was often at the center of controversy with the media and league officials.

The rivalry between the Giants and Dodgers had always been a heated one. Brooklyn had played second-fiddle to its New York City counterparts, the Yankees and Giants, since the 1920s and 1930s when those franchises were winning frequent league championships. The tide turned for the Dodgers in the 1940s, as they became a first-division club, including a National League pennant in 1941 with Durocher at the helm.

Durocher was feeling good about the Dodgers’ chances for another pennant on that Independence Day in 1946, but they wound up being overtaken by the St. Louis Cardinals. Sure enough, Ott’s Giants finished in last place.

Ironically, Durocher replaced Ott as the Giants manager after 78 games of the 1948 season. Being the “good guy” again, Ott actually recommended Durocher to Giants ownership as his replacement.

While Ott had a losing record (464-530) as Giants manager, he had a Hall of Fame playing career. In 22 seasons, he had a batting slash line of .304/.414/.533. During 18 of his seasons, he was at Top 10 finisher in home runs and on-base plus slugging percentage (OPS). At the time of his retirement in 1948, he was the National League’s career leader in home runs with 511. After a short stint as a manager in the Pacific Coast League, Ott eventually transitioned into a broadcasting role for the Detroit Tigers.

In 1958 he was seriously injured in an automobile accident while driving to his home in Metairie from the Mississippi Gulf Coast and died a week later at age 49. A long-time popular baseball park in Gretna, Ott’s birthplace, bears his name. A section of Louisiana Highway 23 in Gretna was named Mel Ott Parkway by the Louisiana legislature in 2004.

What baseball needs now are more "characters" of the game

At a time when MLB is trying to address improvements that will bring more fans, especially younger ones, one of the things missing are “characters” of the game. Major league baseball has become too stodgy.

In the good old days, baseball’s captivating personalities were players and managers like Mark Fidrych, Al Hrabosky, Casey Stengel, Billy Martin, Jim Piersall, Joe Charboneau, and Bill Lee. They were always good for some type of antic on the field or in the clubhouse, a good quote, or a run-in with an umpire. They endeared themselves to fans and the media because they were outlandish, outspoken, and sometimes outcasts. They had a way of getting fans revved up at the stadium. They would mix it up with the media, or entertain their teammates in the clubhouse.

The current trend toward a more analytical approach to the game is ruining much of the charm of the game. Major-league front offices being run by MBAs are typically all business, and that has carried over into the clubhouse. Competition for roster spots is stiff; players don’t want to risk standing out because of a perceived quirky personality. In the past, it seemed like every club had at least one prankster, someone who could get away with being a bit whacky. Spontaneity seems to be missing. In the case of managers, the media questions every decision, and they have few opportunities to demonstrate charisma.

The type of players I’m talking about are not your Derek Jeters and Cal Ripkens, who were models of professionalism and consistency. They were great teammates but were not the sort who would set fire to a teammate’s shoelaces in the dugout or place a wad of chewing gum on the top of a teammate’s cap while he is not paying attention.

Perhaps the best way to depict the kind of characters I’m referring to is to give some examples from the past.

Jim Piersall, who actually suffered from diagnosed mental problems early in his career in the 1950s, maintained his whacky personality after his recovery. He was often viewed as a rebel of conformity. On one occasion he circled the bases running backwards after hitting a home run.

Al Hrabosky, a Cardinals relief pitcher in the 1970s, was nicknamed “Mad Hungarian” because of the way he would stomp around the mound, pounding his glove as though he was angry.

On his way to winning the 1976 American League Rookie of the Year award, Detroit’s Mark Fydrich gained national popularity for talking to the baseball while on the mound, as if to offer it encouragement. His notoriety became even more noteworthy when he acquired the nickname “The Bird” because of his resemblance to the “Big Bird” character on the Sesame Street television program.

Bill Lee, a pitcher for the Boston Red Sox and Montreal Expos from 1969 to 1982, was famous for wearing various paraphernalia on the mound, including a gas mask, a Daniel Boone cap, and a beanie with a propeller. On one occasion he even wore an astronaut suit, which gained him the nickname “Spaceman.”

In the ‘80s and ‘90s Roger McDowell’s pranks included lighting firecrackers in the dugout. He wrapped a wad of chewing gum around a cigarette, then secretly place the contraption on the heels of unsuspecting teammates' cleats—better known as the hot foot. Once, during a nationally televised game, the pitcher was filmed with his uniform on upside down—his pants over his head with his shoes on his hands.

Joe Charboneau quickly became a fan favorite in his Rookie of the Year season with the Cleveland Indians in 1980. Charboneau was dyeing his hair bright colors long before NBA wildman Dennis Rodman came along. He was the subject of a song, "Go Joe Charboneau,” that reached No. 3 on the local charts.

Jay Johnstone, who played for eight teams during 1966 to 1985, had the reputation as the ultimate prankster. One of his best shenanigans was dressing up as a groundskeeper during the fifth inning of a game to take part in dragging the infield. He got dressed again in his uniform, went back to the dugout, and later hit a pinch-hit home run. His book Temporary Insanity chronicled many of his antics.

Casey Stengel, the charismatic manager of the New York Yankees from 1949 to 1960, was a favorite of the New York press, because he was always good for a quote, often expressed in a disjointed manner of speech. He once tried to convince the media he made decisions for the team by using a crystal ball.

Billy Martin and Tommy Lasorda were other managers who frequently captured the spotlight: Martin, for his dirt-kicking disputes with umpires, and Lasorda, with his verbose nature, for never dodging a camera.

Dizzy Dean, Bob Uecker, Harry Caray, Mickey Hatcher, and Oil Can Boyd were a few of the other personalities in the game who gained reputations for their propensity to clown around.

There have been a couple of recent players who seem to enjoy the game a little differently from everyone else. Yet they are few and far between.

When Yasiel Puig initially came to the Los Angeles Dodgers from Cuba in 2013, he played with emotion and celebrated on the field in ways that many fans felt disrespected the traditions of the game. He could be seen licking his bat as he approached the batter’s box and wagging his tongue in his celebrations on the bases. He’s shown more maturity in his later years, much to the chagrin of some of his following.

Hunter Pence gained popularity for his high-energy, emotional leadership and motivation for the teams he played for, especially the San Francisco Giants. His teammates loved playing with him, while fans also became energized by his fun-loving personality which was often on display through social media. He added to his persona by letting hair and beard grow out. He retired from the game after the 2020 season.

Baseball still needs its Derek Jeters and long-standing traditions. But it should always have a place for a Mad Hungarian, a Big Bird, and a Spaceman, who often cast traditions aside and made the game fun.

Turn back the clock: 18-year-old Bob Feller wowed New Orleans during 1937 spring training

MLB teams are currently in full swing at spring training sites in Florida and Arizona. As far back as the early 1900s, New Orleans was host to several big-league teams for spring preparation leading up to the regular season. For local baseball fans, the highlights of the training activities included exhibition games with the minor-league New Orleans Pelicans and other traveling major league teams. It was often their only opportunity to see major league players in action.

1937 was a special year for local baseball enthusiasts, with the arrival of the Cleveland Indians and their sensational teenage pitcher Bob Feller who were in town for spring training.

While still enrolled in high school, Feller had taken the baseball world by storm in July 1936. With only eight innings pitched in relief under his belt, the 17-year-old farm-boy from Iowa struck out 15 batters in his first major-league start for the Cleveland Indians. He immediately acquired the “phenom” label and went on to win five games that season, including a 2-hit, 17-strikeout win over the Philadelphia A’s on September 13.

Of course, fans’ expectations of Feller were high going into the 1937 season. Because his fastball was his featured pitch, he was already being compared to Walter “Big Train” Johnson, the premier strikeout artist at that point in baseball history. Feller would soon acquire an appropriate nickname, “Rapid Robert,” for his strikeout prowess.

The Cleveland Indians traveled south for spring training, initially making a stop in Hot Springs, Arkansas, before spending nearly the entire month of March in New Orleans. His arrival stirred up great anticipation by the Crescent City’s baseball fans to see him make an appearance in an exhibition game at Heinemann Park. They wanted to see this “boy wonder” whom the rest of the country was raving about.

The Times-Picayune posted daily stories about the teenager, marveling at his accomplishments from the previous season and tracking all of his activities during the team’s preparation for the regular season in April. Because Feller was still technically a high school student, he received specialized tutoring from a teacher from Warren Easton High School in New Orleans. It was his intention to graduate with his senior class in Iowa. Amid his training and schooling, his popularity made him a frequent guest at local events. On one such occasion in which he handed out awards at a Boys Scouts banquet, Feller (a former Boy Scout) wasn’t that much older than the youngsters to whom he was passing out ribbons.

Feller got his first appearance on March 14. He didn’t disappoint a small crowd of shivering fans, as he pitched a scoreless first inning against the local Pelicans minor-league club. On March 19, he got his second start before a capacity crowd of 10,000 consisting mostly of school kids. He struck out five in three scoreless innings, while yielding only one hit as the Indians won, 7-0. The Times-Picayune reported that he was barely able to get in his warm-up pitches before the game because of the throng of autograph-seekers surrounding him.

Indians manager Steve O’Neill said he felt like Feller would be good for 10 to 15 victories during the regular season. He thought Feller could be the difference between a fifth-place club and one contending for first place. O’Neill said he was surprised at how well Feller had developed a change-up pitch during the spring.

Feller’s next outing came on March 28 in Vicksburg, Mississippi, as the Indians played the New York Giants, who were barnstorming throughout the deep South for its spring training. He struck out six Giants batters in three hitless innings. The Indians staged a rally in the ninth inning to win, 2-1. Veteran umpire Bill Klem declared after the game, “He [Feller] showed me stuff the likes of which I’ve never seen in all my life. I expected to see plenty but I never dreamed an 18-year-old pitcher could pitch like that.”

The Giants also made a stop in New Orleans, where a much-anticipated matchup between Feller and Giants all-star hurler Carl Hubbell took place on April 5. Hubbell was at the peak of his career, having been the National League’s MVP in 1936. The 33-year-old lefty had finished with league-leading 26 wins and 2.31 ERA. This time the crowd exceeded the stadium’s capacity. The Times-Picayune noted it was the largest crowd (11,037) at a spring exhibition game in New Orleans since Babe Ruth and the New York Yankees played at Heinemann Park in 1923. Feller struck out six batters in five innings, while Hubbell struck out five in a well-pitched game by both teams. Feller was a bit wild during the first two frames but showed some moxie by getting out of the innings safely. He didn’t allow any hits during his stint. The Indians won in 10 innings, 2-1.

As the Indians headed north after breaking camp in New Orleans, they faced the Giants again in Fort Smith, Arkansas, on April 8. Feller capped off his spring by striking out four in three hitless innings.

Feller was dominant in his four spring outings comprised of 12 innings. He struck out 17 while yielding only one hit. He cemented his status as one of MLB’s up-and-coming stars. Time magazine put him on the cover of the April 19 edition, only the second time by a baseball player.

However, Feller encountered a diversion in fulfilling the high expectations set for him. In his first start of the regular season on April 24, he felt a sharp pain in his elbow on his first pitch of the game. He wound up appearing in only three games during the first three months of the season. In the meantime, he managed to attend his high school graduation in May.

He returned to the Indians on July 4. Despite losing his next three decisions, he rebounded with nine wins during the remainder of the season. Despite missing the majority of three months, he still finished fourth in the league with 150 strikeouts.

Feller went on to have a Hall of Fame career. During his 18 major league seasons, he compiled a 266-162 record, 3.25 ERA, and 2,581 strikeouts. He missed three entire seasons and part of a fourth (during age 23 to 26) due his Navy service during World War II. Otherwise, his career numbers would have been even greater. Feller threw three no-hitters during his career and led the American League in strikeouts in seven seasons, including 348 in his first full season after the war. When he retired in 1956, he was third on the all-time strikeout list.

Feller came back to New Orleans in 1986 for an old-timer’s game in the Superdome. He made his last visit to the city in 2007 when he was featured on a panel of former major league players at a conference (“When Baseball Went to War”) hosted by the World War II Museum. Feller died in 2010 at age 92.

Flashback: East Jeff's Raziano narrowly missed being part of the Miracle Mets

Former East Jefferson prep baseball star Barry Raziano came awfully close to being on the 1969 New York Mets team that astonished the baseball world with their first World Series championship. But an injury sidetracked his Mets destiny, yet he still managed to reach the majors, albeit for a short ride.

Raziano had been named the outstanding prep Class AAA player in Louisiana, before being drafted out of high school by the New York Mets in the 47th round of the inaugural Major League Baseball amateur player draft in 1965. The right-handed pitcher had already accepted a scholarship to play at Nicholls State in 1966, which could partially explain why he had been a late-round selection. However, the Mets selected 17 pitchers before Raziano, so he would have been considered a long-shot to eventually reach the majors in any case.

Raziano opted not to play at Nicholls State and entered the pro ranks in 1966. His first pro season was with the Greenville (SC) Mets, where he was a teammate of 19-year-old Nolan Ryan. Raziano was impressive as a starter in his first season, posting a 9-4 record and 3.08 ERA. Ryan was the ace of the staff with a 17-2 record with 272 strikeouts in 182 innings. It was evident even then that Ryan was bound for the big-leagues.

Raziano progressively rose through the Mets’ minor-league ranks as a reliever, including stints with Class A Durham, Double A Memphis, and Triple A Jacksonville over the next two years. His stock had risen such that he was slated for Triple-A Tidewater at the start of the 1969 season, just one step away from the big-league Mets.

He played winter ball in Venezuela after the 1968 season in an effort to gain more experience against major leaguers who often played ball there during the off-season. Baseball Digest listed him as an up-and-coming Mets relief specialist for the 1969 season. But when he reported to Mets spring training camp as a member of the 40-man roster, he developed a sore arm and was left in Florida to rehabilitate when the regular season started. His injury persisted and he wound up pitching only two innings in the minors that season.

It’s worth noting that four of the 17 pitchers picked ahead of him in the 1965 draft included Les Rohr (1st round), Jim McAndrew (11th), Nolan Ryan (12th), and Steve Renko (24th), all of whom saw action for the 1969 “Miracle Mets.” Had he not suffered the injury Raziano would likely have joined these four on the big-league roster at some point in the season.

Raziano played the next three seasons with Tidewater in both starter and reliever roles. His combined record was 23-26 with a 3.71 record. It wasn’t good enough to earn a spot on the big-league roster. Another factor affecting his potential promotion was the Mets’ major-league staff was already stocked with young pitchers such as Tom Seaver, Jerry Koosman, Nolan Ryan, Jamie McAndrew, Gary Gentry, Jon Matlack, Tug McGraw, and Danny Frisella.

The Mets traded Raziano to the Kansas City Royals after the 1972 season. As fate would have it, he missed out on another chance to play for the Mets’ World Series team in 1973. Instead, he was assigned to Triple-A Omaha in the Royals organization, where he posted his best season as a reliever (5-2 record, 3.66 ERA, 10 saves) and earned his first big-league promotion with a two-week stint with the Royals. He made his major league debut with the Royals on August 18 when he pitched 1 1/3 innings in relief against the Boston Red Sox.

When the Royals needed a veteran outfielder for the 1974 season, they gave up Raziano for California’s Vada Pinson. Playing for the Angels’ Triple-A affiliate in Salt Lake City, Raziano was their best reliever, posting a 3-0 record and 2.25 ERA. He got a callup on June 6 to the Angels where he crossed paths again with Nolan Ryan as a teammate.

The highlight of his stint with the Angels occurred in an historic 15-inning-inning game on June 13 in which Ryan pitched 13 innings, striking out 19 Red Sox batters. Red Sox starter Luis Tiant countered with 14 1/3 innings pitched. Raziano relieved his teammate in the 14th inning and prevented Ryan’s effort from being wasted. He pitched two scoreless innings, claiming his first big-league win. As a side note, Ryan threw an astonishing 235 pitches during his outing, as he walked 10 batters. History would later be written that Ryan’s “bionic” arm allowed him to pitch until age 46.

Raziano appeared in 13 games for the Angels but recorded an unimpressive 6.48 ERA and two blown saves. In an interview with the Times-Picayune in 1977, Raziano recalled being worked to death by the Angels, “I’d either warmed up or pitched in 22 of 26 games. I started having trouble with my arm. I had one off-day and the next time I couldn’t throw.” He was sent back to Salt Lake City where he went on the disabled list.

He returned to form in 1975, posting a 6-1 record and 2.37 ERA in 39 games. However, discouraged that he wasn’t going to get another shot in the majors with the Angels, he packed his bags and came home to New Orleans. He sat out the entire 1976 season. When MLB announced its plans to expand to Toronto and Seattle in 1977, he had hopes of catching on with one of them. But both teams told him they had enough players and would keep him in mind. He said, “I’d more or less had given up on the idea of playing ball again.”

His hopes for returning to baseball were raised when it was decided New Orleans would become the new home of the St. Louis Cardinals’ Triple-A affiliate in 1977.  Raziano contacted the Cardinals and asked for a chance to play with the new Pelicans team in spring training. The Cardinals declined at that point, although he later got a chance to work out for the Pelicans during a home-stand in New Orleans.

When the Pelicans needed pitching help in late June, Raziano’s name surfaced with the Cardinals front office. The Kenner, Louisiana native ultimately signed a contract with the Pelicans and promptly went on the team’s 30-day road trip before he had a chance to pitch before a home crowd at the Superdome. Altogether, he appeared in 20 games for the Pelicans, recording one loss and a 4.65 ERA. It was the last season of his career.

Before entering the pro ranks, Raziano had been a prep and Legion standout at East Jefferson High School in 1965. He was a strikeout machine, leading the entire state in strikeouts (142 in 74 1/3 innings). In a 15-inning state playoff game against Shreveport’s Fair Park, he whiffed 27 batters. Raziano matched up with West Jefferson’s star pitcher Terry Alario in classic pitching duels on several occasions during the prep and Legion seasons. Alario recalls about his opponent, “He was the hardest-throwing high school pitcher I ever faced.”

