The Tenth Inning
 The Tenth Inning Blog
Periodically, I will post new entries about current baseball topics.  The posts will typically be a mixture of commentary, history, facts, and stats.  Hopefully, they will provoke some  of your thoughts or emotions. Clicking on the word "Comments" associated with each post below will open a new dialog box to enter or retrieve any feedback.
Joey Gallo: an extreme example of current-day batters

When the Texas Rangers’ Joey Gallo recently set a new MLB record on May 8 for reaching 100 career home runs before he got his 100th single, it was representative of the trend of today’s hitters who are mostly known for either hitting a home run, striking out, or drawing a walk.  It’s a trend that has been developing for several years, and Gallo seems to subscribe to the latest hitting mantra “hitters don’t get paid to hit singles.”

Gallo has become the poster boy for today’s hitters.  This is Gallo’s fifth major-league season.  He secured a regular job with the Rangers in 2017, after making his debut in 2015.  When considering his total career plate appearances (1,402) from 2015 through May 9, Gallo has hit a home run in 7.1%, walked in 14.1%, and struck out in 37.6%, amounting to almost 59% of his plate appearances.  Among his other 149 career hits, 93 were singles, 50 were doubles, and six were triples.

But Gallo’s career numbers in those categories are more extreme than the average American League hitter.  Using this year as a comparison, the average for all American League teams is 3.4% of plate appearances resulting in home runs, 9.1% in walks, and 22.8% in strikeouts.  Yet Gallo’s average for non-HR hits (singles, doubles, and triples) is almost half of the league average (10.6% vs. 18.4%).

When initially looking at Gallo’s power production numbers in 2018, his 40 home runs and 92 RBIs are attractive.  But then when you look further, he also struck out 207 times (third most in the American League) and barely broke the Mendoza Line in batting average.  According to Sports Illustrated, in 2017 Gallo became the first player ever to post a slugging percentage above .475 with a batting average below .215.  He repeated that performance in 2018.

With his reputation as a lefty pull-hitter, opposing teams have routinely applied defensive shifts that have largely produced the intended results.  On one occasion, the Houston Astros played every fielder on the right side of second base, except one outfielder in left field.  Like most extreme hitters, Gallo would rather risk a strikeout trying to hit (preferably a home run) over the shift than attempt an opposite-field single.  Occasionally, he will surprise opponents by laying down a bunt toward the empty left side of the infield.  Earlier this season he hit the first sacrifice fly of his career (after 1,337 plate appearances), but it’s premature to say he is changing his approach at the plate.

For baseball historians, Gallo conjures up remembrances of Dave “Kong” Kingman, a slugger from the ‘70s and ‘80s, who was noted for his monstrous home runs (career 442), but who was plagued by strikeouts (three times the National League leader) and a low batting average-(career .237).

Gallo is also compared to slugger Adam Dunn, a 14-year veteran who hit 462 career home runs.  Dunn averaged 193 strikeouts a season, and he still earned a good living playing in the majors, making over $112 million during his career according to Baseball-Reference.com.  Gallo hopes that will be true for him, too.  Otherwise, he’d likely starve if he were forced to become a singles hitter.

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