Raziano beat the odds against his reaching the majors, although a few untimely cases of a sore arm kept him from having a more significant major-league career. Who knows what his future would have been had he been on the “Miracle Mets” team?

Flashback: Faciane family proficient at collecting state baseball titles

Eight state baseball championships. That’s what New Orleans’ Faciane family achieved during their combined high school and American Legion careers. John Sr. and his sons, John Jr. and Josh, played on some of the city’s best teams during parts of four decades. When it came to winning, they are one of the most accomplished families in New Orleans baseball history.

Names like Staub, Yochim, Retif, Pontiff, Butera, Wineski, Schwaner, and Scheuermann might be more familiar to local baseball fans, but none of these prominent baseball families were as proficient on the diamond as the Faciane father-son combo.

John Sr. started the family’s winning tradition in his third year as a letterman at Jesuit High School in 1979. Both his prep team and the Odeco-sponsored American Legion team won state championships, defeating New Iberia in prep and Abe’s Grocery of Lake Charles in Legion.

In 1980 his teams repeated their two championships from the previous season. They defeated Rummel for the state prep title and Crowley in the state Legion finals. They advanced to the Legion World Series in Ely, Minnesota, where they finished fourth. John Sr. got the win in an elimination game against Palo Alto, California, when he pitched 6 2/3 innings of relief, allowing only two hits.

The 1980 Jesuit team was named by the Times-Picayune as one of the Top 10 teams in New Orleans prep history. It featured twelve players who ultimately signed college scholarship offers, including Will Clark, who went on to an outstanding 15-year major-league career. The cumulative record of the Jesuit prep and Legion teams during 1979 and 1980 was 102-25. As one of the key hurlers on the Blue Jays team, John Sr. was selected to the First District All-Legion team.

John Jr. followed in his father’s footsteps at Jesuit. He was a three-year letterman from 2005 through 2007. In his sophomore year, Jesuit defeated Destrehan for the prep state championship.

In 2006 the Blue Jays advanced to the state prep semi-finals but lost to Sulphur. John Jr. was an All-Metro team selection at catcher with a .373 batting average, while also earning honorable mention on the Class 5A All-State team.

During his senior season in 2007, Jesuit captured the prep state championship by defeating West Monroe. John Jr. repeated as an All-Metro and All-State honorable mention performer.

Josh grew up hearing his dad’s stories about his ballplaying days at Jesuit. He says when saw his brother also play for Jesuit, his love for Blue Jays baseball only strengthened. He got a first-hand view of what a championship game could be like when he suited up as a batboy on his brother’s team during the 2007 state finals game.

During the summer of his freshman year in 2008, Josh was a starter on the Jesuit-based American Legion team sponsored by Retif Oil. He got his first taste of being on a championship team when Retif defeated Brother Martin-based Peake BMW in the state finals. The Blue Jays wound up getting defeated in the regionals in Enid Oklahoma.

Josh’s first two seasons as a starter on the Jesuit prep squad ended in losses in the second round of the state tournament. In his senior year in 2011, with his father and brother having each claimed two state prep titles, Josh recalls feeling stress to join them with one of his own. He said, “I often think of the pressure that I had on me that year to win my first prep title to join my dad and brother in champion’s hall and wonder how I wasn’t overwhelmed.” However, he credits Coach Joey Latino and his teammates with a complete team effort in which they all shared the burden of winning it all. Coincidentally, two of his teammates, Patrick “Bubby” Riley and Brandon Shearman, were related to two of his father’s teammates on the Blue Jays’ 1980 championship team.

Josh and his teammates rose to the challenge by defeating Lafayette for the state championship, the 20th state title in Jesuit history. He said, “The biggest moment in my Jesuit career came in the semifinal game against Baton Rouge Catholic.” Batting against Aaron Nola (now a major league pitcher with the Philadelphia Phillies), Josh got the game-winning hit in the top of the seventh inning at Turchin Stadium. Eleven Blue Jays on that team went on to play in college. Josh was named to the All-Metro team and received honorable mention on the All-State team.

Upon reflecting back to finally achieving the state prep title, Josh said, “A lot of people mention my game-winning hit off Nola as my greatest achievement that year, but not many know that my favorite moment of that championship season was walking off the field to see my father and brother there and both of them welcoming me with open arms saying, ‘Welcome to the club.’ No other words were needed.”

John Jr. and Josh culminated their respective high school careers by being selected the winner of the prestigious Rusty Staub Award, the highest individual honor a Jesuit baseball player can receive.

John Sr. and Josh continued their baseball careers at the collegiate level.

John Sr. received a scholarship from Nicholls State, where he played from 1981 to 1984. His senior season team won the Trans American Conference season championship and tournament. He led the team with 10 wins and 2.99 ERA.

Josh earned a scholarship to the University of Louisiana Monroe, where he lettered for three seasons and was a member of the 2012 Sun Belt Conference tournament championship team.

When counting prep and Legion titles, the only New Orleans family more accomplished than the Facianes were the Gilbert brothers. Larry Gilbert Sr., legendary manager of the minor-league New Orleans Pelicans from 1923 to 1938, had three sons (Larry Jr., Charlie, and Tookie) who attended Jesuit High School. The trio won a total of nine state championships (including prep and Legion) during the 1930s and 1940s. Charlie and Tookie went on to play in the majors, while Larry Jr. played briefly in the minors, thus putting the Facianes in good company.

Imagine a game between these two Black all-star teams

Black History Month is a good time to recall some of the greatest African-American ballplayers, both in Major League Baseball and the Negro Leagues.

Baseball fans love to debate the comparisons of players from different eras. In a fantasy world, anything’s possible, right? Well, what if I told you there could be a ballgame between the greatest Black players of Major League Baseball and the Negro Leagues? It would indeed be something to marvel. Some of the best African-American players in baseball history graced the two leagues. Most of them have already been honored with a plaque in the National Baseball Hall of Fame.

As a make-believe general manager, I came up with a mythical all-star team of African-Americans who played in the majors, as well as a team of all-stars who played in the Negro Leagues. There were some difficult choices in selecting players for each position, although it turned out all are Hall of Famers and therefore it’s hard to make bad picks.

My selection for manager of the Negro League all-star team is Biz Mackey. Here’s his lineup against the major leaguers:

SS – Willie Wells

OF – Cool Papa Bell

1B – Buck Leonard

C – Josh Gibson

3B – Judy Johnson

OF – Monte Irvin

OF – Oscar Charleston

2B – Pop Lloyd

SP – Satchel Paige

Hilton Smith is the relief pitcher, while Larry Doby serves as the pinch-hitter/designated hitter.

My pick for manager of the Major League all-star squad is Dusty Baker. His lineup against the Negro League all-stars includes:

2B – Joe Morgan

SS – Derek Jeter

OF – Willie Mays

OF -- Hank Aaron

OF – Barry Bonds

1B – Frank Thomas

C – Roy Campanella

3B -- Jackie Robinson

SP – Bob Gibson

Baker can look to Lee Smith in the bullpen and Ken Griffey Jr. on the bench as a pinch-hitter/designated hitter.

I selected Robinson for third base on the Major League all-stars team. There haven’t been any Black players in the Hall whose primary position was third base. Since Robinson played third base periodically for the Dodgers, I gave him the nod over Terry Pendleton, who might be the next best Black player at the hot corner.

There are several cross-overs between the rosters. Irvin, Paige, and Doby were among the first African-Americans in the majors in the late 1940s after Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier. Mays, Aaron, Campanella, Robinson, and Doby got their careers started in the Negro Leagues before getting the opportunity to compete in the majors.

So, which team would be favored to win such a game? It would be a great matchup for one of those computer baseball game simulators.

Can you picture Bob Gibson throwing high-and-inside to Josh Gibson, or Satchel Paige with his funky windup facing Barry Bonds? How about Cool Papa Bell chasing down a long fly ball hit in the gap by Hank Aaron?

Would Satchel be intimated by a batting lineup that featured Mays, Aaron, and Bonds in consecutive at-bats? After all, they collected 2,177 home runs between them. Could Josh Gibson throw out a speedy Joe Morgan on the bases?

We’ll never know for sure, but it would surely be a fun debate.

Cubs embark on second round of re-tooling

Chicago Cubs player transactions over the winter indicate the team is going into re-tooling mode again. Five years ago (2016), the Cubs dramatically won their first World Series in 98 years, following a complete make-over of the team that started four years earlier. However, it begs the question of whether re-build strategies provide sustaining benefits.

The Cubs’ strategy worked as they became a frequent contender for the playoffs. By their management’s own admission, their rise to prominence during the re-build came sooner than they had anticipated. Since claiming their most recent World Series ring, they have made the playoffs in three of four seasons, although admittedly the last two have been as wild card entries. They now find themselves in a position of sacrificing several upcoming seasons to re-build a championship club again.

At about the same time as the Cubs started their make-over in 2012, the Houston Astros took a similar approach, ravaging their roster by jettisoning their older, higher-priced players in favor of acquiring and grooming prospects and supplementing them with a few strategic trades. They also achieved similar results with a Word Series championship in 2017 and another World Series appearance (although losing to the Nationals) in 2019.

The Astros made the playoffs last year, but their season was marred by a losing record during the abbreviated regular season. Free agency has taken its toll on the roster since 2019, including the loss of several players like Gerrit Cole, Marwin Gonzales, Jake Marisnick, Wade Miley, Will Harris, and more recently Josh Reddick and George Springer. The Astros aren’t completely starting over in 2021, but they’ll be relying on a stable of relatively inexperienced starting pitchers and outfielders. They aren’t the clear favorite to win their division any longer.

The Cubs have off-loaded most of their starting rotation from the past two seasons, including a recent trade of Yu Darvish to San Diego for a bevy of prospects. Jon Lester and Jose Quintana weren’t re-signed over the winter, while Cole Hamels left the year before when he became a free agent. Only Kyle Hendricks is left from that group. The Cubs are now looking for reclamation projects to augment Hendricks.

Cubs outfielder/designated hitter Kyle Schwarber found himself without a job over the winter and signed as a free agent with the Nationals. After the dramatic start of his career in 2015 and 2016, his stock fell because he was a liability in the outfield and he never fit the leadoff role the Cubs often put him in. Outfielder Albert Almora Jr. was also released to free agency.

Third baseman Kris Bryant’s future in Chicago had been questionable since last season and then carried over into the off-season. Apparently, the Cubs didn’t get any compelling offers for him. They wound up re-signing Bryant, shortstop Javier Baez, and catcher Willson Contreras to extensions in January. Combined with first baseman Anthony Rizzo and outfielder Jason Heyward, they represent the last vestiges of their championship season. Some would argue the Cubs aren’t undergoing a complete re-tooling with those five position players still on the team. However, their subpar pitching staff will cause them to struggle in an increasingly competitive division.

Cubs president Theo Epstein, the architect of the Cubs’ revival that led to the 2016 championship, surprised everyone when he reached a mutual agreement to resign over the winter. It raised questions about his lack of desire to go through another arduous re-tooling period with the Cubs.

The Boston Red Sox are currently in a similar position as the Cubs when it comes to pitching. Just three seasons ago they won 108 games and captured the World Series with the best staff in the American League. Now they are having trouble finding five serviceable starters. Combined with the trade of superstar Mookie Betts last year, there is a distinct atmosphere of a rebuild effort in Boston.

The Baltimore Orioles and Detroit Tigers are into their fourth seasons of re-building, but it appears they will have a longer resurgence period than the Cubs or Astros. They are still several years away of becoming competitive within their divisions, much less contending for championships. The Cleveland Indians is the latest team to embark on a re-tooling, after having averaged 95 wins from 2016 to 2019.

Re-building or re-tooling (I’m not sure there is a big difference) efforts have been shown to work successfully for several major-league clubs. It appears more teams are going down that path. But what is becoming evident is their results don’t last forever without continuing roster management. If teams don’t have a strong emphasis on drafting and player development to provide a continuous pipeline for their big-league rosters, they will have to settle on second- and third-tier players in the free-agent market. Furthermore, teams have to manage their payrolls so they can retain their franchise players with contract extensions. Otherwise, they could find themselves in a frequent cycle of having to turn over their rosters.

Baseball legend Hank Aaron had a history of home runs in New Orleans.

The baseball community lost one of its most respected ballplayers when Henry Aaron died on January 22, a few days shy of his 87th birthday. He is most remembered for breaking Babe Ruth’s long-standing career home run record in 1974 when he hit his 715th homer. He wound up hitting 755 during his 23-year career. A little-known fact is that Aaron has a home run history tied to New Orleans, although not including one of his historic 755.

New Orleans had long-hosted exhibition games between two major league teams. As teams wrapped up their spring training in Florida and were making their way back to their home cities to start the regular season, a stopover in New Orleans was often scheduled.

The Atlanta Braves and the Baltimore Orioles came to the city for a final tune-up exhibition game at Kirsch-Rooney Stadium on April 1, 1974. The game drew significant local attention since Atlanta’s Aaron needed just one more home run to tie Ruth’s record of 714.

While the whole nation was waiting for Aaron’s first regular season game with Cincinnati on April 4, New Orleans fans got the treat of a lifetime when Aaron smacked a home run in the eighth inning of the game against the Orioles. Given that he had struck out and walked in his first two at-bats, the crowd sat anxiously on the edge of their seats to see if Aaron would get another at-bat or be replaced by a substitute in the later innings. Furthermore, rain has been threatening the entire game.

Aaron did stay in the game and the rain held off. He finally gave the fans what they had waited for, when he hit a fastball off Orioles pitcher Bob Reynolds over the left field fence. His homer was one of five the Braves hit for the day, as they defeated Baltimore 7-0.

On April 4, Aaron tied Ruth’s record on Opening Day in Cincinnati, and then broke the legendary record in his home ballpark in Atlanta against the Los Angeles Dodgers with his 715th.

Aaron retired in 1976 with 755 home runs, a record he held until Barry Bonds surpassed him in 2007.

Aaron returned to New Orleans ten years later when he participated in an old-timer’s game in the Superdome. He suited up for the Nationals team that opposed the Americans in the All-Time All-Star game on June 2, 1984. In addition to Aaron, both teams were packed with other Hall of Fame players such as Willie Mays, Brooks Robinson, Larry Doby, Ernie Banks, Billy Williams, Bob Feller, Whitey Ford, and Warren Spahn.

Again, Aaron didn’t disappoint the local crowd, as he got the Nationals on the scoreboard in the first inning by cranking a home run off Bob Feller with Willie Mays on base. Those were all the runs the Nationals needed as they went on to a 7-0 win.

Aaron began his career in 1954 with the Milwaukee Braves as a 20-year-old. He played 21 seasons in the Braves organization, moving with the franchise to Atlanta in 1966. He returned to Milwaukee in 1975, after they had become the Brewers franchise, and played two more seasons. He still holds major-league records for RBIs and total bases.

After his playing career, Aaron served as an executive in the Braves front office. He was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1982.

Why would anyone not want to adopt the universal DH?

Ever since the American League adopted the designated hitter position in 1973, a lot of hopeful fans have wondered when the National League would follow suit. Now, 48 years later, a lot of fans are still asking when the senior circuit will finally get on board.

When MLB Commissioner Rob Manfred implemented the universal DH rule last year during the coronavirus pandemic to help reduce risks for NL pitchers during the shortened season, it was assumed the situation would provide the impetus for being incorporated permanently across both leagues.

However, according to MLB insider Ken Rosenthal, Manfred issued a letter advising teams to plan the upcoming season without the universal DH. The National League are probably okay with this direction for now. They did not have much of a chance to plan their 2020 rosters for utilization of a DH and consequently did not get the appropriate type of players to fill the role. For example, according to Call to the Pen, three of the most-used National League DHs in 2020 failed to hit above .200 and six failed to slug .400. On the other hand, the best DH in the National League was Marcell Ozuna, who led the league in home runs and RBIs. Where would the Atlanta Braves have finished without him last year?

There used to be a contingent of baseball fans who didn’t want the National League to embrace the full-time DH role. They were generally part of a group of “traditionalists,” who wanted to keep the game the same as it was played in the ‘40s and ‘50s. By the way, they also didn’t like league expansion, livelier baseballs, and other changes in the game.

But nowadays, why would anyone not want to see the universal DH fully used throughout the game?

Here are some of the main benefits of the DH.

Forget tradition. There would finally be consistency between the leagues for 100% of the games, not just the interleague games.

It provides an opportunity to extend some of the older players’ careers. A prime example of this is Twins’ DH Nelson Cruz, who is still a top slugger at 40 years of age and does not have to play in the field.

There’s not much strategy in having National League pitchers bat, since they are usually an automatic out. Not every team has a pitcher like Madison Bumgarner, who can be a real threat at the plate. However, for every Bumgarner, there are 50 Yu Darvishes, who can’t hit a lick. Eliminating the pitcher as a batter is more in keeping with today’s offensive-minded game.

The DH gives managers more flexibility in lineups, especially if they have an abundance of good hitters. Multiple players can be moved in and out of the role, including defensively-challenged players. As a result, the quality of play in the field improves.

Teams wanting to trade a designated hitter have more options if NL teams are in play.

One of the downsides for teams with a good DH is they cost more. The average player signed by an American League team to be its primary DH got $13.65 million. That was three times the average $4.35 million salary for all positions. Six of the 15 primary DHs were paid in excess of $20 million, topped by Detroit’s Miguel Cabrera at $30 million. Seven were the highest paid players on their team.

So, what’s Manfred waiting on? More than likely, the matter won't be resolved permanently until the next Collective Bargaining Agreement is signed. That probably won't happen until before the start of the 2022 season. The Major League Baseball Players Association will likely want to see rosters expanded to allow for the permanent DH across all teams.

Ever since New York Yankees’ Ron Blomberg became the first DH in major-league history in 1973, it’s been somewhat incredible it has taken so long to be adopted throughout all of baseball. Wait til next year.

Flashback: NORD pioneer Dutch Legett, a ballplaying dentist

The New Orleans Recreation Department (NORD) was once the envy of the nation in providing opportunities for youngsters aged 8 to 20 to play organized baseball. One of the gentlemen most responsible for growing the program over the years was Dr. Lou “Dutch” Legett, a former major-league player in the late 1920s and early 1930s. It turned out he became better known in local circles for his role as the volunteer chairman of NORD than as a big league player.

With his background as a professional baseball player and a native of New Orleans, Legett was well-qualified to spearhead the baseball portion of the recreational program. During his tenure, the Times-Picayune declared New Orleans “the junior baseball capital of America” for its progressive organization of NORD’s city-wide facilities and leagues. He spent parts of four decades leading the program.

Legett was a three-sport star at Warren Easton High School in New Orleans. He was an all-prep and all-state end in 1919 and 1920. He was the quarterback and captain of the school’s squad that won the city and state championship in 1921. Warren Easton won the city championship in basketball in 1921, when Legett was named to the city’s Prep League all-star team. His school completed the sweep of city league championships in baseball that same year. Leggett demonstrated his versatility by playing multiple positions on the team, including pitcher and catcher.

Following his graduation from high school, Legett attended Tennessee Dental School in Memphis where was enrolled in the dentistry program. He continued his love of sports by playing on the university’s football team. During the summers he played for semi-pro baseball teams, where he was a teammate of another future major leaguer, Carl Lind.

After finishing dental school, he set up his practice on Frenchman’s Street in New Orleans yet got the itch for baseball again. After playing the 1926 and 1927 seasons in the Class B South Atlantic League, he was acquired by the Chicago Cubs who assigned him to Reading in the International League. He hit .342 with 11 homers and made the league’s all-star team as catcher. In November 1928, he was one of five players (along with $200,000) that Chicago traded to the Boston Braves for future Hall of Famer Rogers Hornsby.

He made his major-league debut with the Braves on May 8, 1929. He appeared in 39 games as a backup catcher but managed to hit only .160. He was purchased by the Boston Red Sox for the 1933 season, when he spent most of the year in the minors and saw action in only eight big-league games.

He spent the entire 1934 season with the Red Sox but played sparingly (19 games) behind all-star catcher Rick Ferrell. He got into only two games with the Red Sox in 1935 and then finished out his career in the minors, retiring in 1937. He was among a small number of players in major-league history to have practiced medicine while still an active player.

Having continued his dental practice in the off-seasons, Legett returned to New Orleans as a full-time dentist after his baseball retirement. He got involved in the newly-formed NORD baseball program in 1947 as its chairman, when they started out with just 50 teams. By 1950, the program had grown to 326 teams involving over 5,000 kids. By 1964, NORD had reached 500 teams. Legett was known for his annual tours of the NORD facilities with city officials and local professional baseball players in order to showcase the expansive program. He used his professional baseball ties to enlist other former local major-leaguers such as John “Oyster Joe” Martina and John “Fats” Dantonio to help coach and mentor teams. He continued his work with NORD until the mid- ‘70s when illness forced him to retire.

Legett was inducted into the Diamond Club of New Orleans in 1969. This honorary group consisted of local players and coaches who had distinguished themselves in the sport. In 1984 he was inducted into the New Orleans Sports Hall of Fame. Legett died on March 6, 1988, at age 86.

Legett is among over 1,700 players from the New Orleans Metro Area to have played high school baseball and gone on to college and/or professional baseball careers. Click here to view a compilation of those players.

What's in store for the 2021 baseball season?

The 2020 baseball season was like no other. Given all the hurdles, we were actually lucky Major League Baseball managed to get in a 60-game regular-season and a post-season. It was the most tumultuous season since 1994-1995 when the Major League Baseball Players Association called a players strike, which resulted in shortening the 1994 regular season, cancelling the 1994 post-season, and delaying the start of the 1995 season.

The absence of minor-league baseball and an abbreviated MLB draft (five versus forty rounds) also contributed to a turbulent time that negatively impacted player development. The effects may not manifest themselves for a couple of years though.

Will major league players and staffs be allowed to take the COVID-19 vaccine early enough to permit a normal start of the season? Probably so. Will fans be allowed to attend games at the start of the regular season? Probably, but with limited numbers at first.

Which of the new rules instituted in 2020 will carry over to 2021? Here’s my take: Universal designated hitter (yes). Expanded playoffs (yes). Extra-innings starting with runner on second base (no). Seven-inning double-headers (no).

Alex Cora(Boston Red Sox) and AJ Hinch (Detroit Tigers) are back in the dugout after sitting out last year due to their association with the sign-stealing scandal that surfaced in late 2019. Both of their clubs will have a hard time getting back to a World Series any time soon.

The Houston Astros were largely spared the fans’ indignation for the team’s involvement in the sign-stealing fiasco, as games were played last season without fans in attendance to heckle them. Time will not have healed all those wounds yet.

The San Diego Padres are putting all their chips on the 2021 season, with the acquisition of top-flight starting pitchers Yu Darvish and Blake Snell. They’ll have the world champion Dodgers standing in their way though.

Major league GMs seem to go from one extreme to another in hiring managers. For several years now the trend has been to bring on new-style managers who have no prior managerial experience at any level. Last year the Astros hired 71-year-old Dusty Baker to replace AJ Hinch. This offseason the White Sox hired 76-year-old Tony LaRussa, who last managed in 2011. The White Sox seem poised to make a run for a World Serie ring, but I’m not sure LaRussa is the best choice to lead them there.

Which New York team will DJ LaMahieu wind up playing for? He’s been the best position player for the Yankees the past two seasons. New Mets owner Steven Cohen wants to make a big splash immediately, and LeMahieu would be a huge contributor to that effort. “La Machine” is in the driver’s seat on where he finally lands.

Tampa Bay’s Randy Arozarena came out of the 2020 post-season with one of the most phenomenal playoff performances in recent history. His slash line in 20 playoff games was .377/.442/.831. He set a new MLB record for most home runs (10) in a single post-season. Was that just a “flash-in-the pan” accomplishment, or can we expect more of this type of play in 2021? His arrest in Mexico during the offseason for a family dispute may delay us in finding out.

Where will respected baseball executive Theo Epstein re-surface in 2021? He stepped down as president of the Cubs after nine seasons. I think he’ll sit out this season, and I’m predicting he’ll wind up with the Mets for the 2022 season. He’s got experience leading franchises (Red Sox and Cubs) to world championships, and it’s been a long time since the Mets were champs (1986).

Texas Rangers fans will get to attend a proper opening of its new Globe Life Field this season. They got short-changed last year with the coronavirus, when fans didn’t get a chance to attend regular-season games.

Here are some other key questions for the 2021 season.

Can the Twins win a playoff game? They’ve been swept in their last six playoff series.

The Marlins were a surprise playoff team in the shortened 2020 season. Are they capable of a winning season in a 162-games schedule?

Will Mike Trout ever play in another playoff game?

After a World Series championship drought lasting 32 years, could the Dodgers be the first repeat World Series champ since the Yankees in 2000?

New Orleans finally gets designation as major league baseball city

No, it’s not what you think or have been hoping for since the 1960s. Major League Baseball hasn’t awarded a new franchise to the City of New Orleans. Instead, by virtue of MLB deciding to add the Negro Leagues to its official records, and because the St. Louis-New Orleans Stars were part of the Negro American League in 1940 and 1941, New Orleans will retroactively be considered a major-league city. It’s not exactly the way the city’s baseball fans would have preferred to attain its big-league status though.

What brought about this unexpected designation? According to, “MLB is officially recognizing that the quality of the segregation-era circuits was comparable to its own product from that time period.” Consequently, MLB gave Major League status to seven professional Negro Leagues that operated between 1920 and 1948.

Black organized baseball teams existed in the city as far back as 1886, when a team called the Unions of New Orleans played. However, New Orleans didn’t have a single franchise that existed throughout the Negro Leagues era. For example, teams that were part of regional leagues included the New Orleans Black Pelicans who played in 1920 and again in 1945. The New Orleans Crescent Stars played in 1922, 1933, and 1934. The New Orleans Eagles played in 1951. Furthermore, there existed numerous Black semi-pro teams that often competed against barnstorming teams on tour from other parts of the country. These teams included the Caulfield Ads, Jax Red Sox, and Algiers Giants. Wesley Barrow, after whom the local baseball stadium is named, served as manager of the 1945 Black Pelicans.

New Orleans shared an entry in the National American League with St. Louis in 1940 and 1041. Home games were played in both cities, with Pelican Stadium used as the site of the contests in New Orleans. Their competition included the Kansas City Monarchs and Birmingham Black Barons, two of the more storied franchises in Negro Leagues history. The Stars’ manager was George Mitchell, and their best pitcher was Eugene Smith, who threw a no-hitter against the New York Black Yankees in 1941.

Some of the more notable Negro League players whose careers started in New Orleans high schools and semi-pro teams were Oliver Marcell, Dave Malarcher, and John Bissant. Their hitting and pitching stats will become part of MLB’s official records.

New Orleans had long harbored hopes it could become the home to a major-league baseball franchise. When Major League Baseball’s expansion first occurred in the early 1960s and the concept for a local domed stadium emerged later in the decade, expectations soared that the city would secure an MLB big-league team. However, after numerous unsuccessful efforts by city and state officials to lure an existing franchise to re-locate to the Crescent City to play in the Louisiana Superdome, the endeavor was finally abandoned in early 1980s. The closest New Orleans came to hosting a big-league team occurred when the St. Louis Cardinals’ Triple-A affiliate relocated for the 1977 season.


HOF voters faced with big decisions for 2021 class

The 2021 class of HOF-eligible players is not very strong this year. The probability of seeing a first-ballot election is practically nil. There are no Mariano Rivera or Derek Jeter-caliber players making their ballot debut this year. In fact, I don’t think any of the new entrants will ever get serious consideration. In my opinion, first-timers Tim Hudson, Mark Beuhrle, and Torii Hunter were decent players, but are not Hall-worthy. So, how should voters look at years like this, when even many of the eligible carryover players (from previous years) are on the fence of being Hall-worthy?

Given the above situation, should voters give more consideration to the PED era players on the ballot? Several of them, namely Barry Bonds, Roger Clemens, and Manny Ramirez, were top echelon players when it comes to the Hall of Fame’s statistical standards. However, if a voter continues to take the stance of omitting all suspected or positive-tested PED users from his ballot, does he then cast a vote for a borderline player instead? Or cast a ballot with less than ten votes?

The baseball writers who make up nearly 400 voters have some tough choices to make this year. If any of them are looking for inputs, here’s my two-cents worth.

My carryovers from the 2020 class include Barry Bonds, Roger Clemens, Curt Schilling, Todd Helton, Gary Sheffield, Manny Ramirez, Omar Vizquel, and Jeff Kent; and I’m sticking with them.

As I stated in my blog last year about the Hall of Fame voting, I’ve put the PED era stigma behind me. I’ve always believed Bonds and Clemens should be elected, and then last year I added Manny Ramirez. I no longer tried to differentiate players who were suspected of PED use versus those who actually tested positive.

Bonds and Clemens seemed to have stalled out in their percentage of votes in the 2020 class balloting. Neither of them substantially increased their percentages from the year before. They have only one more year after this one to reach the minimum 75% of the votes. It would be very telling if they stayed at the same percentage again this year.

Schilling got to 70% last year and appears to be on track to be elected this year. It’s been a long struggle for him. I believe the baseball writers ultimately came to appreciate his post-season performances (in 19 games, he posted a 11-2 record, 2.23 ERA, and 0.968 WHIP for three different teams).

I’m definitely in the minority in voting for Sheffield. In his six years on the ballot, he’s managed to get to only 30.5%. I believe he’s been negatively affected by PED suspicion, but when you look at his slash line (.292/.393/.514) and OPS+ of 140, (not to mention his 509 home runs and 1,675 RBIs), he’s hard to ignore. The fact that he played for eight different teams during his career may have contributed to the perception of him as a journeyman ballplayer.

Todd Helton had a ten-year period when he had an impressive slash line of .332/.432/.585 and averaged 30 home runs and 108 RBIs. He was at 29.2% after his second year of eligibility. I think he’ll have a big increase this year.

I voted for Vizquel and Kent for the first time last year, but admittedly I included them only to fill out my ballot with ten votes. Kent’s in the top three second basemen in history for slugging percentage. However, like Sheffield, he’s only garnered 27.5% after seven years on the ballot. Vizquel is arguably the best defensive shortstop in history although he never hit for much power in an era when shortstops were expected to contribute offensively. However, he managed to get 52.6% in his third year. Vizquel’s percentage could be hurt by recent negative press regarding alleged physical abuse of his wife.

The top of this year’s list of new eligible players includes Tim Hudson, Mark Buehrle, Torii Hunter, Dan Haren, Barry Zito, and Aramis Ramirez. They were all-stars during their careers but were hardly of the superstar category. I’m not voting for any of them.

That leaves two more votes I could add. I’m of the opinion that a Hall of Fame ballot should include the top ten players eligible that year. My rationale is that one can’t reliably predict the worthiness of Hall of Fame induction of players up to ten seasons in the future, so one should pick the best currently eligible players. That implies one or more of the players may not be on a voter’s list in a subsequent year, if indeed more worthy players come along. The argument against this approach is that a player is either a Hall of Famer or not—that voting for them shouldn’t depend on who else is eligible in a given year. Thus, one could wind up with less than ten votes.

So, my last two votes go to Billy Wagner and Andruw Jones.

Of the top thirty relief pitchers with a minimum of 300 saves (which includes seven existing Hall of Famers), Wagner has the third-best ERA (2.31) and third-best strikeout percentage (33.2%), while being tied for third-best in batting average of balls in play (BAbip) with .265. His career WHIP was 0.998. He collected 31.7% of the votes in his fifth year of eligibility.

Jones is one of the best defensive centerfielders of all time. He was a Gold Glove winner in eleven consecutive seasons (1997-2007), while averaging 30 home runs and 100 RBIs during the same period. He garnered 19.4% of the votes in his third year of eligibility, so he would have to make a big jump this year to stay in the hunt.

The PED era remains on trial during this year’s voting. The outcome could have a direct bearing on two of next year’s eligible players, Alex Rodriguez and David Ortiz, both connected to PED use. This could be the year in which several players will gain significant ground in reaching 75%, due to a relative shortfall of viable candidates. Let’s see what happens.

Dick (don't call me Richie) Allen should get his due in HOF

By now you probably have already read several stories about the career of Dick Allen, who died on December 7 at age 78. So, bear with me as I reminisce about the player who was initially called Richie by Philadelphia Phillies publicists when he made his major-league debut in 1963. Ten years later he declared to the media he wanted to be called Dick, since it was the name he grew up with.

Allen played in 10 games in his debut season, and then played his first full season in 1964. He was an immediate success individually and almost got the Philadelphia Phillies to their first pennant since 1950. Allen had an impressive slash line of .318/.382/.557, as he led the National League in runs (125), triples (13), and total bases (352). He was voted the Rookie of the Year, garnering 18 of 20 first-place votes.

Allen went on to one of the best major-league careers during his prime years (1964 to 1974), matching up well with some of the all-time greats. He made seven all-star teams during that timeframe and captured the American League MVP Award in 1972. During his 15-year career, he averaged .292, hit 351 home runs, and drove in 1,119 runs.

Yet he never really got the recognition as those other superstars. He was viewed as a malcontent, frequently at odds with team management. He broke team rules, such as showing up late for games and missing flights. Some days he decided he didn’t want to take batting practice. Furthermore, he was not a favorite of the press in Philadelphia, as he frequently denied interviews.

When he got into professional baseball his early twenties, he had to deal with racial issues that existed around the nation. Baseball had been integrated since 1947, but there were still lingering problems with bigotry within the game. Allen spoke up when others shied away from the issues. His openness contributed to the negative perception that often surrounded him.

However, the fans loved Allen. They loved the way he hit home runs with his 41-ounce bat, often in extra-inning games, although it was joked the fans were sometimes disappointed when he hit homers--because the ball couldn’t be found since he hit them so far.

When Allen became eligible in the Hall of Fame voting in 1983, he received a meager 3.7 % of the votes. The highest percentage of votes he obtained during his 14 years on the ballot (18.9%) was far lower than the required minimum of 75%. Since he had not accumulated 3,000 hits, hit 400 home runs, or averaged .300 or better, common benchmarks for election at that time, he never got serious consideration by the baseball writers. Furthermore, many of them remembered the disgruntled perception that plagued Allen during his playing days.

Yet with modern analytics now being utilized in the criteria for election to the Hall, there has been renewed interest in Allen by the Golden Era Committee (formerly known as the Veterans Committee). This blue-ribbon group of veteran players, managers and executives re-considers the careers of former players from past decades for election to the Hall. Allen missed by one vote for election by this committee six year ago. He was scheduled to come up again this year, but the committee deferred its voting until next year.

There are strong sentiments by today’s baseball analysts that Allen deserves to be voted in, based on his on-field performance and disregarding prior negative perceptions of his persona. The Athletic’s Jayson Stark produced the following analysis (for years 1964-1974) that shows Allen in good company with current Hall of Famers when considering several of the non-accumulation stats. The facts are pretty revealing when he is compared to peers of his era.

Best OPS: Hank Aaron (.941), Dick Allen (.920), Willie McCovey (.937).

Best Slugging Percentage: Hank Aaron (.561). Dick Allen (.554), and Willie Stargell (.541).

Best OPS+: Dick Allen (165), Willie McCovey (164), Hank Aaron (.159), Frank Robinson (159).

Assuming Allen gets the nod to enter the Hall next year, it will be a huge tragedy that it occurred after he passed. It is reminiscent of Ron Santo’s posthumous election in 2012.

Robinson Cano, don't ya know!

Yankees broadcaster John Sterling has a signature home run call for each of the Yankees players. During the time Robinson Cano was the star second baseman for the Yankees, he hit his share of round-trippers, prompting Sterling each time to shout out, “Robbie Cano, don’t ya know!” He was on a pace to get a plaque in Cooperstown, as he was among the top six in the voting for American League MVP for five consecutive years ending in 2014.

Apparently, Cano doesn’t know or care about PED use, since he was recently suspended from baseball for the entire 2021 season for testing positive for the performance enhancement drug Stanolozol. His 162-game suspension comes as a result of his second PED violation, having tested positive for a diuretic in May 2018. He wound up sitting out 80 games then.

Well, Cano can forget about Cooperstown now. He can forget about his $24 million salary for 2021. He previously had to forfeit $11.7 million for his first transgression in 2018. For most people, they get wiser with age. That adage doesn’t seem to apply to Cano.

He’ll be 39 years old when he returns for the 2022 season, and the demand for his aging skills will likely be greatly diminished. The Mets plan to move on without him, reportedly in the hunt for free-agent second baseman DJ LeMahieu. If successful, the Mets may have to wind up eating the $48 million owed Cano for 2022 and 2023. However, for new Mets owner Steve Cohen, the richest in the majors, that may be not be a big problem.

Cano’s situation is extremely disappointing. He’s a ballplayer with loads of talent. He made the game look easy, especially with his side-armed flip to first base on ground balls. He was destined for stardom early in his career. In his 2005 debut season, he was runner-up for Rookie of the Year honors. He secured an All-Star Game berth in his second season, when he hit .342. When the Yankees last won a World Series in 2009, he had an impressive slash line of .320/.352/.520 and finished second in total bases (331) on an outstanding offensive team. In addition to being a perennial top candidate for MVP honors, Cano was a five-time all-star with the Yankees.

Cano entered free agency after the 2013 season as a hot commodity. Even with the Yankees already sporting a $233 million payroll for 2014, including huge salaries for Carlos Beltran, Jacoby Ellsbury, Brian McCann, CC Sabathia, Alfonso Soriano, Mark Teixiera, and Masahiro Tanaka, the Yankees still offered Cano a seven-year deal valued at $175 million. However, he chose to go with Seattle who gave him a $240 million, 10-year deal.

Cano had three all-star seasons with Seattle, although the team needed to fill other holes on its roster to be competitive. After his first PED suspension in 2018, Mets GM Brody Van Wagenen, formerly a player agent, acquired his former client in a seven-player deal. In the abbreviated 2020 season, Cano remained a productive hitter with a .316/.352/.544 slash line with 10 homers and 30 RBIs in 49 games. With Cohen’s purchase of the Mets franchise and his stated pursuit of a world championship, Cano won’t be a factor in the short term.

Cano is the second-best second baseman in Yankees history, better than Joe Gordon but behind Tony Lazzeri. Don’t you know he could have had a plaque in Monument Park at Yankee Stadium, if his career hadn’t become marred with the PED-related suspensions? Evidently, Robbie didn’t care about that, but forfeiting $35 million was just plain dumb.

A 'cup of coffee' was all these New Orleanians got in the majors

In major league baseball parlance, when a player only appears in a few big league games in his professional career, it’s said he was there only long enough for a proverbial cup of coffee. That expression especially applies to players who got into only one major-league game in their entire career.

The Crescent City can boast having over 80 players reaching the big leagues, but for many of them a cup of coffee is about all they can claim. Yet they can be counted among the elite group of nearly 20,000 players to ever appear in the majors in over 140 years.

Of course, New Orleans is noted for having produced storied players like Mel Ott, Mel Parnell, Rusty Staub, and Will Clark. Each had lengthy, productive careers. Ott is enshrined in the National Baseball Hall of Fame, while the others have a plaque in their respective team’s hall of fame. Their careers are well-chronicled by baseball historians.

Below is a selection of some of the lesser-known New Orleans area players whose short-lived appearance was likely the highlight of their baseball careers. They won’t be found on any major-league all-star teams or in any halls of fame. Some of them weren’t around long enough to even get cream and sugar in their cup of coffee. But they were still major leaguers all the same.

Johnny Oulliber broke into professional baseball with the New Orleans Pelicans in 1932 by hitting .330. After another good start in the next season with the Pelicans, the former St. Aloysius High School outfielder was promoted to the Cleveland Indians in July. However, he played in only 22 games with the Indians, and wound up back with the Pelicans in 1934 for the last season of his career. He batted .267 with only one extra-base hit in 87 plate appearances with the Indians.

Rod Dedeaux appeared in only two major league games in 1935 with the Brooklyn Dodgers. Born in New Orleans, Dedeaux’s family moved to Oakland, California, as a young child. He played three seasons at the University of Southern California before entering the pro ranks. Having developed a friendship with Casey Stengel during high school, the shortstop was called up by the Dodgers, then managed by Stengel. Dedeaux got a hit in four plate appearances on September 29. After becoming injured in 1936, he played sparingly in the minors until 1939. Dedeaux attained national notoriety as the long-time head baseball coach at USC, capturing 11 national titles between 1942 and 1986.

Oscar Georgy was a right-handed pitcher who made only one major-league appearance with the New York Giants in 1938, when he was a teammate of Mel Ott. He pitched one inning in relief, giving up two runs against Cincinnati on June 4. He finished his pro career in the low minors in the Giants system, retiring in 1941. Georgy played high school baseball at Fortier.

Al Flair signed with the Boston Red Sox organization out of Fortier High School in 1937. After posting an outstanding season with Baltimore of the International League in 1941, he was promoted to the second-place Red Sox in September. The first-baseman hit .200 in 10 games. After missing the 1942-1945 seasons due to World War II, he returned to the minors in 1946. However, he never got back to the majors. He played for with the New Orleans Pelicans in 1947 and 1948 and ended his pro career in 1951 after also playing in the Pirates, Senators, Tigers, and Dodgers organizations.

Ray Yochim signed with the St Louis Cardinals organization out of Holy Cross High School in 1941. His career was put on hold while serving in World War II from 1943 through 1945. The Sporting News erroneously reported his death while serving overseas in the Marines. He eventually pitched for the big-league Cardinals in 1948 and 1949, appearing in a total of 3 1/3 innings in four games as a reliever. He is the older brother of former major-leaguer Lenny Yochim.

Gerry Schoen, who prepped at De La Salle, was drafted out of the University of Loyola in New Orleans by the Washington Senators in the 15th round in 1966. He got called up by the last-place Senators in 1968 and made his debut as the starting pitcher against the New York Yankees on September 14. He pitched only 3 1/3 innings and took the loss. It was his only major-league game, and he was out of baseball after the 1971 season.

Allan Montreuil grew up as a schoolboy “phenom” in New Orleans, often playing in amateur leagues at a higher level than his normal age group. After two state championships at De La Salle High School, he played for the University Loyola in New Orleans for two seasons. He signed with the Boston Red Sox in 1963 but was traded to the Chicago Cubs in 1969 when he became blocked in his bid for a regular job with the big-league Red Sox. After four seasons at the Triple-A level, he finally got a call-up to the big-league Cubs in 1972. He managed to get only one hit in five games in his only major-league season. His last season of pro ball was in 1975.

Jim Gaudet’s abbreviated major-league career spanned two seasons, but still amounted to only six games. He had one hit in 14 plate appearances with the Kansas City Royals during 1978 and 1979. He was initially drafted out of Jesuit High School by the Atlanta Braves in the third round in 1973. However, he chose to attend Tulane University and was drafted again in 1976 by the Royals in the sixth round. He ended his pro career in 1982 in the Toronto Blue Jays organization.

Webster Garrison was a second-round pick of the Toronto Blue Jays out of Ehret High School in 1983. The shortstop signed with the Blue Jays for a $150,000 signing bonus, passing up a scholarship offer to the University of New Orleans. Shortstop Tony Fernandez blocked his ascent to the Blue Jays, and Garrison was granted free agency after an injury-plagued 1990 season. The Oakland A’s signed him, and he finally got his shot in the majors for five games in 1996. He was hitless in 10 plate appearances with the A’s, and then it was back to the minors. He played three more seasons in the A’s organization before retiring as a player in 1999. He became a minor-league manager and coach in the A’s system and was still active in 2019.

Kevin Mmahat played at Tulane University and was drafted by the Texas Rangers in the 31st round of the 1987 MLB Draft. After one season in the Rangers organization, the left-handed pitcher was purchased by the New York Yankees. He was called up by the Yankees in September 1989, when he made two starts and two relief appearances, posting two losing decisions. He lasted three more seasons in the minor before retiring in 1992. Mmahat played high school ball at Grace King.

Steve Bourgeois, who prepped at Riverside Academy and played for Delgado Community College and University of Louisiana Monroe, was first drafted in 1991 by the Cleveland Indians in the 49th round but did not sign. Two years later the right-handed pitcher was selected by the San Francisco Giants in the 21st round. He made his major-league debut with the Giants on April 3, 1996, and wound up pitching 40 innings that season, posting a 1-3 record and 6.30 ERA. It was his only big-league season. Bourgeois finished his career in the Mexican League in 2007.

Jeremy Bleich was a supplemental first-round pick (41st overall) of the New York Yankees in 2008. He had starred for Newman High School before playing for Stanford University. He played in the Yankees organization until 2011, when he was granted free agency. He then went through several more organizations before landing with Oakland in 2018. At 31 years of age, he made his major-league debut with the A’s on July 13 in a relief appearance and then pitched in one more game before being sent back the minors. Those were his only major-league games. He last pitched in the Boston Red Sox organization in 2019.

Mike Romano was an All-American pitcher as a sophomore at Tulane in 1992, when he led the country in wins (17) and finished second in strikeouts (174). The right-hander was drafted in 1993 by the Toronto Blue Jays in the third round. After three seasons at the Triple-A level, he made his major-league debut with the Blue Jays on September 5, 1995, in a relief appearance against Kansas City. Altogether, Romano pitched in three games for a total of 5 1/3 innings in his only big-league season. He finished his career by pitching in the Mexican, Japanese, Korean and Venezuelan professional leagues. Romano threw the first no-hitter in Mexican League playoff history on August 18, 2002. He prepped at Chalmette High School.

COVID won't impact the Hot Stove season

COVID-19 put a real damper on the 2020 baseball season. The after-effects will be felt far beyond last season. Teams lost serious money. Player development, particularly in the minor leagues, was put on hold. Fans had to learn to engage differently, and unfortunately many lost interest. I don’t know about you, but Korean baseball at 4:00 AM on ESPN and stadiums with cardboard fans in the seats didn’t help me at all.

But all is not lost. For those with optimism that the impending vaccines will help mitigate the situation, there is a light at the end of the tunnel. And I’m betting that baseball will pretty much be back to normal, if not in the early spring, by the start of summer.

In normal times, this time of the year for baseball fans is mostly about discussion and debate through various sports talk shows, blogs, and baseball websites. The good news is that we can participate in these media without the personal interaction requiring masks, social distancing, and washing hands. Long gone are the olden days when baseball enthusiasts gathered around the wood-burning stove in the general store during the wintertime to hash over last season and opine about the upcoming year.

So, what will baseball fans be talking about over this Hot Stove season?

Hall of Fame voting. There won’t likely be a first-ballot election in the voting that will happen later this year. I doubt that any of the new entrants will ever get serious consideration. Therefore, this could be the “make or break” year for Barry Bonds and Roger Clemens to get elected. Will the shortage of other serious candidates be the catalyst for these two guys finally getting elected?

Rules changes. The pandemic forced numerous changes in the game last season. We experienced expanded playoffs, neutral sites for the playoffs, universal use of the DH, and new rules for extra-inning games. Which of these will be carried over into the 2021 season if indeed we are back to normal?

Future of minor leagues. Major League Baseball is forcing fundamental changes in how minor league baseball will operate. There will be fewer teams and thus fewer players, although there seems to be a movement to offset the reductions with the creation of more independent teams (who, by the way, won’t be able to pay its players a decent salary). Is college baseball really the future of player development for entry-level professionals. Will the minors evolve to encompass only Triple-A and maybe Double-A levels?

Free agency. Aside from the top five or ten “game-changer” free agents this season, MLB will likely wait out the rest of the field. The teams’ dire financial situations from COVID-19 are partially the cause, but there is also a general trend toward limiting long-term deals for players who are into their thirties. How will aging players like Nelson Cruz, Jake Arrieta, Yadier Molina, Edwin Encarnacion, and Jon Lester fare over the winter?

Women in baseball. Kim Ng broke one of the highest glass ceilings in all of professional sports when she was recently named the general manager of the Miami Marlins. (Take note, NFL and NBA: the “lowly” MLB was the first to do this.) That being said, there is a general shortage of women in the front offices of most major-league teams. Will Ng’s appointment have an impact on that situation?

Future of the Mets franchise. New Mets owner Steve Cohen said his goal was to develop an “iconic” franchise. I suppose he meant iconic like the Yankees or Dodgers, who spend a lot of money on player salaries. Will his fat wallet cure a lot of the Mets’ past ills? How active will the Mets be in this winter’s free agency race?

Kyler Murray and baseball. The idea is not that far-fetched. After all, Murray was a Number 1 draft pick of the Oakland A’s in the 2018 MLB draft. However, as a rising NFL star, he’s proving he made a good decision by choosing football. He’s been able to make an immediate impact in football, whereas he would likely have spent a few years in the minors before getting a shot to play in baseball’s big leagues. But does that rule out the possibility Murray wouldn’t eventually make a Tim Tebow move?

Theo Epstein’s next job. Epstein resigned from the Cubs organization last week. Was he burned out, or does he already have his eyes on his next job? He’s a likely Hall of Famer down the road, having won world championships in Boston and Chicago. Only 47-years old, what’s his next gig? Could it be the Mets or Phillies who are in the market right now?

Mets fans may be setting their expectations too high

At Steve Cohen’s introductory press conference last Tuesday, New York Mets fans heard just what they wanted to hear. “I’m here for the fans. It’s not just about making money. We will act like a major-market team. I’m shooting for a World Series championship in 3-5 years. We can now emphasize the acquisition and not the cost.” That’s how the New York Mets’ new billionaire owner characterized his planned ownership of the team, and it was music to the ears of Mets fans, who have long been frustrated with previous ownership.

Cohen generated a lot of excitement and anticipation with his press conference comments. Mets fans now believe they can look at upcoming seasons with more than just a hope and a prayer. After all, the Wilpon family that had a significant ownership interest in the Mets since 1986 seemed to rarely put the fans first. The franchise nearly crumbled when Fred Wilpon reportedly lost $700 billion in the Bernie Madoff investment scandal. At one point, he had to borrow money to make monthly payrolls. His biggest critics complained that he wasn’t willing to shell out the dollars for one or two transformative players needed to make the team a perennial contender.

Are Mets fans being set up by Cohen? Is he just saying all this as up-front PR work to win the hearts of the fans early on? The prosperous manager of hedge fund, Cohen portrays himself as a fan with a lot of sentimentality for the Mets era of the Shea Stadium days. But will he make decisions based on the emotions of a fan, or objectively like a businessman? Obviously, he must know how to run successful businesses in order for him to have accumulated the wealth he currently has. (He’s now the richest owner of a major-league franchise.) Does he think he just needs to spend a lot of money on the Mets to make them competitive? It sure will help, but there’s more to it than having a fat wallet.

Here are some other critical issues Cohen and the Mets must address.

They need a GM to replace Brady Van Wagenen, who was let go after Cohen purchased the team. Van Wagenen was largely an experiment by the Wilpon family, since his background was not in baseball operations, but as a player agent. The experiment failed. The good news is that revered front office executive Sandy Alderson was hired by Cohen as president, so now it will be his task to find the right person for GM. The Mets will need someone capable of making personnel decisions to spend Cohen’s money wisely.

Alderson and the new GM will have to determine whether Luis Rojas should be retained as the Mets’ manager. He was called on to manage the Mets in February 2020, when Carlos Beltran was forced to step down because of his involvement in the Astros’ sign-stealing scandal in 2017. But Rojas was a relatively inexperienced manager. The verdict is out on whether Rojas is the right person long-term.

The Mets have some big holes in their roster. A top-of-the-line starter behind Jacob DeGrom is probably the biggest gap, followed by some middle relievers and a catcher. If Cohen wants to part with a good chunk of his fortune, he couldn’t go wrong with current free-agents like starter Trevor Bauer, catcher J.T Realmuto, and relievers Brad Hand and Roberto Osuna.

Unlike the Wilpons, Cohen seems prepared to be in the same spending realm as the Yankees and Dodgers so he can secure the top free agent(s) who can fundamentally change the club from being a pretender to a contender. But how many times have we seen teams spend a lot of money on free agents, only to be disappointed that they could never jell with the team? Teams like Tampa Bay and Houston have shown how to successfully build a team with complementing pieces. Cohen says he wants to build a perennial winner. His new front office might need to take some lessons from those teams. That includes building a sustaining farm system to backfill players when they become too expensive to retain.

All of these issues won’t be resolved by Cohen and his staff overnight. He says he expects the team to be a champion in 3-5 years. Well, it could take that long to address them. In the meantime, euphoric Mets fans must be patient and temper their expectations.

Baseball's family ties hampered by crazy 2020 season

COVID-19 put a damper on most things this year, including the 2020 MLB season. The changes that came about because of the pandemic even had an impact on the number of family relationships in the majors and minors this year and next year as well. It affected players, managers, coaches, scouts, and front-office personnel of all the big league organizations.

We had an abbreviated spring training, with players barely have gotten in game-ready condition when they were sent home in mid-March. Then we had a truncated regular season that lasted 60 games in a little more than two months. We didn’t have a minor league season from which big-league teams could draw needed players throughout the season. Instead it was replaced by each major-league team having a taxi or reserve squad of 60 players at their disposal during the season. The draft class was the smallest in history because MLB limited the selections to five rounds. Although not COVID-related, MLB also announced its plan to reduce the number of minor-league affiliates by 25 percent in 2021.

Consequently, fewer players were able to break into major league rosters coming out of spring training, since there wasn’t sufficient time for them to hone and demonstrate their skills. There were fewer call-ups to big-league rosters because of the limited pool of available players to draw from. In fact, the shortened season saw the fewest prospects promoted since 1878. There were fewer number of amateur players drafted, which will impact the population of major and minor league rosters in the future. Players with baseball in their bloodlines were impacted by all of these factors.

The duties of player development and minor-league field and front office personnel were dramatically curtailed, although most organizations continued to pay their salaries, albeit reduced, for parts of the season. There will be 25 percent fewer affiliated players in the minors next season, although independent leagues may fill some of the gap. Many of those jobs and roster spots, including those held by staff and players with baseball relatives, will be eliminated in 2021 because of the negative financial impact of COVID this season.

Despite all of these factors, baseball’s bloodlines weren’t completely put on hold this season. Here are some highlights of baseball’s relatives in 2020 in several categories.



Brothers Hunter and Braden Bishop met on the field for the first time in their lives in an early spring training game this year. Hunter was a first-round pick of San Francisco in 2019, while Braden, who is five years older, is in his second major-league season for the Seattle Mariners. They had a memorable moment together in the game when Hunter fielded an overthrow from the Giants catcher while Braden stole second and then made his way to third on the overthrow. For a brief moment, Hunter thought about trying to throw out his brother at third base, but then realized he didn’t have a shot on the play.

David Bell was in his second season as manager of the Cincinnati Reds in 2020. His brother Mike was named the bench coach for the Minnesota Twins under manager Rocco Baldelli for 2020, setting up the occasion for them to be in opposing dugouts for a three-game series starting on September 25. The Twins won two of the games, helping them earn the Central Division title.

On August 14, cousins Franmil Reyes and Ivan Nova faced each other for the third time in a major-league game. The Indians’ Reyes got the best of Detroit’s Nova with a two-run home run and an RBI single, as the Indians won, 10-5.

Brothers Corey and Kyle Seager are six years apart in age and never had a chance growing up to play on the same baseball diamond. On August 17, their respective teams (Dodgers and Mariners) faced each other, with both of them homering in the game won by Los Angeles, 11-9. The two brothers were productive that day, combining for five hits, four runs scored, and five RBIs.

When outfielder Kyle Zimmer was called up by the Kansas City Royals on July 25, it set up the possibility that he could face his brother Bradley, who pitched for the Cleveland Indians. They both appeared in the same game on July 26 but wound up not opposing each other. They’ll have to wait until the 2021 season.



Josh Naylor was traded by San Diego to the Cleveland Indians at the trade deadline on August 31. Naylor’s brother Bo currently plays in the Indians farm system, so they could find themselves as teammates for the Tribe down the road. The Naylor brothers are natives of Canada, and both were Number 1 draft picks by their respective teams.

In Toronto’s first game of the 2020 season on July 24, the first four batters in their lineup, who also made up the entire infield, were sons of former major-leaguers. Shortstop Bo Bichette, son of Dante Bichette, led off for the Blue Jays. Second baseman Cavan Biggio, son of Hall of Famer Craig Biggio, batted second. First baseman Vlad Guerrero Jr., son of Hall of Famer Valdimir Guerrero Sr., was in the third spot, while third baseman Travis Shaw, son of Jeff Shaw, batted cleanup. Each of the players got at least one hit in the game, with Biggio hitting a home run.


Extending the multi-generation families

Three-generation major-leaguers are a rarity, with the Boones, Bells, Hairstons, and Stephensons as the only ones in baseball history. The next candidate for a three-generation family would likely be accomplished by Trei Cruz, son of Jose Cruz Jr, and grandson of Jose Cruz Sr. Trei was drafted in the third round out of Rice University by the Detroit Tigers. He had previously been drafted out of high school in 2017 by the Washington Nationals.

The Boone family could become the first four-generation family, since Jake Boone signed as a non-drafted free agent by the Washington Nationals during the summer. Jake, who played three seasons as shortstop at Princeton University, is the son of Bret Boone, nephew of Aaron Boone, the grandson of Bob Boone, and the great grandson of Ray Boone.


MLB Debuts

Sons of former professional players who made their MLB debuts this year include:

Daulton Varsho, July 30, Diamondbacks outfielder/catcher, son of Gary Varsho (1988-1995)

Brandon Leibrandt, August 23, Phillies pitcher, son of Charlie Leibrandt (1979-1993)

Ke’Bryan Hayes, September 1, Pirates third baseman, son of Charlie Hayes (1988-2001)

Derek Hill, September 4, Tigers outfielder, son of Glenallen Hill (1989-2001)

Daz Cameron, September 9, Tigers outfielder, son of Mike Cameron (1995-2011)

Mickey Moniak, September 16, Phillies outfielder, grandson of Bill Moniak (minor leaguer, 1958-1963)

Ryan Weathers, October 10, Padres pitcher, son of David Weathers (1991-2009)


Latest MLB manager with family ties

Luis Rojas made his major-league debut as manager of the New York Mets, joining Aaron Boone, David Bell, and Terry Francona as current managers with major-league fathers. Rojas is the son of Felipe Alou, who managed the Expos and Giants during 1992 through 2006.


Family Ties Overseas

On September 17 in South Korea, Preston Tucker hit two home runs in his Kia team’s win over Samsung in the Korean Baseball Organization league. Nearly 12 hours later and over 7,000 miles apart, his brother Kyle homered for the Houston Astros in their defeat of the Texas Rangers, 2-1. That’s probably the first time brothers hit homers on the same day on two continents.

Mel Rojas Jr, son of former major-league pitcher Mel Rojas Sr., is currently leading the Korean Baseball Organization in all the Triple Crown categories. The 30-year-old was a former third-round pick of the Pittsburgh Pirates in 2010, but he never played at the big-league level.


Drafted players

In addition to Trei Cruz, some of the players drafted in 2020 with major-league ties include:

Tyler Soderstrom was drafted by the Oakland A’s in the first round. He is the son of Steve Soderstrom who was also a first-rounder of the 1993 draft by San Francisco. They are the tenth father-son duo to be first-round draftees.

Carson Tucker was drafted in the first round by the Cleveland Indians. His brother Cole Tucker, currently a Pirates shortstop, was also a first-round pick. They are the ninth set of brothers as first-round picks.

Bryce Jarvis was a first-round pick of the Diamondbacks, while his father Keith Jarvis was a 12-year starter.


Players not drafted

Some of the draft-eligible amateur players with family ties were victims of the smaller draft class and didn’t get selected. In normal years, some of those players would likely have been drafted in the later rounds. A few of the more recognizable names include:

Peyton Glavine, son of Tom Glavine

Dante Girardi, son of Joe Girardi

Marquis Grissom Jr., son of Marquis Grissom Sr.

Casey Dykstra, son of Lenny Dykstra

Ryan Berardino, grandson of Dwight Evans and Dick Berardino

Darren Baker, son of Dusty Baker



Former Chicago White Sox pitcher Richard Dotson (1979-1990) was surprised this year to find out through DNA testing that his biological father was former major-league pitcher Turk Farrell (1956-1969). Dotson’s deceased mother had never spoken of her relationship with Farrell.

Washington Nationals ace Max Scherzer struck out Toronto’s Vlad Guerrero Jr. on July 29. Scherzer also struck out Vlad’s father ten years earlier.

Mookie plays like Willie

If I told you Willie Mays was available today to play like he did in the 1950s and 1960s, you’d want your favorite team to jump at the chance of signing him, knowing the kind of immediate impact he could have. You can bet almost every major-league GM would try to find a way to afford a talent like him.

Well, the reincarnated Willie Mays is indeed playing today, and he’s named Mookie Betts.

Like Mays, Betts can beat you with his bat, his legs and his glove. Practically every day he’s turning in the performance of a superstar. Some say he’s the best in baseball right now, although there’s an ongoing debate as to whether he or Mike Trout is the better player.

The Los Angeles Dodgers won the race for Betts when Boston decided to trade him in February, knowing that they’d have to empty the coffers in order to retain him beyond the 2020 season. They stepped up to the plate in July and agreed to a mega-deal that will shell out $365 million for 12 years. Andrew Friedman rightfully assessed there was something missing from the team that had won seven consecutive division titles, but no World Series. Betts was that missing piece, and he delivered the goods. For a team that already had young stars like Cody Bellinger and Corey Seager, Betts brought the real meaning of superstar. He gave the Dodgers what they couldn’t get during the last 32 years, a World Series ring.

I am including links to MLB’s videos of selected games where Mookie displayed Willie Mays-like performances.

July 31 – Outstanding throw to nail Padres runner at third base


August 13 - Three home runs in a game (sixth time in career) against Padres


October 16 – Great shoe-string catch in NLCS Game 5 against Braves


October 18 – Robs Freddie Freeman of a home run in NLCS Game 7


October 20 –2 stolen bases, 2 HRs in World Series Game 1 (ties Babe Ruth record)


In case you need a refresher on May’s career, here’s some old film featuring the Hall of Famer. Click on the last video in the group that’s about three minutes in length.

It’s a shame Mays played when he did—before free agency, before owners were willing to pay the big bucks. shows that he made just short of $2 million over his entire 22-year career. Think he’d be worth $365 million today? Say Hey!

Flashback: Career minor leaguer 'Oyster Joe' Martina in rare World Series appearance

New Orleans native John Martina is remembered more for his catchy nickname “Oyster Joe” than his pitching record in the majors. That’s because Martina spent 21 years in the minors, but only one in the big leagues. However, his season included a World Series appearance during an historic year for the Washington Senators franchise.

He spent the 1924 season with the Senators and was a member of the staff that featured future Hall of Famer Walter Johnson. The 34-year-old Martina had spent the previous 14 seasons in the minors, including three years with the New Orleans Pelicans for whom he won 56 games from 1921 to 1923.

Martina started 14 of his 24 appearances for the Senators and finished with a 6-8 record, while Johnson, Tom Zachary, and George Mogridge shouldered most of the workload in the starting rotation. The Senators wound up surging in late August to win the pennant over the vaunted New York Yankees. It was the Senators’ first World Series appearance.

Washington faced the New York Giants who were playing in their fourth World Series in four years. Martina got his opportunity to pitch in Game 3, when he entered the game in the seventh inning with the Senators trailing, 5-2. And who does he face? None other three future Hall of Famers—George Kelly, Bill Terry, and Hack Wilson. Martina rose to the occasion and retired them in order.

It was his only appearance in the Series, eventually won by the Senators in seven games.

Martina returned to New Orleans in 1925 and pitched for the Pelicans for four seasons, including two campaigns with 23 wins in each. He spent the last few years of his career in the low minors, eventually retiring in 1931 at age 41. shows that he won 322 games in the minors. It could have been more since there are two seasons where his detailed statistics are missing. In any case, he is acknowledged as the pitcher with the second-most wins in minor-league history, behind Bill Thomas.

Below is a complete list of New Orleans metro area players who played in one or more World Series. Asterisks indicate team won the World Series that season.



High School

Year(s) in World Series

World Series Team

Larry Gilbert Sr.




John Martina




Mel Ott


1933*, 1936, 1937


Howie Pollet


1942*, 1946*


Lou Klein

S. J. Peters



Al Jurisich

Warren Easton



Jack Kramer

S. J. Peters



Connie Ryan




Putsy Caballero




George Strickland

S. J. Peters



Rusty Staub




Will Clark




Gerald Williams

East St. John



Chad Gaudin

Crescent City



Mike Fontenot




Will Harris


2017*, 2019


Tanner Rainey

St. Paul’s



Tampa Bay’s Aaron Loup (Hahnville High School) is playing  in the current World Series with the Los Angeles Dodgers.

Former Tulane pitcher Aaron Loup contributing to Rays' bid for World Series ring

Hahnville native Aaron Loup found himself looking for a job over the winter, and now he’s in the middle of a run by the Tampa Bay Rays to win their first-ever World Series. He made scoreless relief appearances in each of the Rays’ four victories over Houston in the American League Championship Series.

The 2020 season has been gratifying for Loup since he missed practically all of last season. He was pitching for San Diego when he went on the injured list in early April with an elbow strain and wound up missing the remainder of the season. He was granted free agency after the 2019 season, leaving the 31-year-old left-hander in jeopardy of not catching on with another team. However, Tampa Bay picked him up cheaply, and going into spring training, he got a chance to extend his career.

The Rays had one of the best pitching staffs in the league during the regular season, and Loup was a key part of their bullpen. He made 24 relief appearances, posting a 2.52 ERA, with an outstanding 0.840 WHIP which included only four walks in 25 innings.

He was an All-Metro Team selection from Hahnville High School in 2006 and was named by the Times-Picayune as District 4-5A’s most valuable player. Loup was a three-year letterman with Tulane from 2007 to 2009. As a junior led the Green Wave in strikeouts and became the ninth-round pick of the Toronto Blue Jays in 2009. He spent seven big-league seasons with Toronto before being traded to Philadelphia in late 2018.

In 2019 the New Orleans metro area was represented in the World Series by Tanner Rainey and Will Harris. Rainey, who was born in Folsom and prepped at St. Paul’s in Covington, pitched in four games for world champion Washington Nationals. Harris, who prepped at Slidell High School, appeared in five games for Houston.

You gotta be happy for Dusty Baker

Regardless of how you feel about the Houston Astros players who weren’t punished by the Commissioner’s Office for their involvement in the 2017 sign-stealing scandal, you have to be happy for Astros manager Dusty Baker. He was brought in by Astros management to run the team under the cloud of the scandal for the 2020 season and the uncertainty about how the team would respond to criticism that would surely come their way. In a weird season, he’s got them challenging to repeat as American League pennant-winner.

Many figured Baker would serve as a stop-gap manager. After all, he had been out of baseball for the past two seasons and was 70 years old. He should have already started his transition into full retirement after over 50 years in baseball.

When former manager AJ Hinch was forced to resign over the winter, the Astros needed someone who would make sure there was stability on the club during what was expected to be a tumultuous season from a public relations standpoint. Furthermore, it was speculated the new skipper would likely be a bridge to a well-thought out choice for a new manager in 2021. The Astros selected the low-keyed Baker two weeks before spring training started. He was a safe bet for this season. Even if the Astros weren’t competitive this season, he would have the respect of the rest of the league and the players he was charged with leading. Proponents of the new-style major-league managers didn’t necessarily favor the Astros’ hiring of Baker, who’s generally considered a traditional “old-school” manager.

When the Astros finished the regular season with a losing record, it wasn’t totally unexpected. Blame wasn’t directed toward Baker, but rather on the loss of key players from the 2019 season and some key injuries in 2020, including COVID casualties. The Astros managed to squeeze their way into second place, just two games ahead of the Mariners, thus earning a playoff spot.

But now the Astros seem to have hit their stride. They swept the favored Minnesota Twins in the Wild Card Series. They started hitting like the Astros of 2019, while their young pitchers shut down the slugging Twins’ bats, allowing only two runs in their two wins.

Astros bats were even better in the League Division Series against division-winner Oakland. As a team, they had a slash line of .322/.388/.594, led by shortstop Carlos Correa’s 3 HRs and 11 RBIs. They prevailed over the A’s in four games.

Houston faces a tough challenge against Tampa Bay in their fourth straight ALCS. It will be interesting to see if they can continue their hot streak against the league’s best pitching staff.

The Astros chose Baker over other personnel within their organization who would have already had experience with players on the team. He didn’t have much time during the abbreviated spring training to help the team to prepare for the negativity they were about to experience. Then there was the rush to re-start the season in late July, still leaving Baker handicapped in being able to learn his new players. Adding to the turmoil from the team’s messy situation and the season’s uncertainty from the pandemic, Baker was at high risk himself for contracting COVID-19.

But now, the team is coming together at the right time, and Baker’s influence in how the team has progressed is starting to show. The players obviously want to win the World Series in order to vindicate themselves of their cheating scandal. (It’s highly debatable whether a championship would actually make the animosity against them go away.) However, you can also bet those same players would love nothing more than to give their skipper his first championship after helping them through the crazy season.

Baker is looking for redemption himself. He was let go by Washington following the 2017 season after winning two consecutive division titles. Despite his age, he wasn’t ready to get out of the game.

He is the first manager to lead five different franchises to the playoffs. His most successful season was almost twenty years ago when the Giants won a pennant. His last five playoff teams didn’t get out of the first round, so this year’s results are already gratifying for him. It would be nice to see him get another shot in the World Series.

Another Astros NL pennant would go a long way to restoring image

The Houston Astros entered the 2020 season under the cloud of the sign-stealing scandal over the winter. From a public relations standpoint, the team had alienated itself with opposing players and the fans. The franchise’s integrity and the players’ reputations were under scrutiny by the media and the baseball community in general. As spring training approached, everyone was wondering how the Astros players, new manager Dusty Baker, and the front office would handle the fallout. They were compelled to show they could win without cheating.

By mid-March MLB decided to cancel the remainder of spring training due to the national emergency caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. If there was any bright side to the pandemic for the Astros, the break in the season allowed them, to a large degree, to avoid dealing with the media and the fans. In a strange way, the 4 ½ months away from the diamond was fortuitous, because the Astros’ regular season was not one of their best, compared to what we have come to expect.

The Astros finished below .500 for the first time since 2014. It was a frustrating season for the team and its players, but it would have been worse without the interruption of the season. The pandemic diffused what would likely have been a toxic situation for the team. Astros players largely avoided the heckling by opposing fans the and the agitation by the media, who were unable to attend the games and have direct contact with the team. There could have been more incidents on the field like the bench-clearing with the Los Angeles Dodgers when Dodgers pitcher Joe Kelly threw pitches at the heads of Astros batters and made a demonstrative pouty face at Carlos Correa, as a show of disrespect for the Astros.

After the first three weeks, the Astros’ record was 7-10, giving ammunition to their detractors’ ill feelings about the team. But then they went on to win 14 of 19 games They finished second to the Oakland A’s in their division, winding up with a losing record, 29-31.

The team’s performance was plagued by the absence of several key players from the year before, in addition to slumping bats that never got on track in the abbreviated season. First, they lost Cy Young runner-up Gerrit Cole to free agency over the winter, and then lost Cy Young winner Justin Verlander to Tommy John surgery after only one start this year. Their rookie sensation from 2019, outfielder/DH Yordan Alvarez, played in only two games before getting injured and missing the rest of the season. Outfielder Jake Marisnick had been traded to the New York Mets, while catcher Robinson Chirinos went to the Texas Rangers in free agency.

The Astros were below the league average in home runs, batting average, on-base percentage and slugging percentage. The only batter to hit .300 was Michael Brantley. The usually reliable Jose Altuve had the worst season of his career. 23-year-old Kyle Tucker, who finally broke into the regular lineup after being their top prospect in the two preceding seasons, turned out to be one of the best players on the team, along with George Springer.

Veteran Zach Greinke was still available on the starting pitching staff, but it was a corps of relative “no-names” that stepped up to help fill the gap in the pitching staff. 23-year-old rookie Cristian Javier was the best in the rotation. Jose Urquidy, a late-season surprise last year, missed the first half of the season, but then rebounded well in September. Relatively inexperienced as a starter, Framber Valdez also pitched admirably in the rotation.

Without an expanded playoff system this year, the Astros would not be in the post-season. They wound up as the sixth-seed going into the American League Wild Card Series, an underdog in facing the Minnesota Twins in the first round. However, behind the arms of their young pitching staff and Grienke, a decisive sweep of the Twins advanced them to the Division Championship Series against the A’s.

The Astros have lots of incentive to show the baseball world they can indeed be a championship team without the stigma of sign-stealing. Their reputation is at stake. It would be a huge vindication for the players to get back to the World Series. The Astros aren’t going away lightly, as they showed in their first test against the Twins.

It’s somewhat ironic the Astros will face Oakland in the next round. The A’s best pitcher, Mike Fiers, played for the Astros during the 2017 season in which the sign-stealing occurred, and after he left the team he turned out to be the snitch who squealed to the media about the Astros’ sign-stealing tactics. Most baseball observers see him as the main reason why the whole scandal came to light. As you might expect, Astros players have no love for Fiers. In fact, they would love nothing better than to chase him from the game in the first inning.

Regardless of how the Astros make out for the rest of the season, should the baseball community, including the fans, opposing players, and media just move on, with respect to how the Astros are viewed? It’s not likely, but a National League pennant would sure help.

Flashback: Jesuit prep star Tookie Gilbert used father's lottery to determine pro signing in 1946

Before Major League Baseball’s annual draft process was instituted in 1965, amateur players could pick the major-league organization with which they would sign a pro contract. Most amateur prospects would typically attract interest of only one major-league team. One of the exceptions was Harold “Tookie” Gilbert of New Orleans, who had been a high school and American Legion star in the mid-1940s. When Tookie drew serious interest from five big-league teams, his father Larry Gilbert (then manager of the Nashville Vols) arranged a unique lottery in October 1946 to decide which team would sign his 17-year-old son to a professional contract.

As a junior at Jesuit High School, Tookie was named the most valuable player in the New Orleans prep league by the Times Picayune in 1945. His Jesuit-based American Legion team claimed state and regional championships that season. The first-baseman represented Louisiana in the 1945 Esquire All-American Game in New York City, which included top amateur players from across the country. Partly because he was the son of a well-connected minor-league manager, Tookie was already attracting attention of major-league scouts. It was rumored he had been offered $40,000 by the New York Yankees while still a junior in high school to join the organization after he graduated from high school. Tookie’s high school senior year produced All-Prep team and most valuable player honors for the second consecutive season.

Not wanting to upset any of his relationships in the baseball community, Larry came up with the idea for the lottery. He told the Times-Picayune he decided on a “drawing” because of the continued telephone, telegraph, and personal contacts made to him by major-league clubs. He said, “I didn’t want to start a bidding contest for the boy’s services. I decided to set a price (amount undisclosed) and notify my friends to come down and participate in the picking.”

The drawing took place at the Monteleone Hotel with Tookie’s parents and representatives of five bidding teams in attendance, including the Giants, Yankees, Red Sox, Braves, and Pirates. Giants player-manager Mel Ott, who resided in New Orleans, was on-hand for his organization. The name of each team was written on a slip of paper and placed in a hat from which Mrs. Gilbert picked the Giants’ name.

After the drawing Ott said, “I’m glad we got Tookie. I have been trying for four years to get Larry’s consent to let him play for the Giants. As far back as 1942, Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert were in New York to witness the world series and it was at breakfast one morning in that year that I first suggested that we sign him up.” He added, “The boy has great possibilities and the Giants were extremely lucky in landing him—even if it was in a hat.” Larry had set the signing price at $50,000, which is what the Giants ultimately paid.

For all the hype young Gilbert commanded during his recruitment, his career turned out to be a huge disappointment. The Giants didn’t get a return on their huge investment, as he spent two seasons with the big-league club in 1950 and 1953, batting a meager .203 with seven home runs and 48 RBIs. He rode the Giants’ bench for most of the 1953 season, playing behind Whitey Lockman at first base and being used in pinch-hit situations.

Tookie decided to retire from baseball before the 1954 season at age 25. Even though he had been raised on baseball (he had been a batboy at three-years-old for his dad’s New Orleans Pelicans team), he settled on a career in business in New Orleans to provide stability for his young family. He said, “Well, I found myself standing still and so I decided I owed it to my wife and kids to try something else while I was young. And that’s why I quit baseball.”

His father tried unsuccessfully to persuade him to return to baseball later in the year. Tookie did play one season for the New Orleans Pelicans in their last year of existence in 1959. Still only 30 years old, he led the hometown team with 22 home runs and 80 RBIs.

The Gilbert family’s baseball bloodlines were strong. Tookie’s brother Charlie was also a highly recruited prep star out of Jesuit High School who eventually played six seasons in the majors between 1940 and 1947, while brother Larry Jr. played two seasons in the minors in 1937 and 1938. After playing the 1914 and 1915 seasons in the majors, Larry Sr. served as the Pelicans manager from 1923 to 1938 and held Nashville’s managerial post from 1939 to 1948.

Tookie became the civil sheriff of Orleans Parish in 1962 and served in that job until he died of a heart attack in 1967 at age 38.

What to look for in the upcoming MLB playoffs

A good portion of the baseball season this year has been different from what we’ve grown accustomed to over the long history of the game. Just like everything else we’ve experienced in our personal and work lives, the coronavirus had changed the way we experience the sport--in ways we would have never anticipated. Optimists hope that conditions will go back to the way they were before the coronavirus, but most of us now realize we have begun the “new normal” and there’s probably no reverting back.

Baseball has been one of the most traditional institutions in society since it began about 150 years ago. You could always count on things like pitchers and catchers reporting to spring training in mid-February, Opening Day around April 1, a mid-summer All-Star Game in mid-July, and the regular season completing by the end of September, with the playoffs ending before November 1. Yet, like pretty much all sports these days, many of the traditions have been thrown out the window, to keep the game as alive and viable as possible.

The MLB playoffs begin on September 29, or at least that’s plan today. We’ve come to expect changes in the plan, and when they happen, they are no big deal. That’s just part of the new normal.

The new playoff system has been expanded to include 16 teams this year, more than half the total number of teams in the two leagues. There will be no off-days through the League Championship series. The first-round of elimination games will consist of a best-of-three series, all played in the ballpark of the higher ranked team. Pre-determined sites have been assigned for the later rounds, so that the teams can operate in somewhat of a bubble (although not exactly like the NBA). For the first time in history, the World Series opponents won’t be playing any games at their home field. (The new Globe Life Park in Dallas has been designated as the location of the World Series, and it’s unlikely the Texas Rangers will be one of the playoff teams.)

Here’s a look at some of the possible implications of this year’s playoff system, now and in the future.

Will the expanded playoff be continued next year?

It’s not a certainty that the expanded number of teams will carry forward to next year, although there were some in baseball who wanted to see this happen before the pandemic occurred. Arguments for expansion include the fact that more teams stay relevant through the end of the regular season. Detractors of expansion say that the significance of the regular season gets watered down. However, you can bet if there is positive reaction to this year’s format, MLB will do something similar next year.

Should a team with a losing record be eligible for the playoffs?

This situation is possible under this year’s playoff format, since the top two teams in each division have automatic bids, and the second -place team could have a losing record. The Houston Astros are currently in this situation as of this writing, although they have enough remaining regular season games to remedy it. In general, there’s a stigma about teams with losing records being rewarded with playoff berths. If this playoff system goes forward, should MLB do something to disallow this?

Does a 60-game regular season schedule produce drastically different results for the playoff participants?

Will this season’s World Series champion have an asterisk by its season results, because of the shortened season due to the pandemic?

It’s been long debated how long a regular season should be. Some have argued that it doesn’t take 162 games to produce worthy playoff teams. Often, it’s how a team starts out that determines how they will finish. We’ve heard the adage, “A team can’t win the pennant in April, but they can lose it in April.” Yet are 60 games too short of a period?

If you look back at the 2019 season at the same number of games (on May 25) that have been played this season (51 as of September 19), the Phillies and Cubs were in first place of their respective NL divisions, but wound up not making the playoffs. In the AL, each of the first and second-place teams of each division finished in that same order at the end of the season. Thus, the results were mixed. The Nationals were in fourth place in the NL East last year (ten games below .500) after 51 games and then wound up winning the World Series, proving a longer regular season can produce some dramatic turnarounds.


Does the playoff bubble concept involving neutral sites take away from home field advantage?

The MLB had decided the playoff games after the first round will be played at pre-designated, controlled sites in Texas and California, to improve health safety and reduce the chances of games being delayed because teams become affected by the virus. Some teams are built well to take advantage of features of their home ballpark but won’t get a chance to leverage them in the playoffs. The Yankees are a prime example.

Furthermore, teams play better at some parks than others. Eno Sarris of The Athletic did a statistical look at this. Among his conclusions were Minute Maid Park (Houston) and Petco Park (San Diego) are more friendly to power teams than Globe Life Park, while Dodger Stadium is neutral.

With fans unable to attend games, the home crowd factor isn’t applicable. It’s not clear yet whether the playoffs will allow fans at a reduced capacity or at all. In any case, teams won’t have the traditional advantage that usually comes with playing in front of a friendly home crowd.


Will managers have to manage differently in this playoff format?

Use of the pitching staffs could be tricky problems for managers. It’s possible the first-round Wild Card Series could be played without a team’s ace getting a chance to pitch. With no off-days during the Division Series and League Championship Series, managers may have to use five or six starters, or make extensive use of relief pitchers as openers if these series go the full slate of games.

Roster make-up may be different for each round of the playoffs, depending on the three, five, or seven-game formats. Again, the number of pitchers carried on the rosters will be a key factor.

Flashback: UNO All-American Augie Schmidt's 1982 season was golden

One of the “fast facts” about Los Angeles Dodgers rookie Gavin Lux is that his uncle had been the 1982 winner of the Golden Spikes Award, given annually to the best amateur player in the country. That uncle is Augie Schmidt, who played at the University of New Orleans from 1980 to 1982. Schmidt was a first-team All-American shortstop for the Privateers in 1982 and became the second overall pick of that year’s MLB Draft by the Toronto Blue Jays.

Schmidt was part of a wave of players UNO head coach Ron Maestri recruited from the Midwest during his 14-year tenure. He had been a ninth-round pick of the Cincinnati Reds after graduating from high school in Kenosha, Wisconsin, in 1979, but chose to attend UNO instead.

He had a sensational freshman season in 1980, hitting .304 with seven home runs as the Privateers posted a 46-15 record. They won a berth to the NCAA South Regional, where Schmidt hit a grand slam against Vanderbilt.

Maestri’s Privateers were a powerhouse in the South during Schmidt’s tenure. They won 48 games in his sophomore season and again played in the NCAA Regionals. The Privateers were even better the next season when they finished 11th in the final national rankings with a 49-16 record, following a runner-up spot in the NCAA South Regional tournament.

As a junior, Schmidt batted .372, with 14 home runs and a .676 slugging percentage and was named to All-American teams in 1982 by The Sporting News and Baseball America, as well as the American Baseball Coaches Association.

He won the Golden Spikes Award, comparable to college football’s Heisman Award. He beat out Jeff Ledbetter of Florida State, John Morris of Seton Hall, and Jim Paciorek of Michigan. He was the first college player selected in the Major League Baseball draft by the Toronto Blue Jays and the second overall pick, after Brooklyn high school player Shawon Dunston. He was picked before such future major-league stars as Dwight Gooden, Jose Canseco, Jimmy Key, and Bret Saberhagen. He reportedly signed for a bonus between $100,000 and $125,000.

Playing professional baseball was his lifelong dream, since his father Augie Schmidt III had played briefly in the Boston Red Sox organization. Following his draft selection, Schmidt told the Times Picayune, “I’ve wanted this forever. My dad would tell me how he pitched to Brooks Robinson and I’ve always wanted to follow in his footsteps.”

Schmidt was initially assigned by the Blue Jays to Class A Kinston in the Carolina League, where he turned in a credible slash line of .297/.378/.412. He got a promotion to Double-A Knoxville in 1983 and responded with a .264 average with four home runs and 54 RBIs. He appeared to be on a trajectory toward the majors, earning a shot with Triple-A Syracuse in 1984.

However, injuries and a logjam at the Blue Jays’ infield positions at the major-league level kept Schmidt from advancing further. His offensive numbers declined, and the Blue Jays wound up dealing him to San Francisco. His 1985 season was limited to 71 games, split between Triple-A Phoenix and Double-A Shreveport. After the Giants left him unprotected, he signed with the Minnesota Twins. He played one final minor-league season in his hometown of Kenosha (in the Midwest League) before retiring in 1986.

Schmidt succeeded his father in 1988 as head baseball coach for Carthage College in Kenosha and continues to hold the position today. Through 2020, his teams have compiled a 935-452-5 record, making 16 NCAA regional appearances. He was the NCAA Division III Central Region Coach of the Year nine times.

Schmidt was inducted into the Greater New Orleans Hall of Fame in 2005.

Lux has demonstrated baseball is in his bloodlines. He was the Dodgers’ Minor League Player of the Year in 2019, as well as Baseball America’s Minor League Player of the Year. He made his major-league debut last year and played in 23 games during September. He hit a pinch-hit home run in his first playoff at-bat during Game 1 of the NLDS against Washington. He was called up from the Dodgers’ taxi squad on August 27 of this season, with his best outing consisting of a two-homer game against Arizona on September 8.

Tom Terrific's Most Striking Record

When news came last week that Tom Seaver had passed, it brought back memories of some of his most memorable games and seasons in his storied career. He was magnificent from the very start and then went to post 20 seasons that resulted in 311 wins and 3,640 strikeouts. The Hall of Famer is only one of 10 pitchers to win 300 games and record 3,000 strikeouts.

Seaver was Rookie of the Year, won three Cy Young Awards, and led the league in strikeouts five times and ERA three times. He was a 12-time all-star. Yet with all the accolades and records he attained, the one that still sticks out for me is his performance on April 22, 1970.

25-year-old Seaver was coming off a stellar 1969 season when he helped the “Miracle” Mets win their first-ever World Series. He was one of their main contributors, posting a 25-7 record and solidifying his status as a bona fide ace. He took the hill against the San Diego Padres at Shea Stadium in his fourth start of the 1970 season. He had thrown a shutout in his previous outing, so he was getting into form early in the season. He had 12 consecutive winning decisions going back to the 1969 season.

Seaver was sharp in the first inning, retiring the side in order and claiming his first two strikeout victims. After Padres outfielder Al Ferrara led off the next inning with a home run to tie the game, 1-1, Seaver began to settle into a routine. Through the fifth inning he had recorded nine punch-outs, including six batters who took third strikes. Intermixed among the strikeouts were a couple of walks and a single by Dave Campbell, but Seaver was clearly in control of the game.

With two outs in the sixth inning and the Mets ahead 2-1, Seaver began one of the most improbable pitching feats in history. He got revenge against Ferrara by striking him out for the final out of the inning and posted his tenth of the game.

From the top of the seventh through the remainder of the game, Seaver struck out all nine Padres batters he faced, giving him 10 in a row and 19 for the game. A total of eleven batters were caught looking on the third strike. Shortstop Jose Arcia was the only Padres batter to escape a strikeout.

Ferrara was a casualty again as the last out of the game. After the game Seaver told the New York Times, “I was still worried I’d make a mistake and Ferrara might hit it out. But when I got two strikes on him, I thought I might never get this close again so I might as well go for it.” He went for it and secured the record. It was somewhat ironic that Mets catcher Jerry Grote didn’t think Seaver was all that sharp during pre-game warmups.

His ten consecutive strikeouts broke a record that had stood for 86 years, when Mickey Welch struck out nine consecutive batters on August 28, 1884. Seaver’s record still stands, although seven pitchers have come close by striking out nine batters since his fabulous 1970 game. (Detroit’s Tyler Alexander was the most recent when he struck out the first nine batters in a relief appearance against Cincinnati on August 2.) Seaver broke the Mets franchise record of 15 strikeouts set by Nolan Ryan.

Seaver tied Steve Carlton of the St. Louis Cardinals for most strikeouts in a nine-inning game (set in 1969 against the Mets). That mark has since been broken by several pitchers with 20, including Roger Clemens (twice), Kerry Wood, Randy Johnson, and Max Scherzer.

Seaver went on to win his first five decisions of the 1970 season, en route to an 18-win season.

Will Seaver’s consecutive strikeout record continue to stand up in the future? In today’s game with the high propensity for strikeouts by batters, probably not. In any case, Seaver’s record-setting performance in 1970 is one of the reasons he’ll always be remembered as “Tom Terrific.”

Sometimes history repeats itself

I think it was one of Yogi Berra’s famous quips: “it’s déjà vu all over again.” For baseball historians, it is often the case that what is believed to be a unique situation in a recent game or in a season has actually existed before.

How often do we see something that everyone thinks is new, but it’s really not? In fact, we find it existed before, but everyone didn’t know about it or just forgot about it.

I recently ran across the following paragraphs on the topic of baseball strategy:

“The old game of base-stealing, bunting, executing the hit and run, of scratching and straining to grab a few runs and then relying on sturdy pitchers to hold a small lead, had given way to ‘big-inning’ baseball.”

“With the ball being hit all about the lot [park} the necessity of taking chances on the bases has decreased. A manager would look foolish not to play the game as it is, meet the new situation with new tactics.”

“There is no use in sending men down on a long chance of stealing a bag when there is a better chance of the batter hitting one for two bases, or, maybe out the lot [park].”

You might automatically assume these observations came from someone like current Yankees manager Aaron Boone talking about relatively recent changes in the game, and how he might manage his team in today’s environment.

In fact, these came from a book by author Charles Alexander describing New York Giants manager John McGraw’s reactions to changes in the game that occurred almost one hundred years ago.

You’re probably wondering, “How can that be?” Well, sometimes history repeats itself.

The situation about which McGraw was reacting was the result of the end of the “deadball” era in 1919. With the introduction of a livelier ball (sound familiar?), the number of home runs began to soar, compared to earlier years. Of course, the absolute numbers then weren’t anything like we are experiencing today; but relative to the state of the game in that era, it was still significant.

Alexander noted in his book John McGraw (Penguin Books, 1988) that batters from both leagues in 1920 swatted 630 home runs, versus 338 in 1917. By 1925, both leagues produced 1,169, an increase of nearly 350 percent over 1917. Total runs scored in both leagues increased by nearly 40 percent during the same timeframe, while pitchers gave up one and one-half more earned runs per nine innings. One of the consequences of the increase in offensive output, as noted in McGraw’s comments, was a decline in the number of stolen bases and less reliance on a general strategy of “scratching out a few runs.”

All of this sounds very familiar to what we are seeing today in the game. Compared to just 8-10 years ago, home runs and runs scored are up, while stolen bases, bunts, and sacrifice hits are fading away.

However, I don’t imagine McGraw or any other manager a hundred years ago could have anticipated the game would change even more drastically, as baseball strategists and the players have continued to evolve the sport. For example, both leagues produced 6,776 home runs last year, which equates to approximately 3,616 on a 16-team basis, as in McGraw’s day.

What will the game look like in another hundred years? Who knows? Maybe they’ll be talking about a strategy that involves stolen bases and bunts again.

Cal Ripken Jr.'s bout with prostate cancer: a reminder for all adult males

It was revealed this week that Cal Ripken Jr. underwent successful surgery back in March for prostrate cancer. It serves as a reminder that all men should take the initiative to get routine tests with their physician. It can strike even the most famous of “Iron Men” like Ripken.

With the possibility of limitations of surgeries during the COVID-19 pandemic, Ripken opted to have his operation shortly after his diagnosis in February. Now 60 years old, Ripken’s surgery removed his prostrate where all the cancer was contained and is deemed to be cancer-free. The baseball legend will fortunately be able to resume a normal life. Ripken’s father Cal Ripen Sr., a long-time coach and manager at both the major-league and minor-league levels, had died of lung cancer in 1999.

During his playing career, the younger Ripken’s normal life consisted of suiting up every day and taking his infield position with the Baltimore Orioles. The 25th anniversary of his record-setting consecutive game streak is coming up in September. Even during this unusual season of fan-less games, there’s sure to be some type of commemoration of the Hall of Famer’s longevity streak. It’s one of those records that won’t likely ever be broken.

Since his retirement in 2001, Ripken had remained active in baseball, although not associated with the majors. He has bought three minor-league clubs. He is CEO and president of Ripken Baseball, Inc., whose goal is to grow the interest in baseball. The company sponsors baseball camps and tournaments, as well as designs of ball fields for all levels of baseball competition.

In an August 20 article in The Athletic, Ripken said, “As baseball players…all the medicals are provided for you. You get your physicals. You do what you’re told and you’re healthy and everything is fine. But when you retire, that responsibility falls on you to get a test. Your regular physicals. And sometimes, we as guys, avoid that, or think, ‘Well, we’ll just to go to the doctor when we need to.’” Ripken has generally kept his personal life private in the past but hopes making his situation public can convince men to undergo regular screenings.

There are several publicly available cancer awareness programs today. One baseball-related is Fans for the Cure. Ed Randall, a long-time sports radio and TV personality, is a spokesperson for the organization that promotes prostate cancer awareness and education. For the past few years, the non-profit organization has made appearances at every minor-league ballpark to bring attention to male adults the need for routine testing for prostrate cancer. (As a side note, I had the privilege of being interviewed on the radio twice by Randall when my Family Ties book was published in 2012. At the time, he had radio talk shows on WFAN Radio in New York City and the MLB Radio Network on Sirius XM Radio.) For more information about Fans for the Cure, click here.

Ripken is one of the truly “good guys” of baseball. Let's hope he continues to enjoy good health.

Angels outfielder Jo Adell couldn't have had a worse day

Los Angeles Angels top prospect Jo Adell made his much-anticipated major-league debut on August 4. Having been the first-round pick of the Angels in 2017, their fans have been anxious to see whether he could help Mike Trout make a dramatic turnaround in the Angels’ immediate future. Of course, it’s way too early to tell that after only a couple weeks of play, but Adell’s fourth major-league game against the Texas Rangers a week ago is one he and Angels fans would just as soon forget.

In the bottom of the fifth inning, Adell was playing right field for the Angels when the Rangers’ Nick Solak hit a fly ball to deep right. In reaching out to catch the ball, Adell let it bounce off his outreached glove, and the ball landed over the fence. At first, it was ruled a home run, but later the official scorer changed the ruling to a four-base error. An embarrassed Adell hung his head in disgust over the inadvertent play.

Fortunately for Adell, his misplay was not a factor in the final score, since the Rangers were leading 5-2 at the time and ultimately won the game, 7-3. To make matters worse, Adell contributed to the Angels’ lack of offense that day, as he struck out four times against three different Rangers pitchers.

This certainly wasn’t the type of performance everyone was expecting from the 21-year-old Adell.

Coming into the season, he was the third overall ranked MLB prospect by Baseball America, trailing only the Rays’ Wander Franco and the White Sox’s Luis Robert. He played at all three levels of the minors last season, after missing most of April and May due to hamstring and ankle injuries. In 76 games, he slashed .289/.359/.457, with 10 home runs and 36 RBIs.

However, Adell has had a rough major-league start. Through Saturday, he was hitting only .167 with no extra base hits. He has struck out in over half of his plate appearances this season.

His gaffe in the outfield was reminiscent of a similar play by Jose Canseco in 1993. He was playing left field for Texas when a fly ball he was chasing hit him on the head and bounced over the fence. In his case, the hit was ruled a home run, but Canseco’s detractors never let him forget his bumbling play. Even today, the play shows up frequently on the all-time blooper highlights.

Stew Thornley, long-time SABR member and official scorer for the Minnesota Twins, recalls another situation of a four-base error. Outfielder Jose Guillen let a fly ball drop behind him and batter Howie Kendricks circled the bases. Initially, Kendrick’s hit was ruled a home run, but then was overruled on appeal as an error, with the thinking Guillen should have made the catch.

There’s really nothing to be alarmed about with Adell just yet. It’s not that unusual for top prospects like Adell to struggle at the beginning of their first big league stint. Hall of Famer Willie Mays hit just .163 in his first dozen games for the New York Giants in 1951. The story goes that Mays asked to be sent back to the minors because he felt he wasn’t ready, but Giants manager Leo Durocher had the wisdom to stick with him. Mays wound up with a .274 average to go along with 20 home runs and 68 RBI. It was good enough to earn him Rookie of the Year honors.

As was the case for all the major-league players, Adell’s preparation for the season was interrupted by the COVID-19 pandemic. If for no other reason than that, the rookie deserves to get a break for his slow start.

Maybe Adell will wind up being another Mays. But one thing’s pretty sure. Years from now, he won’t be showing the highlights video (or in his case, low-lights) of his disastrous performance against the Rangers to his kids and grandkids.

Ex-New Orleans Pelican Lenny Yochim had life-long baseball journey

Former New Orleans professional baseball player and scout Lenny Yochim once said in a Times-Picayune interview, “I had a good life doing something I love.” 

From his teenage days in the 1940s until his retirement in 2002, Yochim spent practically every summer participating in some aspect of the sport he was devoted to. Altogether he put in almost 60 years on a journey that saw him progress from a high school and Legion star, to local hero for the hometown New Orleans Pelicans, to major-leaguer with the Pittsburgh Pirates, and ultimately to renowned major-league scout.

Yochim’s first exposure to diamond accomplishments was as a sophomore at Holy Cross High School when they defeated S. J. Peters for the state title. The two teams had battled throughout the season that featured pitching duels between Holy Cross’ Dick Callahan and Peters’ Frank Azzarello, the city’s two best hurlers. Yochim also played on the Holy Cross Comiskey’s entry in the American Legion league. They defeated Baton Rouge in the state championship game in which Yochim went 3-for-4.

Yochim missed the 1945 prep season because Holy Cross decided not to field a high school team. However, he still emerged as a productive pitcher and first baseman for Comiskey’s. In a game against Easton, he struck out 17 batters in seven innings, believed to be a Legion record at the time. He was named to the first team All-Legion squad as a pitcher.

Yochim led the city’s prep league in 1946 with five home runs and was named to the All-Prep team as a utility player, since he had both pitched and played first base during the season. The talented group of high school all-stars included eight eventual professional players, including future major leaguers Yochim, Tookie Gilbert, and Putsy Caballero.

Yochim had a red-letter day on the national stage when the Brooklyn Eagle newspaper sponsored a three-game series later that summer in New York City, called “Brooklyn Against the World.” The showcase event featured a team of teenage all-star players from Brooklyn who competed against an all-star team of players from around the United States. Yochim was selected to play for the “World All-Stars” squad. He was the losing pitcher in the first game, but he had the game-winning hit to even the series the next day when he played first base. The Brooklyn All-Stars wound up winning the third game.

Yochim signed with the New Orleans Pelicans, who had a working agreement with the Boston Red Sox, for the 1947 season. The 18-year-old left-hander’s first pro outing came in a spring exhibition game in which the Pels played against defending American League champion Boston Red Sox. Upon realizing the first batter he would face was Boston’s famed slugger Ted Williams, Yochim later told the Times-Picayune, “My arm got the jumps, my knees starting shaking, and I said to myself, ‘Yochim, that Ted Williams--$250,000 worth of ball player; and if you don’t relax and get that ball in there, you might bean him and then even the skipper might kill you.’ That’s all I was thinking about—not hitting Williams.” Luckily for Yochim, Williams wound up grounding out to first base.

Yochim didn’t stick with the Pelicans and instead was optioned to their affiliate in New Iberia, then part of the Class D Evangeline League. The demotion didn’t discourage him, as he posted ten straight wins by mid-season and began drawing speculation about the price the Pelicans could command for his services by a big-league club. He went on to win twenty games for New Iberia, while losing only six. 95-year-old Nolan Vicknair, an outfielder on the team for part of the season, recalls playing with Yochim, “Lenny was a big guy; he could really hit the ball. So, our manager would often play him at first base when he wasn’t pitching.” A review of New Iberia’s stats showed that Vicknair had a good memory, as Yochim posted an impressive .343 batting average and seven home runs for the season. Vicknair also remembers him as someone who liked to clown around on their bus rides between towns.

The Pittsburgh Pirates acquired the New Orleans franchise prior to the 1948 season. They sent him to their Class A affiliated in Albany, New York, where he had another fine season with a 14-4 record. He was back with the Pelicans in 1949 and eventually earned a late-season call-up with the Pirates in 1951. He made his major-league debut on September 18, drawing the starting assignment against the Boston Braves. He was credited with the winning decision as the Pirates downed the Braves, 6-5. He got another start for the seventh-place Bucs on September28, but this time he didn’t make it out of the second inning against Cincinnati.

Yochim became a mainstay in the Pelicans’ pitching rotation in 1952 and 1953, claiming 25 victories. During the winter following the 1953 regular season, he played winter ball in Venezuela, where he helped his team get to the league finals. He started the 1954 season with Pittsburgh and pitched in 10 games, mostly in relief. Perhaps the final straw in his stint with the Pirates occurred on June 19, when he tied a major league record by throwing three wild pitches in one inning against Milwaukee. He was sent back to New Orleans where he won seven straight games in the Pels’ race for the pennant.

After only three games with Triple-A Hollywood in 1955, Yochim was back in New Orleans again where he finished with a 12-8 record. The highlight of his pro career occurred over the winter, as he recorded the first-ever no-hitter in Venezuelan professional baseball.

Yochim finished his professional career in 1956, helping the Atlanta Crackers, a Milwaukee Braves affiliate that acquired him in June, win the Southern Association title. A sore arm forced him to quit baseball.

Still only 27 years old when he finished his pro career, he returned to New Orleans, where he continued to play baseball with the Norco Shell Oilers, a prominent local semi-pro team. They occasionally provided practice game competition against local colleges, as well as the Pelicans. Local fans especially enjoyed the semi-pro contests in which he and his older brother Ray were mound opponents. Ray had briefly pitched for the St. Louis Cardinals in 1948 and 1949.

He took his initial step into a major-league scouting career when he signed on with the Kansas City Athletics in 1961. It would turn out to be his profession for over 40 years. He also did a stint with the New York Yankees before he started working for Pittsburgh in 1966. By 1979, he was an area scout, and from 1980 to 1989 he served as a national crosschecker for the Pirates. He later filled senior roles in the organization’s front office as a major-league scout, special assistant to the general manager, and senior advisor for player personnel. He was named the Midwest Scout of the Year in 1994 and received the “Pride of the Pirates” Award in 1996 recognizing the person in the Pirates organization who displayed sportsmanship, character, and dedication during a lifetime of service. He retired in 2002.

Among the countless players he scouted for the Pirates, he was responsible for signing Moises Alou with Pittsburgh, although the prized prospect ultimately spent most of his star-studded career in other major-league organizations. Yochim was credited by Pirates manager Chuck Tanner as being a key factor in the capture of the 1979 World Series against Baltimore because of his insightful scouting report on the Orioles.

In recognition of his long career in baseball, Yochim was elected to the Greater New Orleans Hall of Fame in 1996. He died in 2013 at age 84.

Babe Ruth and the Yankees called New Orleans home during spring training in 1920s

Long before the Florida and Arizona became the permanent annual sites of all the MLB teams’ spring training season, New Orleans played host to several major-league teams seeking warm weather that would allow them to get a head start on their training and preparation for the regular baseball season. The New York Yankees were one of those teams, spending their spring training for the1922, 1923, and 1924 seasons in the Crescent City. These comprised some of the early years of Babe Ruth’s illustrious career with the Yankees.  Already a national sensation by then, he naturally attracted most of the attention from baseball fans and newspapermen in New Orleans.

The Yankees’ spring training routine during those years included a stopover in Hot Springs, Arkansas, for several weeks prior to arriving in New Orleans. Yankee management usually sent players there to lose weight and begin their conditioning prior to beginning baseball drills. This was an era in baseball where players didn’t engage in any type of training or dietary regimen during the off-season. Known as a hearty eater and drinker, Ruth’ time spent in the Arkansas resort city was usually well spent, typically losing 20 or more pounds.

Once in New Orleans, Yankee players were housed at the Grunewald Hotel, which was the predecessor to the original Roosevelt Hotel and later the Fairmont. Folklore has it that Ruth had to be frequently smuggled into the hotel in the wee hours of the morning after a night of carousing in the city.

The local New Orleans Pelicans team provided practice game competition for the Yankees. They drew large crowds at the Pels’ home stadium, Heinemann Park, most of which were attracted to the spectacle surrounding Ruth and his Yankee teammates, as opposed to the local team. Ruth had hit 54 and 59 homers, respectively, in 1920 and 1921, helping to propel the major leagues out of the deadball era. Fans came to the stadium to see Ruth hit his mammoth home runs.

Ruth’s talented teammates included other notable players, including catcher Wally Schang, third baseman Home Run Baker, outfielder Bob Meusel, and first baseman Wally Pipp. Pitching for the Yankees were Bob Shawkey, Waite Hoyte, Bullet Joe Bush, and Carl Mays. Most of these players had helped the Yanks win their first American League pennant in 1921.

Ruth came into New Orleans in 1922 under the order of a suspension (until May 20) and fine by Commissioner Judge Kenesaw Landis for his participation in post-season exhibition games following the 1921 season. It wasn’t clear at first that Ruth would be allowed to participate in training activities, but Landis ultimately approved Ruth’s training with the team in New Orleans.

Ruth’s wife, who was in New Orleans to watch some of the spring games, publicly lobbied the commissioner to allow her husband to play the entire season. She said, “Babe broke his record by making fifty-nine home runs last year, but he is in even better form this year and I hope he will make seventy-five. I am sure he will make around sixty-five, at the least, for he has been doing wonderful work in training.” Yankees owner Jacob Ruppert said he thought Ruth could break his record even if Landis didn’t rescind his suspension.

New Orleans fans were delighted when Ruth hit a grand slam home run in a 9-0 victory in one of the games against the Pelicans. Two days later he homered again against the St. Louis Cardinals who came into town for a practice game.

Ruth signed a contract for $75,000 during spring training in 1921. He was clearly the highest-paid player at the time. It was rumored he would also be rewarded with $500 for each home run he hit, but that turned out to be false. Landis wound up sticking to his order for Ruth’ suspension until May 20, and Ruth played in 110 games as a result. He still managed to finish third in home runs with 35. The Yankees won the AL pennant again but lost the New York Giants in the World Series for the second year in a row.

Ruth contracted the flu in 1923 while in Hot Springs, getting into condition for spring training in New Orleans. He was confined to his room for two weeks and delayed his arrival in New Orleans.

Controversy arose again around his time in the city, centering around a $50,000 lawsuit against Ruth by 19-year-old New Yorker Dorothy Dixon for breach of promise. She claimed that she was carrying Ruth’s unborn child. From the outset of the suit, Ruth countered he was being blackmailed, and ultimately the suit was dropped.

The Yankees topped the Pelicans in four of seven contests during the 1923 spring training series. New Orleans native Larry Gilbert was in his first season as manager of the Pels. He was praised for the team’s results in spring games, and it was an omen of good things to come during the Pelicans’ regular season, since they wound up winning the Southern League title. Playing in their first season in Yankee Stadium, the Yankees won their third consecutive pennant and defeated the Giants for their first World Series championship.

The Yankees returned to New Orleans for the third straight year in 1924. Ruth had another bout with the flu in Hot Springs. However, it turned out not to be a serious case, and he arrived in New Orleans ready to play.

There was no shortage of entertainment activities Yankees players experienced in the Crescent City while not on the ball diamond. They were theatre guests at an Orpheum party, spent time at the racetrack, went to boxing matches, and took a fishing trip to a nearby bayou. Their popularity also found themselves selling raffle tickets for a local church and playing a benefit game for school children.

21-year-old rookie Lou Gehrig was being mentioned during spring activities as a prospect who could eventually become heir apparent to Ruth as the home run king. However, it turned out Gehrig wouldn’t become a permanent fixture with the team until 1925.

The expectation of a Ruth home run attracted the local crowds at Heinemann Park. He was continually on-stage, as fans hung on each at-bat, hoping he would blast one out. In one of the games with over 3,000 howling schoolboys in attendance, he sent them happily home by hitting a homer over the right field fence in a losing cause to the Pelicans, 12-4.

The Yankees had an off-year during the 1924 regular season, finishing second behind the Washington Senators. However, Ruth led the league in batting average (.378) and home runs (46).

Other major-league teams that came to New Orleans for spring training during the modern era (beginning in 1901) included the Cleveland Indians (1902-1903 and 1916-1920), Chicago Cubs (1907, 1911-1912), and Brooklyn Dodgers (1921). Over the years, the city would also play host to numerous major-league teams playing exhibition games on their way North following spring training.

Interview: 93-year-old Frank Azzarello counts all-star game at Polo Grounds among biggest thrills

Frank Azzarello played in a lot of big games during his high school and American Legion career in New Orleans during the 1940s, but one of his most memorable occurred in August 1944 in a teenage youth all-star contest at New York’s Polo Grounds. Now 93 years old, Azzarello still has a vivid recollection of his rare opportunity to represent Louisiana in Esquire Magazine’s All-American Boys’ baseball game, along with 28 other players from across the country.

His selection for the prestigious game was the result of a vote by Louisiana high school and Legion coaches and officials. Among the boys he beat out were other local prep stars Tookie Gilbert and Ralph “Putsy” Caballero, both of whom eventually played in the major leagues. He was no stranger to receiving all-star honors, having been a New Orleans All-Prep Team member for S. J. Peters High School and a selection to the city’s All-Legion Team representing the Holy Cross Comiskey’s entry.

Azzarello commented in a recent telephone interview, “It was an honor to represent Louisiana. Being able to participate in this event was like a dream.” He had good reason to think he had been dreaming, since he spent two weeks in New York City sightseeing, preparing for the game in fabled stadiums, and rubbing elbows with some of baseball’s all-time greats.

He was a member of the East all-star squad managed by venerable Connie Mack, then the skipper of the major-league Philadelphia A’s. Fellow New Orleanian Mel Ott, then a player-manager for the New York Giants, was the manager of the West all-star team. Azzarello said he got to spend time with Ott, whom he recalls walked around the field during a workout in his stocking feet because of a recent foot injury. Azzarello relished a chance to have a practice stint on the mound in the Polo Grounds with legendary Giants pitcher Carl Hubbell looking over his shoulder and giving him tips. Azzarello, who weighed only 135 pounds at the time, said he was amazed at how thin Hubbell was. One of the boys’ trips in the city took them to a radio station where they met Babe Ruth who was doing a broadcast appearance. Yankee Stadium was also the site of one of the boys’ practice sessions.

The game on August 7 in the Polo Grounds was attended by over 17,000 fans. Azzarello was on the East’s starting nine as the left fielder. Detroit’s Bill Pierce, a future major-leaguer who recorded 211 career wins, got the starting assignment on the mound for the East. Azzarello said he was able to become good friends with Pierce during the event. The West team included future major-leaguers Richie Ashburn and Erv Palica. Over half of the 29 players from the two teams, including Azzarello, eventually signed professional contracts.

Facing Virgil Jester, another future major-league pitcher, Azzarello drew a walk in the first inning, when the East put up the first score. In the fifth inning, he laid down a sacrifice bunt to advance a runner but wound on first base due to a throwing error. He eventually scored one of the East’s three runs that inning. Azzarello walked and struck out in his other two at-bats. Behind the solid pitching of Pierce and two relievers, the East team was victorious, 6-0.

Azzarello signed a professional contract with the Boston Red Sox in October 1944. However, Uncle Sam had other plans for him, as he served in the Army from January 1945 to November 1946. He saw action on transport ships serving as Army troop carriers and hospitals, including overseas trips. He recalled that when his ship was docked in the Brooklyn Navy Yard, he took the opportunity to attend a few games at Ebbetts Field. New Orleanian Fats Dantonio was playing with the Dodgers then, and Azzarello remembered talking to him and asking him for baseballs.

He made his professional debut in 1947 with Class D Milford, Delaware, in the Eastern Shore League. Not having played baseball for over two years, Azzarello said he had lost something on his fastball, although he managed to pitch 16 complete games. His numbers in show that he compiled a 13-9 record with a 4.33 ERA.

After starting the 1948 season 5-0 with Class C Oneonta, New York, in the Canadian-American League, Azzarello says he was hit by a line drive from a batter that injured a leg muscle. After a two-week layoff, his next five games didn’t go well, and he was released by the team. When he returned to New Orleans, he learned that Thibodaux of the Evangeline League needed an outfielder, so he signed with them to finish out the season.

Azzarello had surgery on his left shoulder after the 1948 season to repair ligaments and tendons, and he missed the entire 1949 season. He attempted a comeback the next year as a first baseman with two unaffiliated teams in Alabama, but he was not the same ballplayer. At age 23, it was his last season in pro baseball.

Prior to his military service, he had been a local amateur star on New Orleans playgrounds. His Peters High team lost to Holy Cross in the city prep championship in 1942. In 1944 he faced off with Holy Cross’ star pitcher Dick Callahan in a classic pitching duel at Pelican Stadium that lasted 12 innings. Callahan struck out 20 while Azzarello fanned 18 in a 1-0 game won by Holy Cross, who went on to defeat Peters in the state finals. Azzarello said, “We had some tough losses to Holy Cross, but I was proud that I beat Jesuit every time I faced them that year, in both prep and Legion games.” A Times-Picayune report on Azzarello called him “one of the best southpaws ever developed in this part of the country.”

Holy Cross High School coach George Digby asked Azzarello to play with the Holy Cross-sponsored Comiskey’s American Legion team beginning in 1942. He ultimately became one of their best players, as he was named to the city’s All-Legion teams in 1943 and 1944. Comiskey’s defeated Baton Rouge in 1944 for the state title and fell one game short of getting to the American Legion Little World Series.

Amateur and professional baseball in New Orleans was in its heyday during the 1930s and 1940s. Azzarello was one of the home-grown stars who helped make it an exciting era to follow the game in the Crescent City.

Albert Pujols: A tale of two decades

Los Angeles Angels first baseman Albert Pujols will play in his 20th major-league season this year, assuming there will indeed be a season without further interruption. Whether he plays this season or not, the 40-year-old Pujols has already logged one the best careers ever. It’s a certainty he’ll be elected to the Hall of Fame, having already passed lofty career milestones such as 3,000 hits, 600 home runs, 2,000 RBIs, and 1,300 extra-base hits. Only Hank Aaron has surpassed those numbers. Not Babe Ruth, Ty Cobb, nor Ted Williams. Not any other Hall of Famer.

Pujols broke into the majors with St. Louis in 2001, winning the Rookie of the Year Award. It turned out he wasn’t one of those “flash in the pan” rookie players that occasionally show up in the big leagues. His first decade put him in the same class as former Yankees great Lou Gehrig, who is generally regarded as the best first baseman ever to suit up.

Yet Pujols’ career hasn’t always been a bed of roses. After setting the baseball world on fire during his first ten seasons, his last nine have been pretty darn good, too, but not representative of Hall of Fame caliber by themselves. The dichotomy is largely attributable to Pujol’s nagging injuries, especially the plantar fasciitis condition that plagued him in the second half of his career.

Let’s do a deep dive on Pujols’s first ten years and look at a statistical comparison of Pujols and Gehrig, normalizing their ten-best seasons using 162-game averages, as well as a comparison of their league dominance in their respective eras.

Between 2001-2010 (his first ten seasons), Pujols’s 162-game average (per consisted of 43 HR, 128 RBIs, 198 hits, and a slash line of .331/.426/.624. Among his nine Top 5 finishes for the MVP Award, he won in three seasons and finished second in four additional seasons.

In Gehrig’s first ten seasons as the Yankees’ full-time first baseman (1926-1935), his 162-game average consisted of 38 HR, 157 RBIs, 210 hits, .346/.452/.645. He had seven Top 5 MVP Award seasons, winning in two and finishing second in two.

Of course, part of Gehrig’s greatness is attributed to having played on perhaps the greatest dynasty teams in history. Over the course of his 17-year career, the Yankees won six of seven World Series in which he played. Pujols’ Cardinals teams won two of three World Series.

Pujols’ next nine seasons (2011 throughs 2019) weren’t nearly as dominating as his first ten, although most major-league players would have been satisfied with them. His 162-game average consisted of 32 HR, 109 RBIs, 167 hits, and a slash line of .263/.320/.461. His power numbers were still impressive, but he had a significant drop-off in batting average and on-base percentage. He had only one All-Star season and only one Top 5 season in MVP voting. If his entire career were comprised of these types of numbers, he would have trouble getting Hall of Fame honors.

St. Louis Cardinals fans were shocked when the team didn’t re-sign Pujols after the 2011 season. Despite Pujols’ role in their winning seasons and his immense popularity in St. Louis, the Cards made a purely business decision not to shell out the huge dollars and long contract term it would take to retain him. The Los Angeles Angels, however, decided to step up and ink Pujols to a free-agent deal worth $270 million over 11 years. In retrospect, based on Pujols’ results in the last nine seasons, the Cardinals are b probably glad they made the decision they did, while the Angels are probably regretting theirs.

Because of the negative perception of Pujols from his last few years (overpaid for what he produced), we sometimes forget just how good he was during his first decade. His teammate Mike Trout has been putting up similar results in his nine major-league seasons, and we’re now labeling him one of the best players ever. I remember saying the same thing about Pujols.

Former New Orleanian George Digby became renowned Boston Red Sox scout

In Boston Red Sox circles, the name George Digby is well-known. He has a plaque in their Hall of Fame, along with former Red Sox greats such as Ted Williams, Wade Boggs, Carlton Fisk, and another New Orleanian, pitcher Mel Parnell. But Digby is different from these other honorees. He wasn’t inducted as a major-league player but rather as a top major-league scout in the Red Sox organization for 50 years.

Digby had unique exposure to professional baseball as a young boy, when he was batboy for his hometown New Orleans Pelicans. His dream in high school was to eventually play major-league baseball. But as it often happens, fate has other plans. It turned out his baseball career wasn’t on the diamond itself, but in finding young prospects the Red Sox could ultimately put on the diamond at the major-league level.

He had good reason to believe he could play professional baseball. As an All-District player for Jesuit High School in New Orleans, he was a member of its famed 1936 team that produced three future major-league players: Charlie Gilbert, Connie Ryan, and Fats Dantonio. Four other Blue Jay teammates played in the minors. The Jesuit squad, which won its fifth consecutive state championship, provided eight of the 14 players who garnered first-team honors on the city’s All-Prep team. Digby also drew attention from major-league scouts. He wanted to sign with the St. Louis Cardinals out of high school, but his father had other plans that included college.

Digby attended Louisiana State University on a scholarship, thinking he could hone his baseball skills for a future in pro baseball while obtaining his degree. However, a severe back injury he incurred in a wrestling match derailed his plans and ended his career as a player.

Following graduation from LSU in 1942, he took a job as the baseball coach for Holy Cross High School in New Orleans. His teams were immediately successful, winning three consecutive city championships and capturing one state championship. One of his star players was pitcher Dick Callahan, whom he helped negotiate a professional contract with the Boston Red Sox in 1944. Callahan’s $15,000 signing bonus was an unusually high amount for that era. Fifteen of Digby’s Holy Cross players eventually signed pro contracts.

The Red Sox organization liked the way he had developed a good pulse on the local baseball talent and consequently hired him in February 1945 as their first scout in the South. Only 26-years-old, Digby was an anomaly among a typically veteran group of scouts. By November 1948, he was named a supervisor in the Red Sox scouting organization.

In 1949 Digby sought to purchase the contract of teenager Willie Mays from the Birmingham Barons, the Negro Leagues team with whom Mays was playing. Digby reached an agreement with Barons ownership for $4,000, but he couldn’t persuade Red Sox management to go through with the deal, as they were one of the last holdouts among major-league teams to sign black players. (Boston was the last team to have a black player in the majors ten years later.)

By the 1950s Digby was well-established in the scouting community. He co-authored an instructional book titled Baseball for Boys for aspiring baseball players in 1960. It provided an in-depth review of tips and techniques for playing each position, as well as hitting. Former Yankee great and Hall of Famer Bill Dickey endorsed the book, “There is not a man in baseball today who has a better basic knowledge of the game.”

In 1961 Rusty Staub was the top New Orleans area high school prospect in his senior season at Jesuit High School. While Digby may have thought he had in inside track on signing Staub, since Jesuit was also his alma mater, the competition among major-league teams for Staub’s services was stiff. Taking nothing for granted though, he brought along Red Sox legend Ted Williams to help recruit Staub. However, Boston wound up dropping out of the bidding for Staub, since they had just shelled out $65,000 to sign Baton Rouge phenom Dalton Jones. Houston ultimately won out over Philadelphia, snagging Staub for $100,000.

Altogether, Digby signed more than 50 major-league players for the Red Sox. The most noteworthy was Hall of Famer Wade Boggs, who was drafted by the Red Sox in the seventh round in 1976. Other signees included Milt Bolling, Faye Throneberry, Dalton Jones, Haywood Sullivan, Mike Greenwell, Gerry Moses, and Bob Montgomery.

He was the first scout to be named to the Boston Red Sox Hall of Fame in 2008. He was one of three Red Sox scouts whom long-time Red Sox owner Tom Yawkey left a bequest when he died in 1976. The Red Sox established an award in Digby’s name in 1994 that is given annually to recognize outstanding organizational scouts.

Digby retired as an active scout in 1994 and served the Red Sox as a consultant through 2004. He died in 2014 at age 96.

Gerrit Cole has a chance to be the best Yankees starting pitcher ever

I am pumped about getting the 2020 season started, even with an abbreviated schedule.  Some baseball is better than no baseball.


One of the things I am most looking forward to is Gerrit Cole pitching in Yankees pinstripes.  With all due respect to Verlander, deGrom, Scherzer, Kershaw, and Strasburg, Cole is currently the best pitcher in baseball.  And now he has a chance to make his mark in the annals of the Yankees franchise.  In fact, Cole could well become the best starting pitcher the Yankees ever had, even better than Hall of Fame greats like Whitey Ford, Lefty Gomez, and Red Ruffing.  As my Dad used to say, “That’s some pretty tall cotton.”


Table 1 is a recap of the top Yankees starters of all time. The WAR for Pitchers stat of 30 or greater was used as the baseline criteria to identify this group. WAR isn’t the absolute best indicator, but at least it provides a common denominator to assess pitchers across eras. It has a cumulative element to it (the longer one plays, the higher the WAR can become), but it’s better than traditional stats like career wins and strikeouts. In any case, the table also includes other relevant pitching stats not based on stats accumulations.


Table 2 shows the same information for Gerrit Cole in two time periods: his career to date with the Pirates and Astros (2013-2019) and only his last two seasons with the Astros (2018-2019).


Table 1


Yankees Pitcher

Years with Yankees


WAR for Pitchers









Whitey Ford (HOF)







Andy Pettitte







Ron Guidry







Red Ruffing (HOF)







Lefty Gomez (HOF)







Mel Stottlemyre







Bob Shawkey







Waite Hoyt (HOF)







Mike Mussina (HOF)







Herb Pennock (HOF)







CC Sabathia








Table 2

Gerrit Cole (2013-2019)







Gerrit Cole










Table 1 shows is that Ford was the best among the group of all-time Yankee greats. He is not only the leader in WAR, but also ERA (Earned Runs Average), ERA+ (ERA adjusted for player’s ballpark), and FIP (Fielding Independent Pitching). He trails only Ron Guidry in WHIP (Walks and Hits Per Nine Innings Pitched).


Cole really stepped up his performance after his trade to the Astros following the 2018 season. He finished in the top five for the Cy Young Award in 2018 and was runner-up to teammate Justin Verlander last season, when he led the league in ERA, strikeouts, FIP, and ERA+. He was already good with the Pirates, but his team’s poor performance probably overshadowed his true value. At 29 years of age, he is in the prime of his career. With the amount of money the Yankees will pay Cole (contract is worth $36M per year for the next nine seasons), they certainly expect him to be productive for a long time. If he can maintain performances like his two seasons with the Astros, he could ascend to the top of the list.


It’s a tall order to project Cole in this auspicious company. In addition to the great Bronx Bombers that included Ruth, Gehrig, Lazzeri, DiMaggio, Berra, Mantle, Maris, Berra, and Jackson, most of these pitchers were also huge contributors to the Yankees having won 27 World Championships.


At a minimum though, it’s not far-fetched to project Cole becoming the best starter the Yankees have had since Ford last pitched in 1967. I think Pettitte is an anomaly on the all-time list. He represents a case where WAR isn’t always the best indicator. He was never a top-of-the rotation starter. Same with Mussina, although he did manage to get into the Hall, partially based on his Orioles career, too. CC Sabathia only had four superior years out of his 11 with the Yankees. Guidry is somewhat underrated when considering the all-time Yankee greats.


Cole ended the 2019 regular season with 16 consecutive winning decisions. In a 60-game schedule, he just might go undefeated this year.